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WAR'S BLOODIEST RECORDS.
Made by South Carolina and Penn
By J. Colton Lyne.. Company "I."
ist S. C. Vol.. Maxey Gregg's
The bloody records of the civil
war show socme interesting parallels
bet,%%en the records of regiments on
the opposing sides.
Pennsylvania championed the north
in the contest for first place on the
roll of honor. and a trifle over 7 per
cent. of her quota of soldiers me,
death on the battle-fields. South Car
lina led the southern states and sac
rificed over 23 per cent. of her mili
tary population as it stood in 1861.
South Carolina furnished the reg
iment that lost the highest number
killed in battle during the war-"Orr's
S. C. Rifles*--which piled up a deat
roll of 334. Maxcy Gregg's ;st S. C.
Vol. scores 281, thus taking the sec
ond place. Orr's Rifles was, however,
a much larger organization at the
The first place on the Unio; side
was taken by the 5th New Iiamp
shire with a score of 295 and the seL
ond place fell to the 83d Pennsylvania
regiment, which has a score of
282. The 83d Pennsylvania score or
killed and wounded was 971. while
the first S. C. Vol. had rolled -up a
score of 90 killed and wounded.
The 83d Pennsylvania came into
being as a reorganization of a regi
ment composed of volunteers and mil
itia companies that responded to
President Lincoln's first call ana
served three months.
The colonel. John W. Mc;Lane, had
served as a volunteer officer in the,
Mexican war and distinguished him
self as a master in organization ana
The ist South Carolina Volunteers
had a similiar history, for it was form
ed out of the disbanded ist South
Carolina, of the provisional army
called into being by the Convention
when the state seceded. That reg
iment was made up of the old militia
companies and volunteers enlisted to
serve the state six months.
This provisional regiment and- the
one formed out of it were both cre
ated and led by the same colonel,
Maxcy Gregg. who had been a voluTI
teer officer in the war with Mexico,
ind had acquitted himself as a ablel
disciplinarian and master of milt-I
tary tactics. And it happened that
at the very time, to the month, and al
most to a day. when Col. Gregg was
getting his Palmetto men out of the
old harness into the new and tou'ching
them up with his Mexican war re
miniscences, Col. McLane was doing
the same thing with his Keystone
boys. The 83d was ready for orders!
in the fall of 1861 and the ist South
At Gaines' Mill.
Each went to its respective stations
for assignment to place in line ana
both beg'an their fighting careers on
the same day and on the same field.
within long range rifle shot of each
other. The Pennsylvanians number
ed about 55o men, the Carolinians a
trifle less. They were not directly op-I
posed on that field, Gaines' Mill, June
27, 1862, but were engaged for the
whole three years in the opposing
armies of Northern Virginia and the
Potomac, often on the same battle
No fanciful comparison could
heightern the parallel. The regiments
started fairly equal, and both were i
the thickest of the fight, with varying
numbers engaged and varying losses
in different battles against metal tem
pered by the same heat. They
emerged with a net result almost
The South Carolinians struck
"hard lines" in that first fight at
Gaines' Mill. They were brigaded
with four other regiments from the
same state, and Col. Gregg, as brig
adier general, led the whole column.
The color guard went dowvn to a
man, and Col. D. H. Hamilton took
the flag and called on his men to
stand. Gen. Gregg. seeing the slaugh
ter and the uselesness of trying to
advance,, ordered the regiment to retire
by filing through the interval 'line of
the second line. The lieutenant colo
nel. one captain and three lietutenants
were killed and nyve lieutenants
wvere wounded. twenty men were kill
ed and 125 wouded-154 in all.
The following four days the iat
regiment fared better at Sev'en Pines.
Nlalvern Hill. in which last the ist
was not actually engaged. but its
Union double was terribly punished.
Railroad Cut at 2d Manassas.
The tst Soith Carolina was not en
gaged again until the second Man
assas. August 29th. where the Caro
lina brigade 'was ordered to defend
the famous -railroad cut. which wa.
Stonewall Jackson's key in that des
perate contest. The ist was
:,ent across the cut as skirmisheAk
to meet an attacking column. Retir
ing step by step under ire it rejoined
its line behind the cut and helped to
repulse the Union charge. at times
fighting the enemy at ten paces.
Excited men often rushed ahead of
their ranks and grappled in deadly
combat: officers used their pistols
and fought man to man. In the last
hours or moments. perhaps. of the
hand to hand struggle the ist lost
its quta for the (lay and came out
minus 24 killed and 119 wounded, a
total of 143 out (If 238 taken into the
fnght. Its commanding officer.
