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VHgSt Era JW tS.
SVOL. XLII. NO. 28 NEWBERRY, S. 0., FRIDAY -JANUARY 13, 1905. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
AT THE CAPITOL.
Legislature Fully Organized and
Down to Work-Officers Elected
-Many Bills Introduced
Senator Blease's Re
Columbia, January i2.-The legis
lature has formally organized now
and is down to work. The officers
of the house were elected without op
position. Hon. Mendel L. Smith is
again speaker and Col. Tom. Homer
is clerk again. Mr. Altaont WMoses,
-of Sumter, was made chairraan dur
ing the organization. J. Fred. Schum
pert was re-elected sergeant-at-arms.
A. H. Booth has been appointed clerk
of the senate judiciary committee.
Senator Cole. L. Blease has been ap
pointed a member of the following
committees: Dispensary, federal
relations, incorporations, privileges
and elections, legislative library and
military. The house committees
will be announced today.
Among the first resolutions in
-troduced was one by Senator Blease
which is as follows:
Be it resolved by the senate, the
house of representatives concurring:
Section i. That a joint committee,
.consisting of two senators and three
-members of the house of representa
tives, be appointed by the presiding
<officer of the respective houses to in
ves-igate the affairs of the state dis
Section 2. That said committee be,
and is hereby, empowered to. send for
papers and persons, to swear witness
es, to require the attendance of any
parties whose presence shall be
deemed necessary to appoint an ex
pert accountant and stenographer,
and to investigate all transactions
concerning said dispensary and its
management, and to take testimony
either within or without the state,
and shall have access at all times
during their service to all the books
. ani vouchers and other papers of
said institution, especially in investi
gating the following facts:
(a) Whether or not it is a fact
that houses represented by agents
who are near relatives of the mem
bers of the board of directors re
ceive large orders at each purchase.
(b) Is it a fact that members of
the board of directors are or have
been agents for certain wholesale
houses from which large purchases
(c) Is it a fact that parties to
whom large orders are given are not
wholesale dealers, but brokers, and
that the orders are filled by third
persons, thus making the state pay
the commission of the middleman?
(d) Was it~ necessary to purchase
the large quantity of liquors ordered
in December, 1904, to fill demands?
(e) Are the s'traordinary heavy pur
chases mad.e necessary to the best
business interests of the dispensary
(f) What is the financial standing
of the business and is it run on the
best principles for the interest of
the law as originally passed and
(g) Is it a fact that the state,
through the dispensaries, is violating
the constitution of 1895, in that it is
selling whiskey in less quantities
than one-half of one pint?
(h)Is it a fact that the state is
selling fifths in case goods to its cus
tomers and charging them for one
(i) Is it a fact that certain agents
are traveling over the state and of
fering special inducements to coun
ty dispensers to "push" certain
brands,~of liquors, and, if so, is it a
fact known to the members of the
state board of directors?
(j)Is it a fact that certain require
ments of the law are dispensed with
by the county dispensers by order of
or by the consent of the members of
the state board of directors?
(k) Has the whiskey which has
ed out from the dealer or is it held
in reserve for future delivery?
(1) What is the indebtedness of the
dispensary fur liquors which have
been bought but not delivered?
Sec. 3. That said committee may
at any time they may deem it advis
able call to their assistance any of
the state officers or employees of the
state dispensary, whose duty it shall
be to render the said committee any
reasonable service that may be re
quired of them within the scope of its
functions as prescribed by these re
Sec. 4. That the said colmmittee
shall have the power to sit during the
session of the two houses and to re
port its findings, if practicable, to the
present session of the general assem
bly not later than the first day of
February, 1905; that said committee
shall serve without compensation,
and that the sessions of said commit
tee be open to the public.
Sec. 5. That nothing herein con
tained shall be construed to deny the
said committee the power to apply at
any time to the general assembly for
such power and authority as the cir
cumstances arisin during this in
vestigation may seem to require.
Sec. 6. That said committee shall
have the right to punish for contempt
as courts of common pleas and gen
eral sessions, and statements made by
witnesses shall not be used against
them in any criminal proceeding.
Sec. 7. That said committee shall
have a marshal to serve its processes
and keep order at its sessions, and his
pay shall be fixed by said committee.
The pay of the witnesses shall
be the same as that of
witnesses in the court of com
mon pleas. for Richland coun
ty, and all expenses shall be paid on
the warrant of the chairman of said
committee by the liquor commission
er out of the general dispensary fund
and charged as dispensary expenses.
On motion of Mr. Blease the reso
lution was referred to thf dispensary
* * *
The governor's message was read
ixi the senate Tuesday and in the
house yesterday. It is a lengthy
document. By some it is considered
the best of any similiar paper which
has emanuated from Governor Hey
ward. His advocacy of compulsory
education is to be commended. He
touches on the dispensary and recom
mends certain improvements which
might be made in the law, notably in
the purchase of whiskey. It is an
open question and there are those
who are disposed to criticizee the
governor' s views on this -subject.
