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our mills to their full capacity. thu
giving steady employment to ou
workmen and securing to them an
to the manufacturer the profits accru
ing from increased production. oth<
markets must be found. Futhermor
when our manufacturers are deper
dent on raw materials in whole c
part imported, it is vital to the exter
sion of their markets abroad that the
secure their materials on the mo!
Our martyred president, Williar
McKinley, appreciated this situatioi
He pointed out in his last address t
the people that we must make sens
ble trade arrangements if "we sha
extend the outlets for our increasin
surplus." He said, "a system whic
provides a mutual exchange of corr
modities is manifestly essential t
the continued and healthful growt
of our export trade. * * * * The perio
of exclusiveness is past. The ey
pansion of our trade and commerc
is the pressing problem. Comm,:r
cial wars are unprofitable. A polic
of good will and friendly relation
will prevent reprisals. Reciprocit
treaties are in harmony with the spir
of the times: measures of retaliatio
This argumer: was made in the ir
terest of our manufacturers whos
products, he urged. "have so mult
plied, that the problem of more mai
kets requires our urgent and immed
ate attention." He had come to rea
ize that the so-called "stand pat
policy must give way-that ther
must be a reduction of duties .i
enable our manufacturers to culti
vate foreign markets. The last -.nrd
of this president-who had won th
affection of his countrymen-ough
to be studied by every man who ha
any doubt of the necessity of a re
duction in tariff rates in the interes
of the manufacturer. They presen
with clearness a situation and a prc
posed remedy that prompted the prc
vision in our platform which declare
that, "We favor liberal trade ar
rangements with Canada and wit]
peoples of other countries where the
can be entered into with benefit t
American agriculture, manufactures
mining and commerce."
The persistent refusal of the re
publican majority in the federal ser
ate to ratify the reciprocity treatie
negotiated in persuance of the polic
advocated alike by Mr .Blaine an
Mr. McKinley, and expressly sanc
tioned in the fourth section c
the Dingley act itself, is
discouraging exhibition of bad faiti
As already mentioned by me, the es
orbitant duty imposed on many a
imported article by the Dingley tari
was avowedly intended by its authe
not to be permanent, but to serv
tempor'arily as a maximumn, fror
which the federal government wa
empowered to offer a reduction,i
return for an equivalent concessio
on the part of a foreign countrl
President McKinley undertook hon
estly carry out the purpos
of this section of the ac:
A number of reciprocity agree
* ments: were negotiated, within th
* limitation of two years, which if ral
ified, would have had the two-fold re
ruit of cheapening many importe
products for American consumer
and of opening and enlarging foreig
markets to American producers. Nc
one of those agreements has met wit
the approval of the republican ma!
ters of the senate. Indeed they di
not even permit their consideratior
In view of the attitude of the preser
executive, no new agreement need b
expected from him. Nor does th
republican platform contain a fas
orable reference to one of the sus
pended treaties. This section of th
Dingley acts stands forth as a mor
ument of legislative co,nage and pc
litical bad faith.
Independence for the Filipinos.
In some quarters it has been a!
sumed that in the discussion of th
Philippine question in my responsi
the phrase "self-government," we
-intended to mean something less tha
independence. It was not intende
that it should be understood to meal
nor do I think as used it does mea
less than independence. Howeve
to eliminate all possibility of cor
jecture, I now state that I ami
hearty accord with that plank in ot
platform that favors doing for th
Filipinos what we have already don
for the Cubans; and I favor makin
N the promise to them now that w
sall take such action as soon as the
s are reasonably prepared for it. If
r independence. such as the Cubans en
d joy, cannot be prudently granted to
the Filipinos at this time, the prom
r ise that it shall come the moment
they are capable of receiving it will
tend to stimulate rather than hinder
r their development. And this should
be done not only in justice to the
Filipinos. but to preserve our own
t rights' for a free people cannot with
hold freedom from another people
n and themselves remain free. The
. toleration of tyranny over others will
o soon breed contempt for freedom and
self-government, and weaken our
power of resistance to insidious usur
pation of our constitutional rights.
h American Citizenship.
The pledge of the platform to se
D cure to our citizens, without distinc
i tion of race or creed, whether native
d born or naturalized, at home or
abroad. the equal protection of the
e laws and the enjoyment of all the
rights and privileges open to them
under the covenants of our treaties.
s as their just due, should be made
v good to them. In the accomplish
t ment of that result it is essential that
a passport issued by the government
of the United States to an American
citizen shall be accepted the world
e over as proof of citizenship.
