Newspaper Page Text
The Difficulty of Setting Type When
4,ooo Letters Are Used.
St. Louis Republic.
Eighteen representatives of Japan
ese newspapers are in St. Louis.
One of them, Mr. Hoshi. editor of
a New York Japanese publication, is
busy at a little space in the liberal
arts building, where he proposes soon
to cstablish a Japanese world's jair
journal which will deal chiefly with
matters concerning Japanese exhibits.
ie has to.ooo characters of type
on the way here, and the preparations
at his space are guarantee of the
earnestness of his intention. Side by
side with the Japanese articles w'ill
be an English translation. Doubt
less. this sample of Japanese journa
lism will be an int-resting stuldy fo-r
visitor to the fair.
Though thv press parlimnte has
adjourned, it is apropos to remember
that Japan for the first time was rep
resented at a gathering of the kind.
Mr. Harada read a paper on Saturday
morning which was a summary of
Japan's progress in the publication
of newspapers. The facts then pre
sented are startling when seriously
considered, as indeed any resume ot
Japanese development during the last
5o years is startling.
When it is realized that 24 daily
newspapers are now supported by the
population of Tokio. it appears that
the proportion of readers in the 2,
o,o.ooo population is very large. The
circulations average between 50-ooo
and ioo,ooo. the latter being that of
the largest and most successful
The city of Chicago has about 2,
ooo,ooo souls and supports five morn
ing and five afternoon papers. Of
c9urse, there are in addition trade
journals. and the circulation of sev
eral Chicago dailies run above ioo.
ooo yet. in round numbers, the fig
ores show about the same newspaper
-eading population, in Tokio as in
Mr. K. Miyamatz is among the
foremost representatives of Japanese
journalism now in St. Louis. The
chief .obstacle to newspaper publica
tion in Japan. he says. is a technical
one-the great numbers of characters
which are used in the written lan
"It is quite the same." he remark
ed. "as .if there were 4.ooo letters in
the English. and all of these characters
were necessary in your typesettirig.
Accordingly your electrical typeset
ting machines are impossible with
-s as yet."
To obviate the difficulty, the pro
gressive element of Japan is attempt
ing to bring about a revolution (it is
a tremendous undertaking) by abol
ishing the Chinese characters. The
purpose is either to accomplish writ
ten expression .through the Japanese
sylbry or 46 letters, or to inake the
change and adopt the Roman alpha
bet of 26 letters.,
"I have great hopes that this will
be done." said Mr. Miyamatz. "Ini
fact 1 am sure it will be done eventu
allv. A movement to do away swith
the Chinese uasage was nirst begun 20
years ago. It seemed beyond feasi
bility at the time. bu:t I am confident
that the next few years will witness
success. 'English is now taught in all
of the schools, and the advantages
of a more convenient alphabet are be
ing impressed yearly upon a larger
and a larger element of the popula
ton. The time must come when the
majority of our people will be ready
for a simpler and more direct system
To those who have watched the
hand-typesetter in America pick his
setters from the numerous sections
of the case the task has appeared ex
tremely complicated. To set type well
in English requires a skill which is
not easily acquired. But the Japan
ese has not the only one case to han
d: he must select from the many
ases wvhich usually are ranged
around a large room. He must know
where to find any one of the 4-ooo
characters in common usage: and to
meet the demands of daily pape.
work. he must "set up" hastily written
manuscript very quickly. Typograph
ical feats are performed under such
adverse conditions, which are nothing
short of marvellous.
The quantity of type set in a night
is considerable. The average Japan
ese newspaper. though somewhat
smaller than an American journal,
contains from six to eight pages of
-adi.g matter TUpon ach page are
from five to seven columns, each col
umn containing 40 vertical lines and
:ach line having exactly 25 printed
characters. Alnost every paper is il
istrated by line drawings. in the re
production of which Japanese artists
have become proficient.
