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THE SCHOOL LAW.
Many Important Changes Made and
Many of General Interest
To the Schools.
Superintendent of Education Mar
tin has sent out the following let
To County Superintendents of Edu
Gentlemen:-Allow me to call your
attention to the general school legis
lation enacted at the recent session of
.the general assembly.
The library law was amended so
that the school raising $ro by private
subscription shall not only -receive
$io from the district and $io from
the state, but it shall also receive a
$io bookcase, to be' paid for out of
county funds. The county boards are
to approve these cases. Just as soon
as possible I shall get competitive de
signs from furniture factories for sup
plying such cases and will submit
them to the county boards. The state
board of education, at its last meet
ing, adopted more than a hundred
additional books for the libraries.
Many of these are especially suited
for these libraries. About twenty
five are devoted to agriculture, horti
culture and cattle, and poultry rais
ing. I shall send this list out as soon
as it can be printed. I think these
will benefit not only the children, but
the parents. The new library law also
provides that the libraries established
last year may be enlarged. If the
,schools will raise $5 the district will
give $5 and the state $5. The number
of libraries to the county was chang
ed from twelve to twenty-five, but
the appropriation remains the same,
so that the county which pushes this
work most rapidly will secure the
greatest number of libraries. One of
the most important acts of the legis
lature, as I see it is the law to en
courage the erection of adequate pub
lic school buildings. This act pro
vides that the county boards of edu
cation of the various counties uf this
state be, and the same are hereby,
authorized to annually set aside, from
the surplus remaining from 'the net
income derived by the state from the
dispensary profits, an amount equal
to 5 per cent. of the entire public
school funds of their respective coun
ties, which said amounts shall be
used by the said county boards of
e@cation for the purpose of encour
aging and aiding in the construction
of adequate school buildings in their
Sec. 2. That when the friends, pat
rons or trustees of any public school
in azy school district in any county
is this state shall raise by private
suscription, special tax, sale of old
baiidings, issuing bonds, or other
wise, funds for building a school house
in such district, the county board of
such county may :ire over xoth
trustees of such school, from funds
set aside for such purpose under this
act fifty dollars ($50) for each one
hundred dollars (Stoo) so raised by
such friends. p)atronls or trustees for
constructing sichi school biuilding:
Pro.vided, \No, one school sha: re
ceive more than :hree hundred (do1
lars. under the provision of this act:
Provided. further. That no more
than one school iu ary c;;e <U'strict
in any one year shall recei-:e such
Sec. 3. The county boards of edu
maion shall give the preference to
school districts which have combin
ed and consolidated two or more
Sec. 4. That any school district
availing itself of the provisions of this
act shall comply with plans and spec
ifications approved by the state board
* of education.
Sec. 5.. That no school shall re
ceive aid under the provisions of this
act without the approval of the coun
ty board of education.
Sec. 6. That the funds provided
for in this act be paid out by the
county treasurer on the v.arrant of
the county board of education, coun
tersigned by he county superinten
dent of education, and any funds not
used by the 'end of the year shall re
vert back to the general school funds
of t.e- respective counties. This act
to go, into effect immediately on its
As nearly as I can estimate it this
act makes about $75,0oo available
each year for the purpose of aiding
and encouraging the building of
must be raised for each $So donated,
there will be $225,ooo available each
year for building school houses, so
you see the legislature did a great
thing for the schools in passing this
act. They put a premium, too, on
the consolidation of schools, and I
believe this act will result in abolish
ing many small one-room ill-furnish
ed schools and in establishing centra
lized, well equipped ones. This act
also encouragcs districts to levy
special taxes and to float bonds and
to raise money by private subscrip
tion. Section 4 provides that the
plans and specifications approved by
the state board of education shall be
complied with. I have recently re
ceived an appropriation of $1,ooo. As
soon as these are completed I shall
issue them in pamphlet form. I hope
this action of the legislature will re
sult in great improvement to our
schools. Coming as it does, I think
it will not shorten the terms either.
I notice that the auditor of Pickens
county has aiscovered that there are
8,ooo dogs in that county. Other
counties will also show a large num
ber. This year, for the first time, a
tax of 50 cents is to be collected on
each dog, so the capitation tax on
canines will more than replace every
dollar used in aiding the building of
better school houses. I hope you
will give this matter your immediate
attention, as all local tax elections
must be held prior to June i.
An act was passed providing that
where pupils do not attend day
schools, but attend night schools for
twenty nights under qualified teach
ers using the adopted textbooks, that
they shall be entitled to enrolment
just as other pupils.
