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REPLIES TO MILES
'THE SHACKLING OF PREST
DENT JEFFERSON DAVIS.
Mrs. J. A. Hayes Calls Miles's De
fense on His Conduct on That
Occasion "A Tissue of
Mrs. J. A. Hayes, the eldest daugh
ter of the f;rst and only president
of the Southern Confederacy. has
iritten a letttr to the New York
World, in which she mercilessly an
alyzes Gen. Nelson A. Miles's expla
wation of his conduct n the shack
ing of her father, Jefferson Davis.
The article, which appeared in the
New York World of Sunday. is as
That dramatic and intensely human
Mncident of the great Civil war, the
skackling of Jefferson Davis in his
celh at Fortress Monroe. is vividly
recalled today by a letter from Mrs.
J. A. Hayes, the eledest daughter of
the once president of the Confeder
ate States of America, in which she
mercilessly analyzes Lieut. Gen.
Miles explanation of his conduct on
that occasion. Her letter is as -ol
"No. 832 North Cascade Avenue,
Colorado, Springs, Colo.,
Feb. 15, 1905.
Editor Sunday World:
My Dear Sir: I was surprised to
receive a marked edition of the Rich
mnend (Va.) Times-Dispatch of Fri
day, Feb. 3., with an article by Lieut.
Gen. N. A. Miles, headed "'Miles
Says Davis Tried to Escape." The
article is a tissue of falsehoods from
beginning to end.
Cet any fair-minded person 1ead
the account of 'Miles' treatment of
Jefferson Davis in Mrs. Jefferson
Davis' book, "Jefferson Davis, ex
President of the Confederate States;
A Memoir by His Wife," and "The
Prison Life of Jefferson Davis," by
Brevet Lieut. Gen. John J. Craven,
late surgeon United States volunteers
and physician of the prisoner during
bis confinement in Fortress Monroe.
In these works they can read all for
Gen. Miles is right in saying Jef
ferson Davis did not surrender when
Richmond was captured. It would
be a poor leader of his people who
would do so, as long as eveni the
ghost of a hope remained, as long
as there were men left with spirits
as dauntless as his own, willing 1.0
fight for their cause and their rights.
When Mr. Davis was captured and
left wjth but one man to guard him,
he did make an attempt to escape.
and but for an unfortunate accident
he would probably have succeeded.
Gen. Miles, however, with his usualj
evasion of the truth, neglects to say
whe:re this effort was made, and
leaves it to be supposed it was made
in his cell a: Fortress Monroe in
stead o.f in the woods of Georgia.
* Immediately after tihe incarcera
lion, Mr. Davis was ill enough to
-make it necessary to have Dr. Crav
en in attendance. and, guarded day
and night so vigilantly that even a
younger, stronger and healthier man
would have found escape impossible,
Mlr. Davis was brought by Miles to
F,rtress Monroe on May 2,* and on
the morning of May 25, Dr. Craven
"Capt. Jerome E. Titlow of the
Third Pennsylvania artillery entered
the prisoner's cell, followed by the
blacksmith of the fort and his assis
tant, the latter carrying in his hands
some heavy and harshly- rattling
They sound Mr. Davis feverish and*
ilt, and5th revolting food placed
niear him the day before still untouch
ed on its tin plate, served as it might
have been to a dog, without knife
Heavy Fetters of Iron.
Capt. Titlow, the courteous, con
siderate gentleman that he was, re
luctantly informed Mr. Davis what
he had been ordered by Miles to do.
Dr. Craven describes these fetters
quite differently from Gen. Miles.
He says, on page 35 of his book:
"These fetters were of heavy iron,
probably five-eighths of an inch in
thickness, and connected together by
a chain of like weight. I believe they
are now in the possession of Maj.
the State. F
Mr. IDavis requested to see Gen.
Miles. not believin-; the United States
governmemz had ordered such an in
dignity put upon a prisoner of stace.
Capt. Titlow advised Mr. Davis to
submit with patience, as he (Capt.
Titlow), being a soldier, was bound
to execute orders.
