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CZAR'S GREAT WEALTH.
He is Said to be the Richest Man in
It was reported from St. Peters- I
burg the other day. on semi-official
authority, that the -czar had given
200,000,000 rubles (about $ioo.ooo.ooo)11
from his private treasury to the Rus-11
sia war fund. Probably this is thelt
largest single gift ever given by an
individual donor to any cause.
But the czar can well afford it. He
is usquestionably the richest man on f
ear*. Even John D. Rockefeller's j
many millions would look small by !
comparison with his multiudinoub 1
sources of wealth and the vast treas
are hoarded for him by his ancestors.
for the Romanoffs were always a
saving race. No living man can tei i
the full extent of his wealth. not even 13
Baron Friederichs. the comptroller i
of the imperial household. j
The value of the emperor's private i
fortune and its importance in relation t
to the affairs of the empire may be;(
guaged in some degree by the fact I
that the Baron. his private secretary. C
is counted among the greatest officers t
of state, and is a member of the prin- I
cipal deliberative and consultative o
councils, such as the committee of <
ministers, an(' the council of state.
which helps the czar to direct the
course of Russian policy.
The official revenue of Nicholas II
-his salary, so to speak- is nearly r
E2.ooo,ooo sterling per annum. It e
is difficult to arrive at it exactly. for I
it is paid in various ways and under j
many heads, and the sum total fluc
tuates from year to year. But $io,- j
ooo.ooo may be taken as a fair average. r
Cost of a State BalL
It is only a small part of his wealth,
however, and the expense of main- c
taining his royal state more than ac- i:
counts for this vast sum. If he de- f
pended upon his official salary he c
would'find it hard -to make both ends r
meet. It is estimated, that the mag- i:
nificent state ball which was given a
just as the war with Japan broke out c
cost between 2.000.000 and 3,ooo.oov i
rubles. The czar's gifts to the Or- ;
thodox church in the course of the
year average from 5.000.000. to 6,ooo.- I
ooo rubles. and Orthodox Russians
complain-confidentially, of course- c
that he is stingy in that respect, in a
comparison with his predecessors. c
On the other hand, the church turns b
over large revenues to him, estimated s
to exceed the amount which it re- I
With the sole exception of the Shah v
-of Persia, the czar owns a greater c
fortune in diamonds and precious c
stones than any other man in the
world. The famous Orloff diamond v
is only the greatest star in an im
mense constellation. It was given to
a previous czar by a Count Orloff.
one of whose descendants was the
famous Count Orloff, who devoted ise
life to improving the breed of Rus-I
sian horses and created the "Orloffa
horse," now used almost exclusively
by the Russian cavalry.i
When Nicholas II was crowned ae
iewv years ago the Enmir of Bokhara
and the Khan of Khiva. his two prin
-cipat vassal princes, vied with one an-c
-other, ini making hinm the richest giftsi
within their power. The Khan gavec
him a pricelees rope of pearls, which
is said to be the tinest in the wvorld.t
besides diamonds. emeralds and rubc
ies galore. His presents were esti-c
mated to have been wvorth. at the b
lowest computation. $2.ooo,ooo: butf
they were unique and not price
could really be pui upon them. Hist
rival, the Emir. was not far behind i
him: and the Hetman of the Don Cos-a
sacks, Prince Sviatopolsk. Mirsk II.h
came forward with some handsome
contributions, as did the leading
-niobles anid princes of the empire,r
,to say nothing of foreign potentates.t
Born Both Lucky and Rich. a
Tibc czar is the luckiest man on 1
earth in the matter of "'windfalls." 1
His loyal subjects are constantlya
leaving him large sums of money by 1
'will, which are not always acceptea.
Delicate diplomacy is required to in-e
duce the czar to accept a legacy. Asc
a rule, a wealthy Russian who desires
to leave money with him communi-a
cates with Baroni Friederichs or some
other official of the imperial house-t
hold before he makes his will, and
obtains the gracious consent of his
majesty to his designs. Even when
this has been done. and the man dies.t
careful investigation is made before
the money is accepted, with the object;
of finding out whether anybody wouloil
s,ffer by tis disposition of his wealth.I
J so. the czar orders that the mon,
> diverted to the proper channels.
These legacies. when accepted. a
iever us.d by the czar for his priva
rratification. He regards them as
rust fund, and they have been
-egarded by most of his ancestoi
rhis fund is drawn upon for chai
able and religious purposes. Five m
ions of rubles were given from it
-elieve the starving peasants duri
he last terrible famine in Bessarabi
3ut it is not confined to Russian o
ects alone. The czar made liber
lonations from it to the last Indi;
amine relief fund and in aid of tl
iegro peasants of Martinique wl
uffered from the eruptions
Some .Immense Legacies.
