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4O. B.1 A 15.
VOL. XLII. NO. 4(3 NEWBERRY, S. C., FRJDAY tARCII 10. 1 905. TWICK~ A WEEK, SI .50) A YE AR
IN TERRIBLE BATTLE
BLOODIEST BATTLE OF PRES
Fighting Lasted More Than Ten
Days-Casualties Will Far
Tokio. March 8.-Advices received
here indicate that Gen. Kuropatkin is
badly beaten in the bloodiest battle of
the present war.
Mukden. March 8. 4.30 a. m.-The
Russian army is evacuating its posi
tions south of Mukden.
Mukden, March 8. io a. m.-A
heavy cannonading is in progress
northwest of this city, causing the
walls of houses here to tremble.
An engagement is in progress at
the imperial tombs.
Washington, March 8.-The state
department is officially informed
from Tokio that the Japanese have
achieved a great victory before Muk
den and that the Russian army is in
full retreat. The casualties are num
erous on both sides.
St. Petersburg, March 9, 3 a. m.
The battle of Mukden, which has
been in progress for more than ten
days, ha; resulted in a Russian de
Field Marshal Oyama has once
more proved himself one of the great
est masters of offensive strategy
since Napoleon, while Gen. Kuropat
kin is now engaged in endeavoring to
defend his title as a master of suc
cessful re:reats and bring off his army
with its immense train safely to Tie
pass, where a position was long ago
prepared with this contingency in
view. The problem-before the Rus
sian commander-in-chief is more dif
ficult than the one he met success
fully at Liao Yang, since now he is
threatened on both flanks, his left
wing being entangled in a mountain
ous region far from the railroad.
Nevertheless Russian military men
here express a fair degree of confi
dence in Gen. Kuropatkin's ability
once more to extricate his army and
avoid a Russian Sendan. Besides his
skill in rearguard action they base
their hopes on the physical condition
of the Japanese soldiers who, though
they are conceded to be the greatest
marchers in the world, are wvell nigh
exhausted by their strenuous endeav
ors of the last fortnight.
Only to the initiated is the news of
the reverse positively known at this
time. Emperor Nicholas and high
military officers of course were -in
formed by Gen. Kuropatkin's tele
gram of Tuesday stating tersely that
Mukden mnust be adandoned and they
received details of the withdrawal as
they appeared in excised positions of
the official dispatches given out yes
terday. Last evening a newspaper
contained a vague report of doubtful
origin credited to Chinese sources
but the first positive statement was
derived from the Associated Press
dispatch from Gen. Kuroki's head
quarters, the contents of wvhich was
quickly telegraphed to many liberals
from friends abroad. The report
probably will not be printed in this
morning'; papers, the government,
true to its policy of breaking bad
news gently, only preparing the way
by authorizing the publication of a
number of premonitory telegrams.
The news, however, is only what was
expected, ultimate retirement having
been discounted from the moment
Oyama inaugurated his brilliant
From information in the possession
of the Associated Press it is known
retirei ient before the beginning of
the b),ttle, and that he had hoped to
accomplish it without a serious com
l.t. The Japanese. however. forced
him to accept battle. The (ouble
turning movement compelled him to
send the maior part of his reserves to
the fighting line and rendering an cf
tective counterstroke )it of the qties
tin. and the decision to retire was
immediately taken on March 6. as
was stated by the Associated Press
on that day. Withdrawal was actual
ly begun during the night. The great
question now, and over which the
general staff burned its lights late in
to the night, is whether Field Mar
sh] Oyama has entangled the Rus
sians in his strategic net sufficiently
to prevent a successful retreat to Tie
Gen. Rennenkamff's force to the
eastward admittedly is in great dan
ger of being cut off and a considera
ble force of Japanese appears to be
operating on the Russian right well
toward Tie pass. If the Japanese
succeed in reaching the railroad and
interrupting traffic if only for a few
hours it may have the greatest con
sequences for Gen. Kuropatkin, who
is now engaged in a race with the
Japanese to reach the naturally de
fensible position of 40 miles north
ward. Thus far he has stood off all
attacks directly against the flanks of
his army and holds the way of retreat
open. He undoubtedly was forced to
abandon a number of -siege guns on
his Shakhe position, but if he suc
ceeds in turning over the army intact,
wvith the principal portion of its artil
lerv train, to his successor the Rus
sian case will be by no ficans des
perate. for Oyama will again have
missed his quarry and a comparative
ly barren victory will have been pur
chased at enormous cost of life.
All reports indicate that the Japa
nese were utterly reckless of sacri
fices, making attack after attack, and
especially on the centre and west
ward against machine guns and in
fantry fire which literally mowed
down the advancing column, making
human flesh so cheap that the survi
vors could bastion themselves behind
piles of corpses.
After this action Gen. Kuropatkin's
deposition may be regarded as cer
tain. War Minister Sakharoff is pick
ed as his probable successor, though
Drand Duke Nicholas Nicholaevitch
or a board of strategists may be en
trusted with the direction of affairs.