The statute relating to civil service
is the outcome of the efforts of
- thoughtful. unselfish and public
- spirited citizens. Operation under
e it has frequently been of such a
a character as to offend against the
- spirit of the statute, but the results
s achieved, even under a partial en
e forcement of the law, have been such
t as to- both deserve and command the
s utterance of the democratic party that
- it stands rommitted to the principle
t of civil se, ice reform and demands
t its just and impartial enforcement.
- Reclamation of Arid Lands.
- A vast expanse of country in the
s west. portions of which are to be
- found in each of the sixteen states
1 and territories, mentioned in the law,
is directly affected by the national
3 statute-the outcome of intelligent
,i and persistent efforts of leading citi
zens. providing for the reclamation
. of the arid lands for the benefit of
_ home-seekers. During the years of
s the development of the measure
which finally received the vote of
every member of the upper house of
congress, it encountered opposition,
Sbased to a.large extent upon the view
a that the aim of its promoters was to
secure the benefits of irrigation to
private owners at government ex
Spense. The aim of the statute is,
Showever, to enable this vast territory
r to reclaim its arid lands without call
e ing upon the taxpayers of the country
Sat large to pay it. Whether the
s purposes of this bill will be fully ac
a complished must depend in large
measure upon the ability, sobriety of
.judgment, independence and honesty
- of the officers of the Interior depart
e ment having this great work in
- In 1902 the main canals and ditches
e in the region affected -aggregated
- more than fifty-nine thousand miles
. and the work of reclamation is but
Sin its infancy. The total cost of
construction of the necessary head
2 gates, dams, main canals, ditches,
t reservoirs and pumping stations was
Sat that tiine a little over ninety-three
- millions of dollars, which of itself
1suggests the hundreds of millions
.that may eventually be invested in
t the territory covered by the statute.
e The magnitude of the conception, and
e the enormous expense its carrying
out involves, make us realize the
-overwhelming importance of a broad,
e capabl.e and honest administration of
the work authorized by the statute.
if effect is to be given to that part of
the plan that relieves the country at
large from ultimate liability.
e An Isthmian canal has long been
, the hope of our statesmen, and the
s avowed aim of the two great parties,
n as their platforms in the past show.
d The Panama route having been se
, lected, the building of the canal
n should be pressed to completion with
r, all reasonable expedition.
The methods by which the execu
n tive acquired the Panama canal route
r and rights are a source of regret tc
e many. To them, the statement that
e thereby a great public work was as
g sured to the profit of our people is
e not a sufficient answer to the charge
yof violation of natinal good faith.
They appreciate that the principle
and healthy convictions which in their
working out have made us free and
great, stand firmly against the argu
ment or suggestion that we shall be
blind to the nature of the means em
ployed to promote our welfare. They
hold that adherence to principle.
whether it works for our good or ill.
will have a more beneficent influence
on our future destiny than all our
material upbuilding, and that we
should ever remember that the idea
of doing a wrong to a smaller, weak
er nation that we, or even all man
kind, may have a resultant good is
repugnant to the principles upon
which our government was founded.
Under the laws of the United States
the duty is imposed on the executive
to proceed with due diligence in the
work of constructing the canal. That
duty should be promptly performed.
Our commerce in American bot
toms amounts to but nine per cent.
of our total exports and imports..
For seventy years prior to 16i, when
the republican party came into power.
our merchant marine carried an aver
age of eighty per cent. of our
foreign commence. By 1877 it had
dwindled to twenty-seven per cent.
Now we carry but a contemptibly
small fraction of our exports and im
American shipping in the foreign
trade was greater by over one hun
dred thousand tons in i8io-nearly a
hundred years ago-than it was last
year. In the face of the continuous
decline in the rec6rd of American
shipping during the last forty-three
years, the promise of the republican
party to restore it is without encour
agement. The record of the demo
cratic party gives asslrance that the
task zan be more wisely entrusted to
It is an arduous task to undo the ef
fect of forty years of decade-,te, and
requires the study and investigation
of those best fitted by experience to
find the remedy.-which surely does
not lie in the granting of subsides.
wrung from the pockets of all the
Investigation of Governmen. Depart
Recent disclosures, coupled with
the rapid augmentation of govern
ment expenditures, show a need of
an investigation of every department
of the government. The democrats
in congress demanded it. The re
publican majority refused the de
mand. The people can determine by
their vote in November whether they
wish an honest and thorough investi
gation. A democratic congress and
executive will assure it.
