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.V*OL. XI.NO. 98. INEWBERRY. S. 0.. TUESDAY SEPTEMBRi.10 TWICE A WEEKI 150AYA
GENERAL NEWS NOTES.
Items of Mor or Less Interest Con
densed Throughout the World.
Final arrangements were completed
for the national convention of the re
publican clubs at Indianapolis.
Dr. George S. Conant. of New
York, willed his brain to the medical
faculty of Cornell University.
The national council .of Good Sa
maritats closed its session in In
The executive council of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor has official
ly endorsed the strike of the textile
workers at Fall River, Mass.
Rear Adffiral Ludlow, U. S. N., re
tired, was assigned to the duty of
governor of the new naval home at
Rear Admiral Dewey received
many congratulations on Saturday,
the fiftieth anniversary of his en
trance into the naval service.
Official dispatches from St. Peters
burg state that fighting has taken
place at Tie Ling pass, which is to
the north-east of Liao Yang.
- The engineer and fireman of the
New York. Philadelphia and Nor
folk.railroad were killed in a wreck
near Donoway, in Varginia last week.
General Harrison Allen, deputy
aiditor of the post of5ce department,
died suddenly, at his home in Wash
ington, on Saturday.
Members of the International Par
liamentary union visited tomb- of
Washington last week, at mount
Vernon, and placed wreathes upon
NEGRO UP A CHIMNEY.
Was Trying to Escape From Police
nan S. G. Carter But Chim
ney Was Too Small.
Jeff. Gallman, colored, who was
sentenced to serve thirty days on the
county chaingang for three separate
offenses, and who escaped after
working for about ten days, was re
captured at about four o'cluck yester
day morning by Policeman S. G. Car
ter and Mr. M. P. Williams, in one
of the houses on Spearman's row.
The house was surrounded and the
inegro started up the chimney to make
good his escape, but the hole was too
small and the officers found him with
his head up the chimney and his heels
dangling'in the fire-place.
* Rev. A. G. Voigt
Rev. A. G. Voigt, D. D., of the
Lutheran Theological Seminary at
Mt. Pleasant, Charleston, will visit
Newberry this, Tuesday morning,
the 27th inst.. and will ad
dress the students at the college. Dr.
Voigt's many friends outside the im
mediate college community will be
glad Aor the opportunity to see him
and hear him again.
SIXTY KILLED IN WRECK.
Passenger Trains on Southern Crash
Knoxville, Tenn., September 26.
Running on a roadbed in a supposed
ly high condition of maintenance and
'having about them every safeguard
known to modern railroading, two
trains on the Southern railway, car
rying heavy lists of pass,.ngers came
together in a frightful head end col
lision near Hodges, Tenn., Saturday,
sending 54 people to death and injur
ing 125, several of whom will prob
ably die. This appalling loss of life
and maiming of the living results ap
parently from the disregarding of
orders given to the two trains to
meet at a station which has for a long
time been their regular meeting point.
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS.
Items of More or Less Interest Con
densed Throughout the State.
Several South Carolinians were on
the passenger trains that crashed to
gether on Wednesday between Knox
ville and Morristown, but few from
this state were seriously hurt.
Several classes of children from
Sunday schools in Greenville spent
Saturday in the fields picking cotton.
A prominent farmer was in the city
to secure help, and failing to secure
it he called upon several Sunday
school teachers who responded by
taking their classes to the fields and
working, spending the day in picnic
Noah Brown, a negro shoemaker of
Greenville, was shot and instantly
killed on Saturday night by Robert
Holmes, a negro painter. The kill
ing was in the heart of the city, and
a shotgun was used by the negro.
James Calvert Stuart, a Laurens
:ounty negro who attempted an as
ault upon a young white girl of that
:ounty on yesterday, was found dead:
on the public road, some distance
rom town, with his hands tied and
i bullet through his chest. The first
iews of the lynching was brought to
reenwood by a gentleman who
ound the body on Saturday morning
n the condition described above.
The importance of the democrats
oting on the cbming general elec
:ions, in November, was emphasized
>n Saturday by General Wilie Jones,
Lt a meeting of the state democratic
executive committee in (olumbia.
The Olympia mill school, in Co
umbia, will open in a few days. The
>uildings have been renovated and
re in fine condition.
Bail in the sum of $4,ooo has been
granted to Watts Nobles, and to the
iegro Downs in a lesser sum. These
nen are charged with killing a po
iceman in Greenville.
Dock and Rush Gailliard, colored,
:ried in Greenville for the murder of
Aill Kennedy, were given life sen
:ences in the penitentiary. Notice
)f appeal was given in both cases.
Capt. Henry E. Raines. of Chick
3prings, and Mrs. Sydney Wolfe, were
juietly married at Rowesville on
The water experts at Columbia
were hard at work both on Saturday
nd Sunday investigating the water
n the Congaree. They stated that
t was a matter of surprise that the
:ity had not been visited with more
:ases of typhoid fever than she had.