Senator Rasor, of Orangeburg, has
introduced a bill' which embodies
practically all of the governor's dis
pensary recommendations. T'he rest
of the message, excepting the refer
ences to immigration and lawkess
ness, is devoted to routine matters.
The usual flood bills will result. A
great many have already been intro
duced. The dispensary will have an.
abundance of legislation offered for
its improvement, but the likelihood
is that it will result finally 'n the
law remaining as it is now. In
other words there will be a lot of
fuss, but little done.
Representati,ve Morgan, of Green
ville, has introduced a bill to change
certain phases of county government
and also a bill to regulate and control
automobiles. The automobile is
automobiles. The automobile is com
paratively the newest thing out, but
it is already a subject of much legis
Senator Blease has introduced a
bill to reduce the present legal pas
senger rate of three cents a mile to
two and a half cents a mile.. .The
bill will likely be hard fought. Repre
sentative Josh Ashley has introduced
a bill to abolish the newly created
bureau of immigration. The follow
ing are some of the many bills al
Mr. Raysor has introduced a bil
to require all parents or guardian
to compel their children or wards t<
attend school for twelve weeks il
each year. The bill further provide
that such attendance shall be betweei
the ages of eight and fourteen year
inclusive. They may be excused b:
the board of trustees of the schoo
district in which they live by reason
of already being proficient or illness
The bill provides a punishment of no
less than five or more than twent:
dollars, or imprisonment for not les
than ten nor more than twenty day
for each offense, said fines to b
placed in the school fund of sai(
Mr. Raysor has introduced a bil
to amend chapter XXVII, Crimina
Code, Vol. 2, Code of Laws 1902
regulating the sale of spiritous liq
uors, pertaining to the election of
board of directors at the state dis
pensary. The bill provides that sai<
board shall congist of men of goo<
moral character and shall be appoint
ed by the governor, for a period o
two years and receive fifteen hundre<
dollars each, annually, payable il
monthly installments and further tha
said board shall have general super
vision over the management of al
county dispensaries. The bill fur
ther provides; by way of amendment
for the election of a dispensary com
missioner, who shall receive an an
nual salary of three thousand dollars
and defines the method of purchasin
liquors, which shall be on covac
awarded to the lowest responsibl(
bidder, and not for any specifiec
amount, but for such quantities an<
kinds as may be actually required tc
fill orders from county dispensers
Said bill also provides that the coun
ty board of control, consisting o
three members, shall be appointed
two by the state board and the thir<
by said state board upon the nomina
tion of the mayor or*intendant of th(
county seat of that county.
Mr. Kershaw has inroduced a bil
to promote the attendance of chil
dren in school. The bill provide:
that every person having control o
any child between the age of sever
and fourteen years shall annuall:
cause such child to attend some pub
lic or private school for a period o
not less than one hundred days.
Mr. Raysor has introduced a bil
to provide for a marriage licens<
Mr. Kershaw, a bill to amend thi
Act amending Sec. 1731, of Code per
taining to tobacco warehouses.
Mr. Brown a bill to amend som'
Mr. Whaley, a concurrent resolu
tion to permit the introduction of;
bill to amend charter of Charlestoi
Light and Water Works company
so as to allow said company to con
struct a dam across Goose Creek.
Mr. Von Kolnitz, a concurrent re
-solution allowing said Charlestoi
Light and Water company to amen
A bill has been introduced to es
tablish Calhoun county.
Mr. Douglas, a bill prohibiting in
jury to certain property.
Mr. Toole, a bill amending an Ac
entitled an Act to amend Sec. 7 0
an Act as to the establishment o
dispensaries, repealing the last pro
viso of same.
Mr. Butler, a bill to require railwa:
companies to construct, maintain an
operate industrial sidetracks, etc.
Mr. McCall, a bill to further regu
late the salaries of certain cour
Mr. Gause, a bill to prohibit th
shipping of shad fish, caught withi
this state, beyong the limits of thi
Mr. Mauldin, a joint resolution t
appoint a commissioner to investigat
the indebtedness of Greenville coun
I Mr. Toole, a bill to amend Sec. 32
- Vol. 2, Code 1902, so as to reduce
hours of labor per day II to 10.
1 Mr Frost. a bill for the protection
; of game.
S .Mr. Nlorgan. a bill to ratify the
i -.mcndment to Section 7, article 8.
; of the Constitution of 1896. relating
I tO municipal bonded indebtedness.
Mr. Morgan. a bill regulating
r motor vehicles upon public high
Mr. 'organ. a bill to provide age
and time which road duty shall be
t porforn?d and fx commutation tax.
r Mr. Morgan, a bill making certain
;"dffences in primary elections misde
;meanors and fixing penalties.
Mr. Ardrey. a bill to prohibit child
I marriages. Makes it misdemeanor
for any minister or other. officer to
I marry any couple if the man be un
I der twenty-one and the woman under
eighteen, .without the consent of the
- parents or guardiens.