I wish also to call your attention
to the provisions of an act to provide
convenient depositories for school
books. It says the county superin-,
tendents are hereby authorized and
required to select and secure a reia
ble merchant, postmaster or other re
liable person in each township in
each county. with whom there shall
be deposited a sufficient number of
-chool books for sale for that town
ship at not exceeding ten per cent.
above first cost: and that accurate ac
counts :hereof shall be kept by the
said county superintendent.
More than twenty special acts were
passed authorizing districts to issue
bonds to build school houses. There
were other acts of local interest,
among them a well deserved increase
of salary for several county superin
tendents. May their tribe increase.
Altogether the legislature did some
good work for the schools.
0. B. Martin,
St-ate S'uperintendent of Education.
GREAT SIMPLON TUNNEL.
The Two Boring Parties (Swiss and
Italian) Met Early on Fri
Piercing of the Simplon tunnel
through the Alps was comple:cd at
7.2?) o'eiock Friday morning. The
wo'rk was co)mmencedl in 1898.
The meeting of the two boring
pries (Swiss and Italian) was sig
nalled throughout S'witzerland by
ringing church bells and salutes by
Mwy unexpected obstacles were
encoi'tered, the most serious being
ho: springs, which threatened to
wreck the whole enterprise, and a
temperature which at one time rose
to 131 degrees Fahrenheit, making*
a continuance of the wvork impossible
until the engineers found means of
cooling the atmosphere.
Now that the borers have met, it
will enable the water accumulated in
the north gallery to be drawn off.
The work of preparing the tunnel
for a permanent way will be pushed
as rapidly as possible and it is hoped
to inaugurate the tunnel about March
The engineering of the Simplon is
regarded as being one of the greatest
engineering achievements of the age.
Many difficulties were encountered
and overcome. The length of the
tunnel from Briga, in Switzerland, to
Isello, on the Itallan side of the
mountain, is about 12 miles. Work
was begun over seven years ago and
accrding to contract the tunnel must.
be ready for traffic on 15 May next.
The Swiss and Italian' governments
jointly financed the undertaking,
share alike, at the cost of $15,ooo,ooo
Conceit of the Rooster.
Were it not for the disgusting self
conceit of the roosters one might en
joy a poultry show. The rooster is
near to nature's heart. He has not
civilization enough to veneer his
opinions with common politeness and
savoir faire, and his disgusting exhi
bition of the art of being it offends
good tas:e and refinement. How
the hen manages to put up with it is
certainly one of the mysteries of the
coop. If six or eight hens would join
a hens' club modeled after Sorosis
and throw the rooster down good
and hard or twice, he would soon
discover that he was not the only
kernel on the cob.
Marriage is a lottery in which
there are no blanks, but sometimes
there are blankety, blankety, blanks.
A woman may be suspicious of oth
er men, but she will believe what a
beautiful doctor teWs her.
A sunrise may be beautiful, but for
comfort it does not begin to com
pare with a morning snooze.
A man pays much more heed to
his conscience if he thinks the police]
If people were as willing to be
lieve good of others as they are to
believe good of themselves there
would be a universal grin that would
compass the earth and lap over and
First of the Lazy Men.
During the civil war, says the Phil
adelphia Ledger, a captain of a com
pany which had sixty men in its
ranks, none of whom was as energet
ic as the officer thought he should be,
hit upon a plan which he believed
would cure the men's habits of lazi
ness. One morning, after roll-call, the
captain, addressing his command,
"I have a nice, easy job for the laz
iest man in the company. Will the
laziest man step to the front?"
Instantly fifty-nine men each took
a step forward.
Special Bargains at T1
I am going to un
makes no differE
have been quote
$2.PO Rocking Chair
You have heard of the fifty-per*
well, come to see us. We me;
new stock of everything in the.
Low Prices. Neat. Pretty anc
up. Matresses from $1.00 i
Stands. Dressers, Soias, Chairn
everything going cheaper thai
FOR CASH OR C
R. J. Wai
Upper Main Stree
Anvils, Ardirons, Sash
Cotton ill| Castl
We repair Engin
AIL OBDERS RECEIVE 0
ly completed and the track laid a
smaller tunnel is to be constructed
parallel to the larger one, which will
be increased in size, so as to permit
of traffic both ways at the same time.
BATTLE FLAGS RETURNED.
Senate Adopts Resolution For Re
turn of all Confederate Flags.
Great interest has been manifested
among suotherners in the senate's ac
tion in adopting a resolution for the
return of all Confederate flags to the
States to which they belong.
Here are the South Carolina flags
to -be returned:
Flag, number of regiment un
known, by Thirty-ninth New York,
Flag, number of regiment un
known, by Eighty-second Pennsyl
vaia, at Malvern Hill.