Nlr. Nliyamatz tells us. too. that the
Japs have developed a seeming in
satiable appetite for iction. No news
paper thrives which does not supply a
daily installment of a novel. Judging
from the descriptions these novels
bet h f the !ong-winded variety.
whiicl characterized the early En
II'ih prodiction--the Richard,on.
9i.dint -r Smollett kind- They con
tinue with every issue during six
:nonth. or a year. though one of the
:nore ii ita ble required a ftill two
vears tor its publication.
\ chater every day fi.r two years
\n American must do his court
ng. yon will sv: "the heroine must
k IC 1 1 a decision. and the villain
mu1t -et in his fine work in much less
time than that on this side of he Pa
I suppose so, says Mr. Miyamatz.
-But our people evince a deep interest
in stories. and with this vehicle we are
able to do effective teaching upon
political and educational subjects. The
novel is always a vehicle with us. and,
from the writer's viewpoint. is not de
signed wholly to amuse or entertain."
The influence of newspapers in aid
ing the development of Japan tin
doubtedly has been great. %
"Their principal funcitions at first."
said Mr. Miyamatz. "were to intro
duce the crude ideas of the political
institutions of E'rope and America.
The source of information w%as, a, a
i !. the political vri%'rs of En.
land. The regular business of our
journalists has been to cry down
everything antiquated and traditio al.
as it was the order of the day to a il
ish every institution not having its
counterpart in the civilized west.
"The most important influence ex
erted was to arouse the public to a
demand for a national assembly. In
pursuing this end many newspapet
men were accused of publishing se
ditious matter and many were forced
to pay the penalty. But finally the
increasing pressure decided the em
peror. and the intention to open a
national diet was finally announced.
It undoubtedly was a victory for the
And now the Japanese newspapers
have correspondents at the front.
marching with the 6o representatives
of American and European journals.
who have been sent to the field. The
public awaits their reports at home as
eagerly as the public here awaited
news from Dewey at Manila. or from
Sampson at Santiago. The papers
issue extras upon the receipt of all
important bulletins. Tokio. our vis
iting Japanese declare, is as busy a
war capital in a newspaper sense as
would be Paris. Berlin or London.
THEY MUST EAT ARSENIC.
Otherwise the Makers of the Poison
Could Not Withstand Its Fume*
Eating of arsenic is common in
IStria. The Styrians say that ar
senic makes one plump and comely
and gives one strength for great ex
ertions, such as running or mountain
Styria. in Auistria. gives the world
vas quntiiesof arsenic. The manu
facture of this drug is indeed the
main Styrian industry. They who
'make arsenic eat it. as a rule, for
they say that only the arsenic eater
can withstand the arsenic fumes.
These makers and eaters of the
drug are comely. They have a bloom
ing and clear color. They look much
younger than they are.
"The foreman in a certain arsenic
ict ory told me that in his boyhood.
when he first came to that plant, he
was advised to begin to eat arsenic
lest his health suffer from the fumes."~
says a toxicologist. "He did begin.
and his first .twvo or three small doses
gave him a sharp pain, like a burn, in
the .st. .mach. and this pain was fol
lowed by tremendous hunger and a
violent, disagreeable excitement. But
as his doses increased in frequency
and size their effect became pleasant.
'There was no longer pain or excite
ment: on the contrary, there was a
ravenous appetite and a mood of joy
os activity wherein he could do
three men's work.
"This chap. by the time he got to
ic a lay. He looked at -o. with hi
clear pink and white color. no mor
than 23. He was as robust as
blacksmith. But he said he woul
di at 45 or so. that being the age a
wlich all the Styrian arsenic eater
The drug is a preservative. and ii
Styria when graves are opened bodie
are found to be as fresh six or sevei
years after interment as on the da;
thev were lowered into the earth.
An American Peculiarity
"A pectiliarity of Anericail, whici
greatly impresses Englishmen ni
thise shores for the first time." -a
1. J. Cartwell. of Wheeling. W. Va
w.ho has just returned from a tour o
the mother country. "is the habit o
the average Yankee to answer a ques
lion with a questi0n.