A strong faction of the army, those
high in influence about the emperor.
opposed Gen. Kuropatkin from the
first, and though his early defeats
were condoned because it was realiz
ed that Gen. Kuropatkin was doing
all that man could do wvith the tools
at his command, it is now felt that
after twice having had the opportuni
ty to showv what he could do with a
powerful army, and having failed to
accomplish victory either time, his
removal is advisable.
A high military official said last
night that the emperor had had
enough of a general whose interpre
tation of a victory was a successful
Casualties Exceed roo,ooo.
Tokio. March g, 6 a. m.--The.great
battle in Manchuria raged all day yes
terday along the entire enormous
front. The Japanese were generally
victorious, and they drove the Rus
sians from a series of important po
sitions. By nightfall it seemed im
perative that Gen. Kuropatkin would
have to withdrawv his shattered le
gions and avoid a complete disaster.
Indeed, it appeared impossible for
him to effect a retreat without heavy
loss of prisoners, guns and stores.
The continuous battle is already the
bloodiest of the war. Upon the ground
that Gen. Oku alone gained lie 8,ooo
Russian dead. The reports from the
other armies are expected to triple
this figure. It is estimated that the
Japesoe have lost 50,000, making the
Ilaughter far exceed Ioo,ooo
m . Details of the combat are lack
hi. it is believcd that the Japa
nese cu,it the railway north of Mukden
icaving only the roadways and a light
raiway frni Fushun to Tic pass as
avenues for the retreat of the Rus
sans. but, army headquarters refrain
froin aftirming or denying a report to
that effect. It is thught that Mukden
is still in the hands of the Russians.
WAREHOUSES FOR COTTON.
Meeting of Warehouse Con ittee
Cotton Growers' Associr
Columbia. March 9.-The ware
house committee met in Columbia on
Tuesday and permanently organized
by electing E. W. Robertson chair
man and Mr. F. H. Weston secretary.
An insurance expert in the person
of Mr. E. G. Seibels and a represen
tative of Architect C. C. Wilson's of
fice were called in to give estimates
as to the insurance rates and the cost
of erecting warehouses throughout
Mr. Seibels said that by special ar
rangements a rate of one-fourth of
one per cent. might be obtained on
cotton stored in well protected ware
houses. Of course the warehouses
would have to be protected with
sprinklers and be of the most approv
The architect said that these ware
houses could be built 40 by ioo feet,
with gravel roof and best pattern for
$i.200. the sprinkler system to cost
about 25 per cent. more. Such a house
would have a capacity of i,ooo bales.
A oo-bale capacity warehouse could
be built for $Soo. If storage for any
more than i,ooo bales is required sep
arate warehouses should be built.
The resolution by Mr. Burnett was
"That it is the sense of this com
mittee that we recommend to every
community in South Carolina, where
the necessity for ware houses exists,
to build these ware houses through
their own efforts or by outside assis
tance if proffered, or if possible to
attain then at a cost of from $80o to
$1,200, with a storage capacity, re
spectively of from 500 to i,ooo bales
Mr. LeRoy Springs, of Lancaster,
introduced the following, which was
"That we urge upon the farmers
the importance of storing their cot
ton promptly on being ginned in the
standard ware houses where they can
get negotiable ware house receipts,
thus saving it from loss in weight
and damage and putting it in negoti
able shape so that they will not be
forced to market it except at their
own pleasure, as it has been demon
strated by the action of the New Or
leans convention that irrespective of
the size of the crop, by the judicious
marketing of the cotton, reasonable
prices can be maintained, which can
only be accomplished by the effective
ware house system."
On motion of Mr. E. D. Smith this
was added to the resolution:
"Any information as to construc
tion or outside assistance can be ob
tained by communicating with the
Columbia office of the Southern Cot
Resolved. That a copy of this reso
lution be filed in this office and that a
copy be given to the press with the
request that all county papers copy
The committee then adjourned to
meet again at the call of the chair
A donkey knows when he has
enough-unless he is a two-legged
It's easier to make promises during
courtship than it is to make good af
SAYINGS AND DOINGS
OF PROSPERITY PEOPLE
SECOND PRIMARY NECESSARY
Missionary Society of Grace Church
Prosperity. March g.-At the an
nual meeting of the Woman's Home
and Foreign Missionery society of
Grace church the following officers
were elected for the ensuing year:
President, Mrs. H. S. Boozer.
Vice president, Mrs. W. A. Lutz.
Treasurer. Miss Minnie Cannon.
Recording secretary. Miss Della
Corresponding secretary, Miss
Mr. Jno. L. Cook has his new steel
roof on his roller mill and is putting
in the machinery. Mr. S. L. Fellers,
of Prosperity, had the contract for
Mr. Jas. Monts, of St. Lukes, is suf
fering from an attack of acute rheu
Dr. Berly Epting, a prominent phy
sician of Greenwood, has been on a
visit to his sister, Mrs. G. M. Ables,
of our town.
