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COTTON SEED OIL INDUSTRY.
A Correspondent Believes That The
Business Is In Dire Extremity.
To the Editor of The State.
The present unsatisfactory condi
tion oi the cotton seed oil business
calls for some very serious thought
..n the part of those now engaged in
:he business and also deserves the
c!ose scrutiny of those about to em
bark in the business. The growth of
:his industry has indeed been most
remarkable and up until the present
time there has been unusually, with
well conducte- and well located mills.
-spendid returns from the same.
Because of the superiority of the cot
ton seed oil over most other fats. ana
in spite of a great deal of prejudice
against its use. its high intrinsic vatue
has- forced it prominently upon the
markets of the world. Hundreds of
thousands of pounds of this oil are
i.ow used in the manufacture of eleo
margerine. butter. compound lards,
etc.. while millions of pounds of oil
have been shipped anually from the
United States to foreign countries,
and used there principally as an edible
oil. Only a year or two ago there was
shipped alone from America to Mar
seilles, France. oil worth to the Amer
ican manufacturers about $4,ooo.ooo:
so you can rea!ize something of the
enormous export from this country to
this one port. France is the home or
the olive, consequently it was there
that the olive industry flourished more
than in any other country. Becanise
.of the superiority and cheapness of the
American coton seed oil the olive
orchards of southern Europe have al
most been annihilated. This of course
brought great hardship to this pat
ticular industry. especially in France.
The Fren;ch government. realizing
this fact. felt that something must be
done to save the industry and has
lately imposed an import tax of some
thing like To cents a gallon upoa
American cotton oil products. so that
today the French market is almost
entirely closed to the cotton seed oil
business. Other foreign countriez
are doing the same. so that today our
exports in the cotton seed oil busi
ness are almost nil.
As an incident to the falling off of
our foreign trade in oil I will quote
some figures. In igo Italy took
something over 3.6oo.ooo gallons or
oil: now she takes i.ooo,ooo or less.
Austria at the same time took about
4.200,000 gallons of oil: now she takes
less than 1-5oo.ooo. France took at the
same time about 2o.ooo.ooo gallons of
,il: now about 8,ooo.ooo. This leaves
a tremendous -amount to be absorbed
by the United States, as with other
countri.s there is a like filling off
also. Thus it can easily be seen why
it is the cotton seed oil is now selling
so far-belowv its usual price.
While this is a great blow at the
cotton sed oil business, our own coun
-try has given the industry its greatest
blow. There has been enacted lately
by the United States congress a law
taxing cotton sed oil to the amount
of to cents per pound for all oil used
in the manufacture of butter. This
law was enacted at the instigation of
those in this country who were in the
dairy business. We have no fight to
make with the butter makers. but
would simply say that it is hard for
one to realize why this prejudice
agaist butter made partly or entirely
of cotton seed oil. Especially is this
true when the departmen t of agricul
ture and chemistry has repeatedly
stated that for purity and healthful
niess there is i othng to b:e.ompared
with cotton seed oil. This taxing of
oil that is used in butter has struck
another great blow at the industry.
The third great demand for the oil
is for the manufacture of comp->und
lard. Tremendous quantities of this
oil are used in the manufacture ot
lard, and even this demand for oil
has slackened off very largely. I
wvould respectfuly submit the fact to
the consumers of all pure food pro
ducts of this country, that for health
fulness and purity, the butter made
from the average dairy herd of cows,
many of which may be. and often are.
