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VOL. XLII. NO. 34 NEWBERRY. S. C.. FRIDAY FE3RUARY 3,1905, TWICE A WEEK, $1.50 A YEAR
MAY EASURES OF
THE BRICE LOCAL OPTION
Part of Fertilize: Inspection Tax Di
verted to Winthrop College-The
Legislatwre This Week.
Special to The Herald and News.
Columbia, February 2.-Three of
the most interesting and important
questions discussed by the general as
semblv this week were compulsory
'education, the dispensary and the
measure to reduce the income of
Clemson College and divert some of
the privilege tax money to Winthrop.
The discussion on the dispensary
was provoked in the sena.e yesterday
when the local option bill of Senator
Brice, of York, was taken up. The
bill came up yesterday morning, but
-after argument by Ehe author of the
measure debate was adjourned until
last night. Last night the bill was kill
-ed by a vote of 18 to 1n.
The Pollock bill to reduce the in
come of Clemson College and divert
some of the privilege tax -to Winthrop
consumed nearly two days in the
house. The bill as it finally passed
gives Clemson the first $75,000 of the
income from the privilege tax and
Winthrop gets the remainder. The
original bill as introduced by Mr. Pol
lock provided. that 40 per cent. of the
tax should go to Winthrop. but it was
urged that the income would be -con
siderably smaller this year and al
ways varied from year to year, and
that to give Winthrop 40- per cent. of
the tax might cut Clemson's appro
priation so much that the institution
would be seriously crippled. It twas
urged that the fertilizer tax would be
considerably smaller this year than
for a number of years past on account
of the concerted movement through
out the South for a redaction of the
cotton acreage, and this entered very
largely into the discussion. The
amendment giving Clemson a speci
fied amount of the income was pro
posed by Mr. Hemphill. Mr. Hemp
hill suggested $65.ooo but accepted
Mr. Prince's amendment making it
.After being amended in a number
of particulars Senator Raysor's com
pulsory educa'tion bill was re-com
mitted. Whether or not this means
that the bill has been buried for the
present session or that it will be re
ported back by the committee and
will pass the senate remains to be
seen. It appears from the votes which
have been taken that the senate favors
a compulsory edifcation bill of some
kind, though rhe fight against the
measure has been determined.
The Fertilizer Tax.
Following is the text of the Pollock
bill, as it passed the house, diverting
a part of the fertilizer tax income to
Section i. That the trustees of the
"Winthrop Normal and Industrial
College of SQuth Carolina" shall,
whenever requested so to do by the
board of trustees of Clemson Agricul
tural and Mechanical College, cause
to be inspected any fertilizers or fer
tilizing materials sold or offered for
sale within this State. whether man
ufactured within or without the State,
so as to determine the agricultural
value of the same as applied to farms,
~ trucking, gardens. orchards and crops
grown within the State: and shall
make report of such inspections to
the said board of trustees of Clemson
College whe:1 requested.
Section 2. That the trustees of
"Winthrop Normal and Industrial
College" of South Carolina shall cauA
experiments to be made with the sev
eral kinds of fertilizers and fertilizing
materials offered for sale within the
State: and the said trustees shall cause
the result of the use of such fertilizers
.and fertilizing materials to be report
ed to the board of trustees of said
Section 3. That from and after the
approval of this Act the treasurer of
this State shall firsc pay from the fund
arising from the privilege tax on fer
tilizers sixteen thousand, six hundred
and seventy-one dollars and 64 cents
($16.671.64) (accumulated balance) on
the order of the board of trustees of
Clemson Agricultural and Mechanical
College of South Carolina. and shall
then pay annually upon the order of
said board of trustees out of said fund
of sevency-five thousand dollars
and shall then pay out annually any
balance remaining in his hands on the
order of the board of trustees of Win
throp Normal and Industrial College
of South Carolina.
Section 4. That this Act shall go
into effect imme;.e.ly on its approv
al, and all Acts and parts of Acts in
conflict are hereby repealed.
On the motion to kill the
original bill Messrs. Earhardt, Hig
gins and Taylor voted in the negative.
The Dispensary Discussion.
When Senator Brice's local option
measure was taken up in the senate
yesterday morning, Senator Brice im
mediately secured -the floor and made
an extended argument in favor of his
measure. It had been introduced by
him, he said, for the purpose of wip
ing out the dispensary, root and
b.anch. He wanted it left to the peo
ple to say whether or not they wanted
a dispensary. His bill was practical
ly similar to his local option measure
of 1904, except that it has no taxation
provision. The original bill last year
had no taxation provision, that being
added to the bill against Senator
Brice's wish. In every county where
the fight against the dispensary has
been determined aid open, he said. it
had been successful. The tax feature
would not scare the counties which
really wished to be rid of the dispen
sary, as evidenced by the fact that
Cherokee had voted out the dispen
sary. But under the operation of the
tax feature the counties were prejudg
ed, lie said: they were deemed guilty.
