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PICKINK THE COTTON CROP.
The Mexican Supply of Labor Cut Off
This Season-The Earnings ol
Some Negro Pickers Enough To
Support Them in Idleness For the
Rest of the Year.
Austin. Texas. September 6.
Thousands of negroes who have
spent the past nine months in the
towns in idleness are now going into
the cotton fields to pick the fleecy
product. They will work hard for
the next ten or twelve weeks and lay
up enough money to support them
through another winter and summer
in idleness.- -
This is the glad season for the
southern negro. It is the season of
work and frolic. The fun which the
cotton pickers mix with their work is
of great variety. Old-time break
down dances are of almost nightly oc
currence on some plantations.
The demand for labor, in the cot
ton fields causes the average town
negro to be independent just at this
time. The house servants are treated
with great consideration to prevent
them from leaving to go to the cot
"What fur I stay here an' work in
your kitchen fur $io a monf, when I
can go an' make $18 a week a-pickin'
cotton?" asked a young negro cook
of her mistress, and the next morning
her place in the household was vac
ant and a recruit had been added to
.the cotton pickers' force.
Stable boys who are working un
der written contracts become restless
and disappear without notice to their
"Look here, George, I saw you talk
ing with that nigger from White's
plantation today and I suspect he
wants you to quit me and go out there
to pick cotton," said a citizen to his
carriage driver the other day.
"Yassir, yassir; that's whut he
wanted, boss, but I done tole him I'se
kwine ter stay wid you."
"You had better stay here; if I
catch you quitting me I'll beat you
half to death," threatened the citizen
The next morning his driver was
gone. He had left word with the
house servant that he had been hired
to pick cotton on White's plantation.
for 6o cents* a hundred pounds. It is
practically certain that he will re
turn in two or three months and will
get his old place as carriage driver.
."I have been working negroes all
my life," said an old citizen, "and they
are all alike when the cotton picking
season rolls around. You simply
can't keep them in town then. The
best of them will leave -good .jobs to
go into the country and pick ,cotton.
The best plan is to give them a two
or three months' vacation this time
of year.. If you don't do that they
will quit you anyway."
Although there are thousands of
Mexican and white men employed in
picking cotton in Texas each fall, the
planters prefer negro laborers for
the work. The negro is at home in
the cotton field. The sun is never
too hot for him and the days never
There is a shortage of cotton pick
ers in Texas and throughout the south
this season. Some of the railroads
which run through the cotton belt of
this state are advertising in the north
that 8,ooo laborers are needed along
the lines to pick cotton. -
It has been the practice for many
years for labor agents to import
thousands of Mexicans from the Rio
Grande border to the plantations of
this and other southern states to work
during the cotton picking season. The
Mexican government advised against
this practice and the supply of Mexi
can laborers is therefore shut off this
year. The effect is already being felt
in the southern part of the state,
where the cotton picking season is at
Picking cotton in Texas beats har
vesting wheat in Kansas so far as
wage earning is concerned. Cotton
picking is about the easiest work
there is on a plantation.
The pickers receiv&4romn 50 cents
to So cents a hundred pounds of cot
ton, the price varying according to
the abundance of the crop and the
supply of laborers. In this region
the season opened at 30 cents and
has increased already to 6o cents. Be
fore the season closes laborers will be
getting 75 or- So cents. A few years
ago as high $s'$1.10 was paid pickers
in some/barts of the state.
Theavwea man or woman picker
can easily earn $2.50 a day in the cot
ton field. Some of the more expert ]
pickers can average from 400 to 500
pounds of cotton a day and make
from S3 to $4 a day. As the picking
season lasts from eight to ten weeks r
the industrious pickers are able to
begin the winter with a comfortable
sum of money laid up.
Boys and girls are almoit as fast
pickers as grown people. In many
cotton fields may be seen whole fam- I
iiies of negroes at work. Some of
these industrious families consist of
husband and wife and from five to
ten children. The daily earnings
of such families during the cotton
picking season aggregate from $Io
The savings of these families are
often used to purchase little homes.
In most instances the negro cotton a
pickers are shiftless, and when the 1
season in the cotton field is over they
live in idleness until their earnings
The negro preachers find the cot- a
ton picking season a favorable time e
for their work. In almost every a
community at this time of year there c
are revivals or protracted meetings in I
progress. The colored people flock
to these meetings in great numbers.
It is a contest between the frivolous. r
who patronize the nightly dances, and )
those who feel religious fervor. a
What a Bullfrog Will Eat.
Focest and Stream.
Many years ago, when collecting a
birds in southern New England, I
shot on the salt marshes a swallow,
which fell in a shallow pool in the
marsh. iMy brother, who happened
to be standng near the pool, saw the
bird fall and saw a huge bullfrog r
make two or three sprawling leaps y
over the mud and through the water
and swallow the bird. When I
came up the head of the bullfrog still
remained above water with the wings
of the swallow sticking out of the
corners of his mouth.