Some of the legacies reach immen
ums. A merchant named Stephano
vho died at Nijni-Novgorod la
-ear. left the czar over ti.ooo.o
'ubles ("to be applied to any o
ect which his imperial majesty m:
e graciously pleased to. consider i
he good of Holy Russia.") A M
:ow banker named Nicholas Nic
alaevitch Ukhtansky. left 7.00
>oo rubles two or three years as
o his monarch, absolutely free of a
imitation or provision. And the
mounts might be paralleled in mai
>ther cases. Hardly a month pass
vithout the czar receivin'g by w
vhat m.-st men would consider
The czar pockets more minit
oyalties than any other man <
arth. The silver, gold. platinum ai
ead mines of the Ural Mountains a
Most of the proceeds go into tl
overnment treasury. but royalti
anging from 6 to T5 per cent. a
>aid over to the emperor's priva
iurse. He receives similiar royalti
in the numerous government min
n Siberia. which are worked by tl
ree -labor of convicts. He also r
eives quit rents. tithes and other pa
nents for vast tracts of Crown lani
n Siberia and Central Asia. as w<
.s a share of the large revenue a
ruing from the exploitation of tl
mmense area% nf government fore
and in Siberia.
Whole blocks of real estate in E
)etersburg, Moscow. Od'essa. Nijr
ogorod. Irkutsk. Omsk and oth,
ities and towns in European Russ
nd Siberia are owned by the empe
r. and the rents are duly collect<
y a small army of agents under ti
upervision of Baron Friederich
le also possesses- large financi
oldings in several Russian railwal
hich have not yet fallen under ti
ontrol of the ministry of ways <
ommunications. and in numerous 1
strial undertakings. such as irc
vorks and textile factories. promot<
'r encouraged by M. Juliewitsh I
Vitte when he was a finance miriste
The investment of the czar's immen:
ealth is always a serious and diti
it problem. In accordance with
)e Vitte's advice much of it has bet
.pplied to the promotion of schenm
hich are calculated to develop t1
ndustrial and commercial resourc,
Estimate By a Russian.
It is impossible to arrive at ai
:at estimate o'f the wealth of h
mperial majesty." said an offici
:Oniected with the Russian legati<
t Washington. from whom most
he facts set forthi in this article we
btained. "but I should think the
m the most conservative estimat
e meust be wvorth, from all source
ar more than $5o.ooo.ooo a yea
his is actual revenue and does ni
ake into account the huge treasur<
n specie. bullion and diamonds whi<
r stored in the vaults of the Pete
of Palace. in the citadel at K'rol
tradt. and elsewhere.
"Although he is undoubtedly ti
ichest man in the world-far richi
han the richest of American mnilliol
ires-his imperial majesty is
aan of the simplest tastes, and h~
rely personal expenses would proi
bly be easily covered by $50 a da
xcept when it is necessary to a
ime the outward show of h
xalted rank. lie dresses in a suit yt
ould buy here for $30. He dinl
-ery simply. except at state dinner
nd President McKinley used
moke far more expensive ciga
han he does.
"Her imperial majesty. the enipres
equally simiple in her tastes. Si
as tiner diamonds and more of the
han any' other woman: but she dos
ot wear dliamionds hlalf a doz<
ies a year. She goes driving in
'etersburg in a much less showy ar
esepnsi-e enninpa-e than nine t0
ey of ten of those you may see any day
on 5th avenue. and so does the
re Dowager Empress."
a TEST OF STRENGTH.
s. Shows That the Elephant is King
and Man is Left Far
ig w York Herald.
a. Elephants. camels, horses. zebus.
b- and men measured their strength in
al a novel test held in Madison Square
in Garden recently.
ie Special apparatus had been design
io ed and made equal to the severest
ot strain that could be placed upon it.
All the long pulls and the strong pulls
failed to destroy the registering
ability and sufficient data was obtain
ff. ed to deduce an inference that at
st least 75 men would be required to
DO:hold an unruly elephant. and that the
b- energy of the peace.l animal is not
iy to be held !ightiy.
Dio "To test the machine." announcen
j%Mr. Allen. fi-mi an impiovised ros
h- trum. "one hundred men will pull on
y,- the ropes."
o A small army of employees were
y quickly in position. They pulled
se rather aimlessly and the inventors ot
iy the machine announced "Six thous
es and seven hundred pounds. sivty-seven
ill pounds to the man." With that the
a men looked at each other somewhat
askance, and asked for another trial.
ig "Later!" said Mr. Allen.
