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VOL. XL. NO. 58. NEWBERRY. S. C.. FRIDAY JULY 1.5. 1904 TWICE A WEEK. $1.50A YEAR
JOHN TEMPLE GRAVES
TO FELLOW EDITORS.
ANNUAL ADDRESS TO PRESS
It Was Delivered at White Stone
Lithia Springs Last Night By
The Brilliant Editor of the
White Stone Lithia Springs. July
14.-There is perhaps no more grace
ful writer in the south today than Mr.
John Temple Graves. of the Atlanta
News. He delivered the annual ad
dress before the South Carolina State
Press association, in session here, last
night. It had been proposed to have
the address from Mr. Graves tonight,
but he had found that it would be im
possible for him to be present to
night, and hence the change.
The meeting this year is largely at
tended and is one of the most suc
cessful in the history of the associa
tion. A number of new members
have joined the association at this
The annual banquet will be served
tonight. This afternoon the associa
tica will visit Union. a special train
having been provided by the enter
prising people of the city.
The address by Mr. Graves last
night brought brought to the editors
a message of truth, clothed in beauti
Mr. Graves was introduced by
President E. H. Aull.
He said in part:
The Press of America--and by the
testimony of the eyes-the press of
the world is passing through transi
tion stages of development to a high
er and larger and nobler plaine than
it has ever occupied before.
There was a period of American
history when the editorial page made
Then came the telegraph and the
news agencies and the winged light
nings flashing the day's doings.around
the world, while individuality lapsed,
have made for a quarter century the
news columns supreme and the edi
torial page subordinate.
Today the commercial instinct is
the dominant force of civilization, the
dollar is the despot. and the trail of
the trade mark is over us all.
But tomorrow brings back the man.
The great editor looms once more
upon the horizon. The ruling force,
the guiding intelligence, the imperial
mind that sways, shall once again be
throned in the sanctum rather than
wrapped in the statesman's toga or
magnified in the politician's wiles.
It is elemental logic to declare that
the power will rule the world which
reaches best the world's minorities
and the world's majorities and feeds
fullest the world's demands.
,The editor who comprehends .the
situation-the man who grapples the
elemental facts-who seizes the day's
events. explainr their meaning. points
their philosophy and applies their
significnce-the man who grasps the
- elements and molds them with a mas
ter purpose and a master policy, and
wvith impartial truth to the great ends
of civilization and to the great uses
of humanity-is greater than presi
dents and nobler tha~n kings. and more
potential than emnperors on their gild
I magnify my calling. I idealize
my wvork. I glorify my craft. I take
issue with Henry WVatterson who
professes a surrender which he has
never made. I p)rotest his pessimism
tr'wardl his own department. I be
lieve that the editorial page will be
again the genius and the power of
the re .vpaper. I believe that the
great editor is the great man of the
world's ftutre. He has the enginery
of huamani omnipotence. in his hands.
Hec carries the. inst app)eal to l
minds and the wills of nmen. If he
but know his tools, if he but compre
hend his powver. ii he but magnify his
malig if he shall alway. tell the
truth, and if while he looks with shin
ing eyes upon magnificent opportuni
ty, he be sobered always with a sol
emn sense of his splendid vast respon
For behind all theory and back of
all ideals and beyond all editorial
pages stands the MAN. The man is
the basic fact. He must be brave.
He must be broad. He must be tin
selfish. He must love humanity.
He must love the truth. He must
concentrate his aims. He must meas
ure his heart beats in equal pulse with
his brain throbs,. and he must be
ready always to subordinate the sel
fish purpose to the human end of
service and to the wellfare of the state
Such a man ii. private station would
be great and influential. Equip such
manhood and such character with the
vast machinery of the press and the
world about him must recognize the
master, the benefactor and the king.
Pulse the press of the world with
unfailing TRUTH and the press be
Let me say then, very briefly, just
two things: I believe the great edi
tor in all representative governments
will reach his full development whea
he lays down forever the habit and
the.hope of holding office. No great
editor should be an aspirant for per
sonal preferment at the people's
hands. He is a teacher and a leader.
He is a teller of truth, and he can
not be fair and free and fearless in
these high lines if he is dependent up
on popular opinion or an applicant
for popular approval. He will in
evitably follow the tides of the op
inion which he should direct. He will
inevitably truckle as the politician to
the prejudices which as an editor it
is his duty to dispel. He is greater in
station and in influence than an office
holder. He does not need office to
dignify him, and he undignifies his
own high station when he alloys with
the suspicion of a selfish interest the
pure gold of his righteous advocacies
or the distinterested force of his ed
. The wings of the American press
are weighted today with the leaden
desire which holds it from the higher
air of truth. The state should shut
out temptation from a station so lofty
and a responsibility so ample and so
sacred as the press.
Nor do I believe that political or
other convictioi justifies a bitter and
Narrowness. intolerance. bitterness,
injustice and character-wrecking. are
unworthy of the greatness -and the
power of the American press. and tin
worthy of the press of the world.