Recently a story was told me by a
friend who resides at Flushing, L. I.,
of certain happenings on a neighbor's
place. ~ This neighbor has some
water enclosed in which he* keeps a
some domesticated wild fowl, and not
long ago, the opportunity occurring to
purchase five gigantic bullfrogs, he
introduced them into the water.
This spring, as it seemed a pos'sibil
ity that some of his wild duck could
breed, an effort was made to get rid
of the frogs for fear they might injure
the ducklings, and three of them were
killed, but the other two could not be
found. Some time in May a female
pintail duck came off with 3 ducklings,
which, after twos or three days, dis
appeared and were not seen again.
A day or two after their disappearance
the missing bullfrogs were seen and
killed, and in their stomachs were
found the remains of the little pin
tails. I fancy that there is nothing
living that a bullfrog wvill not eat.
ADVENTURES OF A BANK BILL
A Thousand-Franc Note That Gave
Its Holder Trouble on Change.
Paris Daily Messenger.
A lady passing down the Rue
Richelieu had the misfortune to lose
a pocketbook containing, among other
valuables. a one-thousand-franc note.
The pocketbook was picked up by a
chair mended named Renaud, who
lives at Montreaux, and he placed it
very carefully in his pocket and pro
ceeded home. It is not often that
a chair mender has occasion to change
a note of that amount and Renaud,
recognizing the possibility of turn- J
ing it into gold without detection,
agreed with a friends to do business
for the consideration of roo francs. ]
This friend, Lucien Mathern, also
a chair mender, was in turn filled with
appreh ension. The difficulty was
solved by the aid of a horticulturist
named Somonnet, who kindly con
sented to buy hi:rself a horse for .300 f
france and return the change. Renaud
thus became richer by 6oo francs. All
might then have gone well if. two
days later, it had been discovered that
the horse had been stolen from a
dealer atMeaux. This led to the ar- j
rest of the trio, and later in the day t
the police put their hands on the i
During the last three. years Ger-1
many imported from Russia 112,616 I
horses, valued at over $io,6oo,ooo.
Russia has now prohibited the ex-']
)R. JAMES' IRON BLOOD AND
Dr. James' Iron Blood and Liver sit
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ody must be looked after-the liver.
torpid liver means impure blood,
bad complexion, and a dull eye and 4
rain; so you can see the great ne- 4
essity of an active, healthy liver.
'he, moment your liver fails to act
veiy organ suffers. Your stomach
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)r. James' Iron Blood and Livei,
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,nd Liver Tonic cures indigestion and
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)r. James' Iron Blood and Liver
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Illinois Central Railroad
DIRECT ROUTE TO THE
ST. LOUIS EXPOSITION.
TWO TRAINS DAILY.
n connection with W. & A. R. R. &
N. C. & S. L. Ry fom Atlanta
-v Atlanta 8.25 a m Ar St.Louis 7.08
Leave Atlanta 8.25 A. M.
Arrive St. Louis 7.08 A. M. M
Leave Atlanta 8.30 P. M. F
Arrive St. Louis 7.36 P. M. a
With Through Sleeping Cars
ROUTE OF TI1E FAMOUS F
Carrying the only morning sleeping
ar from Atlanta to St. Louis. This
ar leaves Jacksonville daily, 8.o5 p. -.
a., Atlanta 8:25 a. in., giving you the
ntire day in St. Louis to get located.
For rates from your city, World's "
lair Guide Book and schedules,
leeping car reservations, also for C
ook showing hotels an4 boarding
ouses, quoting their raL,.s, write to
FRED D. MILLER,
Traveling Passenger Agent.
No. 1 N. Pryor St., Atlanta. Ga.
Newberry, S. C.
sapital - -- $50,000
surplus - - - 19,500
since organization 21,000
>aid Depositors in~
ment since or-7
ganization - - $9,200
A man working by the de' y is paid
or the time he puts in at verk, but
vben that man saves a dollar for his
ay's labor it works for him nights,2
.s well as days; never lays off on
.ccount of bad weather and never 2
~ets sick, but goes right on earn
ng iuim an income. It's a nice s
hing to work for money, but it's
nuch nicer to have money working
or you. Try it---open a savings
.ccount with us and get some money
vorking for you. Make a deposit
n the Savings department today
.nd let it begin to work for you.
uterest computed at 4 per cent
annerv i and July 1 of each year.
10INTS OF EXCELLENCE:-High Standard. A
,Methods. Fine Equipmneut. Splendid Librar
surpassed Healthfulness. Honor SysEemi, Full Lite'r
e-. of A. B. and A. M. Winnie bavIs School of H
id for catalogue.
Lee Davis L
ourses leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts iI
ibrary Reading Room. Laboratories, Large and C
ext session begins Sept. 14. For roons apply to P
n, address. The Secretary of the Facul y.
Liskey Morphine - - i:
e -?Keeley Institute
1329 Lady St. (or P. 0. Box 75 ) Columbia. S. C.
Old Point (
Virginia Beach and
from Columbia, Camden and C
from Denmark and Fairfax. Go<
cluding September ist, 1904. Do
directions. SEABOARD A
City Ticket Office 13
Western and Ath
'o St. Louis and all poin
rest. Three Solid Train.
