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A HERO WHOSE REMAINS
REPOSE IN ROSEMONT
CALVIN CROZIER. A SON OF THE LONE
Story of The Splendid Heroism of a lan
Who Was turder.d at Newberry By
Negro Federal Troopers.
Star State. wh-e saced re::i
rest beneath. Tl'. slor of his 5plen
did heroism. wi h AipieI him toi
risk his life to defend the h"n,r of
South Caro-ina wen. andI to gve
thLat life to save that of an imno
cnt Mai. an1d of his m.urder .y ne
gro rufhmans vho wore the unifori
of the inited States arnm. is well
told in thc iollowing article by
Octavia Zollicoffer 1ond. which
appeared in a recent issue of the
News and Courier:
I would be glad to "eat the skop
from your kitchen."* wrote Calvin
Crozier to his niother when about
to leave the Indianapolis military
prison in April. 1865.
To say that he was "one of Mor
gan's men presents to the imag
ination the picture of a stalwart
Kentucky trooper, which Crozier
was not. On the contrary he was
a rather boyish looking Texian for
his 25 years of age. Barely five
feet. eight inches in height. slen
der. with fair complexion and dark
brown hair. he had a mild expres
sion of countenance which. except
for the steely gleam of the steady
blue eves. was not suggestive or
the hoil and determined character
of the captive Confederate. Few
would have taken him to he what
he really was..one of the mo;t dar
ing of 'Morgan's intrepid raiders.
one. mreover. who had been early
seasoned in arms as an Indian
ighter on the border. under Gen.
Ross. just before the outbreak -.f
the civil war. Especially did ,he ap
pear now,. at the end of nearly two!
years' imprisonim,ent and ill treat
nent, a harmless creature. "Al
most starved to death." as he wrote
his family, sick and pitifully thin.
he had hardly the strength to but
ton his faded gray jacket and walk
out of the prison gates that had
been thrown open by the surrender
at Appomattox. The type of thous
.and; who like himself had fought
for a principle with all his miht.
:and lost, he faced about and began
to consider. in a (lazed sort of way.
how he was to reach hole. Alh
the Galveston home with its sun
shine and ewers and its bountiful
board, should he never see it again?
How clearly he remembered the
patriotie' exaltation of spirit iin
which he had left it to join Good's
Light Artillery at D)allas in i861.
WVell, too, he rememi>ered the en
thusiasm of his first great battle at
Elk I f orn. ( Pea R idge. where
brave MicCulh:h fell, and the
march eastwardl to Corinth. where
he was transferred to the co::i-and
of Gen. Gans, as well as the reck
less ardor with which he had re
rused to retturn to Texas when G ans
was orderedl back,. and had persist
ed in3 going forward t ' join Jimh
Morgatn, "wii.re' ti:ert is mr
Now all was changed. There
were 2') dlrums and nie. no comn
rades and. worst of ali. no h 'pe. it
wvas a long~v way to' wa;k back t'
(dve..! n. and he' was ill. Yet
the eff'rt must he mae l'or thlere
alone might lie nind rest froml hgis
utter weariness in the lo vmg 1mm2
istratio ns of father. motl.er and
twoi (lear sisters. and possib)ly a re
un:on with the five brave brothlers.
who, like himself. had dedicatedI
their al' to the~ South in: th'e he,di
ning of the gre"t conflWt. By' slow
Stages5 the. retur wa beun
Three >tates int 'ucce..' n wer iiV i
Confedlerate. Wi th the~ he'lp
sympl athizing~ compa'riots m:my' 1Vi
who m had Iren left byv the chne
of war almost as des5titlte 34im
self, he painfully ;yrsued
iournev. In the *'Old North' State
a benevolent dloctor was hi'. good(
Samaritan. nursing him baick to
complarative health by w eek- ot
faithful care and enabling him. with
timely aid, to make the rest of the
jourrney home by rail. On leav
ing the kind doctor, with a grateful
hea he proceeded to Newberrv, in
Auth Car lina. I [crc he vas half
way h,ime anl hi thoughts turned
with increa-ig eagerness t( the
h'!ie folks: :1--r this xas the na
1:ve. ;Laiv f hi'.. mother. who came
f:rd :x Authi CUaroliia stock. but
._er klnw ol dare the dangers it
I:e Ver \\ est andt brave the perils
-. toning s'avages in .\!aba
her 1 hA had the tradi
n'i p. 'r man~hotdl that Ilade
SA ~ 11Iiami>n Ao f the
e -. Ct nciVe p)r.tec
At o ) wnen against all that wVas
hrual. baw. strngn,, or coarse. From
i iri Aather he had the impul
iVe A b .. t 1trike Sw\-iftly- an'd free
! * Ar the righ1t.
)urin tho li,ht of Thursdav,
ptembI1er 7. he reached Newvber
r. expectinlg to make close conlieC
!!()!n with the south-hounid train. In
t h!,se disiointeI "reconstructiol
times" travel was not altogether
safe for a mnan. much less for a wo
man. Especially was this true in
Newb\Ierry. where the 33d regi
ment of C. S. negro troops. under
(('). Trowbridge. was encamped in
: ji ti rove. Therefore.
wvhen two0 you1 women trom
)rangeburg. S. C.. going the same
route as himself. were placed in his
care by a fellow passenger Calvin
(rozier accepted the charge as a
sacred trust. As a gentleman should
as a manly Southerner would. lie
felt honor bound to stand btween
them and every danger.