Eleventh South Carolina, inscribed
"Port Royal, Cedar Creek, Swift
Creek, Petersburg, June 24; Weldon
Sixteenth South Carolina, by One
Hundred and Fifty-seventh Pennsyl
vania, at Five Forks.
Twenty-seventh South Carolina, by
Eighth South Carolina, captured
by Gen. Sheridan's forces.
South Carolina State flag, history
Flag of Sumter's Flying artillery,
by Custer cavalry at Appomatox.
Sumter Heavy artillery, by First
New York Lincoln Volunteer caval
ry, at Sailor's Creek.
HEYWARD IN NEW YORK.
Devoted Part of His Address Before
North Carolina Society of New
York to Race Issue.
New York, February 26.-The fifth
annual dinner of the North Carolina
society was held at the Hotel St.
Regis on Friday night.
Gov. Duncan C. Heyward of South
Carolina devoted part of his speech
to the negro problem, saying among
"As the negro is becoming more
educated you will find that he is
voluntarily abandoning work and
congregating in the cities, that his
tendency is to go north, east and west;
that today Pennsylvania, for instance,
has a population of 56,845 negroes;
New York ioo,ooo; Missouri 1o1,ooo;
Massachusetts 3974; the District of
Columbia 86,702 and New Jersey 69,
"Our movement therefore in its
last analysis means the offering of a
solution of this great problem in
which from its very nature and rela
ton to the other problem of immi
gration we will have the aid of the
thinking people of those sections po
litically opposed to the south. We
offer a peaceful solution, and with it
the bringing about of a development
of resources that cannot but mean
much in the commerce and growth
o :1e entire United States."
Former Gay. Johnson or North
Carolina respondeld to the toast
The South" and Mr. Uchida, the
Japaese consul general in New
York, spoke evtemporaneously.
Mrs. Reginald DeKoren at adinner
in Washington adverted to cruelty.
"Women can be very cruel," she
said. "Some of them can be very
cunning, too. Some of them can
wound you so dexterously that be
fore you know you have been wound
ed their escape is made.
"Once I saw a young woman
wound a slightly older one in that
way. She approached the older one
a a ball. She greeted her with a ra
diant smile. hSe infilcted her wound,
and while her victim still thought
the wound a com.pliment she walked
away. This is wh.t, in a very loud,
cekar voice, she said:
" 'Oh. Helen, dear, that perfect
gown! I think it looks lovlier every
United States Marsha! J. Duncan
Adams, who recently returned to
Charleston from Washington, ex
pressed the opinion th-.t if the new
judicial district is created District
Attorney John C. Capers or Assis
tant District Attorney Ernest F.
Cochran would be appointed judge.
He said these were the only names
being considered in administration
circles and that a democrat would
"Why didn't you step to the
front?" inquired the commander of
the one man who did not come.
"I was too lazy," replied the sol
A Friend of Washington.
General James Grant Wilson in
Vhile many persons have known
Lincoln and Grant and a few were
acquaninted with Washington and
Lincoln, so far ?s I am aware but
one person was ever born into this
world who knew the triumvirate of
uncrowned American kings. That
individual was Horace Binney, lead
er of the Philadelphia bar and among
the foremost leaders of the profes
sion throughout the land, with
whom I spent a memorable hour in
the year 1874. During that delight
ful interview he stated that when a
youth his home was er President
Washington's Philadelphia residence,
and that he had met him almost daily
for several years and that he tre
quently held conversation with the
general. Mr. Binney also mentioned
the interesting fact that he had been
acquainted with every president of
the United States up to the time of
Grant, during whose second adminis
tration he passed away at the great
age of ninety-five.
Ex-Governor Claflin was a person
al friend of Lincoln, and was in close
touch with him during the exciting
campaign of i86o. He had a rich fund
of anecdotes and his favorite was a
story of Lincoln and Douglas.
Douglas, meeting Lincoln, made a
characteristically unpleasant remark,
"Why, Abe, I remember you when
you were nothing but a young clerk
in a little western town, peddling
out goods at retail and selling liquor
over the counter."
"Yes," answerer Lincoln, "the on
lv difference betwe-i you and me
was that I was on one side of the
counter and you were on the other."
e New Furniture Store
dersell them all
nce what prices
d you, I'll beat it.
; For Only 98 Cents
ent-off sales of other stores;
n business! We have a brand
'urniture Line at unreasonably
Strong Iron Beds frorn $2.50
. Bargatis in Beds, Wash
, Lounges and Matting, in fact
Sthe afhr lo can afford.
ts & Co.,
t, Newberry, S. C.
Weights, Cane Mills,
ers, Grate Bars.
Made to Order.
gs A Specialty.
as, Boilers, Gins,
R PROMPT ATTENTION