Mrs. Jacob Singley, who has been
quite sick for some weeks, was laid
to rest in the cemetery of St. Pauls
church on Wednesday. She was in
her 7oth year. Mrs. Singley was
twice married and leaves eight sur
viving C'iildren and a number of
grand children to mourn her depar
ture. The funeral exercises were
conducted by the Rev. J. A. Sligh,
assisted by the Rev. P. H. E. Derrick.
Rev. Mr. Dale, missionary of the A.
R. P. church to Mexico, preached two
very interesting sermons in the A. R.
P. church here Sunday. Mr. Dale is
canvassing the church in the interest
of a training school for young men in
Messrs. George Harmon, Raymond
Fellers and Oscar Simpson spent
Sunday at home.
Mr. C. F. Lathan, of Little Moun
tain, was in town Tuesday.
Mr. S. S. Birge, who has purchased
Little Mountain, has been down there
this week proving his purchase.
Mrs. Quattlebaum has gone on a
vsit to her son at Bamberg.
Mrs. J. W. Blanton has returned to
her home in .Graniteville. after a
plelasanlt visit :o the parental home.
The Sorosis will give their play,
-r. Bob."' Fritiay night. Admission'
25 cents and TO cents. A pleasant
time is in store for all who attend.
The Sorosis will give its annual
banquet in the city hall on Friday
evening, March 17.
Mr. P. D. Simpson is expected
home next week from his work in
the Atlanta College of Pharmacy.
Mr. L. C. Merchant is now with
Hawkins Bros., in the machine de
Miss Amanda Lee, after a pleasant
visit to her sister, Mrs. Boyd, has re
The primary election passed off
quietly with a fine vote polled.
The result of the election was:
For intendant, Dr. Jacob S. Wheel
er, 5o; Dr. E. N. Kibler, 50.
Warden--A. H. Hawkins, 56; S. S.
Birge. 55: D. WV. Boland 53: W. T.
Gibson, 49: J. B. Fe!le'rs, 48: S. L.
Fellers. 37: G. M. Ahles. 48: J. P.
Messrs Hawkins, Birge, Boland
and Bowers were nominated Drs.j
Wheeler and Kibler will run the race
over on next Tuesdlay.
There was quite a little sensation
in town WVednesdlay. It was a case of
two souls with but a single thought;
two hearts that beat as one. Mr.
Ambrose Wessinger was married to
Mss: Agne Lyband by Rev P. H.
E. Derrick, at the St. Phillips par
stnage. in town. Our congratulations
to the happy couple.
THEIR BONDSMEN LIABLE.
When Constables, Acting in Offi
cial Capacity, Exceed Their
The sate supreme court has de
cided that a constable's bond is liable
- the civil side for damages. This
leaves to juries the right to fix dam
ag .. For comiplaints on account of
the co-(1uct of dispensary constables.
The Wieters case from Charleston
is generally known of and the su
preme court decided that all of the
bonds of the dispensary constables
are liable in the pending suits. The
suits were brought by Mr. J. P. K.
Bryan, of Charleston, and he has thus
far won in his contention that the
bondsmen were liable.
The opinion in the case was ren
dered by Associate Justice Ira B.
Jones. There were t1hree separate
cases, all of which were decided in
the one opinion. The action in each
case was against one of the state dis
pensary constables. The circuit court
refused the motion 'a each case to
strike out certain portions of the
complaint, and an appeal was taken
by the constables interested, through
The paragraph in the complaint to
which exception was taken by the
counsel for the defendents recited
tha: May was under bond for $500 for
the faithful performance of his duty
as a constable and that on the night
of August 22, 1903, he committed a
breach of the said bond by violently
assaulting Wieters. The constables
moved to trike out all reference to
the bond as irrelevant, on the ground
that the bond was not liable for the
damages resulting from the assault.
The circuit judge refused on the
ground that the bond was liable for
damages. occasioned by the acts of
the constable, where he exceeded his
lawful authority. This is affirmed by
the supreme court. The court says:
"If an officer, a state constable, while
attempting to exercise some duty of
his office, abuses or exceeds his au
thority or executes it in an unlawful
manner to the injury of another, his
bond is liable. To illustrate: If a
state constable, in an attempt to dis
charge a duty of his office in the seiz
ire of contraband liquor or the ar
rest of one openly violating the dis
pensary law, should, without just ex
cuse, commit an assault and battery,
or. if in overcoming resistance he
should so exceed .his duty as to be
come the aggressor in an assault and
battery to the injury of another then
there is liability on his bond. But an
assault and battery, committed by a
constable under a bold assumption
and usurpation of authority, without
process and authority of any kind,
would not be covered by the terms of
Elliott Dexter, the leading man
with Miss Florence Davis in "The
Player Maid," is one of the handsom
est young leading men on the stage,
and has the face and figure generally
considered characteristic of a matinee
idol. H'e is a conscientious and tal
ented young actor, who has won a
place for himself in his chosen pro
fession. I-e is by birth a Texan, and
is very popular through the south.
A woman is always sure she knows
some old-fashioned remedy that
would cure her husband's headache if
she could only remember what it is.
There is something wrong in the
home that is not the shappiest place
Some jeople never enjoy themselves
unless they are getting out an in
junctin on -anther's happiness.