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THE MORMON'S POLYGAMY.
The Practice Originated With Proph
et Joseph Smith-Was At First
The marriage service' of the Mor
mon church have been the' subject of
many questions during the pending
investigation in the case of Senator
Smoot before the senate committee
on privileges and elections. All the
evidence has tended to show that the
services are simple-so simple, in
fact. that the bishop or other official
of the church has a good deal left to
his discretion as to what he shall say
on those occassions. says the Wash
There was a pretty fiction during
the days when plural marriages were
being performed day and night that
they were often brought about and
desired by the other wives of the men
who were in that way adding to their
family responsibilities. The sacred
books of the church contain signifi
cant allusions to the admonitions that
are given the wives of Mormons in
-this respect and wives who encourage
polygamy were promised great glory
in the kingdom to come. .
It is declared that if a wife should
prevail upon her husband to take ad
ditional wives.he should do so, but if
she should not so prevail upon him he
should do so anyway, while her resis
tance to such a course would, it is de
-clared in the revelation, result in her
When President Smith was asked
what this "destruction" meant, wheth
er it was to take place in this world,
he promptly replied that it didn't
mean "destruction." What it does
mean is one of the mysteries of the
While the services themselves are
simple. their variety and significance
grea, and .interesting. The mar
riae, rite is referred to as "sealing"
hy the Mormons. and men an,d wome-a
under the system of polygamy so gen
erally practiced by them embraced at
least three separate methods of "seal
ing." The ambitious Mormon had as
his object in life not only the acqui
sition of numerous wives and a multi
tude of progeny. the memorizing of
whose names must have taxed the
best man of brains, but he had the
;other world to look after. His family
there was as great an object as it was
in the material life.
The fact that the family relations
were to be continued, and this doc
trine is as much believed among them
today as ever, made it necessary to
'have the greatest care exercised in the
-processes of "sealing," so that the
brethren on the other side of Jordan
might not be entangled in complica
tions to mar their harmonious condi
So it is that the system is so devisea
that on the other side no two men
shall come into any disputs as to the
possession of their wifely property.
There are "sealings" for "time", seal
ings for time and eternity and scal
ings for eternity. A woman can be
:sealed for eternity but to one man. It
might happen that she would be seal
.ed for time and eternity to the same
lord and master, but that was not a
-necessary condition. A widow, for in
stance, being sealed for both time and
eternity to one man, would finish
servig her "time:' when that man
died. Between the death of her hus
band and her own death there would
still remain a period during which she
might be sealed to some one else.
But that would not in the least inter
fere with the claim of priority on the
part of her first husband when he
should meet and greet her on the
According to the narrative of Mrs.
Ann Eliza Young, the nineteenth wife
of Brigham Young, who became an
apostate from the church and wrote
the story of her life and sufferings in
Mormionism, it was about 1842 that
the "spiritual wife" doctrine was*
hinted at by Joseph Smith. The an
nouncement caused a great apostacy
and divided the church against itself.
William Law, one of Smith's coun
sellors and warmest friends, in that
year accused Smith in Illinois of mak
ing proposals to his wife in effect that
he had a revelation that the Lord had
command'ed that he should take spirit
ual wives to add to his glory, and that
he had visited his wvife while he knew
that he was absent. Mrs Law testi
fied that Smith had asked her to give
him half of her love and to keep the
other half for her husband.
Smith and his adherents retaliated
by caring the anostes with the
grossest immorality. Law and some
,.f his followers started a newspaper
to expose the course of Smith. but
.nly one issue was published. the
printing office being destroyed by the
It was to silence the loud protests
that were coming from some of the
faithful, who had no idea when they
joined Mormonism that the taking oi
plural wives was ever to be one of its
tenets, that the doctrine of polygamy
was given the faithful in Zion. but
was not made public generally. It
was a revelation that explained some
of the tendencies of the Prophet
Smith. Among the saints it was
received reluctantly and many of
tl- saints openly rebelled. But
it was a revelation from the
Lord, and it commanded the attention
,of the fantics and later their obe
dience. "*Thus saith the Lord" wa.,
the stamp of approval that was not
to be disputed.