Throutgli an unfortunate acci
dent the train on which they were
leaving was derailed (whether done!
by the negro troops or not was:
never known) and as there were
no suitable accommodations con
venient. the ladies concluded to re
main in the coach until the train
sho iill he righted. While hepI) Vas
being sminioned from Helena. the
nearest station. their protector left
the car for a short time. On re
turnling pre-scntly lie was shocked
t nlI the ladies under his care ter
rined by the instits of a burly negro
soldier who had taken advantage
of his absence to enter the car oc
Cuptied by the voting Women. Hur
rving to their rescue Crozier order
l thle offensive wretch to leave.
whichi he. secure in the military.
power behind him. refused to do.
\nother unif rmed negro no!
shwed himself and joineld witI tll
frst in violeintly refusing to go.
In the altercation and strutggle
(\hich followed Crozier managed
to e;ecc tiemi both froni tile car.
w (e 1lie of thilem moved off ill the
direction of tile camp. Blit. tle
other still made determined resis
tance. Out on the tracks. in the
darkness. the wlite man and the
black closed in desperate fght. in
which Croizer drew his knife and
slashed across the back of the ne
~ros neck. indlicting a wound all
tr' slight for his dlesert. At which
the cowAard!lv creatture tied after
his comirade~. yelling: "I am cut!
Crozier was not slow to realize
the danger of his own position.
The town was practically in tile
power of tile co loredi troops. Fu
an Ex-L nitederate law and us
ice did no t exist at that timie: and(
at hest there were two witnesses
to swear falselv against him. bothl
membihers of a race to wvhlom lymgl
is naural. i s onlyi safety was to
dauppet~)ar m:der cover of darkness.
whic wa im.t!a :tely and effee
.;i Aone. \'rne tAtoo.I sonhad
reAi:r lf the spo)t. The awful
n of an enragedl mob11 was gath
rnri the distance. \\~ithi increas
Ag no P ise it c:mie nearer antd near
er resen itly nitv or more miitur
1At. Al blaci,:5 Were w.~arminig around
th t Ain ro aring for vengeance
A the.V whAte man. \\hile they were
srchin- fo r their itended victim
1 r. I act'b Iowers, tile sectioni mias
tr. cane up from Hlelenla to supe)r
iendA the righting A f the cars. lHe
asi.nec ipn Aly foV7 ur A A tihe
.A. "I ere he is! and dlragged
hhn foraTd iintt the mitdst of tihe.
Ates h hlad g.athlered! tAi tihe
1tAAo flm tform~ . Crozier- ' cAnl
rt. *ing I A blieA.e Phim. wVere de
noiAngA.1 himi with t athls and
e Fris The were for shooting him
'At dnc Aand 'ite his proestaitionls
were leadingl him otT to kill him.
It was a crucial test for a man's
s~u. Silence AAn Calvin Crozier's
part wvould( insure iis own safety.
A mlomlenlt miore and the sectionl
mater would be sacrificed in his
stad Rut the hero wvho within
the hour had Jeopardized his life
in (efenlse of helpless wkom11anhood
Wazs 11t of the limtId to let alntaler
pay the penalt of his daring act.
lier was n( clho'ice left to his
ntoble spirit. Instant!ly emnergnlg
from hi liding place he ave him
Self I h-- 60lvy asserting that it was
he. n:twer. Wlo ! had dile the
entt'n.1. L p. n which ihe sectl 'n
ma'ter wa released and tile I Lw
\"cielm wasl "raibcl. I,111llnd aast antl
hurried to the ibiv, mac tf the
WIundlled ne-r c regiment. where
he was kept under gnard the re
mainder o)f the night. That he was
n1"t killed on the spot was Iwing
s.dely to the 5eCrgealt. who insisted
that he must be taken t, headtuar
ters. ()ne would think that. how
ever violent nemibers of an antago
nistic race may have have been in
their fury against him that le
lllight have looked for protectioni
from Trowbridge, the colonel of the
regiment. who passed for a white
man. On the contrary. tile only
iercv shown Iimi was from a negro
subordinate officer who. willing'to
save a noble life. urge(d the prisoner
to take back what he had sai( an(l
(env that ie was the one who had
loross & Saglory
We have in stock a full line of Har-;
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When in need call on us, can supply
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Sole agents in Columbia for the cele
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1517 Main St. Columbia.
Base Ball Goods.
C a11a n d
see what wet
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Everybodly wanting the
Right kind of cigars
And finest stationery.
Ladies and gentlemen.
Don't you forget it.
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Down to the lowest mark.
Now is the time that
Each one of you
Who wants to buy
Somie of these things
Olght to come.
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Come and see for yourself.
E. H. Auli,
Miss Lenore Broaddus will take
esure in waiting on customers.
The Legding Drua $tore!
Your trade is appreciated by us.
We have no ice-cold water running
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spend much money. At
you get what you want, and you get A
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We employ the best and choicest
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great care and accuracy.
We Know How.
William E. Pelham & Son,
Reliable Prescription Pharmacists,
Newberr.e, S. C.
WATCH THIS SPACE
and come to
For.All the Pretty, Nobby Things for the Ladies,
Neck-Wear, Belts, Belt-Pins and Shirt-Waist
Sets. See those GIRDLES, others ask 75c.
and $1.00. We have them priced right-60c.
Mrs. Hair, with Miss Belle Pardue, has re
turned from the Eastern markets. Remember
they will take pleasure in showing you all the
latest novelties in New Spring Millinery at the
Right Price. Remember, all goods new.
Hair & Havird,
The Right Price Store.
Cean Work( Well Doile is
Our Aini arid Boast!
We want your Collars, Cuffs and Shirts, and
nything else that needs to be cleansed. We
now how to do them as they should be, be
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re used in the most up-to-date plants. A
rial bundle will convince the most critical that
we use only the best materials and sanitary
ethods in washing the clothes.
Gall and see the way your clothes are han
steam Laug dry
Southeastern Lime & Cement Co.
CHAR LESTON, S. C.
Building Material of all kinds. High Grade
Roofing "RU BEROID."
Write for prices.