'alace Sleeping Cars, A
Only throughi car serv
o, withou ch u g3
Close connections ma
eaboard Air Line Railwa
ailway and the Souther
F~or map folders or other
T HOS. R. Jone
No. 1 Nohth Pryo
[. F. Smith, CI
(Eastern Standard Tizoe.)
athbound. Northbound --
Schedule in Effect January 10th, 1904
840 am Lv Atlanta (s.A.L) Ar. 8 Oupm .
10pm Abbeville 406p p
B lSpm Ar Clinton Din'r) Ly. 24. pm 56
0amLv Glenn Srings Ar 400 pm
1 17 pm Watroo 2 20 pm
1 39 u.mAr Laurens (Dinr) Lv 2(7pm 2.3
1 22 53 52 21 85'
E el ex ex.
riSan Sun Sun -
10 700 202 Lv Laurenn Ar 160 00O 600w
15 7.0 20 ark 142 851 560 etc
15 7 50 8 84 Goldville 116 3 00 4 45
S800 249 Kinard 109 745 430
~8949 Garya 10754 T
jO 840 310 kewberry 1243 795 345
58 918 34 WhiRc 1218 62550 0
5610 04 4 07 Ballentine 12 48 5 41 150
50741 Irmo 113 89 12
)10045 4 45 Columbia 11 15 5 00 100 M
A. C.L. P1
(Union Station) 24
4 55 LvColumbia sA.c.L.)Ar 11 009 --
6 20 Sumnter 921 ---
re for Wotnen,
le Fac .ty Thorough Instructi9n. Univer
. Excellent Laboratories. Betutiful Site.
arv. Scientific Musical. and Artistic Courses.
iStory. Next SeSion opens Sept. 20 1go0.
odge, A. il.. Ph. D., President.
GREENVILLE, S. C.
EDWIN McNEAL POTEAT,
. A.) ad 'Master of Arts (M. A.)
ornfortable Dormitories. Expenses reIUced
rof. HT. T. Cook. Far Catalogue or infor:aa
trette _ All Drug and Tobacco
of South Carolina.
Confidental correispondence solicited.
Ocean View, Va., *
heraw. $I0-5o Round Trip *
>d returning until and in
uble Daily service in both
23 Main St. Phone 574. +
ts West and North
3 Daily with Pullman
tlanta to St. Louis,
ice, Atlanta to Chica
de atAtlauta with the
ty. Central of Georgia
n Railway trains.
-'information write to
s, T. P. A.,
r St., Atlanta, Ga
1as. E. Harmon,
Gen. Pass. Ageut.
iIlstDlReli Vestefr Carmlin RWigo
Lugusta and Asheviflo Short LIJne.
(8chedule in effect August I, 1903.)
fa Down.) (Read Up)
3 pm.........Lv Newberry......... Ar 3.10 pm
O pm .. Ar Laurens.........Lv 2.02 pm
i7 pm.........Lv Laurens.. .... Ar 1.80-pm
0 pm....Ar partanurg..... LvT3201pm
O pm......Lv Spartanburg..... Ar 10.5au
2 pm......Ar 8aluda......... Lv 88am
1 pm.....Ar H?endersonville Lv 8.05 am
5 m.....Ar Ashevline-....... -- Lv 7.05 am
8 pm..Lv Kewberry (CJ.&L.) 8 10pm
0Opm...Ar Laurens..............Ly 2.02 pm
5 pm.LV Laurens.................Ar L.45m
'I pmn......Ar Greenwood.-....Lv 12.44 pm
0 j*m..Ar Augusta...........Ly 10.10 am
5 pm......Lv Augusta............Ar 2.20 am
0 pm...r Beaufort........Lv 7.13 am
5 pm..Ar Port Royal......Lv 7.05, am
lpm..Lv Newberry (o.N.aL)Ar 810 pm
O pm.ArLarens ..........Lv 2.02 pm
* pm.Lv Laurens.....Ar 1... pm
5 pm..Ar GreenvilDe........Lv 12.15 pm
or further informatir .a relative to rates,
call on, or address
Iko. T. BRY&Ah, Gen. Ag. GreenvIl 8. C'
ERNE -T WILLIAMS, Gn. Pass.AL
M. '- - r on TrafBe Manager.
.UE RIDGE RAIL ROAD.
E. C. BEAmmI, Becei
In Eneei June 8, 1909.
Between Anderson ad WaihaUs.
9.No.12 Stations. No.11No.9'
.A.M. P. M. A.
9 55........Belton....820 10 5&
988.......nderson F.D.....840 1112
I 980........Anderon P. D.........3845 31100
.. 9 25........WestkAnderson....849 .....
.. 9 09...............Denver.............. 889 ....
.. 9 02........Antn........... 405....
.. 85t..........Pendleton........... 4113 .....
.. 847.....w.......Cherry............... 4 ....
.8 44........:......AdamL.............4 Sg.....
.828 .....Jordania Junct.488 ....
I... .._--.--eneen........... 1