attlicted with tuberculosis, can in no
way compare with butter made from
the pure vegetable oil. Cotton seea
is never attacked by disease. which
cattle are often heir to. What I
have said of the butter business can
be emphasized many times over with
regard to the lard business. There
can be no0 doubt but when the aver
age farmer feeding hogs for market
dletects cholera among his hogs that
ing pens and slaughtered. and placed
on the markets. and from hogs. many
times diseased. comes our average
meat and socalled pure lard. I woula
repeat what I said above, the pure
vegetable oil made from cotton seeu
is never afflicted with cholera or an)
disease to which the average hog is
subject. There are many other uses
to which the cotton seed oil is put,
but I will forbear to discuss them in
As long as the foreign governments
continue* to tax cotton seed oil and
so long as our government continues
its unjust course towards the oil bus
iness. then just as long will the cotton
seed oil business in our country be
on the decline. It is only within the
last few months that these embargoes
hav.e been laid upon the industry and
up to the present time cotton seea
oil mills have been going up all over
the country. and good money ha5
been made from the enterpries. We
have reached and passed over the pin
nacle of our successful progress, and
under the burdens of unjust legisla
tion I will not be stating it too
strongly when I say that disaster is
starir,, it in the face. The mills in
oper ition in the south today I ven
ture to predict, will have a hard strug
gle for existence frorm this time on,
and many of the old fashioned. out
of date ones must go out of business.
For the last few years oil has been
selling at from 33 to 37 cents f. o. b.
mills: today it is selling at 22 to 23
cents f. o. b. mills. The mills that
are in operation and building can pro
duce double the quantity of oil per
annum that will be consumed by the
world and without a doubt this con
dition of affairs will exist for many
years to come. There is only one
thing for the cotton oil people of the
south to do which can save them from
absolute disaster. namely, less insane
competition among themselves for
seed. and a reduction in the cost of
manufacturing the seed. The cost of
the raw material is going higher each
i season and the markets for the oil
contracting. and competition sharper
all along the line. It has been stated
that the average price per ton of
seed through South Carolina this year
has been something like $21. Against
this price of seed I give the following
as the return of a ton of seed, and the
expense of manufacturing same. Be
low will be found the quantity and
the price obtained from a ton of seed
manufactured under the present con
ditions. Forty gallons of oil at 23
cents per gallon, $9.20; 30 pounds lint,
at 5 1-2 cents per pound; $1.65; 775
pounds meal at $1.20 per hundred.
$9-30: 82o pounds hulls at 30 cents,
$2.46: making a total of $22.61. Now
if we add to the cost of.the seed $3.25,
the cost of manufacturing the seea
iito this product, the seed and, the
manufacturing will come to $24.25,
while the actual net returns from this
ton of seed at $22.61 makes an abso
lute loss of $1.64 per ton' on ev'ery
ton of seed manufactured under the
present conditions. It is not appar
ent in the above statement, but there
is an actual loss of from 75 to too
pounds in each and every ton of seed.
in the shape of dirt, sand. motes, etc.
The loss amounts to about 5 per cent.
I am sorry to say that some farmers
know well how to sand their seed.
There is to my mind absolutely
not one ray of consolation for the
outlook of the industry. I am re
minded of the condition of affairs
that existed iii Egypt thousands of
years ago. We have 'had our seven
fat years which in my opinion is tc
be followed by the inevitable seven
lean years. I would suggest to the
cotton seed manufacturers of South
Carolina 'that there be organized
within the state a cotton erushers as
sociation which if properly conducted
would be of incalcuable benefit to.the
business. We could thoroughly dis
cuss all questions pertaining to the
Iindustry and its management. I anm
of the opinion that by an .exchange
of ideas among the managers and sui
erintendents we could materially les
en a good deal of the cost of manu
facture and also in the purchase ana
sale of the products. This free im
terchange of ideas, and becoming ac
quainted and in touch with each othei
would be of great benefit to those
engaged in the business. If I am not
alone in this opinion, let someof the
craft take the lead in establishing
crushers association in South Caro
lina as now exists in Texas and some
other southerni ;t.o.
There are other e2ings wvhich
wo'uld like to call -he attention of the
.ushers of thmis ate to, but as this
.,;tice isa-d t,o long I will close
hping to hei-r inom others oT the
Saluda. Nl .i
A POLITICAL PRIMER.
