Newspaper Page Text
E. H. AULL, EDITOR.
Entered at the Postoffice at New
berry, S. C., as second class matter.
FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1905.
The Cotton Situation.
The report of the executive com
mittee on Monday showed that much
progress had been made in securing
signatures to the agreement among
the farmers to reduce the acreage in
cotton, but there were still some who
had not signed.
Reports from all the cotton states
indicate that the reduction in acreage
is general. If that is correct the fight
is won. The last report by the gin
ners shows that -:he last crop is over
thirteen and a half million bales and
that being true makes the surplus
over two million bales. If there is
not a reduction this year and the crop
should reach twelve million bales the
price is bound to go down. This
movement by the farmers has been
to a great extent the cause for the
price remaining at what it has for the
past two months. When it is known
that the farmers intend to stand to
the movement to reduce the acreage
and it is actually done the price will
likely go still higher. Certainly it will
go no lower. This will relieve the
situation temporarily and as a good
amount of the cotton still unsold is
in the hands of the farmers, any in
crease in price will be of immediate
benefit to them.
The solution of this whole matter,
however, is easy and could be taken
advantage of by every planter in this
section of the cotto.n belt. It.is the
only plan that will give permanent re
life and make the farmer independent
The Herald and News has preached
it for twenty years and the more we
think of it the stronger becomes our
conviction cf its efficacy. It is sim
ple. It is this: Plant and grow on
the farm all the supplies you need
for the farm and then grow all the
cotton you can regardless of the price
and you will soon become an inde
pendnt farmer. Until you do this
you will never make any money tarm
ing even if the price of cotton goes
ibeyond ten cents. It is a very simple
remedy and one within the reach ol
every farmer. As long as tshe'-far
mers of this section grow cotton to
buy meat and bread and Irish pota.
toes and all the other things they
could raise on the farm they are go
ing to remain dependent. Just take
any of the farmers of your communi
ty and see if what we say is not true.
The farmer who lias made it a rule to
grow his, own supplies on the farmr
is the one who has prospered ever
-when cotton was low.
William E. Curtis, the wvell known
correspondent of the Chicago Rec
ord-Herald, has been writing his daily
letters from Alabama during the
past few weeks and in last Thursday'5
paper he has an interesting letter on
the cotton situation. His letter is
very able, and except in two or three
particulars remarkably true to the
facts. This paragraph is especially
-wise and timely:
"Another curse, equally demoraliz
ing, is th'e general and habitual
method of mortgaging crops; the an
cient plan of living -ahead of their in
comes, which had been practiced by
white planters th'roughout the soutla
for generations, and has been acquir
ed by imitation by their negro ten
ants. It is the hab'it of a great ma
jority of the southie'rn >lanters, black
and white, to spend their money be
fo;e they get it, by mortgaging pro
spective crops to secure advances
made them by commission men to
pay for their supplies and other ex
penses. This practice extends to the
white and negro teriantry of the large
-plantations throughout the south.
When a man rents a tract of cotton
land on shares (as 35 per cent. of the
land is cultivated) ''he expects his
landlord to furnish him animals, im
plements, seed, food, clothing and
everything else that 'he or his family
shall require, and charge whatev.gr is
given him against the proceeds of thie
coming crop when it shall be harvest
ed and sold. The landlord therefore,
1nakes a double profit from the ten
ant. The tenant never gets ahead.
He usually consumes the entire value
.of hi coton before 'he picks it, and
thus he goes on from year to year,
gaining nothing and gettigg nothing
but a living for his labor. It is use
less to discuss this subject in the
south. Nearly everybody is willing
to admit that the practice is vicious,
demoralizing and ruinous: but it is
fastened upon the people and they
seem to be satisfied wih it."
The above is clipped from the
Yorkville Enquirer. What Mr. Cur
tis says about the mortgaging of
crops is true and if the plan we ad
vocate of raising all your supplies on
the farm was adopted it would not be
necessary to give a mortgage on the
crop, sometimes before it is planted.
The only way to stop the
system of mortgaging the crop
is for the farmer to raise
his own supplies on the farmri.
