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PORT ARTHUR SEIGE.
Courage and Ingenuity of Foes a
New York Times.
All things considered, the seige of
Port Arthur must be set down as one
of the most remarkable in history.
It will be thus -regarded on account
of its duration. the loss of life in
volved, the courage. pertiaacity and
ingenuity displayed by the opposed
Seiges of fortified qtrongholds al
ways have formed important and .n
spicuous features of the struggle be
tween warring nations, and some of
the most interesting passages in re
corded history refer to events of that
kind. But as human inventiveness
has produced successive improve
ments in all fighting machinery.
whether employed for defense or at
tack, so .the correspondingly increas
ed difficulty of investing and subject
ing a fortified place has tended to
decrease the number of seiges.
As late as the middle of the eigh
teenth century the estimated aver
age number o seiges in a campaign
exceeded the number of battles by
far. In the early part of the last
century the relation in frequen cy be
tween seiges and battles was as 16 to
ioo, and the tendency continues in
the same direction.
It is also safe to say that, as a
rule, beleaguered places cannot hold
oit as they once did before thdkad
vent of the rapid firing gun, the co
lessal pieces of modern heavy artil
lery and the high power explosive.
It is not expected that the record of a
Gibraltar, which withstood all efforts
of a determined and ingenious enemy
for more than three years, will ever
be equaled again. If, however, not
only time but conditions be borne in
mind, the months of resistance of
fered by General Stoessel must be
said to equal a period of two or three
times as long in the days of less per
fected military art.
Even Gibraltar would have suc
cumbed had its governor had to con
tend with the means employed for
the reduction of Port Arthur and the
utter- disregard of death displayed by
the Japanese . Scanning the records
of the achievements credited to Gen
eral Nogi and the assaulting army, it
seems only fair to conclude that be
fore their impetuous onslaught Sev
astopol would have had to fall in a
couple of months, and Plevna would
have been made a brief incident of
the campaign. Neyertheless these
three famous seiges form, together
with Grant and Sherman's reduction
of Vicksburg, the most fiting prece
dents the past has to offer..
The longest seige that history men
tions is that to which the Palestine
ciy of Azoth or Ashdod was subject
ed by the Egyptian Psammetichus
the Powerful in the sixth century be
fore Christ. Herodotus,relates that
it lasted twenty-nine years, that of
Troy, by the allied Greek forces,
seems brief in comparison, accord
ing to Homer. It lasted ten years
to accomplish the destruction of Car
thage. The first seige of Jerusalem
by Nebuchadnezzar, lasted one year,
five months and seven days.
General Elliott and his 5.300 Brit
ish troops held Gibraltar against the
allied French and Spanish forces un
der the Ducw de Crillon for three
years. seven months, and twvelve days.
During that time, however. he was
twvice re-enforced. Conistantinople
f ell under the attacks of the French
men after an investment of only fifty
three days. It took Grant nearly
fourteen months to subdue Vicks
burg, the final storming of that place
being only the climax of a campaign
on land and water that has much in
common with the one conducted by
General Nogi against Port Arthur.
"Chinese" Gordon held Khartum
within a few days of a year against
the forces of the mahdi. Sevastopol
resisted eleven months.
The shortest seige on record is
without doubt that of Alexander in
1881. It may be said to have lasted
only a day, but during those twelve
house ro.ooo projectiles were thrown
into the city and its fortifications.
Antwerp was taken by the French in
1832 in twenty days. and the opera
tions resulting in its reduction have
been said to constitute that event
"the most regular and scientific"
seige in history.
Other seiges famous in~ modern his
try lasted as follows:
Saranosan 4 asE Iet&i. four
months and nine days; Metz, two
months and three days; Strasburg,
one month and seventeen days: Paris,
four monis and nine days; Maie
king. .n6 days: Kimberley, 123 days, I
and Ladvsmit h, four months.
It is (Ificilit to obtain exact fig
ures in regard to the number of lives
lost in the seiges of the past. Those
available seem to indicate that the
most sanguinary struggle of that kind
in modern times at least, was the tak
ing of Plevna by Generals Skobcllff
and Taleben. Several of the assaults
connected with that struggle equal
ed in loss of life the storming of
some of Port Arthur's main defenses
by the Japanese. Thus the second
great attack, in September. 1877, re
sulted in the killing of 7,ooo Russians
in fo-ur 1.avs, and the Turkish losses
must also have been appalling. Af
ter the third attack the assailants left
i8.;co dead behind on the ield. The
total cost-in life of the Russian vic
tory- over Osman Pasha is estimated
at about ;o.oco.
Similiar sacrinces of human lives
accompanied the taking of Vicksburg
by the Federals during the civil war
and the reduction of the powerful
French f-'rtresses of Metz and Strass
burg by the Germans -n 1870. In
one way times have changed for the
better. Today bloodshed stops as
soon as the invested stronghold has
surrendered. It was different in the
olden days, when fort and city were
almost synonymous and the taking
of one often meant the complete de
struction of the other. After the
Romans had scaled the walls of Car
thage the fighting continued in the
streets for six days and night and
did not come to an end until all life
was extinct within.
