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REDUCE THE ACREAGE.
A Farmer Appeals to Farmers to
Plant Less Cotton and Raise
More Supplies at Home.
E'itor The Herald and News: The
great slump in the cotton market for
the past two months has demoraliz
ed business of almost every trade,
and the absorbing question among
the farmers of the southern states
now is, What must we do to be saved
from the hands of :he speculator?
Just one year ago cotton was selling
for 16.40. Now it is 7 3-16. A
bale of cotton weighing 450 pounds a
year ago would have brought $73.80
and now a bale of the same weight,
with the present price, will bring
$32.34, making a reduction in one bale
of cotton in one year's time $41.46.
Why has there been such a tumble in
the marke: as this? The question is
easily 'answered. It is just as plain
as the nose on your face. W.hen cot
ton went to 6 cents per potnd the
great surplus had worked off and the
yield of 1903 had run short; and this
is what makes the price of any com
modity advance. But there is no use
to r;i:erate this. The farmers all
knew it but they became too enthus
ed: the glory became too great; all
went to work with a vim and made
the effort of their lives to raise a big
crop and get rich and be done with it.
There was more commercial fertilizer
hauled out in the country last spring
than had ever been known before.
So the speculators got the run on us
before the crop was planted. They
base the coming crop largely upon
the amount of fertilizer sold.
Everything was favorable last
spring for the farmers to plant a big
cotton crop. The bankers and mer
chants opened the flood gates to c-ed
it. They said, go ahead, boys. you
will never see 5 cents cotton any
more. So after the good Lord has
blessed the earth she has brought
forth one of the largest cotton crops
that-has ever been on record.
So here we are in the ditch again,
holding meetings, calling conventions,
and begging each other to reduce the
acreage of the coming crop. We have
our future prosperity in our own
hands and can make or mar it.
If we act wisely, we will curtail
the acreage of the present crop at
least 25 per cent. and the amount of
commercial fertilizers at least 5o per
cent. If this is done we will see our
staple open at 1o cents next fall.
What's the use of planting the whole
earth in cotton when we can receive
just as much for a small crop as a
large one, and the increased grain
crop as la large one grown on
grown on the surplus land will
be clear gain? But if we farmers are
determined not to learn by experience
and go to wvork this spring and stuff
the earth full of cotton again, each
one expecting to profit on the reduc
ed acreage of his neighbors, which is~
so often the case, we will again over
stock the market and with the large
surplus already on hand it will be a
hard matter to get even 5 cents for
the staple next fall.
I have no serious objections to or
ganizations, but it looks so silly that
intelligent people have to be organiz
ed for doing what they already know
to be a rorotection to themselves and
Every farmer should solemnly ob
ligate himself to plant a certain num
ber of acres in cotton to the plow,
and not go a furrow in excess, of that
limit. Say twelve acres to the plow.
If this is done the world will see that
our cot:on growers mean business
and there will be a scramble next fall
to buy our crop at the highest mar
ket price as soon as it is gathered.
Oh, to God would the time come
when every farmer in the south could
eat bread from his own fields and meat
-from his own pastures, and disturbed
by no creditors and enslaved by no
debt sit amidst his teeming gar
dens and orchards, dairy and barn
yads pitching his own crops in his
own wisdom and growing them in in
dependence, making cotton his clean
surplus and selling it in his own time
and his own chosen market! Then
and then alone will the fullness of
God-given rights rest upon the heads
.of the poor old down-trodden far
Great is King Cotton. but to lie at
his feet wvhile the'usurer and grain
raiser bind us .y subjection is to in
v:te Contempt o)f man and the re
proach (of God. Just such as I have
;aid has been repeated time after
lime until it ha. become as an old
song and the farmer has been going
headlong without taking the proper
thought of his interest. But a burnt
child dreads fire and the farmers have
been burnt so often they are now
ready to take warning. So the great
slump in the cotton market could not
have struck the country at a better
time. And the low price paid for cot
ton seed has only been a blessing to
the farmers in disguise. There are
thousands of bushels of cotton seed
in the country that would have been
in the hands of the oil men had the7
price gone to 30 cents per bushel.