Army and Navy.
WVe are justly proud of the officers
and men of our army and navy. Both,
hoever, have suffered from the per
sistent injection of personal and po
litical influence. Promotions and
appointments have been frequently
based on favoritism instead of merit.
Trials and court-martials have been
set aside under circumstances indicat
ing political interference. These and
other abuses should be corrected. U
Pensions For Our Soldiers and
The national democracy favors lib
Ieral pensions to the surviving soldiers
and sailors and their dependents. on
the ground that they deserve libr-ral
treatment. It pledges by its plat
form adequate legislation to that end.
But it denies the right of the execu
tive to usurp the power of congress
to legislate on that subject. Such
usurpation was attempted by Pension
Order No. 78, and effect has been
given to it by a congress that dared
not resent the usurpation. It i#
aid that "this order was made in
the performance of a duty imposed
upon the president by act of con
gress," but the provision making the
imposition is not pointed out. The
act to which the order refers, which
is the one relating to pensions to
Cival war veterans, does not author
ize pensions on the grounds of age.
t does not grant pensions to those
"suffering from any mental or physi
cal disability, or disabilities, of a per
manent character, not the result of
their own vicious habits, which so
incapacitates them from the perform
ance of manual labor as to render
them unable to earn a support." This
specified requirement of incapacity is
in effect set aside by Order No. 78
A man who won*t allow anybody
o sass his wife doesn't mind wo:-ry
ng her to death himself.
A WONDERFUL SAVING.
The largest Methodist church in
xeorgia calculated to use over one
iundred gallons of the usual kind of
:Oxed paint in painting their church.
They used only 32 gallons of the
ongman & Martinez Paint mixed
Vith 24 gallons of linseed oil. Actuai
:ost of paint made was less than $i.Zo
Saved over eighty ($8o.oo) dollars
n paint, and got a big donation be
7VERY CHURCH will be giver a
iberal quantity whenever they paint.!
diany houses are well painted vith
our gallons of L. & M. and three gai
ons of linseed oil mixed therewith.
Wears and covers like gold.
These celebratcd paints are sold by
hc Newberry Hdwe. Co.
Commenced Business 1N
OBERT NORRIS, ,eneral Agent,
Not those mentii
but a fresh lot ju
Try our Pina
We hereby annou
candidate for more 1
ourselves to satisfy
+We believe in w
We have a grea
goods that we
haf their value.
1lOc. Muslins and
12 1-2c. Muslins a
I 5c. Muslins and I
20c Muslins and
25c. Muslins and I
White Damask Waist
Ladies', Misses' and (
reduced from $3.00 tc
S1.25; from $.50 to 9
From 75c. to 49c.
The above are not se
goods. Yours trul
HATTIE cIVER LEAVELL.
(B. . Womn' S Colg, Rich1oML V.
Pril of Toc VIgl Pino School of lev
Mower Co's Store.
September 1st, 1904.
SPECIAL ATTENTION TO BECIMERS.
Terms-$3.0O ier Eight I,sson
ead Ie?fB Y A
005,0 BANK DEPOSIT
Hr. cov-se Of f-rz;I
early Forty Years Ago
Not the largest - not the oldest
but, by reason of its peculiar legal
organization, the strongest life m
surance company in the world.
The Pacific Mutual Life writes
in the plainest terms the most lib
eral policy sold.
In taking life insurance it is not
estimates (guesses) that the: peo
ple want but Guarantees.
Our Guaranteed values, writen
in the policies, are greater than the
guarantees of any other company.
Its rates are no greater thaN
those of other old; line companies.
To find out all the good things
we offer send date of birth to, or,
Over Postoffice, Newbefry, S. G.
d Beef Hams.
nce ourselves as a
>usiness and pledge 4
.t many Summer
are offering at
Lawns now 5c.
nd Lawns now 7c.
.awns now 8 I-3c.
Lawns now lic.
..awnis now 13c.
ings 50c., now 35c.
40c., " 28c.
35c., " 22 1-2c
25c., " 16 l-3c
hildren's Oxford Ties~
$.90; from $2.00 to
5c.; from $1.00 to 69c.;
~conds, but first class