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ciain. how maiy pounidz. I try
to mox., the trip n. uId have al
readv abraded broad patci-es (f skin
from the parts they toucl,. Can vou
devise no means to pad or cushion
them, so that when I try to drag
them along they will not chafe me
so intolerably? My limbs havc so t
tle flesh on them, and that so weak
as to be easily lacerated."
Dr. Craven said this appeal sent
the first thrill of sympathy for his
prisoner patient through him, so he
went to Gen. Miles and told him the
shackles must be removed. Gen.
Miles asked if it was "a medical ne
cessity," hesitated and gave no prom
ise; yet the iron doors to Mr. Davis'
cell were by that time in place.
This Gen. Miles did in spite of the
fact that he was allowed by Assis
tant Secretary of War Charles A.
acle Mr. Davis, to use his discretion,
acel Mr. Davis, to use his discretion.
as Gen. Miles himself states in his
article published in your paper.
Mr. Davis would certainly have
died under the tortue Miles inflicted
upon him in denying him the neceb
sary quiet his extreme nervous ex
haustion demanded as well as from
the starvation incident to his inabili
ty to eat the coarse food coarsely
served, which Gen. Miles ordered,
had not Dr. Craven insisted on Miles
allowing him to send properly pre
pared delicate food from his own ta
ble, and in other ways lessened the
severity of the treatment Miles gave
When Miss Margaret Howell, my
mother's young sister, lay ill on
board the Clyde, and Col. James,
chief quartermaster, called on Dr.
Craven and asked him to visit the
Clyde, lying off Fortress Monroe as
there was a very ill woman on board,
Dr. Craven asked a permit of Gen.
Miles to do this. The latter said,
however, that his orders were to al
low no communication with the ship
on which Mrs. Davis, her four little
children, her young sister, Mrs. Clay,
and others were detained helpless
prisoners of war. Mr. Davis was hor
ror-stricken when it was reported to
him, and exclaimed, "No gentleman,
no man or Christian or even human
being would have so acted." He also
said he had "heard Gen. Miles was
from Massachusetts, but it was not
much for Massachusetts to boast that
one of her sons had been appointed
his jailer, and it was becoming such
a jailer to oppress helpless wornen
Gen Miles would not even allow
Mr. Davis to have access to his linen
but doled out his clothes as he might
to a convict and ,certainly, not often
enough in our warm southern climate
in June, to insure comfort. Gen.
Miles gave him no suit of outer cloth
ing other than the one he had on
.-when put in tprison. After being
S told that Mr. Davis' sight was rapidly
failing on account of the light kept
burning in his cell day and night, Mr.
Davis having partially lost the sight
-of one eye in Mexico during his bril
liant services to the United States,
Miles made no change. Owing to
the damp, unhealthy condition of Mr.
Davis's quarters, which Gen. Miles
his jailer, did nothing to make better,
Mr. Davis developed erysipelas and
Dr. Craven despaired of his life and
did all his humane instincts, curbed
by Miles' orders, would permit to re
lieve his patient, and no doubt saved
his life. Miss Anna Craven, Dr. Cra
ven's daughter. took charge of the
preparation of Mr. Davis' meals, and
in sending her a message of thanks
Mr. Davis said he might never see
her to express this himself, but his
children would some day rise up and
call her blessed. I am the only one
left of those sons and daughters of
Jefferson Davis, but Dr. Craven s
memory is green in my heart, and I
pray God to bless all w~ho bear his
No sons remain to answer the false
hoods Gen. Miles has putblishea, but
I assert Gen. Miles did not know tne
treatment due a prisoner of state, a
gentleman, a representative of the
conquered south, nor was he consid
erate or humane. On the contrary,
as your fair-minde.d---eaders will
agree, I am sure, tht ~..idmony I of
fer proves him unmanly, brutal, cruel
-all that an American soldier should
not be, and a disgrace to his state.
He offered Mrs. Davis scant civility,
and made it as hard for her as possi
ble when at last she wn nawd to
j.in \Ir. Davihe being reported' to
b < c1ndition. Gen. Miles
et n. ur:on to) put Nlr,.