It is one of the better things of the
coming day-one of the better things
that these press parliaments must
bring-that the press shall be faith
ful without being fierce, loyal without
lying. true, to its friends. just to its
enemies. and as fearlessly fair as it
shall be splendidly free.
Mr. President, all the problems o,f
the wvorld must yield to the influence
of a press pitched upon the plane of
these high, but simple and practical
ideals. When the central power of
the world is fair and homest and truth
ful and kind, we have at once the tri
bunal and the advocates by which the
universal issues may be wvell and no
bly tried, in the high court of pub
lic opinion made,by such voices and
such a,thority, all the creeds and
struggies of humanity may approach
their healing and solution.
Here political parties may pitch
their battles on a nobler plane and
measure principles without personali
ties in the scale of the people's high
intelIi gen ce.
H1ere labor and capital may lay
their mnany- wranglings dlown in the
kinidn ess of concession and in the
statesmanship of compromise.
!er.: faith may have its innings
when the storm of skepticism is past.
Anid the nations of the earth, sheath
ing their swords and breaking the'.ir
aramamnent;. shall find in a fearless.
a truthintl and an tinseltfish press the
better and larger Hague tribunal of
NEWS FROM PROSPERITY.
Comings and Goings of the People of
a Live and Progressive Town.
Mrs. H. S. Boozer has returned
from a visit to her sister in Laurens.
Misses Talu and Maye Langford.
of Newberry, visited Miss Isoline
Wyche this week.
Mr. Walter Wise is in Ninetv-Six
visiting Mr. Burr Harmon.
Rev. and Mrs. Percy, of Whitmire,
visited friends in town this week.
Misses Helen Smith and Pearl
Langford. of Newberry. spent Sun
day with friends in town.
Miss Pinky Broom is visiting in
Miss Alma Hathman is visiting the
family of Mr. Berty Hawkins.
Miss Dora Miller. of Little Moun
tain, is visiting Mrs. L. C. Merchant.
Mrs. S. P. McCracken, of Whitmire.
and Mrs. Rachel Barnes. of Goldville,
are visiting the family of Mr. A. B.
Mr. J. H. Dingelhoef left on Friday
for the Springs.
Mrs. J. C. Odom, of Johnston. is
visiting her daughter. Mrs. J. J.
Misses Varina and Bessie Feagle,
of Little Mountain, spent the day in
town with relatives.
Rev. Mr. Snipes filled the A. R. P.
pulpit last Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Kibler have
moved into the house with Mr. and
Mrs. D. W. Boland.
Mr. J. A. Counts will join the firm
of Schumpert and Counts, which is
doing a flourishing grocery business
here. ane they will put in a general
line of merchandise. We wish them
ST. PAUL. ITEMS.
Community in Flourishing Condition
-Blessing of God Rests
The Woman's Missionary society
will meet at the home of Mrs. Ada
Counts on Saturday before the first
Sunday in August. at 4 p. m.
Don't forget the barbecue at St.
Pauls. Thu-sday. July 21. A large
crowd is anticipated.
Crop. are holding up remarkably
well with the light rains we've had.
The St. Pauls school trustees ad
vertize for a teacher. A male teacher
Health of the community is good.
Our Sunday School is flourishing. It
now numbers 124 pupils.
The Jolly Street Sunday School
give a picnic on the. 28th of this
We had the pleasure of worship
ping with the good people of Mt. Ta
bor congregation last Sunday at com
munion service. The church was full
and nearly every one participated in
The singing school has been organ
ized and Prof. W. P. Counts, of the
congregation, was elected to teach
the school. This congregation has in
its midst twvo blind children. Ar
rangements are being made to send
them to Cedar Springs Institute.
The Sunday School will picnic at
this place on 23d of this month. Pas
tor and people seem to be in unity.
and ev'idences show that God is bless
ing these good people. E.
July 13. 1904.
A wise man isn't known by the
company he refuses to associate
Tt's awfully slow wvork getting pop
ular with v'our wife's relatives.
the future in whose arbitration uni
versal justice shall he (lone to nations
strong and weak. and under whose
noble and puissant reign of eqtuality
and law we shall come in fullness to
W\hen the war drum throb; no longer.
And the battle-flags are furled.
In the parliament of man.
The fratinn of the world.
SUBMIT TO ARBITRATION.
An Air of Peace Prevails at Head
quarters of the Meat Pack
Chicago. July 14.-Rapid progress
was made early today in the confer
ence which may bring about arbitra
tion and peace in the great strike of
the butchers at the stock-yards.
This morning J. Ogden Armour
called a conference of packers and
discussed plans for immediate peace.
It was a meeting in which it was evi
dent that the leaders of the striking
workers desire arbitration.
An air of quiet now prevails at the
stock-yards. Many of the families
are bereaved through the terrible
wreck at Chicago of the Eastern and
Illinois railroad and the sorrow has
diverted the trouble from the war
in the yards.
