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AUTHORSHIP OF "DIXIE."
The State Librarfan of Ohio Conclu
sively Establishes That Daniel
Emmett Composed the Pop
Shortly after the death of Daniel
Decatur Emmett at Mt. Vernon, Ohio.
a claim was set up for another person
in the Baltmore Sun. as being the
author of the popular song "Dixie."
In the appended communication to
'the Sun by Mr. C. B. Galbreath, the
state librabian of Ohio, conclusive ev
idence is brought forward proving
that its author was Mr. Emmett.
Office of the state librarian of Ohio,
Columbus, 0., July 23, 1904.
To the Editors of the Baltimore Sun: 1
Through the kindness of a friend,
a copy of the Sun of July iith is be- t
fore me. containing a communication
under caption, "The Author of
Dixie." Permit me to say that
:among those acquainted with the late
'Daniel D. Emmett and disinterested
parties who visited him when he was
living. there is absolutely no question
in regard to .the authorship of the
famous war song of the south.
Your correspondent claims that
honor for an Arkansan by the name
of Harry McCarthy who, it is stated.
oublished the words on his bills when
he was traveling with a bird and min
strel show through the south in 1862.
It is also averred that while McCarthy
lived, or t :be more specific. till 1874,
no one thought of questioning his au
thorship of the song. These are
sweeping assertions, but details are
conspicuously absent and little effort
is made to substantiate the claim here
boldly set forth. Unfortunately for
your correspondent, his assertions run
--counter to facts and the records of
the copyright office at Washington.
The original "Dixie" was composed
by Daniel D. Emmett in 1859. This
is not only proven by his own state
ment, in which a detailed account of
the circumstances under which it was 1
-written is given, including the place
where it was first sung, but it is also
substantiated by the testimony of
-numerous cotemporaries. including
the Bryant Brothers, through the
later fifties and earlier sixties, pro
-prietors df The Bryant Minstrels, for
-whom the song was first written and
under whose auspices it was present
ed to the public.,
The song was first published in
New York, under the title. I wish
I was in Dixie Land. As I write I
have before me a piece of sheet
music with the imprint of Firth, Pond
*& Co., 547 Broadway. New York.
bearing thi's title and the copyright
'date of i86o.I
'The song was afterwvard brought
-ont under the title "Dixie Land." by
Win. A. Pond & Co.. successors of I
Firth, Pond & Co., as stated by Em
mett and substantated by another
copyright piece of music on my desk, ~
bearing date of 1865. Under this C
title the words and music have been
publish to this day.
The present publishers are Oliver
-. itson & Co., of 150 Tremont street,
Boston. .The song maj be had
-hrough any music dealer. It has
borne Emmett's name for forty-four1
years, as will be shown by the records I
of the copyright office, the publish- 1
--ers, and music dealers throughout ~
'the United States.
In the autumn and winter of 1895.
'Emmett .traveled through the south
-with the Al. G. Field's minstrels and
-was everywhere recognized as the I
- author of Dixie. As such he was in- -
troduced to a large audience in Nash- ~
ville, by the late General John B.
*Gordon, who declared that he was1
- without question entitled to that dis- ~
tinction. As such he was honored
'wth a; reception by the daughter of '
Thos. F. Bayard. ex-secretary of state
and ambassador of England. Here
was a great opportunity for the
- friends of Mr. McCarthy to put forth a
their claim while Emmett was living
:and able to speak for himself. After
:this tour, General Gordon honored
-the aged mninstrel with a personal visit
at his humble cottage near Mt. Ver- ~
noin, Ohio. -
This is not the first time that a
questioig has been raised in regard to
the authorship of Dixie. The song
was once printed by P. P. Werlein, of t
New Orleans. Emmett's publisher's
pr.omptly notified him that he was
printing one of their copyright pieces.
At a convention of music dealers in
Newv York. the claims of Emmett
-wreprsnted by attorneys for his jI
)ublishers and by Emmett himself.
3o overwhelming was the proof that
,Verlein, who had been imposed upon
)y a pretended author, came forward
Lnd publicly recognized Emmett's
:laim to the original authorship.