D n the side of t1he ;ort occu
ped by the woien of the camp, but
Gen. Burton. who was always most
considerate of Mrs. Davis, said that
such a course would inflict a great
indignity on Mrs. Davis, then a
young and handsome woman. This,
Gen. Burton said, notwithstanding
Gen. Miles' assertion that it was "an
impropriety to associate Mrs. Davis
with the wives of United States offi
cers." Declining Gen. Miles' advice,
Gen. Burton assigned Mrs.. Davis to
a casement in the row of officers'
wives. Gen. Miles having forbidden
the officers to accompany Mrs. Davis
to Mr. Davis' prison these refined
and kind-hearted gentlemen apologiz
ed for sending an orderly instead of
escorting Mrs. Davis themselves, say
ing that Gen. Miles had given the or
She Gives the Lie to Gen. Miles.
Miles denied this, with as little re
gard for truth as he has shown in
other instances, so the officers signed
a statement to the effect that he had
given it verbally before several wit
nesses after guard mounting. Miles
made no further denial, I beheve.
In speaking of Gen. Miles in her me
moirs., Mrs. Davis says: "We ex
cused much to Gen. Miles, whose op
portunities to learn the habits of re
fined people were said to have been
few, and his sectional feeling very
bitter; but that he should not have
been moved at the age of 26 by the
evident physical and mental anguish
of his prisoner and should have de
vised ingenious tortues for him, we
could not understand. Finally after
trying sincerely to propitiate him,
my efforts ceased." It is scarcely
likely that, feeling as Mrs. Davis evi
dently does, she would have written
thanking Miles for courtesy to her,
as he states, and Dr. Craven dis%nct
ly says he considered some of Gen.
Miles's orders, as to Mr. Davis'
treatment, cruel. The consideratron
and gentle treatment shown Mr. and
Mrs. Davis by the rest of the officers
and soldiers generally speaks vol
Dr. Craven's book will answer
Miles' assertion that Mr. Davis'
health was not impared by his treat
ment and imprisonment. Dr. Crav
en's reports, I suppose, still exist
among the war department papein.
No luxuries or comforts were volun
tarily allowed Mr. Davis at any t14ne
by Gen. Miles. He was forced to ac
cord such indulgences through Dr.
Craven and others.
I, the daughter of Jefferson Davis.
ask you and the fair-minded news
papers in every part of America to
print this, my answer to the article
p:-inted by Gen. Miles denying his
sins against the laws of common hu
manity when Jefferson Davis was a
helpless, heartbroken prisoner under
Margaret Howell Jefferson Davis
Mrs. Hayes then adds, still writing
to The World:
"In addition to my letter, and in
answer to an article printed in this
morning's Gazette, dated Feb. 8, Bos
ton. Mass., allow me to say that in
telligent readers will scarcely credit
'A pamphlet printed in 1904, by. Gib
son Bros., of Washington, D. C.,' as
readinig as they would the daily re
port of a U. S. Army officer and sur
geon, 'written at the time he was in
daily atendance upon Jefferson Davis
in pr'on, extending over a period of
~months, which I have quoted.
'Nearly all T have stated can be
found in Dr. Craven's book, and in
quoting him I felt that both the
north and the south wvould agree that
Dr. Crav'en's account would show
him to have been devoid of p)rejudice
and without any ob)jct other than tw
state the truth.
- The letter Gen. Miles prints today,
said by him to have been written by
Mrs. Jefferson Davis, I should
think he would be ashamed to offer
for publication, as the date shows it
was written from the vessel Clyde
on which Mr. Davis, his family, and
other distinguished prisoners were
taken to Fortress Monroe, arriving
there the day before the date of the
note Gen. Miles publishes, namely,
May 22, 1865. From the Clyde Mr.
Davis and other nrisoners of stat
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were transferred on May 22, to a tug
boat, leaving Mrs. Davis, hopeless
and heartbroken, with her four httle
children on the Clyde, fearing the
worst for their idolized father and
Miles Discourteous to Mrs. Davis.
"Mrs. Davis states that on May 23,
the following day, Gen. Miles canie
on board the vessel and refused to
give her any information as to Mr.
Davis' condition, and was not re
spectful or courteous, refusing even
to tell Mrs. Davis what her own des
tination was, adding that 'Davis' had
announced Mr. Lincoln's assassina
tion the day before it happened (an
utter falsehood, of course), and he
'guessed' he knew all about it.