New York Situation,
New York, July i4.-All is quiet
among the meat strikers today. Men
are gathered at the headquarters and
about the different plants discussing
the situation. They are awaiting
vents. They attack Chicago as the
headquarters of the meat trust.
News has been recived from Chica
go that the first steps looking toward
arbitration of the difficulty have been
There is no danger of a meat fam
ine. Dealers say that there are sev
eral independent firms about New
York from hom rmeat can he ob
A HORRIBLE TRAGEDY.
Woman In Georgia Shot To Death
By 13-Year-Old Boy.
Dublin. Ga.. July 13.-Information
has reached the city of the killing
of Mrs. Robert Floyd in Lowry dis
trict. this county, by Malcom Currie,
the T3-year-old son of Mrs. Elmira
Currie shot Mrs. Flvd six or seven
times and then shot Mrs. Thomas
Floyd. his sister-in-law. inflicting a
serious but not dangerous wound.
The row started by Mrs. Currie en
deavoring to get her child, which for
some years has been in the charge of
her son, who married a daughter of
It is said that Mrs. Floyd started
toward Mrs..Currie with a knife, when
the boy began shooting. killing her
No a'rrests have yet been made. It
i. said, however, that Mrs. Currie and
her son Malcolm will be arrested.
DR LANDER DEAD.
News Received that Dr. Lander, Pres
ident of Williamston Female
College, Passed Away Yes
Greenville. S. C., July r4.--Dr. Sam
uel Lander, president of the William
ston Female college. who has been
seriously ill at his home for some
(lays past. died this morning. For
several weeks Dr. Lander has been
unwell, and since his condition chang
ed for the worse on last Tuesday the
physicians have entertained but lit
tIe hope of his recovery.
Dr. Lander was one of the most
prominent educators in the state.
His life has been devoted to the in
terest of WVilliamston college. Hun
dreds of women. once his students.
will grieve to learn his death.
"Do you me an to tell me that von
worked for the Prohihitioni ticket?
of Kemtucky. "I had dlecidled to move
oiut o f the state~ anyhow. and I had a
lot of mecan neighbors that I wanted
to get even with."-WVashington
The' folks that think this wvorld
isn't bright enough would growl if
th.y fm."1 the next wvorld blazing.
MEAT PACKERS' STRIKE.
More That 45,ooo Employes Are Di
As a result of a stubborn disagree
ment, chiefly over wages for unskill
ed labor, one of the most extensive
strikes in the history of the meat
packing industry of the United States
began on Tuesday in Chicago, Kan
sas City, Omaha. St. Joseph, Mo., and
other cities where large packing
plants are located. If prolonged the
strike is expected to cause wide
spread inconvenience, possibly equal
ing the anthracite coal famine of
two years ago.
The unanimity of the strike was
complete. More than 45,000 em
ployes are directly involved. In Chi
cago alone i8,ooo men are on strike.
A Collision At Glenwood, Near Chica
go, Last Night.
Chicago, July i4--Twenty persons
were killed and about 25 injured last
night in a collision on the Chicago
and Eastern Illinois railroad at Glen
wood, Ills.. 23 miles south of Chicago.
The collision occurred between a
picric train from Chicago. which was
returning from Momence, Ills., and
a freight train, into the rear end of
which the excursion t'rain dashed at
high speed. The picnic train was
coming north and the freight train
was on the southbound track. A mis
placed switch threw the picnic train
over on the southbound track. and
before the engineer could apply the
brakes it ran at 40 miles an hour into
the rear of the freight. The locomo
tive. the baggage car and the first
coach of the picnic train were demol
ished, and all of the killed and injur
ed were on the locomotive and in the
Later Report of Deaths.
Chicago. July 14.-A revised list of
the casualties attending the wreck
of the Doremus Congregational Sun
day School special train on the Clii
cago and Illinois railroad at Glen
wood. Twenty-three miles south of
this city, which occurred last night.
shows that eighteen are dead and that
approximately eighty are injured.
The coroner's jury will make a rig
id examination of the causes of the
Frederick DeWilt, the conductor
of the picnic train. in a statement
which he made while lying in a hos
pital in this city with a fractured skull,
says that conductor Cooper of the
freight train was altogether to blame.
DeWilt. says that he had orders to
run on a clear track and that Cooper
backed his train on the former's track.
KUROPATKIN IN BAD WAY.
Forces Arrayed Against Him Number
Over 125,ooo-A Decisive Bat
tie in Progress.
Chefoo, July 14.-Private advices
from New Chwang indicate that the
long expected battle at some point
between Kaighow and Haschikoo is
now in progress.
The forces arrayed against Kuro
patkin probably number in the neigh
borhood of one hundred and twenty
It is likely that Generals Oku and
Nodgu have affected a junction of
their respective forces. The battle
without doubt will prove a hard
fought one and may prove to be the
first large stroke toward the ending
of the war.
General Kuropatkin is in a bad way.
with Okui and Nodgu opposing hin.
and Kuroki established to the north
east of the hili in a position to cut
An offce-holder no sooner loses his
job than he begins to howl for re