Emmett was born near Mt. Vernon,
)hio, in 1845. He entered the army
Lt the age of 17 years as a fifer, and
erved a full enlistment. Here he
iad thorough instruction in instru
nental music, which he afterward
:ontinued under Edward Kendall,
vho had charge of Spalding & Rog
r's circus band. He wrote the words
Lnd music of many songs that were
)ublished and of hundreds that were
iot published. He was a fine sing
r and an expert player on the fife
nd violin. In the large collection of
nanuscript that he had left is much
Additional evidence to sustain his title
o the authorship of "Dixie." To
resent this, as occasion may seem to
emind. will be the pleasure of the
riends of the modest and venerable
3uckeve minstrel who was recently
aid to rest while hearts were touched
>v the strains of music that had
>rought the tleeper an immortality of
C. B. Galbreath.
ST. PIERRE AS IT IS TODAY.
ite of City Destroyed by Mont Pelee
Still a Barren Desert.
Capt. Raye. of the barkentine Ste
>hen G. Ward. of New York. which
tas been undergoing repairs at the
ast Providence dry dock recently,
:ame to this port from Fort De
.rance. Martinique. While there he
vent in a small boat to the site of
he city of St. Pierre. which was
viped out of existence in a few mo
nents by an eruption of Mont Pelee
n May 4. 1902. Capt. Raye had been
;t. Pierre a number of times when
he place was one of the most pros
>erous ports of the West Indies, but
his was the first time he had seen
he devastation wrought during the
reatest disaster of modern times.
'apt Raye was very willing to de- i
cribe the scenes which he had wit-,
iessed when a Journal reporter call
d on him in his cabin on board his
arkentine. He said:
"The city of St. Pierre was located
t the base of Mont Pelee, which is a
olcano. It had no harbor, and the
teamers and vessels which used to
all there anchored just off the city.
t used to do a large business in rum
.nd molasses, and when I was there
efore the eruption it was as pic
uresque a port as there was in the
Vest Indies. All of the houses were
>f stone, and it looked like a settle
~ent made to order, tucked away as
t was between the bases of two
nountains whose sides wvere. covered
vith green foliage.
When I was there a short while
.go there was not a trace of the 30,
oo people who once lived there ex
ept a few human bones which were
'hitening in the sun. The stone
iuildings are all razed to the ground,
.nd the only signs of vegetation are
few weeds which are struggling to
he sunlight through heaps 'of de
pris. There is absolutely no one
iving there now except a mounted
oliceman, who is there to prevent
he search of the ruins for large sums
>f money supposed to buried in them.
"The great loss of life must have
seen caused by the intense heat, for
found large glass tumblers in cel
ars, vhich were melted together, and
ome of them were twisted out of
hape. Down the side of Pelee there
s a path about fifty feet wide, which
Doks exactly like an excellent con
rete walk, as viewed from the sea,
which is what remains of the river
f lava wvhich flowed down from the
rater to the sea. This is to one
ide of the city.
"Almost all of the steamers which
o from New York to the WVest In
ies during the winter with excur
jonists stop there and the passen
:ers go ashore to see the place,
which once had a thriving export
rade, but which now is as bare and
marren as a desert."
Lord Strathoona has purchased the
slands of Colonsay and Ornsay from
he executors of the late Sr John Mc
lTeill. W. C. For the last 200 years
hese islands have been in the pos
ession of the McNeill family. They
~elong to the inner Herbrides group
.nd are together about 12 miles in
Five Will Settle In This Part Off
Columbia, Sept. io-Five immi
grants from the rugged hills of Scot
land, the sunny climes of the West
[ndiCs and the sub-tropical plains of
the Transvaal have arrived in the
city and were given work out in the
state by Mr. E. J. Watson, commis
5ioner of immigration.
The three Boers are well educated,
have been in this country some time
and can read English fluently. Their
names are P. A., G. V., and J. H. Jou
bert 'and they are relatives of Gen.
Piet Joubert, the famous general of
Kruger's army. These interesting im
migrants were located on a farm in
Sumter county near Mayesville.