"As when Mr. Davis requested to
see Gen. Miles, Capt. Titlow said he
(Gen. Miles) was leaving the fort, it
must have been during the time Gen.
Miles was on board the Clyde that
his orders to put irons on Mr. Davis
were carried out; but, as no newspa
pers were allowed on board, and the
vessel sailed under sealed orders the
next day, May 24, 1865, the helpless,
broken-hearted young wife was mer
cifully spared the terrible shock this
knowledge would have brought to
her till later on, and the pitiful little
note may have been sent to her hus
band's young jailer on the 23d of
May, the very day Mr. Davis was
shackled, in the vain hope that Gen.
Miles' very youth would make him
gentle and considerate to his prison
er, ill, broken-hearted and old enough
to be his father. Miles' answer to this
appeal (if Mrs. Davis made it) was
to put Mr. Davis, his heavily guard
ed, helpless prisoner, in shackles.
"If Gen. Miles now regrets the in
ability of certain 'high officials' to
answer for themselves, why has he
been so long silent? Dr. Craven's aL
count of the indignities offered to Mr.
Davis was published in 1866, when
these officials were certainly alive.
Dr. Craven was not a woman, there
fore a controversy could have been
entered into with him by Gen. Muies,
if not with my mother, Mrs. Jeffer
son Davis, or with me, Mr. Davis'
"A charge of deliberate cruelty and
inattention to humiliate Jefferson
Davis made against Gen. Miles may
be considered by him as 'puerile,'
but it is a well substantiated one and
has won for him the contempt of
every loyal southern man and woman
and the often expressed regret and
indignation of the many fair-minded.
humane northern people among
whom my lot has been cast.
"This letter cannot be called an at
tack on Gen. Miles, but an answer to
-his repeated and recent dentais of
cruelty and tortue inflicted upon my
father, Jefferson Davis.
"Margaret Howell Jefferson Davis
"'Feb. 9, 1905."
What Gen. Miles Said.
The following is Gen. Miles' state
ment, to which Mrs. Hayes refers:
(From the Times-Dispatch, Rich
mond, VTa. Feb. 3. 1905.)
"Jefferson Davis did not surrender
when the capital of the Confederacy
at Richmond was 'aptured. He did
not' surrender with his principal ar
mies when they surrendered under
Lee and Johnson. but it was his in
tention, and he admits it in his own
book, 'The Rise and Fall of the Con
federacy,' to try arni escape across
the Mississippi so that he could Join
the Confederate army in that section
and continue the war. He was sent
to Fortress Monroe to await trial
for complicity in the assassination of
"On May 22, 1865, Charles A. Dana
assistant secretary of war, authoriz
ed and directed me in a special order
to place manacles and fetters upon
the handsnd feet of Tefferson Davis
and Cmcnt C. Clar whenever it
i.ht he thm:gh t advi-able in order
trene(icr :.eir imprisonment more
"Davis. in his book. admits he in
tended to attempt to unhorse a man
and escape with his mount. Daily
notices of plots which were formed
to effect the escape or rescue of
Davis were sent me, with directions
to take every precaution to prevent it.
Light anklets were placed on Davis.
He knocked.over a strong man who
was helping to do it. The anklets
were kept on five days only, while a
wooden door was being removed and
an iron grated one substituted. Some
of the workmen were men frienly to
the Confederacy. The anklets gave
Davis no pain, and did not nrevent
him from walking. They were de
signed to prevent him from attempt
ing to escape or to do himself or any
one else injury. There was not the
least desire on the part of any one to
place indignities on Mr. Davis or in
any way humiliate him. Mr. Davis
was at the time 56 years old, strong
"Letters to me from Mrs. Davis
and Mrs. Clay thanking me for my
courtesies to them, statements under
oaths from army officers as to my
humane and considerate treatment of
Mr. Davis and other statements in
my possession prove that I treated
Mr. Davis with all the kindness that
could be shown him under the cir
cumstances. All the changes made
from time to time by which Mr.
Davis was allowed greater luxury
and additional comforts, in fact lux
uries, were made by me or upon my
recommendation, and I also recom
mended that he be either brought to
trial or released. Statements that he
was maltreated, or his health im
paired as a result of his imprison
ment, are utterly untrue."
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