Despite the storm Horry county
s doing hard work to be represented
it the fair and it will not be the fault
>f the Conway board of trade if good
mnd proper representation is not se
Dr. J. W. Payne, a physician who
bas been very prominent in the west,
has decided to locate in Anderson.
He is one of the best physicians in
There was considerable excitement
in Ruby on Saturday when Mr. W.
N. Ratliff, a prominent citizen of that
section, and Supervisor Oliver be
came engaged in a very serious cut
ting scrape. Oliver was seriously
and perhaps fatally cut about the
neck and throat, receiving a gash
about five inches long. The affair is
much deplored as both parties are
A serious cutting scrape occurred
in Chesterfield on Saturday night in
which Mr. Ross Mulloy had his
throat slashed by a negro named John
Evans. After the cutting the negro
ran and was fiired upon twice. He
escaped but was later captured and
is. now in jail at that place.
Converse college opened on Wed
nesday with a large number of both
old and new students. The pros
pects are that the coming session will
be one of the best in the history of
JUDGE A. B. PARKER'S
LETTER OF ACCEPTANCE
A MASTERLY AND STRONG PO
Touches All the Live Issues of the
tion and Honesty.
To the Honorable Champ Clark and
Others, Committee, etc.
Gentlemen: In my response to
your committee, at the formal notifi
cation proceedings, I referred to some
matters not mentioned in this let-!
ter. I desire that these be consider
ed as incorporated herein and regret
that lack of space prevents specific
reference to them all. I wish here,
however, again to refer to my views
there expressed as to the gold stand
ard, to declare again by unqualified be- I
lief in said standard, and to express my
appreciation of the action of the con
vention in reply to my communica
tion upon that subject.
Grave public questions are pressing
for decision. The democratic party
appeals to the people with confidence
that its position on these questions
will be accepted and endorsed at the
polls. While the issues involved are
numerous, some stand forth pre
eminent in the public mind. Among
these are,-tariff reform, imperialism,
economical administration and hon
esty in the public service. I shall
briefly consider these and sbme
others within the necessarily pre
scribed limits of this letter.
While I presented my views at the
notification proceedings concerning
this vital issue, the overshadowing
importance of this question impels
me to refer to it again. The issue it
is oftentimes referred to as Constitu
tionalism vs. Imperialism.
If we would retain our liberties and
constitutional rights unimpaired, we
cannot perntit or tolerate, at any time
or for any purpose, the arrogation of
unconstitutional powers by the execu- t
tive branch of our government. We
should be ever mindful of the words
of Webster, "Liberty is only to be t
preserved by maintaining constitu
tional restraints and just divisions
of political powers."
Already the naticinal governmtnt
has become centralized beyond any
point contemplated or imagined by
the framers of the constitution. How
tremendously all this has added to
the power of the president! It. has
developed from year to year until it
almost equals that of many monarchs.
While the growth of our country and
the magnitude 4of interstate interests
may seem to furnish a plausible rea
son for this centralization of power,
yet these same facts afford the most
potent reason why the executive
should not be permitted to encroach1
upon the other departments of the
government, and assume legislative,
or ott tr powers, not expressly con
ferred by the constitution.
The magnitude of the country and
its diversity of interests and popula
tion would enable a determined, am
bitious and able executive, unmindful
of constitutional limitations and fired
'with the lust of power, to go far in
the usurpation of authority and the
aggrandizement of personal power
before the situations could be fully
appreciated or the people could be
The issue of imperialism which has
been thrust upon the country involves
a decision whether the law of the
land or the rule of individual caprice
shall govern. The principle of im
perialism may give rise to brilliant,
startling, dashing results, but the
principle of democracy holds in check
the brilliant executive and subjects
him to the sober, conservatice control
of the people.
The people of the United States
sandate the parting of the ways.
Shall we follow the footsteps of our !
fathers along the paths of peace, 1
prosperity and contentment, guided 1
by the ever-living spirit of the con
stitution which they framed for us, or
;hafl we go along other and untried
paths, hitherto shunned by all, fol
owing blindly new ideals. which
though appealing with brilliancy to
the imagination and ambition, may
>rove a will o' the wisp, leading us
nto difficulties from which it may be
mpossible to extricate ourselves
,vithout lasting injury to our national
:haracter and institutions?
The Tariff and Trusts.
Tariff reform is one of the cardi
ial principles of the democratic faith.
md the necessity for it w1 never
,reater than at the present time. It
;hould be undertaken at once in the
nterest of all our people.
The Dingley tariff is excessive in
nany of its rates, and, as to them at
east, unjustly and opressively bur
lens the people. It secures to do
nestic manufacturers, singly or in
:ombination. the privilege of exacting
xcessive prices at home and prices
ar above the level of sales made reg
Alarly by them abroad with profit,
hus giving a bounty to foreigners at
he expense of our own people.
ts unjust taxation burdens the peo
>le generally, forcing them to pay
xcessive prices for food, fuel, cloth
ng and other necegaries of life. It
evies duties on many articles not
iormally imported in any consider
Lble amount, which are made exten- t
ively at home, for which the most
xtreme protectionist would hardly
ustify protective taxes, and which in
arge amounts are exported. Such
luties have been and will continue to
e a direct incentive to the formation
)f huge industrial combinations,
vhich, secure from foreign competi
ion, are enabled to stifle domestic
:ompetition and practically to monop
)ize the home market.