. The career of the Prophet Joseph
after producing his "celestial mar
riage" revelation was short. He wa.
sought by the authorities and in
duced to surrender. He was wanted
on various charges. It was feared by
his followers that an attempt woula
be made to massacre him in prison,
but the governor of the state seemea
to fear no such result and no extra
guards were provided. While in the
jail the prophet and his brother Hy
rum were assassinated. President
Smith. who is today at the head of
the Mormon church. is the son ot
Hyrum. who met his death at Car
The revelation on "celestial mar
riage" was not publicly announced
until 185a. and then it was stated by
Brigham Young that Smith had first
produced it in 1843. It has been
claimed that there were hints at this
doctrine at a much earlier date. The
nineteenth Mrs. Brigham Young
claimed that the first public announce
iei.. made by Smith of his belief in
plural wives was at Nauvoo. in 1840.
In a sermon one Sunday he declarea
it was perfectly right in the sight ox
the Lord for a man to have as many
wives as he pleased if he could evade
the laws of the land. He arguea
that polygamous nations would be
converted to the church and would
wish to gather in Zion.
"What will they do with their
wives?" he asked. "We must have
polygamy among us as an established
institution, and then they can bring
all their wives with them."
This utterance caused such a com
motion, especially among the women,
that the prophet announced that "it
was too soon for the Lord to reveal
Himself upon this subject." This an
nouncement allayed the first serious
rebellion among the followers of the
prophet. The next Sunday he said
he wished to retract what he had
said a week previously as he had
merely tried the saints to see what
they could bear.
The prophet's wife did not take
kindly to the doctrine, and she fought
it persistently during his lifetime.
Later, some of the Mormons attempt
ed to palm the doctrine off on
Smith caught that the marriages
approved only by the Gentiles were
not binding in spirit. The Lord had
not recognized these marriages.
So. it was stated, many of the
ives of his followers were secretly
sealed" to Smith, he having told
them that the spirit had revealed to
him that they belonged to him. They
were to have a high position in the
Among the first to adopt the doc
trine of the plural marriage was a
ir. Noble. One night on the banks
>f the Missssippi river the prophet
"sealed".,Noble to a second wife, and
Noble p>erformed the same service
for Joseph. the latter being married
to Noble's sister-in-law. These are
said to be the first plural marriages.
They were performed with great sec
recy and wvere not acknowledged for
a long time afterward. Noble was
later pointed to as one of the greatest
of the saints, as he had been the
first to obey the command of Joseph
to take a plural wife. It is said that
this first plural wife became insane as
a result of the notoriety she received
and the misery of her condition.
Conductor-All aboard! Please get
aboard quickly. miss. The train is
about to start
Young Lady-But I wish to kiss
my sister goodby.
Conductor-Get aboard. get aboard,
A Sleepless Guardian of Railroad
Safety and Comfort.
.\merican railroad development has
reached the point where- a man can
Sit c01mfortably in a private car and
see recorded o-. paper before him
every imperfection of the rails over
which he is riding. says World's
Work. Twenty years ago a track
walker with a hammer tramped the
crossties to find out this same thing.
The track walker's work and much
more is now done by the (Inyograph.
a mechanism which not only records
the deviations the rails make from a
straight and level line, but automati
cally computes the deviations in feer
and inches. It is the invention of
Dr. P. H. Dudley. The invention is
attached to his private car which has
been his home for fifteen years. The
dynograph tests rails. It is a machinle
42 inches high and looks like a hand
printing press. It makes records on
the roll of paper attached to the ma
chine. made through power gained
from the rolling of the wheels of the
car over the-track. The paper is un
rolled by a shaft attached to the axle
of the car. Th: -per is thus moved
slowly as the car travels. Suspendea
over the paper are a number of glass
tubes, each containing red ink. They
are really glass needles that make a
continuous mark on the paper. There
is one needle for each track. one for
the gauge of the rails. another to
measure the distance the car is travel
ing. These needles are all connected.
first. by shaft attached to the axle.
and then by delicate mechanism at
tached to the shaft. If the car is
travelling over a perfectly level track
these glass needles make a straight
line. If there is an undulation in the
track of a fraction of an inch the sen
sitive mechanism wavers. and the line
becones broken. Since no track is
pgrfectly level, the record for the best
roadbed inAmerica is wavering.