He pleaded for what he cois,idered
Last night Senator C. L. Blease. of
Newberry. who moved to kill the bill,
was the first speaker. The following
report of Senator Blease's remarks
is taken from the Columbia State of
"Senator Blease said that he be
lieved that the senator from York
was sincere in his views on the dis
pensary law, and in fact believed that
he was at one time in sympathy with
it. He alluded to the. fact that the
Prohibitionists had advocated the dis
pensary law after the Childs bill was
defeated in 1892. If the prohibition
ists had helped the anti-prohibitionis'ts
the dispensary law would never have
been passed. If a stone had been
given when bread was asked for, it
was the prohibitionists who had done
"The argument had been made that
the dispensary would have been over
thrown if the people had ever had the
opportunity. Senator Blease cited the
candidacies of C. C. Featherstone and
James A. Hoyt, who had both been
defeated, and in passing paid a tribute
to both. It is now a disgrace for tche
State to sell whiskey, and yet the pro
hibition ticket had recommended it.
What matter if it was *'for medicinal
purposes," the effect is the same.
"In giving the advantages of the
dispensary law, the speaker cited the
depravity of barrooms, the stringent
regulations on dispensers as to selling
to minors, keeping open after hours.
etc., and the stamping out of the so
"There is one stench in the nostrils
of the people-the so-called "'social
club"-where men sit and drink and
play cards until the wee small hours,
but this cannot be laid at the doors of
"Seato Blease said he seldom
read from a newspaper, for he realized
that too ofren a newspaper was the
expression of one man, who, closeted
in a small room, took a drink every
now and then and enjoyed a cigarette.
However, in defense of the late H. H.
Crum, dispensary commissioner, he
read from the Evening Record of this
city an article relating to the dead
man's estate. The article stated that,
although Mr. Crum was reported to
be very rich, he left an estate of $I-.
ooo and owed from this $3,ooo. This
then was the real fortune of a man
who was said to have come to the
general assembly a poor man and
died worth $159,ooo. Why not tell the
truth about these things, asked the
senator. Pictures had been drawn of
splendid homes built by those in
charge of the dispensary, when in
reality some of these homes were
really crowded cottages.
"The question was too big for local
control. If the Soo voters of New
berry decided by a majority of roo to
vote out this dispensary, would this
be justice to the other citizens of the
"He was sorry that the dispensary
investigation resolution had not, as
originally intended, been carried out,
so that the committee would have re
ported by Feb. x, x9o5. It had been
said that this resolution had been dic
tated by a member of the State board
of directors, but this Senator Blease
denied with great vigor.
'Hubert H. Evans never saw it. He
did not know of it until next day,
when he heard of it or read it in the
newspapers, said the senator.
-The negro question was brought
in by the senator from Newberry,
who said that if the Brice bill prevail
ed the brother in black would then
have equal right with the white man
to dictate as to the continuance of a
"You cannot condemn the whole for
the faults of the part, any more than
one would condemn a city because it
had vile precincts. Put good men in
charge of it-and I don't say that
those in charge are not good men
and it will be the best law ever placed
on the statute books.
"After giving the conduct of the dis
pensary at Newberry. by the dispen
ser recently dead, as a splendid ex
ample for bther communities to fol
low, The Senator from Newberry said
that he would like to see the question
put to a vote, especially in a guberna
torial campaign. He painted pictures
of the ante-dispensary regime and said
hat he thought that Columbia and
Charleston would never vote it out.
"In ending Senator Blease urged the
members of the general assembly to
kill all bills breaking down the dis
pensary law and to put the best men
available in charge of it."
After some further discussion the
vote was taken on Senator Blease's
motion to strike out the enacting
words, resulting as follows:
Ayes-Senators Bivens. Blake.
Blease, C. L.; Blease, E. S.; Carpen
ter, Christensen, Davis, Dennis, Doug
lass, Hay, Manning, McGowan, Mc
Leod, Raysor, Stackhouse, Talbert.
Nays-Senators Black, Brice, Hood,
Brown, Brooks, Hardin, Holliday,
Hudson, Mauldin, McIver, Wells-il.
Senators Efird and W. E. Johnson
were paired. The former would have
voted aye, the latter nay. Senators
Marshall and Peurifoy were paired.
The former would have voted nay, the
latter aye. Senators von Kolnitz
and Warren were paired. The former
would have voted nay, the latter aye.
The following senators were ab
sent when the roll was called. Sen
ators Bates, Butler, Earle, Hough, WV.
Compulsory Education Bill.
Senator Raysor's compulsory edu
cation bill, which has now been re
committed, has been discussed in the
senate- at length for several days and
a number of votes have been taken
on the measure and on proposed
amendments. An amendme:it by
Senator McTver that sentence would
be suspended on parents who promis
ed to send their children 'o school.
was adopted. as was an amendment
by Senator Raysor to make the age
I limit 12 instead of 14 years. Another
amendment, submitted by Senator E.
S. Blease, and which was adopted,
provided Ehat no prosecution should
be carried on if not instituted within
thirty days. Senator C. L. Blease
proposed an amendment that children
who had to support themselves should
be paid $5 per month while in school
and Eheir book s given free by the
county. Senator Blease strongly
defended this amendment, but it was
finally killed. Senator Blease has
been one of the most determined
opponents of the compulsory educa
tion bill as a whole. Yesterday
Senator Blease offered an amendment
to strike out the section providing for
punishment by imprisonment. Final
ly Senator Blease moved to recommit
the bill and the motion was adopted
and the bill recommitted.