What Certain Phrases in the Great
American Game Mean.
Kansas City Tribune.
What is a faction?
A faction is a part of a party. It
i.iay be the larger part or the smaller
part. but when it is greatly in the
minority and plainly in the wrong.
then it is certain to charge the major-.
ity with being factional and disloyal
to the party.
What are spoils?
Spoils are the wages of party ser
vice and often of sin. Tiev belong to
the victors. who invariably use them
in such a way as to make them event
ually for the -Prty which has no
What is meant by availability?
It is that quality which makes a
man a desirable candidate for an office:
for which he is specially unfitted.
When you hear the politicians say
that a man is available, it signifies
that he can be elected, but that he
will be no good after he gets in.
What is a wheel horse?
It is pretty much what its name
implies. You can tell a wheel horse
by the spots you will find on him
where his collar and the other gearing
have rubbed him. He likes to work
in harness, and nothing seems so low:
in his mind as when the other horses
kick up their heels and smash up
What is yeoman service?
It consists largely of leg and vocal
exercise for the party. The yeoman
servitors. mar.:h during a campaign
many miles. ;referably tllough the
rain and mud.
What is over-confidence?
Over-confidence is what the politi
cians and campaign orators warn
their party against when they have
1o confidence at all.
\hen is a man ii the hands of h;
When he gets so hard up for- an
office that he is actually ashamed to,
let the people know how bad he wants
Much More Than .That.
"That milk looks as if it were half
water." protested the woman at the
"It is much more than that, ma'am,"
replied the milkman, a college grad
uzte in reduced circumstances. **i
guarantee it to be 86 per cent. water,
4 oer cent. butter. 3 1-2 per cent.
caseine. and 6 1-2 per cent. sugar and
various salts, the combination result
ing in the liquid commonly known
as milk. Chemical analysis of the
same cheerfully furnished whenever
desired. Good morning. ma'am."
'1 wonder why it is that Mormon
women make so little complaint about
"It's easily explained," said the el
der whio was taking advantage of the
opportunity afforded by an investi
gation to lecture. "When a man takes
another wife she is glad to get him
while her predecessor is so glad to
get rid of him, that there is no indig
No girl is quite as pretty as she
thinks a man thinks she looks.
All the world's a stage, and the su
brettes imagine they are stars.
Men who love women only for their
good manners never marry.
never sickens the patient nor leaves
its work half done. It is~ an absolute
cure for Bad Blood.Kidney and Liyer
Troubles and ailments emanating
from impaire.d diges~tive organs.
For Over 35 Years
This king of remedies has been ma
king steadfast friends. it is not a
patent medicine, but a pure veo'etable
extractioni from a species~ of H ydran
gea plant. If the first bottle does niot
prove its efficacy go b.ack and get
Mopss' D rug Store
- Welt Man
THE 9-T5-of Me.
GREAT i.- --
]RENCE :" EME-Y produces the above result
i3( *-.-L c.F Wienvuj.DeWity Ampotec
aricocele, zihnJg .Aemory. Stops all drains and
osses caused by errcrs of vouth. It wards off In.
sanity and Consumption. Young Men regain Man
hood and Old Men recover Youthful Vigor. It
gives vigor and s.ze to shrunken organs, and fits
a man for business or marriage. Easily carried in
the vest pockct. Prie S ' 6 Boxes $2
b'y mail, in jo!uin pack-~ 5CTa e witz
witegua. .. DR. J HANa, h j
MAYES' DRUG STORE.
.Many a lame man who doesn't limp
is crippled only under the hat.
A man who refuses to pay his debts
when he can is a thief at heart.
Sick headache res .lts from a dis
ordered stomach and is quickly cured
by Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
Tablets. For sale by Smith Drug Co.,
Newberry. S. C.. and Prosperity
Drug Co., Prosperity. S. C.
Courtship is a two-sided game. in
which each player tries to fool the
Not a Sick Day Since.