It contains many duties imposed t
oi the express purpose only, as was C
)penly avowed, of furnishing a basis
or reduction by means of reciprocal t
rade treaties, which the republican. C
Ldministration, impliedly at least, I
)romised to negotiate. Having, on
his promise, secured the increased
luties, the republican party leaders,
purred on by protected interests, de
eated the treaties negotiated by the I
xecutive, and now these same inter
sts cling to the benefit of these du
ies which the people never intended<
hey should have, and to which they 1
iave no moral right.(
Even now the argument, most fre-C
iuently urged in behalf of the Ding
ey tariff, and against tariff reform 4
renerally, is the necessity of caring 4
or our infant industries. Many of
hese industries, after a hundred years
>f lusty growth, are looming up as I
ndustrial agents. In their case, at I
east, the Dingley tariff invites com
>ination and monopoly, and gives jus
ification to the expression that the1
ariff is the mother of trusts.4
For the above-mentioned reasons.
imong many others, the people de
nand reform of these abuses, and
uch reform demands and should re
eive immediate attention.
The two leading parties have al- 1
says differed as to the principle of'
:ustoms taxation. Our party has al- t
vays advanced the theory that the
bject is the raising of revenue for 4
support of the government whatever
>ther results may incidentally flow
therefrom. The republican party, I
3n the other hand, contends that cus-<
tos duties should be levied primar.
ily for protection, so-called, with rev
enue as the subordinate purpose, thus'
Lsing the power of taxation to build
Lp the business and property of the
Eew' at the expense of the many.
This difference of principle still
subsists, but our party appreciates
that the long continued policy of the
country, as manifested in its statutes,
make it necssry that tariff reforrm
should be prudently and sagaciously
.indertaken. on scientific principles,
:o the end that there should not be
in immediate revolution in existing
In the words of our platform we
iemand "a revision and a gradual re
Iuction of the tariff by the friends of
:he masses, and for the common weal,
mnd not by the friends of its abuses,
ts extortions and discriminations."
In my response to your committee
pointed out the methods under
,vhich a gradual reduction of the cus
oms duties may be accomplished
vithout distrubing business condi
:ions. I desire again to express the
>pinion that this method should be
It is true that the republicans, who
lo not admit in their platform
hat the Dingley tariff needs
he slightest alteration, are
ikely to retain a majority of the fed
ral senate throughout the next pres
dential term, and could, therefores
f they chose, block every attempt at
egislative relief. But it should be
emembered that the republican party
ncludes many revisionists; and I be
ieve it will shrink from defying the
>opular will expressed unmistakably
Lnd peremptorily at the ballot box.
The people demand reform of exist
ng corlditions. Since the last dem
)cratic administration the cost of liv
ng has greviously increased. Those
taving fixed incomes have suffered
-eenly; those living on wages, if
here has been any increase, know
hat such increase has not kept pace
vith the advance in the cost of liv
ng, including rent and the necessar
es of life. Many today are out of
vork, unable to secure any wages at
L11. To alleviate these conditions,
n so far as is in our power, should
e our earnest endeavor.
I pointed out in my earlier response
he remedy, which in my judgment,
:an effectually be applied against
nonopolies, and the assurance was
hen given that if existing laws, in
luding both statute and common
aw, proved inadequate, contrary to,
ny expectations, I favor such fur
her legislation, within constitutional
imitations as will best promote and
afeguard the interests of all the peo
The determination of this question
vas left by the people in framing the
:onstitution, to the judiciary and not
o the executive. The Supreme
Jourt of the United States has re
ently considered this question, and,
n the case of the Western Union Tel
~graph Co. vs. The Call Publishing
o., to be found in the one hundred
~nd eighty-first volume of the United
tates Supreme Court reports, at
>age 92, it decided that common law
rinciples could be applied by United
tates courts in cases involving inter
tate commerce, in the absence of
Jnited States statutes specifically
:overing the case. Such is the law
>f the land.
In my address to the notification
:ommittee I said that tariff reform
'is demanded by the best interest of
>oth manufacturer and consumer."
Nith equal truth it can be said that
he benefits of reciprocal trade treat
es would enure to both. That the
:onsumer would be helped is unques
:ionable. That the manufacturer
,vould receive great benefit by exten4
ng his markets abroa 'hardly needs
lemonstration. His productive ca
>acity has outgrown the home mar
cet. The very term "Home Mar
cet," has changed in its significance.
2nce, from the manufacturers' point
>f view, it meant expars;ion: today
:he marvellous growth of our manu
Eacturing industries has far exceeded
he consumptive capacity of our do
nestic markets, and the term "Home
Market" implies contraction, rather
an exansnion. Tf we would run