It is also the only plan by which any
money can be made farming.
The Atlanta Journal says it isn't
fair to the girl to marry the daughter
of the Duke of Connaught to King
Alf,,nso. of Spain. and if some of 1t:e
reports which have cone from Spain's
val nalace are true, the Jcurnal is
ri0ht. King Alfonso. says the Jour
na!, "has been a central figure in
many scandals. ant while the de
mands of international politics may
dictate that he take a good woman, as
his wife, it doesn't seem fair to the
girl. Europe may declare the pro
posed alliance a good match. Hu
nianity will be sorry for the gir*.''
\e doubt the correctness of the last
statement. Humanity ought to be
sorry for her, and the right kind of
humanity will be sorry for her, but
a good part of humanity is dazzled by
royalty in any form.
Mr. H. H. Cabaniss has sold his in
terest in the Augusta Chronicle to
Mr. Thomas W. Loyless, editor a,d
associate owner with Mr. Cabaniss.
Mr. Loyless will in the future have
charge of both the editorial and busi
ness management of the Chronicle.
He is a newspaper man of experience
and ability and a brilliant editorial
writer. It is stated that it is probable
Mr. Cabaniss will return to Atlanta,
where he was for-merly business man
ager of the Atlanta Journal.
Baseball is a very pretty sport and
no doubt is fine exercise. But the
young men who start out playing
base ball early in March lose about
one third of the college year from
their studies. It seems to us that
the colleges are making too much of
a feature of this sport and it is being
done at the cost of progress in the
lines of work for which a young man
should :be at college. And yet it is
clair'.'1 that every college must join
the asociation or it will lose students.
It may be that Former Senator Mc
Laurin injected a little too much poli
tics in his address to the Sumter far
mers, but if the farmers of the sou:h
will follow the advice given by Mr.
MlcLaurin in regard to reducing acre
age and holding cotton the south
will next fall and the following spring
experience the greatest prosperity
Mvr. WA. St. Julien Jervey, of Char
leston has ;been nominated for solici
tor of the new :iinth judicial circuit
over Mr. WV. Turner Logan by a ma
jority of between two and three hun
dred votes. Mr. Jervey served for
1many years as solicitor in which
Charleston was included, and became
known throughout the state as an
a'ble prosecuting attorney..
While the counicil was locating new
street lights one should have been
placed between the two passenger de
ots. We have three passenger
trains coming in after seven o'clock
in the evening and sometimes w'hen
the moon is not shining it is very
dark around the depots and this makes
it very inconvenient for passengers.
; soon as Mrs. Chadwick is dis
posed of for a little while Nan Pat
ters(n again comes into notoriety.
If the announcements continue at
the same for several weeks more
South Carolina will have a good pro
portion of her entire white popula
tion in the race for governor.
The Russ;o-Japanese war drags its
weary leng:h along, with all the vic
tories to the Japs and all the defeats
The president will hunt big game
in the southwest. After his recent
wrangles with the senate the sport
will no doubt seem more tame than
in former days.
Robert E. Leavell. who travels
twelve states for the Rockwell Fur
niture company of Rockwell, N. C.. is
spending a few days in the city.
TO THE CREDITORS OF H. V.
Newberry, S. C., April 6th, 1905.
Mr. H. V. Taylor having made a
deed of assignment to me there will
be a meeting of the creditors in my
ofice at Newberry C. H., S. C., on
Saturday, the i5th day of April igo5.at
Ti o'clock A. M.. for the appointemnt
of an agent of the creditors.
Cole. L. Blease.
Statement of the condition of The
Newberry Savings Bank, Newberry,
S. C., at the close of business March 31,
1905, in accordance with Act of General
Bills receivable................ ..$201,704 05
Bonds ................................. 2,200 00
Furniture and fixtures......... 1,900 00
Overdrafts secured and unse
cured......... ... ................. 3,120 46
Due from banks......... ........ 20,160 57
Cash........ ............... 29,413 59
Capital. ............$ 50,000 00
Surplus and undivided profits 24,758 39
Dividends unpaid................. 292 50
Deposits............ ................. 173,447 77
Bills Payable....................... 10,000 00
Personally appeared before me, J. E.