Probably the most horrible event
of this kind recorded in history is the I
taking of the Greek city of Scio by
the Turks during the Greek insur
rection in 1822. The entire popula
tion, said to have numbered 40,000
souls, was slaughtered in a few hours.
The same number of non-combatants
were killed or died from sickness in
Paris during the four months of
seige. What losses of this latter
kind have been suffered at Port Ar
thur is not yet known yet. but there
is reason to believe that mortalIy has
largely been restricted to the active
The ingenuity displayed by both
assailants and defenders in their
struggle for the far eastern strong
hold has many precedents in the past'
although it may never have been ex
celled. The devices of Archimedes
have made famous the seige of Syra
cuse by the Romans in 212 B. C. The
seiges conducted by Alexander the
'Great were epoch ,naking in the his
tory of warfare.
The Early Dog Gets the Drink.
New York Press.
"The little copper drinking foun
tains for dogs, put on the street cor
ners at the bottom of lampposts."
said the man who stands all day at
Fifty-ninth street and Lexit'gton
avenue handing out transfer tickets.
"would be a fine thing if the dogs got
a chance at them. They are attrac-!
tive in apipearance, and are all right
until freezing time. They are too
shallow for winter wveather. The dog
fountains arc filled every morning
by mp~n from the Humane society.
and it is the early dog that gets the
drink. As soon as the car rush be
gins. goodby doggie..
"This fountain has been here just
one week. In that time I have seen
a man waiting for a crosstown car
spoil the dog's chance with a mouth
ful of gobacco juice; then kids and
young men fill 'em up with cigarettes:
seen women and girls throw orange
peel and apple cores into them;
matches are thrown into them by the
dozen. Before noon that dog foun
tain looks like a small swill-pail.
Dogs prefer the leakings of a' fire
hydrant on the opposite corner.
"In summer the dog fountains will
be a blessing, but the people will
have to be taught that they are for
the use of dogs, not hogs."
What He Said.
Tess-Vee. he was an old flame of
mine. Did you tell him I was en
gaged to Jack Hansom?
Tess-I suppose he wondered how
soon I would be married to him.
Jess-No; not 'how sooni,' but 'how
South Carolina Diversifies
-hough investments in cotton mill:
in Souwh Carolina during the yea:
have not been up to the limit reachet
in recent years industrial activity ii
th:T state has hy no means been re
axed, 1dging from the record o
charters granted. These have beet
for nitcen ,Itton seed oil mills,witf
an aggregate capital of $312.000
eight clayworking plants with an ag
gregate capital of $1,163,ooo. a lime
cnm1pany. a tin-mining company. lum.
her companies. granite companies, ice
nmpanies. etc.. most notable among
the new undertakings perhaps being
those for the development of the clay
deprsits: attribt,.:d by the Columbia
State to a treatize on the subject by
Mr. Farle Sloan. and those for the
velopment of water-power for elec
tric light and power purposes. rep
resentng an in rstenit of hundreds
of thousands of dollars. The situa
n n the m:1rket for raw cotton
was largely responsible for the com
parative slackness in cotton mill con
.hod~ *-~ mlst1 take intc
consideration the inclination to en
airge the operations of eXistina
plants. But tis slackness did not
mean any loss of industrial vigor
The chartering of many other indus
tries is evidence of healthy 'diversifi
cation in manifacturing. South Car
olina is not content to carry its eggs
in one basket.
Gounod's "Amber Ear."
New York Press.
"Play the 'Amber Ear," said the
waiter to the leader of the restaurant
orchestra, while the people at near
by tables chuckled.
"You mean 'The Gondolier,' " cor.
rected the leader, leaning over the
edge of the little music balcony.
"No," persisted the waiter, "I ask
ed her was that it, and she said
'No.' She wants you to play 'Am
ber Ear.' "
"You go back and ask her again,'
aid the leader with a laugh, and he
watched the waiter make his way
across the room. In a moment he
"I asked the lady, and she said
she wanted you to play the "Ambei
Ear.' " he said. with a touch of vexa
tion. "She says you ought to kno-.
it if you're a musician."
Looking I,nto the Future.
New York Press.
"I guess I might as well qui'
school, pa," said the boy.
"Why, my son?"
"Oh. there ain't any use going, ex
cept to be able to help my little boy
when I grow up, and if they have
changed the way of doing thing!
since you were a boy so that yot
can't help me it's likely I'm just wast
ing my time getting ready to help my
He got the help he wanted, but i1
was a good thing he didn't hear wha1
his father had to say about new fan
gled school books after he had gon
A Large Deficit in Treasury Report
The :rcasury departnment recently
issued a reviewv of tIhe treasury op
eratio'ns for the calendar year 1904
Tie receintS for the y'ear were $550.
0o.00oo and tile expenditures. includ
ing Panama. $36o.o00.000. making thi
deficit for the year S1oo.ooo.0oo.
