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RICH OSAE INDIANS.
They Have $8 536 000 In the United States
Treasury Which they Want to
The ()sage Indians. of ()klaha
ma. want their monye. say: a 'Wash
ington letter to theNews am' Cour
ier. On the b,)oks of the United
States treasury the sum of S8.;36.
ooo stands t. their credit. and the.y
have sent a delegation t , Washink.
tol to ask that it be iivided up
among th'em. Ip to the p)ro.nu
tille lith 1vcave received only tie in
terIv. Prnesidwem. RAsel
he coul do. When he inquired
what the O-a-es needed the caJh
for, one of the ch-efs replied tat
ther were Imch! ; ned 1f anon: o
Thi' \waS a ioke. of couu. ut
there ~ 1c isral "i reaso, whly tic
Osag.s shoul no have
biles if they vant them. It is an
old sorV 11at 1Icy are the richest
peopl in the wi rl. Evryv yo :
Woman in the rl'e is an heiress M
her own right an( each buck.
squaw and child is worth not far
irom Sio.ooo. Every individua
among them owns 76 ares of lan -1
or considerably over a square mile.
worth at the least calculation SF
ar acre: to which must be added
$467in ca.sh in the treasnry.
ed a large slice of the "tate of Nan
sas. extending from .1dic1e
Lodge eastward to Neosho. They
sold the strip to the gov:--nment tor
$1.2; an a acre. anl part of the
mony'v equivalent was paid by the
.Indian bureau for a tract of .400.,
ooo acres of fertile land. to which
the tribe was removed. The bal
ance. amounting to .-536.0m. has
been held in trust for them ever
since' hv the treasury. As
interest on the sum they re
ceive annually :421.713. of which
$9o.ooo in cash is distributed
among them each quarter. the bal
ance of S61.713 being expended by
Uncle Sam i schools and in va
rions other xays for their bene*1t.
The Osages lease a large part of
their lands to cattlemen. in this
way adding conSiderably to their.
annual income. Where. as frequent
ly happens. a household consists of
father -md mother an:1 six r scven
c.hlren. the family " w.. rth sme
thing like 5$o.o or 8t0.0o0. ani
each new infant horn adIs Slo.00"
or so to the wealth of the establish
ment. This includes no- reckoning
of accumulated prn.ertv. ,I which
man membern f tIe :r;be possess
a great dieal. <nding wel! built
houses. agricuural t d and do
mestic ani:ras. There :re 12.000
cattle (".ooo h. rses on the reserva
tion, all of theni beli-nging to the
It is not surpri5ing. then. that the
O)sages are ca lled: the richest peo
p)le in the wo~rl. E'very year each
miembler of the tr!ibe receives fro
the governlment S233. the income o
a family of ten fromn tis source
alone b)eing accordirgly. S2-300 p)er
annum. AddI to this the inc'ome
from 7.680 acres of land, worth at
SS an acre Sf61.000. andl it is oh
viouis that -starvation is not immi,
nent. No wonder that those In
dians employ w~hite men to work
for them, while for the most p)art
they themselves pursue an exis
tence of elegant leisure:
The earlier history of the Osages
seems to have been one of repeat
ed migrations. They' were contin
ually at war with other tribes, and
this~may have been a cause of their
mloving about from place to p)lace.
For a while they~ dwelt near where
the city of St. Louis now stands:
thence they' moved up the Mlissouri
river to the Osage river, and from
the mouth of the latter stream up
pnear to its source. in 1685 they re
sided on the Osage River. in sev
enten villages. andI they remained
in that neighborhood tuntil a comn
paratively modern date. Lewis
and Clark located them there in
18o4-the Great Osages (500 war
riors strong) on the south bank. the
*Little Osages six miles away 250
warriors.) and the Arkansaw~ band
(600 warriors) on the \'ermilion
river. Later on thy moved south
west into Southern Kansas.
The Osages are among the larg
est and best formed of American
Indians. Customarily the bulk of
the males has been composedl of
warriors, and hunters, the remain
der being divided into two clases
cooks and doctors. The doctors are
a priet and magicians. There
is, by the way, a great deal of "wiz
business about the religion of the
tribe. which is wholly unlike any
other cult known among the
aborigines of this country. It is
a kind of sun worship. the orb of
d-y hein adored as a god.
