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JAPS USE OF TELEPHONE.
Commanding General Was in Com
munication With Entire Field.
The rapiKity with wich the Jap>an
,ese es:ablished telep:T ne co;mmumi
cati(n was remarkab_e. -Lines were
'i Weli in advance of he main body
Otr rp:. even when the army was
advancing by forced marches and per
tect c''nnection was maintained at all
times between the different divisions
Wherever conditions permitted the
ree(s of wire and the instruments were
carried in wagons. The line was laid
on the ground as rapidly as horse
drawn vehicles could advance. If the
!ine sc laid was to become permanent J
a detail vollowed the wagon at leisure t
and attached the wire to trees or .has- e
ti!y crectei supports.
ifying 1ines. or lines within
the zone of action. which connected t
th commandcer's headquarters with
the various divisions on the firing'
line, the detail following the reel wag- c
on merely laid the wire in protected c
places on the ground where it was y
least likely to be disturbed. These e
lines were taken up, moved, or aban- t
cloned as occasion demanded. Where
the nature of the country or other ,
conditions rendered the advance of a I.
wagon impossible or inexpedient, the a
line was advanced by men 'carrying i1
coils of wire on their shoulders. t
Each division was kept in touch
with and under the supervision of the
general staff by Tneans of telephonic t,
c3mmunication. From the sub-divis
ions of each portion of the army tele- t:
phone lines were run to a portable n
switch-board, and from the various n
switchboards trunk lines were run to s
,headquarters several miles to the rear.
Thus the parts of each portion of the s
arny were made to correspond with i
the subscribers of a telephone sub-sta- a
tion in a large city, the headquarters
being analogous to the central sta- ih
tion to which all the subsidiary sta- r,
tions are connected by trunk lines. f,
The Japanese general thus had com
plete control of his entire army and h
could work his forces to the best ad- d
vantage at all times and under all c
circumstances; the movements so di- t,
rected were at the same time quick a
and accurate. Moreover, for these f,
reasons it was possible to use a much
thinner line than ever handled previ- u
"ously, and also to reverse the usual ;,
-order of procedure, namely, to extend
and strengthen the flanks of the army g
at the expense of the centre instead t
of depending, as heretofore, upon the
centre to help out the flanks in cases
of emergency. He was able at all
times to strike a blow at any weak
spot that developed itself in the Rus
-sian line on account of the fact that
he was instantly informed of such
'weakness by telephone, and because
by the same means he could immedi
ately give orders for the necessary1
TWO SIGNIFICANT INCIDENTS.
President Roosevelt Pays Proper
Postage and Promotes Peace.
Dr. jas. H. Carlisle in S. C. Advocate. t
Two incidents have taken place t
lately that were gratifying to those I
who read them in our papers. A let
ter directed to President Roosevelt<
was detained in a post office for lack
ofa stamp. Due notice was given
him, at the White House. and he at
once sent it, and received his letter.
That was a little. commonplace af-1
fair, but it is full of meaning. Our
president is a law-abiding citizen.
Great relief was felt all over the
woild when it was stated that Presi
dent Roosevelt had made linowvn to
the two great warring nations of Eu
rope and Asia that he would gladly
open :he way for them to consider
the question of speedy, honorable
peaLcC. It has been most gratifying
that his delicate suggestion was prop
erly irceived. This was not because
the; ';fer was made by a gallant sol
die:. cr a popular author, or an ar
denm Lear hun:er. The white flag of
trlace was raised by t'he president of
a gieat codfntry-a man on whom a
mrighty r.ation had set its seal. He is,
ina ense, the embodied spirit and
powetr of many millions of freemen.
The people he represents know what
war means. They have earned the
rig[t to come out in a crisis as a na
tional peacemaker. In all the quali
ties which the field of honorable war
won a high place in history. And the
two SectiOns intO which our country
has been unhappiiy divided have
learned :' re;pect each other. Under
code of hior. when blood was
.irawn. that was supposed to be a
tew tage in the difticulty, opening a
f hope. f r an honorable adjust
nent. The North and South each
ias shed and drawn blood enough to
make a lasting peace. founded on
:iutual confidence and regard. Dr.
Francis Lieber believed that a wound
>n a manly face does not leave a dis
iguring scar, and added. "Most
iistoric nations have their scars."
['his is certainly true of the great em
)ire from which we are proud to draw
nr historic life. The civil wars of
ngland at first divided. and then uni
ed. the parties. A wise English writ
r of the last century, Isaac Taylor,
tates a great truth, in striking words:
It is certain that a people. whose his
orv is marked by no blood-stains
feep and broad-has never yet held
piace for itself, !pon the map of
ontinents." John C. Calhoun entered
ongress in iSi, on the eve of the war
rith England. He closed one of his
arliest speeches. May 6th. 1812, with
"Sir. I assert it with confidence, a
ar just and necessary in origin. wise
r and vigorous carried on and honor
bly terminated, would establish the
itegrity and prosperity of our coun
rv for centuries."