Ac compared w.ithl previous year!
receipts show a falling off of S8.ooo.
ooo and the expenditures an increase
of $50.000.000. Tile decrease in cus
toms receipts were $9.o00,000, civi:
and miscellaneous expenditures in
creased $9,000.000, the navy depart
ment $23,ooo,ooo. pensions $2,ooo.o
and the interest $I.ooo,ooo
Leather Colored Stationery.
Careful women always remain loy
al to plain white glazed note paper
but there are thousands who do no1
see the wisdom'of this. To them the
fashionable paper is the new leather
color: the French call it plain brule
burnt bread. Th.is is used with the
house address at top in dull browr
or black. The envelopes are oblong
and the surface smooth and glossy.
It cannot last long, but while it doe!
it will be immensely popular.
A watched pot never boils over.
WHEN MIMNAUGH SAYS A
CHEAP SALE YOU ALL KNOW
WHAT IT MEANS. BE ON
Assessment of Personal Property
I or an auhorized agent will be
;at thC following named places for
the purpo-e of taking rctirns of per
s)na! proerty for the year 1905:
Jaybinton-Tuzuday, jan. 10.
- iymphrille--Wednesday, Jan. Ii.
Walo--Thirsdav. Jan. :2.
Poniaria-Friday, Jan. 13. l
Jolly -rcet--Monday, Jan. 16.
Little Mountain-Tuesday, Jan. 17.
O'Nea];.s---Wednesday, Janu:ry 18. 1
St. Luke's-Thursday, Jan. 19.
Pr):p-r -%--Friday and Saturd-a%
aluary 20 and 21.
A 1(1 at Newberry until F4ebr ry
"o, a*.*r wh:ch time a penalty of fty
per cent. .i l be added a.-aiist par:
i ng to make return-. While oil
the ronlicis named above my tnice
i opcn fo,)r the i: ruse Of tak
nlg r-:urns at that place. The law re
(IireS a tcx on all notcs. mortgages
and onIS, also an invo ne tax on
gro-S incomes . S.:,soo and upwards.
There shall be -i .*apitation tax of 5o
cen ts each assp.sed on all (logs. the .m
procreds to 1: e:xpended for schoo.
pirposes. AH males between the C
.ges of 21 and 6o years, except Con
federate soldiers or those persons in- a
capable of earning a support by being
maimed or from any other cause, si
are liable to poll tax, Don't ask that
your return be taken from the books o:
the same as last year. All personal
property must be relisted and sworn
Parties moving out of townships
in which their taxes were paid last e,
year should so state to assessor, so '
as to avoid their names being enter- c
ed in two townships. u
Name or number of school district %
must also be given.
Theie will be no assessment of real
estate this year, but be sure to make
transfers of all lands or lots bought
or sold since last return.
Wm. W. Cromer,
g Whenever you start out on a sh<
* This plan will save you many
* time. If we haven't just what y
*We shall not urge you to buy, b1
*goods as soon as you can. It wi
every way to make selections be:
AIR - LINE -
NORTH -SOUTH -
Two Daily Pullman Vest
Between SOUTH an
The Best Rates and Rout
Via Richmond and WA
Norfolk and Steame
Louis, Chicago, Nevi
Points South and Southwi
and Jacksonville and a
PossS-IVELy THE SHORT
aSeFor detailed information,
man reservations, etc., appiy
board Air Line Railway, or Jo
Passenger Agent, Columbia,
C. F. STEWART, Asi
-I RESTORES VITALITY
ThiE of Me.
R E \"Ci r -c tcil above result
M r.' ::Dl/:r/plny
s ' r s ::2-. v%w.rds off In
na c -' :Vigor. It
we .s3 :et rn 3 r:u,ad fits
nz.n or cus oss or cr.T: e. E:..i: carried in
:: .;-ckt. --" ' ox s2-50
mail, in 1N :k. i .Izec t
Dr. R. M. Kennedy,
Newberry, - - S. C.
OVER NATIONAL BANK.
For Sale by .
C. H. CANNON.
A Hard Task.
Midget-The fat lady says she.had
hard time making both ends meet.
Glasseater-Was she in debt when
ie said that?
Midget-No, she was trying to'put
a her belt.
The customers of the undersingn
I banks and the public generally
ill please take notic,. that they *ill
ose daily at 3 P. m., beginning Jari
ary ioth., 1905, and that no business
ill be tranacted after that hour.
National Bank of Newberry,
by T. S. Duncan, Cashier..
by Z. F. Wright, Cashier.
Newberry Savings Bank,
by J. E. Norwood, Cash ir.
December 29, 1904.
A& A&4A, I&
4 AND SEE-*
>pping tour come here first. *
unnecessary steps and much
on want then look elsewhere.
2t we do wish you to see our4
11 be to your advantage in
ore the final rush begins.
2 EAST -- WEST.
ibuied Limited Trains
di NEW YORK.
IG CAR SERVICE.
e to all Eastern Cities.
ashington, or via
~, Louisville, St.
Orleans, and All
.11 poInts In Florida
EST LINE BETWEEN
rates, schedules, Pull
to any agent of The Sea
s. W. Stewart, Traveling