The word ( )sage seems to he a
crruption Iof the name formerly
i nvcn bylic the tribe to itself-mean
ing Simply people. All of its tra
t.n * re carefully )res-rve(I by a
t ict. wIhise meetings are
v;h 1e by~ ela rate rites: and
I; IIf ihese traditions is that the
acetors of the Osages
V ird; lirno the upper worll.
Thre was in the region vhcre
thk tyuse to (k.xell-and this is no
h- sniphur spring. wich
ie'i as sacred by the:
ag They accustomQed at re_!
imervals to throw votive offer
V 'im) it. such as d1int knives
heads, to obtain the favor
the g o4 v:atcr. NIt ong ago
\. i 1: ,lilmes. now director1
_t bureau, of theoLogy. dug oIt
te spring and fI'und there an as
1hin mixture of such human
artifacts, with mastodon teeth.
maImloth teeth. bones of an ex
tinct species of horse and remains
of imodern animals. Nearly i.ooo
flint imlplemelts of the finest de
I serntion were secured, thanks to
the pietv of the Osages.
According to the records of the
Indian bureau the Osages in 1843
! uImlbercd 4.102. In 1877 there
w:e only ;.ooi of them. and In
i184 onlv about half of theqe re
mainled. o 1.547. At this rate the,
tribe would sI on have disappeared
IVtirelv. possibly leaving half a
IzeI multi-mil!ionaire Indians to
eniov the poisseizion of all its
. weaIth: but sncec then it has in
creased somewhat and the last
enunleration puts the Osages down
There is a good deal of white
blood in the tribe now. and full
Nloods are still diminishing in
numbers. Many of the latter even
yet cling to the aboriginal dress and
cuistoils and occasionally one may
I see the proprietor of a fine estate
dtelling in a bark lodge. while
his hired white iman occupies tile
rame mansion. Not a few of the
:ribal heiresses have narrierd white
husbands, some of whom sell liquor I
an will m.'ne fc)rom the Indians at
aming i'it. on the whole. the
! i(agev lead a peaceful and content
eC w'le not toO laborious. exis
tenc--a is suible and becoming
Sr teic people who have a right to
w called the riciest ill the world.
WOMEN OF SPIRIT.
Fair Sex of Japan Fane Flame of Chivalry
In the Sterner Sex.
't ''cre teacing. It is fro
frtom his cradle .reve.rencedl her sonl
1s1erlr. that the p)ugnaneity of
:h l isaners is derveed.
Iojl: Bois, who has dwelt
lo in that cotntry. writes ill an
aticle just publllishled ihere.
Ile dtecribes the women of Ja
nn as far fronm the fragile. (loll like
creatures pictured by Pierre Loti.
Th Iere is stern stuff in their mla):e
In every household the mother
makes a cult of the historic wvorth
is and heroes of the race.
Shle goes through a dlaily cere
mony in the presenlce of her chii
Idren. froml which they learnl thle
names and dleeds of those great inl
Itheir country's chivalry. she extols,
the glories of wvar andl inmpresses
upon thlem the shame that it would
be to live if tihe slayer of their fath
Thbe wife hlas great authority_ in
tle hlousehloldl and her semmig
Isubection is largely a matter of'
maiiers. .Shle shares tihe counlsels
of her hlusb)and. and influences his
'career to greater extent thlan do the
wie of the western landl.
ofThe emlpress of Japanl is the b)est
ofillustrations5 of this. H-arkuko
(oiticallv named the "empress
sprilg") is a daughter of tihe ino
ble house of Ichigo, one of tile fine
'families of great "kuge." or court
Ipersonages, from which a mlikado
mar choose his consort. Until her
ighteenthl year, when shle waS
chosen by her sovereign, she wvas
brought t'up in tihe strictest seclus
iol ill tihe old capital. Kioto, anld
received the customary education
fa aughter of a princely domain.
Great pains were taken to teach
her literature, to develop her ar
tistic taste and to school her in the
writing of graceful or inane verse.