)n Two chestnut draught horses
id weighing. it is said, i.6oo pounds each,
re next made a long pull at the end of
an eighty-foot rope. ' They pulled
ie and reared. but registered only 2.750
es pounds. On a short hitch. close to
re to the machine, this was increasea
te to 3.750 pounds. Then four horses
es in similiar hitch increased the tension
es to 5,125 and fell on the long pull to
ie 3,750 pounds.
e- Then entered a pair of camels, in
y- leather harness.
s "These have never been harnessed
11 before." said Mr. Allen. "and we ex
- pect very little. because the camel has
ie better records in pulling in the op
st posite direction."
There wa. an emphatic urging
it. and the camels reared and plunged.
i- gave several plaintive bleats and
er finally pulled heartily. "We are a=
ia tonished," said Mr. Allen. "They
r- have recorded 2.750 nounds."
d Zebus. the sacred cattle of India,
le were brought in but no amount of
b- urging could make them lift the indi
al cator above zero. They observed
s Sunday by absolute rest.
ie Then the too men had another trial.
"Hi, heave! Hi. heave!" the circus
song rang out and the rope and gear
creaked and cracked.
"Twelve thousand pounds." an
nounced the dial keeper. Then 50
men pulled 4.100 pounds. and in an
imaginary tug of war increased this
to 8.700 pounds. the record breaker.
Then Babe, an elephant. wvas an
Snounced to give an exhibition of
pushing power. The name of Babe
1is a travesty. She is So years old and
~weighs six tons.
First a big red circus wagon was
rolled in and filled with men. The
wagon weighed 4.500o pounds. the men
at least two tons more. The big
ihawser was fastened beneath the
mwagon. led back to the steel eye of
the huge register and Babe pushed
ragainst apadded plank acosteend
Lt. of the wagon. Before it brought up
eon the end of the rope it was trundled
s off like an infant's carriage. When
~the strain came the keeper yelled.
"Conme Babe!" and the ponderous
bulk pushed with ier head obediently.
h''orty--ive hundred pounds!" cried
r- the man at the register.
eC CHURCH NOTES.
The finest city and village Churches
are painted with the Longman &
is Martinez Paints, and we want every
5 Church to accept our donation when
yever they paint.
. 8 and 6 make 14, therefore when
s you want fourteen gallons of paint.
a buy only eight of L. & M., and mix
s six gallons of pure Linseed Oil with
sit, making the actual cost of paint
e about Si1.20 per gallon.
rs Donu't pay Sx.go a gallon for Lini
seed Oil (worth 6o cents) which yonu
sdo wvhen you buy other painats in a
e can with a paint labe'l on it.
m \lainy ho'uses are well painted with
es four gallons of L. & M., and three
a gallons of l.inseedl Oil miixe'! the.re
id Wears and covers like gold.
.. These Celebrated Paints are sold by
Are my long suit,
except bad ones
stamp and an ind
ing linen for 40
other good thingc
* 1334 Main Street,
We are selling agent4
Press, which has prov
on the market at the
can be seen at Mr. G.
We now employ one of
South, and are prepared t4
cations to any who conten
Full line of Casting.
The mail puts you n(
H UDGENS BROS..
* Wanted purcha;ers at our s
. and up-to-date furniture an<
+ opened in tbls city. Room si
* and all kinds of stoveware,
Window glass from 8xio to
stock of wall paper, feather be
sell you these goods cheaper t]
* Shelley, Do
+ Newberry Hardware C
We beg to call y
*fact that we have ju
* line of Millinery. .
+ DR ESS
*Our line of D'rest
in every respect.
+ We are "Up-t<
+ We invite the pt
* spect our line of gC
:MRS. S. %
Building Material of a
Lime, - Cem(
Terra Cotta Pipe, Ro<
Carolina Portland Cement
Cured by Keeley Institi
-32 Lady St. (or P. 0. Box 75,) colum,bia,.!
I make any kind *
I furnish a new +
ellible pad for mark-.
cents. I have some
). J. WILSON GIBBE8,
ice Supplies, etc.
Columbia, S. C.
LAURENS, S. C.
ine Shops and
- for the Rapid Fill Hay
en to be the best press
price. These Presses
M. B. Epting's cotton
the best Architects in the
) furnish Plans and Spebifi
s and supplies kept in
xt'door to us.
....... LAURENS, S. C.
tore for the cheapest line of new
I house furnishing goods ever
ifts; Beds, Dressers, stoves, pipe
Ctockery, Glassware, Lamps,
36 inches. Don't fail to see our
ds and feather pillows. We will
>an any one in Newberry.
o & Summer,
o's. Old Stand, Main St.
our attention to the
st opened up a new
3 Goods is complete
)-date" on Notions,}
iblic to call and in-4
ods before buying.
ITY, S. C.
ne & Cemnent Co.
TON, S. C.'
LII kinds. H igh Grade
mt, - Plaster,
Sma I Lots. Write,
Co., - - Charleston, S. C.
Ciret e All Druga Tobace
ate of South Carolina