Norwood, Cashier, Newberry Savings
Bank, and made oath that the above
statement is true to the best of his
knowledge and belief
J. E. NORWOOD, Cashier.
Sworn to before me this 6th day of
April, 1905. W. C. TYREE, [L.S.]
N. P. fdr S. C.
0. McR. Holmes.
Jas. K. Gilder.
We have received;
within the last week
some very desirable
New Spring Goods
in Clothing-Two Piece
New Stetson Hats,
making our stock of
seasonable goods.very 1
attractive. We have
had to duplicate al
ready a number of
styles in Vests, and
have the most attract
ive line of Men's Fur
nishing Goods in the
city. Prices always the
lowest. Come and seeI
A. C. JONES.
Newerry S. C., April 6, 1905.
S pri I
With a line as comp
All the new fabrics ai
Cotton and Mohair il
in qualities and col
complete line c f Shir1
berry. The Pin Dot
in our Mohairs a-e c
Have you seen the
with their Frtistc Co
have a treat in store
The new Laces
thread laces, Point d(
tal Laces, Val Laces,
Our Domestic depar
Millinery is beautil
Come to see~us. V
goods as cheap as tt
where, and a fine st<
THE COMERCIAI. BANK,
Capital $50,000 00
Surplus 27,000 00
JNO. M. KINARD, Pres.
. F. WRIGHT, Cashier.
New Idea Woman's Magazine.
e Newv Idea Woman's magazine
rMay contains a number of arti
Isapropos to the ever-current
~ig wedding. Charlotte Millward
res on wedding-gowns, and gives
sher opinion that, although senti
etstill inclines many girls to the
dtional white satin for their bridal
Ises, this material is not nearly so
uc in accord with the fashions and
seof the present day as the softer
dnewer creations in/chiffon, lace,
e,supple silks, crepe de Chine or
eede Paris. An article by Frances
sh-Britton takes up the etiquette
weddings, and details the proper
n, from t'he invitations to the rice
hoer. WveddingJibreakfast menus
drecipes for home-made wedding
ae are given in the -cooking col
iin; and Esperance Goodlove con
o't you think it is about time to
e ou a new wagon before that old
nebreaks down at a time when you
iedit most. Better come now and
m oe from us. We sell the right
d,strong and durable. Made for
seon roads where they don't use
odmachir$pry. Our prices are right
Prhaps it is a buggy you want.
elwe have them too. Nice, sty
s ehicles. See and price them be
oeyou buy. You won't miss it if
oubuy from us.
o. 0. Davenoort.
ete as we have ever
-e here in Silk,Wool,
i great vaiety, both
orings. The most
: Waist Silks in New
and Pastel Shades
new Silk Organdies
lorings? If not, we
are here. Round
Pars, Laces, Orien
beautiful for trim
tment is very strong
ul this opening.
Ve promise fair and
t, polite attention,
iey can be had else
)ck to select from.
This bank has enjoyed a continual
growth from the time it first opened
its doors for business. Hence we be
lieve the people appreciate us. We
are now better prepared than ever to
serve the public. While our past suc
cess has been gratifying, we desire to
make the coIing year of 1905 show a
more substantial increase than ever.
We receive deposits fromr $1.oo and
upwards and on savings accounts pay
FOUR PER CENT INTEREST
). B. MAYER, Vice-Pres.
. Y. McFALL, Asst. Cashr.
tributes an article on marriage as it
appeals to the business woman, .in
which she concludes that "the girl
who has 'had her liberty, who has
fought her own battles and heartily
enjoyed the fighting, none the less
enjoys more deeply than she will,
perhaps, admit, t'he womanly occupa
tion of depending on a man."
illiery! Dress Goods! Notions!4
We invite one and all to in
spect our fine line of
* Dress Goods,
Oir goods are prettier and
cheaper than ever, and it will
be to your interest to come and
MRS, S. W. CALMES,
Prspenrity, S. C.i