Major Edward NleCrady. was among
The next afternoon the 83d Penn
sylvania charged upon the railroad,
then defended by other troops. ana
lost two commanding officers. wound
ed in quick succession, and 97 men out
In the Maryland campaign follow
ing the second Manassas the 1st
South Carolina shared in the blood
less victory at Harper's Ferry, ana
later on. the bloody 17th September.
double-quicked to Sharpsburg. justi
in time to mingle their dead with
the fallen around Dunker Church.
The ist lost 34 men out of its roster
At Fredericksburg. in December
following, it again found a warm coi -I
ner by one of those accidents in bat
Gregg's brigade occupied the sec
cnd line in front of a position chargeJ
by Union troops. Owing to a mTs
placement there was a gap in the
Front line, and a Union charging col
umn burst through and struck the 1st
ompanion regiment, Orr's S. C.
Rifles, so suddenly as to throw it into
The ist stood next to the rifles and
its commander immediately swung it
round at right angles with the old
line so as to buffet the enemy's ad
vance. Again the fight raged at arm's
length, or a few paces at most, and
the regiment stood its ground until
;upport reached the spot. This in
stance of war cost the regiment 0-:
officers and fifteen men killed and
four officers and fifty-eight men
wounded-eighty-two in all. Gen.
Gregg was killed in the gap trying
to right things. and another colonel
of the brigade. Samuel McGowan.
took command. giving his name to
The ist would have been wiped out
at Fredericksburg but for the return
of its wounded to duty and the Con
federate system of conscription.
By the time "Stonewvall Jackson,'
who was its corps leader. was onet
more on the warpath the regiment
had picked up a fighting streng-h of
300 and started out Sunday mo ting.
May 3, to drive Jackson's wed e to
the heart of Hooker's citadel at Chan
cellorsville. It was not as plain sail
ing as was expected, for Sickles' 3d
army corps was moving in the same
direction just ahead of the southern
ers and would not be hurried even
to suit Lee's "Invincibles." The tst
regiment passed in splendid line over
a bare knoll at the base of which
Sickles' men lay under cover. The
Carolinians stood it.as long as mae.
could and then retired to a line or
breastworks, and the pursuers took a
turn at punishment, and then at a
test of speed in running awvay. The
ist held the ground with a loss ot
twelve killed and eighty-eight wound
ed-one hundred in all, with seven
officers among the fallen.
Its Flag the First in Gettysburg.
The Carolina brigade marched to
the field of Gettysburg in July, with
well filled ranks. Gen. A. P. Hill wvas
their corps leader in place of the dead
but immortal Jackson. WVith hinm
they assaulted Reyxiold's corps. in
McPherson's Wood. on July t. As
at Gaines' Mill, a battery confronted
their advance, and rained shell and
canister into the brigade, chiefly upon
the 1st regiment. The hattery was
dloomned. One piece was the prize of
the 1st. and they' dashed forward
without a halt until their banner was
floating in the town, the first Confed]
One day later, almost to an hour
lat the other flank of the same neld
the 83d Pennsylvania fought gallant
lv to defend Round Top with a suc
cess equal to the Carolinians in their
charge. They jzt lost one ofticer and
nineteen men killed. six oficers and
94 men wounded-one htndred and
tw%entv in all. which was more that
one-i'-ai its membership.
In the Wilderliess battle n 'May 5
1864. the ist led its brigade and di
visio-n in an attack on the Confederate
left along the Orange turnpike. a
c,auple of miles dstanet. B13ith regi
Iments suffered in the ensuing three
days. the ist with a loss of sixteen
killed and iourteen wotinded. besides
Six officers killed.
The Bloody Angle.
At Spottsvivania. a week later, the
ist. reduced to a handful, entered the
"Bloody Angle" with its brigade in
the forlorn attempt to hold its as
sailants at arm's length. Its com
mander and five others were wound
ed, the second in command killed and
the ranks lost nineteen killed and -if
tv-one wounded. At the end of an
other week. after almost two years ot
this eccentric duelling, the two regi
ments met fairly at Jericho Ford.
North Anna River. on the road to
Richmond. The Tst charged at the
head. of McGowan's brigade and ran
into the battery supported by the
Pennsylvanians. The regiments grap
pled for an instant, the leader -f t%e
ist was killed in the melee and twenty
tive men were l,ost as pri!)ners.
