Newspaper Page Text
HYBRIDIZATION OF COTTON.
The Story of the Famous Cross Be
tween a Cotton Plant and a
Mr. W. L. )ouglas. manager of
the Charleston bureau of l)uns Mer
cantile agency. yesterday told a good
story in connection with the hybridi
ation of cotton. says the Columbia
State. The point of the story is that
it is true. lore than a score of years
ago there was a newspaper reporter
in Macon, Ga.. whose name was
Bridges Smith. The name is familiar
to many in Columbia. for the may.ir
of Macon is the same Bridges Smith
who once lined out the locals for the
morning paper. There was al- in
Aiken an eccentric gentleman wh
wa- not successful in c-ndulting a
a . .er. .-tore. ut was einineit
iv mege 1i attractiung to h.iselt
a large number of frie,(ds on accoumn
of the fact that he could tell a story
and tell it well. It was but naturai
that this newspaper reporter should
become a member of the staff of
friends of Mr. A. A. Subers. One day
Mr. Subers related a remarkable story
of a cotton patch which he was de
veloping on a hillside which he lo
cated quite indefinitely and described
in glittering generalities. The nature
of this experiment patch was such
that the young reporter felt it his
duty to give the new to the outside
Mr. Suhers wa. able to recognize
the stoiv when t came out in print
lie next morning. although it did
have ,uch embellishments a- a "bright
young newspaper mai can prepare
as a sauce piquant for even a savory
dish of news from the fleshpots ot
the world's caravansary of horrors.
nionstrosities. and happenings which
never happened. But stripped of or
namentation. the story was Mr. Su
bers' very own. And great story, it
was. Many papers in the south copied
it. Many papers in the north copied
it. In . England and in Germany it
was published and in far away Africa
the Boers on the veldt heard it.
The story runneth that M%r. Subers.
after months of experimentation, had
been abie to bred a cros. between a
cotton plant and a sinflower. The
hybrid was no mongrel. but a tower
ing plant partaking of the hardiness
of the ,unPower in ts size and sinew.
while the fruit was that of the in-esi
cotto- in the souh. long silky.staple
with the seed all in *a pod so that the
lint should it lacerated in the gin
saws. It was beal'tiful c,ton. and in
ordinary quantitics w41ld have
brought a comfortable living tI even
the niost slothful farmer. but the
greatest claim upon greatnes whicih
Mr. Subers' hybrid demanded was the
fact that from top to ground and back
to the topmio,t bough the co tti ni
plaints were loaded with holis. so that
one stalk would yield as much fruit
as go of the ordinary variety. Natur
ally it was a story which set the coun
* try wild. In Macon it was known to
be a joke, but the rich humor of the
situation was not appreciatedl else
where and the storyv was read around
T'hen began the troubles of the
unoffending Mr. . Subers. Letters
poured in upon him. At first they
begged for a bushel of seed. then the
demands became moderate and ninal
ly he had one letter beseeching him
fur just one or two seeds. And the
letters required an answer. For some
came by registered mail, some
antained checks and others
money order.. It was a sad exper
.ience in the life of the honest grocer.
All the money was returned, necessi
tating the writing of a lett,r to each
correspondent and the p)ostage there
on wa- :moire than the pronits. o the
store co'uld -tand. For one entire
mnth~ he was kep)t from his store
by the diod vo4f people who poured in
uipon him tip ask him questions and
ta beg to see the field of Utopia
promise One day his heart. almost
turned against humankind was very
tmuchm distressed by a pathetic inci
dent. When lhe came to his store in
the early morning hours, he found
awaiting him a farmer of the 'poor
white" class whose face was lighted
with hope when he saw approaching
the apostle of the cotton that would
make the red hillsides of the south
white with a harvest, pouring gold
into Dixie and making this again the
most powerful agricultural section
of the world. The shabby buggy or
th.e visitor was mud-bespattered, the
tired mule was worn with unaccus
totdavel, ad they were tied be
hind tile vestibule from the foothill
a few bundle: of fodder which spoke
lquemly~ o.f the home and the tow
headed crackern who would run to iett
daq codoming hiome with the cott4)n
seed which would bring to them a
realization of many dav dreams. With
tears in his eyes the poor fellow
begged Nir. Subers for just one seed,
he had come more than a hundred
miles to get it. and that he had brought
the price of a dozen biushels of ordi
nary varieties. All of the eloquence
a- NMr. Subers' command was required
o persuade the po,,r fellow that the
whole thimg was a grotesque story.
wiven oni the warp of a newspapel
LARGEST LOCOMOTIVE BUILP
Giant Machine Could Haul Big Battle
Ships-Speed Equal to Passen
Ten monstei locomotives, the larg
est in the world, are in course of con
struction at the Baldwin Works.
Each will be capable of pulling a
greater weight than ever before ac
complished by a single locomotive.
" These inchines are part of an
order for fifty placed by the Atchi
son. Topeka and Sante Fe Railroad
company. and the work of construc
tion is being rushed for an early de
livery. It is expected that this lo
comative will prove the beginning of
an epoch in railroad freighting which
may result in the abolition of thous
ands ,f smaller and weaker engines
tf this and other CoNr' niS.
They are the product of theory
that one gigantic locomotive, having
the power of two of the present aver
at,e type. can he 4,perated more cheap
!v than two s,mall ones.
The ten loco motives will be able
to pull 6o.ooo tmon; tf dead weight on
a level grade. if the first-class at
n110ed steel battle ships Vernont.
Connecticut. Kansas and Ohio were
piaced up. n wheels on a level track
it is safe tom say that they could be
pulled across the cotntinent by the
ten leocomotives. A string of the or
dinary type of freight engines would
be required to pull a similiar weight.