The committee on free conference
reported on the dispensary investiga
ting committee differences. Accord
ing to it the committee may sit in
definitely; the provision exempting
those who testify from prosecution
was stricken out; a provision was in
serted looking to the investigation of
the legality of beer dispensaries.
As to Closing a Dispensary.
Yesterday Senator Blease had his
bill amending the dispensary law to
prevent closing of a dispensary after
the death of a dispenser until the ap
pointment of as uccessor, called up.
Senator Blease cited the instance of
the closing of the Newberry dispen
sary. His bill provides that the coun
ty board of control may appoint a
temporary dispenser. The measure
was opposed by Senator Brice, but it
pased third reading and was ordered
sent to the house.
For Better School Houses.
After considerable debate the
house has passed the Richards bill to
encourage the erection of adequate
public school buildings. The bill is
as follows, the only amendment which
has been adopted being to' permit the
county board to vote $50 for every
Sioo raised by a community. Th'e orig
inal bill, t will be seen, provides for
the patrons to raise $300 and the
county to give $1oo. Following is the
text of the original bill:
Section 1. That the county boards
of education of the various counties
of this State be, and the same hereby,
authorized to annually set aside, from
the surplus remaining from the net
income derived by the State from the
dispensary profits, an amount equal
to fnve per cent, of the entire public
school funds of their respective coun!
ties. wvhich said amounts shall be
used by the said county boards of ed
ucation for the purpose of encourag
ing and aiding in the construction of
adequate public school buildings in
their respective counties.
Section 2. That when the friends,
patrons or trus-tees of any public
school in any school district in any
county in this State shall raise by pri
vate subscription, special tax, regular
tax, sale of old buildings, issuing
bonds, or otherwise, funds for build
ing a school house in such district, the
county board of education of such
county shall turn over to the trustees
for such school, from funds set aside
for such purpose under this Act, one
hundred dollars ($ioo) for each three
hundred dollars so raised by such
friends, patrons or trustees for con
structing such school building: Pro
vided, no one school shall receive
more than three hundred dollars un
der the provisions of this Act: Pro
vided, further, that no more than one
school in any one district, in any one
year shall receive such aid.
Sectin 3. Thar county boards of
education shall give the preference
to ,chool districts which have com
bined and consolidated two or more
Section 4. That any school district
availing itself of the provisions of this
Act shall comply with plans and spe
cifcations approved by the State
board of education.
Secti,on 5. That no school shall re
ceive aid under the provisions of this
Act without the approval of the coun
ty board o education.
Section 6. That the funds provided
for in this Act be paid out by the
county treasurer only upon the war
raijt of the county board of educatron,
countersigned by the county superin
tendent of education, and any funds
not used by the end of the year, shall
revert back to the general school fund
of the respective counties. This Act
to go into effect immediately on its
Two More Weeks.
More than two weeks of the session
remain. Both houses have a large
number of important measures to dis
pose of during that time. Night ses
sions have already begun and will be
the rule from this time until the close
of the session.
The phosphate ~actory bill is now
before the Senate committee on agri
culture. A number of other important
measures are still befor, committees.
J. K. A.
AGE OF A HORSE.
How You May Tell It By Examining I
The Animal's Teeth.
At public sales one sees so many old
horses sold for young ones that he
who can tell their age feels no little
sympathy for a neighbor who buys a
fourteen-year-old and pays a six-year
old price for it. Nearly every one can
tell a very old horse from a very
young one. Frequently one sees a
sleek, fat, high lifed animal passing
from general appearance for a five
or six year old that is fully -Ewice as
The lower front teeth, if healthy
and natural, are practically an accur
ate guide, says the Baltimore Sun. A
yearling has very short teeth, with
deep cups in the center, the two end
ones being shorter than the others.
A two-year-old has short teeth,
with comparatively shallow cups.
A three-year-old has two long teeth
in the center, with two short or "colt"
teeth on either side.
A four-year-old has four long teeth-.
with one short one on either side.
A five-year-old has six long teeth,
with deep cups in centers.
A seven-year-old has the center
teeth worn nearly smooth, cups of
second pair shallow.
An eight-year-old has the second
pair worn nearly smooth.
A ten-year-ol'd is commonly spok
en of as a "smooth mouthed" horse
--i. e., no cups. As the animal grows
older the teeth become worn in pro
portion and the corners of the end
teeth become rounded.
To t:ell -the age with any degree of
accuracy beyond twelve requires
much experience and the examination
of many sets of teeth.
The new passengers of the Ham
burg-American line will be fitted up
with restaurants, so that passengers
may eat as often as they choose, in
stead of only seven times a day, as
on the old-fashioned ships.
Her Booby Prize.
A Hoboken girl who tired of wait
ing for the bridegroom turned wed
ding reception into euchre party. No
body could blame her for offering the
missing brigegroom as a booby prize.