But the oil men are going to run seed
up now pretty soon, but hold your
-eed. fellow farmers, unless you can
get 30 cents per bushel for them.
They are worth anything below that
on our farms and they will help you
:o lessen your guano debt.
Let's see one time if we can't give
the manufacturers of fertilizers an
overproduction of guano.
Now, conclusion, there is no use
of all tallI and no action. Something
has got to be done and it's no use
waiting on the other fellow. Each
:nan that plaaLts cotton seed
is directly interested. While we are
-ot opposed to organizations, let's
not wait on organizations to help us
out of the di:ch. And remember that
its a dangerous thing to fill the earth
ngain this spring with cotton seed.
Yours most truly,
T. J. W.
Husbands to Burn.
A good sort of a trolly conductor,
who has ears fof other things besides
the bell of his fare register and whose
runin Brooklyn brings him passen
--ers to and from a certain cemetery,
-:ouches for this story:
A woman boarded his car at the
c-metery the o:her day shaking with
sobs. She had not been in the car
long when two women took seats op
-osite her. One of them seemed to
recognize the woman from the ceme
.ery, hesitated for a moment, then
crossed the aisle and spoke to her.
The sobbing one looked up and the
identificatioin was conplete.
"Why, Mary,'"said the woman who
had crossed the aisle, "where have
you been for so long and what is the
"I have been married," came the
s >b-broken answer, "and I'm just af
ter cremating my husband."
Condolences were offered and the
v:idow soon afterward left the car
rparently cheered. while her friend
returned to the seat beside her com
y anion and told all that Mary had un
b >somed to her.
"And she's got husbands to burn,"
r imarked the companion enviously,
-.vhile I'm still single."
For Sale by
C. H. CANNON.
Dr. R. M. Kennedy,
Newberry, - - S. C.
OVER NATIONAL BANK.
When the Bundle Comes Back
WITH EVERY PIECE, PURE,
SWVEET, SPOTLESS, WHITE,
WELL WASHED, NICELY
STARCHED, NEATLY IRONED
AND NOTHING TORN.
You Are Well Pleased.
THAT'S JUST THE KIND OF
The Newberry SteamLaundry Co.
CAN'T WE CALL FOR YOUR
BUNDLE~ AND DELIVER IT
How Niagara Helps Trade.
A clCver game which is woirked at
Niagara during the winter months
by shrewd merchants is described in
an article by Mr. Broughton Bran
denburg on "The Carnival of Ice at
Niagara" in Harper's Weekly. Shaties
are built on the ice halfway to the
shore on the exact boundary line be
tween the United States and Canada
and occupied by traders. As they
have neither rent, United States duty
nor Canadian license to pay, they are
enabled to offer their goods for sale
at greatly reduced prices. The offi
cers of neither country disturb them,
because they would first be compell
ed to prove jurisdiction. This would
be impossible for by the time the
courts got round to it it would be
spring, and both :he ice and the shan
ties would be gone.
Utah's Germ Day.
The state of Utah has established a
holiday in honor of germs. It is call
ed General Health day and is the first
Monday in October. On this day all
theatres, churches, public hall, hotels,
boarding houses, etc., must be thor
Little Woman's Query.
Ethel-Pa, why does Uncle Frank
always say 'beware of widows?'
Pa-Because, my child, widows are
supposed to be expert in catching
Ethel-Gracious! I wonder if I'll
have to be a widow before I can get
EXCHANGE YOUR COTTON
SEED FOR MEAL.
We give 1200 pounds of 8 per ceft.
meal for a ton of cotton seed, or
1300 pounds of 7 1-2 per cent. meal
for a ton of seed. One ton of seed
contains about 6o pounds of amonia,
while 1200 pounds of 8 per cent.
neal contains 96 pounds of amonia.