She is 54 years old, a year older
than her husband. Having no chil
dren )f her own. she is c(ntent to
see the son of the megaki. or con
eubine. reared as the heir to the
crown and to recognize him as her
future lord if she survives her hus
.\lonogamy is now the rule in
Japan and( the next mikad will
probably he the last of left handed
birth to reign. The present em!Pe r
ror 's likewise a megaki's son.
1"press Spring" has been truly
a Ihelt)Ipmet and an inspiration to
Sei caused the first lapanese
irls to be sent to America. in 1871.
to actuire the western natio-nal
normal school anI patr(ized, the
S!talisheniit of the Japlanese Rel
CrThoss society. She gives money.
time and care to charitable works.
visible the hospitals. especially that
:tor wome,nii and children in T!o*k;t
where she distributes toys and lux
She has no companion in the se
lusion of her own apartments in
the palace of Takugawn. lere she
wears the national costume. in
lark colored silks. I-er apart
ments are simple. in the style of old
apan. with beautifully lacquered
furniture. The tnor is covered with
potless white matting. on which
he sits or squats. H er r,,mis open
into those of the emperor.
The state aparments are tir
nished in European styk. The
palace. huilt in tSo.is in the i I.l
native style of architecture. but it
is equippled with the modern im
provements" familiar to the west
-water. electric lights and heating
The ladies of the court live in
a separate building. from which
a covered passage leads to the gal
cerv. Japanese etiqutte is so coin
plicatcr that these ladies spend a
seven. year's apprenticeship to
learn their dities. Each has her
own apartment and even her own
The women of present day Ja
pan lives under far more liberal
aws than her mother did. There
is now a law for divorce by mutual
c nent. \\'omien kctures are not
nknown. Chldren of both sexes
Lre educated to,etler in the pi)r
im,ary schools. a thing that horrifi:s
'..>Jrvatve granidmothers5. There
Women lawyers in Tokio and al
il their entrance into the med
c! rofession infowned u1mmn.
h7at 'prejudice will give way in
Not only have many lapanese
womeil ad)opted the European cos
tie. but somec wear trousers.
w it h any
th ing y ou
Bse Ball Goods.
see what we
Notice is hereby given that I will
have books of registration for the
tow i of Pomaria open at rey office
-- erv Mc-.;r from now unalI th.
ith day of May, 1904.
Ino. C. Aull,
The Leading Drug Store!
V By close attention to business. by a 1:gh regard for the#4
4 interest of our customers. by long experience, and thruugh *
knowledge of Pharmacy, we claim that we serve you as well*;
Vas any first class Pharmacy in the United States. We thank 4
-all those who have been our warm and generous supporters4
and for the uniform courtesies
I"AUR DRUG STOQ E Ws carry a full line of Toilet
Articles. Soaps. Perfumery. Cigars, Huyler's Candies, Lan-^
dreth's Garden Seeds. Cnt Glass and Fine China,
OUR PRESCRIPTION DEPARTMENT o
4constant vigilance. When your doctors prescriptions are .
Vprepared by us. it is done with care and accuracy. We allow;,
Suo mistakes at our Drug Store. We never permit any sub
**stituting. We prepare prescriptions written by any doctor4
"of Newberry. Bring them to us and we will please you.
William E. Pelham & Son,
Reliable Prescription Pharmacists,
Newberr-, S. C.
Another season is on, and we
are ready to show you the pret
tiest and most up to date line of
Millinery in the City. All of the
latest Shades and Novelties in
Flowers and Shapes, come and
buy one of those pretty Ready to
wear Hats at the RIGHT PRICE.
We have two experienced Milli
ners to serve you, Mrs. Hair and
Miss Belle Pardue. They will
Price them Right.
Hair & Havird,
The,Right Price Store.
Clean Wark( Well Done is
IOur Aini aiid Boast!
We want your Collars, Cuffs and Shirts, and
anything else that needs 'to be cleansed. We
know how to do them as they should be, be
cause we have made a study of the business,
Iand we have all of the latest appliances that
are used in the most up-to-date plants. A
trial bundle will convince the most critical that
Iwe use only the best materials and sanitary
methods in washing the clothes.
Gall and see the way your clothes are han
Phoe 6 t~eum Lauqdry
Southeastern Litte & Cement Co.
CHAR LESTON, s. C.
Building Material of all kinds. High Grade
Roofing "RU BEROID."
Write for prices.