Bloody Cold Harbor next following.
both escaped. and throughout the
siege of Petersburg their lines ran
separate again. though with propot
Almost at the close of the war the
brigades to which each belonged were
u1S7d as supports tI companion
brigades :hat f-iught at White Oak
road. March 31. 1863. one week before
Appomatox. The affair ended abr;pt
ly and neither regiment was severely
engaged. but the colonel of the ist
was shot dead by a stray bullet. This
was the last death in the regiment and
the score stood 281. The record oi
wounded closed April 2 when the
major commanding and one captain
were shot down making 950 in all.
95o Against 971.
On March 31 also, the 83d scorea
281 deaths and on April i added 1,
Powder have had fc
ing has benexhaus
country and abroad.
The result is a per
Baking Powder. 1]
for it. The purit
Royal Baking Pow
mended by the higi
These facts m<
things to all houseke
First: that Roya:
healthful and mnak<
Second: that Roa
makes food good t<
making 282. closing its record of
wounded at the same time. So the
duellists stood. at Appomattox, Co
against 971. casualties on the battle
field. almost the maximum war
strength of the regiment.
Good Mortgages Not Riotous.
"Buffalo Bill" wa.; ,)ncr exhibiting
in Boston. says the Philadelphia Sat
urday Evening PNst. and while givng
. e reception at hi. tent at ihe
1close of the afternoo,in performance
he was apprbached by a young man
and his mother. After a ..oment or
embarrassment on the lady's part ;be
"Do you consider that you give a
true picture of western life?"
"We try to, madam." answered Mr.
"The people really ride about ano
shoot in that terrible manner. do
they?" she continued.
"Well. yes: on occasion." the show
man replied rather more guardedly.
"1 never suspected it," went on the
lady in some agitation. "Most of the
?.oney left me by my husband is in
vested in the west, but I now feel
doubtful about allowing any more of
it to go there."
"Is it secured by first-class real es
"I believe so."
"Madam." said Cody. with confi
dence. "do not give yourself the least
uneasiness. In all my experiences
with the west I have never yet seen
a first mortgage on real estate riding
a bucking bronco, shooting up the
town. or doing anything except
grimly drawing its T2 pe zcent. per
annum. I wish I owned a million
To obtain photographs of yourself
or family at summer prices. There
fore in order to introduce our work
we will make Cabinet Phot3graphs
at $2.oo per dozen (no extra charge
for family groups.) These photo
graphs are made on Platino paper. a
picture that is durable and does not
fade. We will also continue making
those well known Stamp pictures at
28 for 25 for a short time longer
bring the babies.
Studio over Melton's store on Main
U. S. Photo Co.
0. B. Rosinger.
rs of Royal Baking
rty years of scientific
ively studied in this
fect product in Royal
liere is no substitute I
r and efficiency of
:er have been comn
~an two important
Baking Powder is
s wholesorne food.
al Baking Powder
Scholarship & Entrance
The Examination for the award of
vacant scholarships in Winthrop Cok
lege and for the admission of new
students will be held at the County
Court House on Friday, July 8th, at
9 A. M Applicants must not be less
than fifteen years of age. When schol
arships are vacated after July 8, they
will be awarded to those making the
highest average at this examination.
Scholarships are worth $100 and free
tuition. The next session will open
September 21, 190. For further in
formation and catalogue address
Pres. D. B. Johnson, Rock Hill, S. C.
Soda water is always"in season'.
Whether taken hot or cold it is a
wholesome beverage, unless ren
dered deleterious to health by be
ing loaded with impure artificial
flavorings and poor syrups.
Cold Soda drawn from
Our Sanitary fountain
Lacks nothing that could be
Desired by the most
Sensitive palats. We use
Only pure juices made
Direct from fresh fruits
And can give any flavor.
Our "Cold Soda" is
THE PROSPERITY ORUS CL
Prosperity, S. C.
C. H. CANNON,
lNear C., N. & L. Depot.
if the children haven't
Is it not
to have it done
They have no voioe
in the matter !
Childhood is short !
Lifelike portraits of
the little tots are
like good investments
'''as time goes on !
When you get old and the
children get old, the;
Elite P hotl Stud is
Shingles! Shingles! Shingles!
200,000 Shingles just
received, FOR SALE
CHEAP, also Lumber
and Laths,! Rough or
Houses Built on short
notice. SHOP WORK
such as Mantles, Doors
and Window Frames
a specialty. Repairing
of all kind.
Shop in front of jail.
Shockley 4 Liviligston
Newberry, S. C.
For Sale by
C. H. CANNON.