The immigrant from West Indies
is W. H. Wuister, formerly assistant
United States consul at Curacoa. He
is an experienced accountant and
gocs to Aiken county where he will
be at work in the truck gardens
which supply some of the large ho
The two Scotchmen. who will be
followed by ii others shortly. are
ames Smith and James Kirk of Glas
ow. They paid their own fare to
this country, leaving Scotland on the
25th of August and arriving here yes
terday. They came through New
York, parting there with I,ooo of
their countrymen who had emigrated
to this country. The two Scots will
be located on a farm near Ninety
In general. it may be said that'
Mexico is no place for a man without
capital. It is a new country. in the
sense that it possesses great natural
resources as yet undeveloped. but
most of these can be developed only
by the aid of capital. They have
been exploited for nearly four cen
turies just as far as transportation fa
cilities and individual methods of in
dustry have permitted.
The Death Penalty.
A little thing sometimes results in
death. Thus a mere scratch, insig
ninkant cuts or puny boils have paid
the death pen-aity. It iz wise to have
Bucklen's Arnica Salve ever handy.
It's the best Salve on earth and will
prevent fatality, when Burns, Sores,
Ulcers and Piles threaten. Only
25c at WV. E. Pelham & Son's drug
It all depends upon whether a man
wins or losses whether he is ashmed
Will buy either of the below men
Two pounds of Good Rice.
One pound of Good Parched Coffee.
Two boxes of Potted Ham.
Three pounds of Best Flour.
Two dozen Fruit Jar Rubbers.
Two yards of 4-4 Bleaching.
Four pounds of A. H. Soda.
One box of Good Salmon.
1 plug of Good Chewing Tobacco,
worth 15 cents.
Two packages of Fine Tea.
One box Pineapple.
Lots and lots of other things too
umerous to mention.
Came and See Us
Of the condition of The Commercial
Bank of Newberry, S. C., at the close
of business June 30, 1904. Published ac
cording to an Act of Gener!l Assembly.
Notes discounted ...... ........ $302,210 73
Furniture and fixtures....... 3,051 93
Due from banks. ......... ..... 4,525 58
Overdrafts ....................... 4 823 09
Cash and cash items............ 10,935 65
Capital stock .. ............ $ 50,000 00
Individual deposits ............ 174,334 90
Dividends unpaid......... 2,437 50
Accrued interest................ 1,279 35
Expense, Due July 1st ...... 1,233 34
Due banks......................... 3,347 00
Profits. ........ 27,914 89
Rediscounted.......... .. 65,000 00
Personally appeared before me Z. F.
Wright, Cashier of the above named
bank, who swears that the above state
ment is correct to the best of his knowl
edge and belief. Z. F. Wright, Ca:hier.
Sworn to before me this 6th day of July
1904. J. Y. McFall, Notary Public.
0. B. Mayer,
Jno. M. Kinard, Directors.
L. W. Floyd, I
World's Fair, St. Louis,
Best Line; Choice of Routes;
Through Pullman Sleepers and
Stop-overs allowed at West
ern North Carolina Summer
Resorts and other-points.
Low Excursion rate tickett
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Season Tickets $37.15
Sixty Day Tickets 31.00
Fifteen Day Tickets 25.3C
For full information or World'!
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* other good things
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MAIL OBDERS RECEIVE C
Illinois Cental Railroad
DIRECT ROUTE TO THE
ST. LOUIS EXPOSITION.
TWO TRAINS DAILY.
In connection with W. & A. R. R. &
N. C. & S. L. Ry fom Atlanta
Lv Atlanta 8.25 a m Ar St.Louis 7.08
Leave Atlanta 8.25 A. M.
Arrive St. Louis 7.08 A. M.
Leave Atlanta 8.30 P. M.
Arrive St. Louis 7.36 P. M.
With Through Sleeping Cars
meot~~ F191a i e Tmnnes
ROUTE OF THE FAMOUS
Carrying the only morning sleeping
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car leaves Jacksonville daily, 8.05 p.
m., Atlanta 3:23 a. 'n., giving you the
entire day in St. Louis to get located.
For ra:s rom your city, World's
Fair Guide Book and schedules,
leeping car reservations. also for
book Fhowing hotels and boarding
houses. (iuoting their rates, write to
FRED D. MILLER,
Traveling Passenger Agent.
No. i N. Pryor St., Atlanta. Ga.
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