When the undulation or break in
the level of the track is one-eighth of
an inch or more the mechanism opens
a hose attached to a can of blue
paint on the track, the paint is splurt
ed on the rail and the defect is thus
plainly marked for the section gangs.
Every time the paint is thrown on
the track a mark is made by the glass
needle, giving a record by which to
check the work of these track repair
At the end of a test trip a perma
nent record of the roll is made and
copies printed for the various me
chanical departments of the road. By
this record the railroad is apprised
by the actual condition of its roadbed.
THE NEW NERVE TONIC
AND KIDNEY CURE.
Cleanses the Kidneys and Bladder, puifles the
Blood. Puts Flesh on thin people. Strengthens
the Nerves. Clear. the Brain. Cures Nervous
Debility, Inutomnia, Falling Memor-. Restores
thVle'VaWand Strenigth of Youth
This New Remedy works like Magie, but is ab
solutely harmless. Weigh yourself before taking.
P 50s'S '12 bse, 86.00 by mall.
We win e . rund the money If you are
ot bendtt.d. it and beeconvinced.
- MAYES' DRUG STORE.
OTICE OF FINAL SETTLE
MENT AND DISCHARGE.
Notice is hereby given that I will
:ake a final settlement on the estate
f W. Jacob Mills, deceased, in the
probate court for Newberry county,
n Wednesday, the Ist day of June,
904. and immediately thereafter ap
ply for letters dismissory as adminis
trator of. said deceased. All persons
olding claims against said estate
will present, the same duly attested
by that date, and all personns indebt
ed to said estate will make settlement
to the undersigned.
J. C. Mills,
Newberry, S. C.. May 2, 1904.
NOTICE OF REFERENCE.
To Let Contract.
I will be at Herbert's Ferry, on Sa
luda river, on Wednesday, May i8,
at 1o o'clock a. mn.. to let contract for
Jno. M. Schumpert.
To Let Contract.
I will be at Lindsay's bridge over
Bush river on Thtursday, May 19.
at to o'clock a. in.. to let contract
for making repairs on said bridge.
Jno. M. Schumpert,
HAVE YOU GOT .A KEY?
Do You Need
A Pair of Shoes?
IF SO APPLY '0
I MILLINERY! MILLINERY!:
J* At the Right Price.
+ The past 30 days business at our store, +
. proves that we are giving the public
greater value in Millinery, than any
other place in Newberry. For the next,
.10 days we will expect to give you+
. greater bargains . than ever before.
+ bought in Newberry.
+ Another big lot of Hats just received.+
We will save you from 50 to 100 per+
cent onievery Hat bought in the next 10$
+ Every article in the House sold at the *
* RIGHT PRICE.
I HAIR & HAVIRDI
. The Right Price Store.
HAMS! HAMS! HAMS!
-WE SELL THEM.
Smithfield Hams at 25c per lb. Dried Beef Hams at zoc per lb.
Kingans Reliable Hams at x5c per lb. Porter Hams at 15e per lb.
Armour & Co's Hams at r zic per lb. California Hams at rxrc per lb.
Cream City Picnic Hams at roc per lb.
Bear us in mind when you want something good to eat.
DAVENPORT & CAVENAUGH
Phone 1 10. Main Street.
SOUTHERN RAILWAY WE RUN TI!E
THIS GREAT RAILWAY RUNS THROUCH A BEST VESTI
CONVENiNL NTING AL THE BEST SECTiONS ANULIE TAEN
OF TH: SO)UTH. ADlV H
-:c~ Bi~i.~.~~ iEST DINING
*eN-~~ D.A.R SERVicE