L Mr. Herbert, a bill to impose a
- tax on gifts, inheritances, devises and
I -Mr. Des Chapms, a bill to establish
- experimental stations of agriculture.
F Mr. Des Champs, a bill further .reg
I ulating the granting of beneficiary
t Mr. Johnson, a bill to amend Sec
- tions of Criminal Code. so as to ap
1 ply provisions to primary elections.
Mr. Butler, a bill to amend game
law, to confine the hunting of certain
birds to rponths of January and De
Mr. DeVore, a concurrent resolu
r tion tc petition congress to repeal
t the 14th and i5th amendments of
the constitution of the United States.
I Mr.. Blease, a bill to reduce pas
i senger fare from three to two and
one half cents per mile.
Mr. Ashley, a bill ta repeal the de
partment of immigration.
Mr. Ashley, a concurrent resoluolion
to adjourn sine die iith of February.
Mr. Blease, a bill to amend Act
protecting primary elections and
conventions of political parties.
Mr. W. E. Johnson, a biil to require
the attorney, county board of com
missioners. to represent the state at
inquests of preliminary hearings of
felonies and provide for his compen
Mr. Raysor, a joint resolution to
amend Section 76. Article 4, constitu
tion in reference to time at which
governor may adjourn general assem
Mr. Sellers, a bill for the protection
of birds, other than game birds.
The Newberry delegation is lo
cated as follows: Senator Cole. L.
Blease, at Wvright's hotel; Represen
-tatives Higgins and Earhardt, are at
Lthe Caldwell hotel; and Representa
tive Taylor is at a private boarding
house on Main street.
Would Fight For It.
- Among the many stories that An
I drew Carnegie delights to) tell of
the canny Scot is one in which Lord
Derby and a collier figure.
- It appears that while the latter one
day was wandering on certain land
- belonging to Derby, the collier
chanced to meet the owner face to
t face. His loordship inquired if the
f collier knew on whose estate he was
- "Well, I've got no land o' my own
and I'm like to walk on somebody's
r Wheer did tha' get it fro'? asked the
"I got it from my ancestors," re
- plied the earl good-naturedly.
t "An' wheer did they get it fro'?"
queried the trespasser.
e "Why," continued Derby, humor
ing the collier, "they got it from their
"An' wheer did they get it fro'?"
y "They fought for it."
e Whereupon the collier put up his
- fists, and squaring up to the earl
[ "Well, T'll feight thee for it."
Legislative Committees on Which
Members From Newberry Have
Special to The Herald and News.
Columbia, S. C., January 12.-The
speaker of the house this morning
appointed his comnittees.
The Newberry delegation is repre
sented on the-following committees:
F. W. Higgins-Agriculture and
Jno. W. Earhardt-Public printing
and public buildings.
J. 3 M. Taylor-Internal improve
ments, commerce, manufacture, and
THE WAR SITUATION.
Russians in Manchuria Losing Con
fidence-The Baltic Fleet Slow
ly Progressing Eastward.
Tokio, Jan. 10, 7 p. m.-Informa
tion which has reached certain relia
ble quarters here states that the Rus
sian generals in Manchuria are los
ing confidence in Gen. Kuropatkin
and that the Russian -situation around
Mukden is a serious one. It is feared
that if Kuropatkin attacks the Japa
nese position along the Shakhe river
he will court disaster and, that his
further retreat will mean the demor
alization of his army.
This information goes on to say
that there is' constant bickering at
the Russiart Manchurian headquar
ters and that the soldiers are' discont
ed, dissatisfaction beginning with the
series of retreats after the battle of.
Telissu (Vafangow) - and the with
drawal from Liao Yang when it was
believed it was possible to hold.that
place. The climax came with the
Russian defeat at the battle of Shak
he river, following Kuropatkin's
strongly worded order directing the
forward movement, dated October 2.
This defeat brought a storm of criti
cism upon the commander in chief
and resulted in discord among the
Long inaction, the information al
leged, is undermining the moral of
the Russian army. It is pointed out
that recent skirmishes and outpost
brushes indicate that the Russian snl
diers are becoming disheartened, -s
they do not show their former tright
ing spirit or qualities.
The seige guns to be sent to Man
churia from Port Arthur will proba
ably be placed in advanced positions
for the purpose of enabling the Jap
anese to shell far into the Russian
The Baltic Fleet.
It is rumored here that a Japanese
squadron is at Diego Garcia, Chagos
The Russian admiral was informed
on January 2nd, that Japanese war
ships were proceeding to meet the
Russian squadron and that the vigi
lance of the latter was redoubled.
The aide de camp of the Russian
admiral, in an interview at Tama
tave, capital of the island of Mada
gascar, was quoted as saying that
the Russian squadron would require
a month to cross the Indian ocean.
All men who claim to be gentle
men are not free from delusions.
Those persons who make a spec
ialty of finding fault are never out
of a job.
When it comes to enjoying a vaca
tion a man isn't in it with a school
Mother--Why did you let him kiss
Mabel-I couldn't help it. I told
him to stop.
Mabel-Yes; every time.-Phila