Mr. Davis then answered:
"These are nct orders for a so,
dier. They are orders for a jailer,
for a hangman, which no soldier
wearing a sword should accept. I tell
you the world will ring with this dis
grace. The war is over, the South
conquered, and it is for the honor of
America, as for my own honor and
life, that I plead against this degra
dation. Kill me rather than inflict on
me and on my people this insult
worse than death. There must be
some mistake. Gen. Miles can tele
graph. No such outrage as you
threaten me with is on record in the
history of nations."
Capt. Titlow, feeling he was pow
erless to do anything but obey the
orders Gen. Miles gave him, saying
they were orders he had received
from Washington, told the black
smith to do his duty. As the man ad
vanced with the shackles Mr. Davis,
invalid though he was, weakened by
fasting and agony of spirit, could not
endure the thought of this indignity
-his proud soul refusing to accept
a felon's fate--seized his assailant
with a strength born of a frenzy
which makes the weakest invalid a
giant of strength at times and hurled
him halfway across the room. The
man raised his hammer to strike, but
Capt. Titlow forbade violence to the
prisoner. Mr. Davis backed himself
against the wall, and again Capt. Tit
low begged him to submit. Mr. Dav
"I am a prisoner of war. I have
been a soldier in the armies of Amer
ica and know how to die. Kill me
and my last breath shall be a bless
ing on your ~ead. but while I have
life and strength to resist for myself
and for my people this thing shall
not be done."
Thereupon Capt. Titlow called in a
'rgeanlt and a file of soldiers, and
the sergean-. advanced to seize Mr.
Davis. Mr. Davis resisted him, and
o great wvas the agony of shame he
endured 't lent him an extraordinary
strength m.at.only after he wvasas
sailed and held down by four powvet
ful men could the blacksmith rivet
on the shackles. Afterwards in
speaking of his resistance to Dr.
Craven he said: "As a last resource
of desperation I seized the soldier's
musket and attempted to wrench it
from his grasp, hoping in the scuffile
and surprise some one of his comrade
would shoot or bayonet me."
Dr. Craven says that two days af
ter Mr. Davis was shackled he was
called in to see him, and, finding him
so very weak, ill and emaciated that
the one thin camp mattress did not
protect his skin from chafing against
the slats of his bed, Dr. Craven or
dered an additional hospital mattress
and a softer pillow than the one made
of hair Mr. Davis had. Hie also or
dered stopped the needless tortue of
denying Mr. Davis tobacco, and re
eived the gratitude of his patient.
Shackled so He Could not Walk.
When Dr. Craven suggested, as a
remedy for dyspepsia, that Mr. Dav
is should take what exercise he could,
Mr. Davis answered by uncovering
the blankets from his feet and show
ing his shackled ankles, saying: "It
is impossible for me, doctor; I cannot
even stand erect. These shackles are
resh Car Loa
es and terms
A fire which started in Indianpo
lis destoryel roperty valued at $I,
500,000. For four hours the whole
sale district bounded by Georgia and
Meridian streets, Jackson place and
the union depot sheds was menaced.
When the fire was brought under
control eight buildings, among which
were three hotels, had been com
pletely destroyed. One firemau was
hurt by falling walls.
A fire on the Boston water front
on Monday night entailed heavy loss
es. It is believed the origin was
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Chas. M. Gibson,
Young's Island, S. C.
NOTICE FINAL SETTLEMENT.
Notice is hereby given that I will
make a final settlement on the estate
of David I. Fulmer, deceased, on
W.~ednesday, March I, 19o5, in the
Prabate Court, and will immediately
thereafter apply for letters dismis
sory as Administrator of said David
Thomas J. Fulmer,.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,1
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY,
By Jno. C. Wilson, Esquire, Probate
WHEREAS Jno. M. Suber bath
made suit to me, to grant him Let
ters of Administration of the Estate
of and effects of John J. Mayer.
THESE ARE THEREFORE to
cite and admonish all and singular,
the kindred and Creditors of the said
John J. Mayer deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probate, to be held at Newberry
on Tuesday. January 31 next after
publication thereof, at 11 o'clock in
the forenoon, to show cause, if any
they have, why the said Administra
tion should not be granted.
GIVEN under my Hand, this 17th
day of January Anno Domini, 1905.
Jno. C. Wilson,
J. P. N. C.
NEW YEAR.EW PLACE.
We have Moved into our Handsome
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We Wish to Express our Sincere
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dently Trust that the Patronage Will
J. W. W HIT E.
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