Amonia is the valuable thing in cot
ion seed for the fertilizer. By ex
changing you make 36 pounds of
amonia per ton at 16 cents per
pound. This makes $5.76. Besides
you get more than one dollars worth
cf additional potash and Phos. Acid.
By exchanging you get from us a7c
least $6.76 worth of fertilizer more
than your seed contains.
Can you afford to put them in the
Bring us your seed and get meal
t'ie same day.
Farmers' Oil Mill.
Eusiness, Home, Lands or
Farm, Stocks, Bonds,
Mortgages or Notes,
Bought and Sold.
Business, home, land, stock, bonds,
farm, or mortgage, no matter where
1<-ated, we will buy or sell. If we did
not have the facilities and ability to
buy, sell or rent your property, we
certainly could not afford to be in busi
ness. Our methods of intelligently ad
vertising cost us a neat little sum.
We must sell, or rent, or go out of
business, but to be real frank about it,
we are in the business to stay a while
whether we sell or not; we have money
to loan and we are making more every
day. Our commissions amount to a
much neater sum.
Dealing through other agents or
branch houses throughout the conmry,
we place your property or wants in the
hands of 3,000 energet'c men who are~
constantly looking out for you. We
can find a purchaser for every house,
lot, stock, bond, or mortgage that you
may have for sale, it makes no matter
where locat- d, or what it is worth.
We give a partial list of property in
Newberry, S. C. for sale:
$6,000 Store on Main street.
300 Brick making machine.
9.000 Handsome home with six acres
650 Cute home for young couple.
3,500 Elegant house and lot, four blocks
2,000 Entire block, two houses, right
1,200 Cash. Five room house, an ideal
800 Four room cottage, half mile.
6,000 New house and ten acres land,
one mile from town.
1,100 Will buy a nice home for newly
1,400 House and lot, only two blocks
We have five good families who want
We have Bank stock that pays 34
semi-annually for 120.
We have stocks at and below par.
If there is anything under the sun
you want you better consult us, we are
the only people who keep in close touch
Long distance telephone No. 200.
Call e-write today.
ROWLAND G. SPEARMAN & CO.
Office Lane Bldg-, Newherry, S. .
FTZKNUMM =w= MWMEMUM
SPIRITS OF I
Spirits of Camphor is one of
the most useful household rem
edies made, and is more or less
useful in proportion to its purity
I and strength. The official di
N rections for making Spirits of
Gum Camphor ozs. I 1-2
This is exactly how ours is made
and the absence of water can
I be proven by burning it. Noth
I ing remains. If you buy half
I pint whiskey for 15c. and put
I 5c. Gum Camphor in it you have
1 8 ounces of half strength goods.
I We sell you 6 ounces full
strength Alcohol and Camphor
for 25 cents. The best is actu
ally the cheapest.
I GILDER, WEEKS & HUNTER,I
The Right Drug Store, I
NEWBERRY, S. C,
The Smith Co
Headquarters for General MIerchandise..
Ask any one where you can buy anything in~
General Merchandise, and buy it cheaper than
anywhers else, quality considered, and they
will tell you to go to The Smith Co.
We never advertise anything that we do not have, and always sell as
we advertise it.
For the next thirty days, at cheap prices, we will sell the following
goods: Shoes, Dry Goods, Notions, Crockery Ware and Tobacco.
We also have the finest assortment of Molasses in town, prices rang
ing from 2oc. to 6oc. per gallon. We have just received our stock of
Seed Potatoes, Red Bliss. first and second crop, and Garden Seed of
When you have a list of goods to buy come to our store and save
time, for we can come nearer filling every item, and fill it cheaper, than
any other store in Newberry.
THE SOUTH'S GREA TEST SYSTEM.
UNEXCELLED DINING CAR SERVICE.
THROUGHIPUJLLMAN SLEEPING CARS ON ALL THROUGH
CONVENIENT SCHEDULES ON ALL.LOCAL TRAINS.
WINTER TOURISTS' RATES are now in effect to all Florida
For full information as to rates, routes, etc.; consult nearest Southern
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT, Division Passenger Agent,
Charleston, . C .