The wveight of each engine com
)lete will be abotut 28o.0oo pounds.
and that of the tender about 200.000
potinds. Their speed will be much
greater than that of the freight lo
comotives now used in pulling the
ore trains of the Sante Fe railroad.
and their cost will be at least a third
of that of the best locom'otives and
of that of the best freight engine now
on the road.
From the time the first cast was
made tuntil the first shipme.nt shall
start over the rails for the Southwest
ifty days will have elapsed. A force
of abotut t8.ooo men assist in the con
strhectiomn of each of these engines.
the thoutsands of p)ieces of steel and
iron being directly handled by at
a.t hali that nmber.
A\lthough of the same wvidthi o f thte
,maller engitnes and adapted to the
~amte tracks. the tnew type is mutch
l tnger and higher than the others
adl when placed hesides one of the
ld' style locotmtive the lttter ap
pears a pigmny indeed. The most
distinguished features besides the
size are the tandem cylinders atnd
the immense driving whieels.
The high pressure cylinders are
placed wvell forward. and just back
of them are the low pressures. A man
of average hei'ght standing -besides
one of the great driving wheels
could not reach to the top rim for
each of the drivers are about eighteen
feet in circumference. There are five
pairs of drivers, and in the extreme
front of the engine is a pair of pony
Befor leaving- the Baldwin shops
the ten grea: !,c-ntive wil pro b
oh! be ;ipced byV repiresenitantves
'I several if the ea-tern railroad.
The otier forty 14)canotive., wili
he of h e balanced compound type.
1niiliar in many respecI to the
French engine-. The driver4 will )e
o inches in diameter and the cylinders
15 and _! inches. with a 26 inch pis
ton strike. They are designed to at
tain a speed if eighty miles an hour
and wilt be used exclu:.ively for pas
senger trains. Each will weigh about
20.000 pounds. including the tender.
Shipment of these will begin in April.
a i It la7t will leave the shops iII
While w%o-irk on thenc engines is
rapidly prigre.Iing. a ru.h order for
twelvye lomit ives frimi the .apanese
gPvernnt is heing pt.hAed with all
the expedition p i4ble. They are for
the miuitarv roads in Corea and will
be started for the seat of war early
next Imnth. Six of the engines are
of the standard guie and six of the
Owing to the fact that Russian lo
cilmotive plants are small concerns,
it s thught by nany railroad men
that a large order for .locomotives
may at any time be placed with an
Anerican plant by the Russian gov
er'1ment. Ofticials of the Baldwin
cimpany recently said that they had
receive( no order vet. nor. to their
kniwlecge had any other American
Vice* President Gross.'of the Anier
ican Locomotive company. of Dun
kirk. N. Y.. was in the city last week.
He said that while the Russian gov
ernment has forbidden the importa
tion if locomotives. it i; only as
a protective measure. and not because
of a tariff. and that if the government
should require any large addition to
its motive power bids from outside
irnis would undoubted!y be called
THE CHRISTIAN churche., at
Constantinoble. Turkey. and Yokaho
ma. Japan. have long tised the Long
man & Martinez Paints for painting
Liberal contributions of L. &. L.
will be given for such p)urpose where
ever a church is located.
F. M. Scotield. Harris Springs. S.
C.. writes: "I painted our old .home
stead with L. & M.. twenty-six years
ago. Not painted since; looks better
than houtses painted in the last tour
WV. B. Barr. Charleston. W. Va..
writes: "Painted Frankberg Block
with L. & M.. shows better than any
buildings here have ever done: stands
out as though varnished. and actual
cost of p)ain~t was less than $t.2o per
gallon. WVears and covers like
These Celebrated Paints are sold by
the Newberry Hdwe. Company.
LUMBER, LATHS, SHINGLES.
Building material of
Estimates made on~
Wood or Brick.
Small or Large.
Shop in front of jail.
Shockley & Livingston,
Newherry. S. C.
A SHIPMENT OF
i Your Wants,
ErrY. 03. 0q
Are my long suit. I make any kind *
except bad ones. I furnish a new *
stamp and an indellible pad for mark
ing linen for 40 cents. I have some
other good things. JA. WILSON GIBBES, *
Typewriters', Office Supplies, etc.
* 1334 Main Street, Columbia, S. C.
HUDGENS BROS., LAURENS, S. C.
Foundry, Machine Shops and
We are selling agents for the Rapid Fill Hay
Press, which has proven to be the best press
on the market at the price. These Presses
can be seen at Mr. G. M. B. Epting's cotton
We now employ one of the best Architects in the
South, and are prepared to furnish Plans and Specifi
cations to any who contemplate building.
* Full line of Castings and supplies kept in
The mail puts you next door to us.
HUDGENS BROS............ LAURENS, S. C.
*Wanted purchasers at our store for the cheapest line of new+
* and up-to-date furniture and house furnishing goods ef9er
* opened in this city. Room suits; Beds, Dressers, stoves, pipe*
*and all kinds of stoveware, Crockery, Glassware. Lamps,*
*Window glass from 8xio to 36 inches Don't fail to see our +
*stock of wall paper, feather beds and feather pillows. We will *
*sell you these goods cheaper than any one in Newberry.
* Shelley, Dean & Summer, I
+* Newberry Hardware Co's. Old Stand, Main St.
EU....MILLINERY . . I
*We beg to call your attention to the *
*fact that we have just opened up a new*
+ line of Millinery
$ DRESS GOODS.
* Our line of Dress Goods is complete
in every respect. -
+ We are "Up-to--date" on Notions, +
* We invite the public to call and in- 4
* spect our line of goods before buying- +
MRS. S. W. CALMES, $
* PROSPERITY, S. C.