"I was taken severely sick with kid
ney trouble. I tried all sorts of medi
cines. none of which relieved me.
One day I saw an ad. of your Electric
Bitters and determined to try that.
After taking a few doses I felt re
lieved. and soon thereafter was entire
ly cured. and have not seen a sick day
since . Neighbors of mine have been
cured of Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Liv
er and Kidney troubles and General
Debilitv." This is what 8. F. Bass.
of Fremont. N. C. writes. Only 5oc,
at Wim. E. Pelham & Son. Druggists.
Proof Of It.
Mrs. Hatterson-I wonder if it has
paid to give our daughter such a gooo
Hatterson-Paid! Vhy. of course,
don't you see from her manner how
superior she-is to us?
Cured His Mother of Rheumatism.
My mother has been as ufferer for
many years with rheumatism," says
W. W. Howard, of Husband, Pa. "At
times she was unable to move at all.
while at all times walking was painful.
I presented her 'with a bottle of
Chamberlain's Pain Balm and after a
few applications she decided it was
the most wonderful pain reliever she
had ever tried, in fact, she is never
without it now and is at all times able
to walk. An occasional application of
Pain Balm keeps away the pain that
she was fomerly troubled with." For
sale by Smith Drug Co.. Newberry,
S. C.. and Prosperity Durg Co., ProsA
perity, S. C.
Back Among The Constituents.
Now homeward fares the Congress
With duty nobly done,
And he'll perchance work harder than
He did in Washington.
"In the spring of 100r my children
had whooping cough," says Mrs. D.
W. Capps, of Capps, Ala. "I used
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy with
the most satisfactory results. I thinic
this is the best remedy I have ever
seen for whooping cough." This
remedy keeps the cough loose, lessens
the severity and frequency of the
coughing spells and counteracts any
tendency toward pneumonia. For
sale by Smith Drug Co., Newberry, S.
C.. and Prosperity Drug Co., Pros
perity, S. C.
STT~ OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
ICOUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
By John C. WVilson. Esq.. Probate
WVHEREAS. Perditer Suber hath
made suit to me. to grant her Letters
of Administration of the Estate of
and effects of Samuel Eigner.
THESE ARE THEREFORE to
cite and admonish -all and singular
the kindred and Creditors of the said
Samuel Eigner deceased, that they
be and appear before me. in' the Couirt
of Probate, to be held at Newberry on
Saturday May 21st, after publication
thereof. at 11 o'clock in the forenoon,
to show cause, if any they have, why
the said Administration should not be
Given uinder my hand, this 5th day
of Miay Anno Domini. 1904.
John C. Wilson.
J. P. N'. C.
A Golden Rule
De good to your land and your crop
will be good. Plenty of
in the rortilizer spells quality .
nu. uintv :a the har
,I-. \re us and
I y next mail,
y winning C
Small Savings are the Stepping
Stones to success and plenty
$1.00 a month deposited in our
Will in 10 years amount to $ 146 00
$5.00 will in 10 years
amount to - - - - $ 730 00
$10.00 will in 10 years
amount to - - - -r$I460 00
We want your business.
Have ample facilities to
accommodate our cus
The Commercial Bank
of Newbery, S. to
if the children haven't
lately ! !
Is it not
to have it done
They have no voice
in the matter!
Childhood is short!
Lifelike portraits of
the little tots are
like good investments
as time goes on' ! !
When you get old and the
children get old, the
pictures will be
Elite Photo Studio
Shingles! Shingles! Shingles!
200,000 Shingles just
received, FOR SALE
CHEAP, also Lumber
and Laths, Rough or
Houses Built on short,
notice. SHOP WORK
such as Mantles, Doors
and Window Frames
a specialty. Repairing
of all kind.
Shop in front of jail.
Shockley & Liviqgston
Newberry, S. C.
For Sale by
C. H. CANNON.