"Two Britons in an American real
war station once were discussin:
this peculiarity. and one of them ha,
become so strongly impressed wit!
the idea that he offered to bet his com
p-nion Sio that the ticket agent woul,
answer any question put to him witl
a question. His friend took him u
and Englishman No. i accordingl:
stalked over to the ticket window, ani
when he had secured the attention o
the nonchalant person within h
"I say old chap. what time doe
the train leave?"
And he won his wager when th
ticket agent answered disgustedly:
A WONDERFUL SAVING.
The largest Methodist church i1
Georgia calculated to use over on
hundred gallons of the usual kind o
mixed paint in painting .their churci
They used only 32 gallons of th
Longman & Martinez Paint mixe
with 24 gallons of linseed oil. Actua
cost of paint made was less than $1.2
Saved over eighty ($8o.oo) dollar
in paint, and got a big donation bc
EVERY CHURCH will be given
liberal quantity whenever they paini
Many houses are well painted wit]
four gallons of L. & M. and three gal
Ions of linseed oil mixed therewith.
Wears and covers like gold.
These celebrated paints are sold b;
the Newberry Hdwe. Co.
BRIDGE CONTRACT TO LEI
The County Boards of Newberr;
and Saluda Counties will be at Kemp
son's ferry, on Saluda river, on Jun
30th. 1904, at ii a. m., to let contrac
for building of steel bridge acros
said river near said ferry. Plans an,
specifications will be on file with th
Clerk of the Board of Newberr.
County after June i5th and will be a
I the proposed bridge site on day c
letting of contract. Right reserve
to reject any and all bids.
3. M. Schunmpert,
Supervisor for Newberry County.
Thedford's Black-Draught has
saved doctors' bills for more than
sixtyyears. For the common fam
ily aiments, sueh as constipation,
indigestion,.hard colds, bowel com
plaints, chills and fever, bilious
n es aanches and other like
coplss, no other medicine is
necessary. It invigorates and reg
ultsteliver, assists motz~ion,
stimulates action of the lkidneys,
p uies the blood, and purges the
bowels of foul accumulations. It
cares liver complaint, indigestion,
sour stomach, dizziness, chills,
rheumatic pains, sideache, back
ache, kidney troubles, conistipatio
diarrhaa, biliousness, iles, hr
colds and headache. E~eydrug
gist has Thedford's Bl-ght
in 25 cent packages and in mam
moth size for $1.00. Never accept
a substitute. Insist on having the
original made by the Chattanooga
I believe Thedford's Black-Draught
is the best medicine oneath. It is
good for any and everything. I have
a family of twelve children, andi for
four years 1 have kept them ca foot
.ad healthy with naodnctoP bu gBCk.
We have dec
Spring season for
nearing to a c1c
+ you Hats at any
' offer. Remembe
4 expect to carry
over. If you exj
come and see for
A new lot white and blac
Collar Foundations, the
White Duck Hats worth
The Right Pric
Are my long suit. I
except bad ones. I
stamp and an indellil
. ing linen for 40 cen
other good things. J
Typewriters', Office Sul
. 1334 Main Street,
HUDGENS BROS., I
Foundry and Ms
s Anvils, Ardirons, Sash M
Special Castings Ma
Cotton Mill Casting
We repair Engines
Theshers, and al
MAIL OBDERS RECEIVE OUR
4 . . .MILLUN)
4 We beg to call your
ft that we have just o
. ie of Millinery.
* Our line of Dress Gc
* in every respect.
* We are "Up-to-de
* We invite the public
*spect our line of goods
: MRS. S.W. (
ided as the*
>se, to sell.
r, we don't,*
a single Hat
pect to buy,
k Kid Belts 24c.*
make any kind
furnish a new
)1e pad for mark
ts. I have some
Columbia, S. C.
AURENS, S. C.
reights, Cane Mills,
, Grate Bars.
de to Order.
attention to the
pened up a new*
ods is complete
te" on Notions,*
to call and in- [
before buying- +