A few months later. December 4th,
312, the closed another speech as
"We cannot, without hazard,neglect
hat which makes men love to be
1embers of an extensive commu
ity-the love of greatness-the con
ciousness of strength. So long as
Lmerican is a proud name, we are
afe-but the day we are ash'amed of
the Union is more than half de
To say exactly what John C. Cal
oun would do, if alive today, would
equire an-other Calhoun. We may
el confident that he would bring his
reat mind to bear on the new and
ard problems that are before us to
ay. He would give his conclusions
learly and frankly. He would grant
> others the right of free thought
nd free speech wthich he claimed
>r himself. He would still prize the
roud title of American. He would
se all proper means to close the war
1 the East, and also to restrain the
ectional feelings in our. "far-flung"
aily of states. He would know
at neither religious nor political
odies have anything to gain by fierce
rars with guns or pens or tongues.
Let our president send an extra
ostage stamp when it is due. Then
et him take his pen, or a telegraph
;ire, to send abroad a message of
eace and good will to other nations.
~nd may his administration have a
reat triumph in bringing more close
y together the North and the South,
like sister streams wvhich some rude,
lterposing rock had split."
Dr. Wmn. F. Edwards-The Noted
Mr. Editor-Please allow me. space
hrough your valuable paper to return
hanks to the people of Newberry,
own and county, for their patronage.
have travelled and advertised myself
d my work throughout thirty-one
ounties in this state. I am sorry to
ay, but must confess the truth, this
vas the hardest place in which I ever
ttempted to work. However, I have
~ucceeded and will be able to secure
nore white representatives from New
erry town and county than any other
:own and county in the state, except
Drangeburg and Yorkville. Had I
she same privileges in Newberry as I
have had everywhere else throughout
the state instead of -having on roll
195 patients I feel assured that I
would have had at least 500. 1 can
say that out of that number I have
cured or benefited 95 per cent. I have
made friends with quite a number of
good white and good colored people
during my stay here.
T have been knowing Elder Harper
since quite a boy and find him to be a
man of truth. The afflicted people
with whom I have come in contact
ought always to thank Elder Harper
for meeting me in Edgefield and ad
vising me to visit Newberry. He said:
"We have good people there and a
great deal of sickness. If you do there
as you are doing 'here, you will get a
plenty to do." I find his statement
just as he said. I have always said
that, the sotern white man was the
neg-o c st friend. I know it by ex
perience. Durin0 my four years
practice If my git so'me of the best
white pfe,e la. i es nl gentlemen.
h:vc ene ..nragCl me I) givin Inc a
lair tria1. Nt .niv in this wav but
iae al, t:ken b,<I l stand to recom
nmei(l lt C I )e ' rttllful and honest
:nd that i< all that 1 ask of any one.
N,v. iriends. 1 have two special
city invitations f-r the near future.
I wvill leave -,,ur t.vn: I have dlne
I :hing that I am ashaie(d if in New
herry. I have certainly done good.
Iersons wishing tI see me and de
siring, to be benefited or cured will do
well to see me by the Ith or 20th
inst., as the time of my departure is
near at hand.
The 1 ndians say. white folks will
stick, Indians will stick. dogs will
stick but the negro will not s:ick, so
let us stick together.
Thei i von who have not tried
me or come in contact with me would
he surprised to scrutinize my list of
>atients and see whom I have treated.
Time and space will not allow me to
mention them. T must say "I have
fought a good fight; I have finished
my course." I am now ready to de
part from Newberry and visit other
towns. I am not ashamed to own
my God or to defend His cause;
maintain the honor of His Word or
the Glory of His cross.
Jesus. my God, I know His name
His name is all my trust,
Nor will He put my soul to shame
Or let my hopes be lost.--Wm. F.
Prominent White Woman Acts As
New York American.
Miss Ida Smalley, daughter of Geo.
W. Smalley, New York correspondent
of the London Times, yesterday began
her duties as stenographer for Charles
W. Anderson, the new negro collector
of the Second Internal Revenue Dis
It was a busy day for Mr. Anderson,
because he had just taken charge of
his office and was getting the wheels
in working order. His new steno
grapher reached the office sharply at
9 o'clock and at once entered upon
For the first hour Miss Smalley
took dictation from Mr. Anderson
personally. She is a rapid shorthand
writer and in time accumulated quite
a batch of letters. Throughout the
emainder of the business day that
eded at 4 P. M. she was kept busy
t business correspondence.
Mr. Anderson expressed -his satis
action with his new employee and
Miss Smalley was also pleased with
Mr. Anderson's offces are at No.
50 Nassau street. He has a suite of
eight rooms, and his private room is
t the end of the hallway on the sec
o&d floor. It is there that he and
Miss Smalley conduct all t'he col
The salary that Miss Smalley re
eives is $r.200 per year, and it was
this liberal pay, for a stenograhper,
that influenced her to accept the po
sition. It is said that considerable
influence was exerted to get her the
post. but this Mr. Anderson denies.
"Miss Smalley was appointed in the
regular manner," he said. "She ac
cepted the position, and I know of no
one who would refuse to a.ccept a p.o
sition under the United States gov
e rn ment.
The Smalley family is now some
what scattered. Miss Smalley lives
with her mother, Mrs. Geo. W. Smal
ley, at No. 125 West Seventy-third
street. With theni are two other chil
dren. Emerson and Miss Evelyn. It
is a modest residence which they
have occupied for more than a year.
George WN. Smalley, the famous cor
respondent, lives at the Hotel Lor
raine. at No. 2 East Forty-fifth street;
but he left yesterday for Europe. It
is said that he will spend the summer
in Hamburg. He retains his splendid
apartments in the Lorraine. He also
has rooms at the Metropolitan club
ad keeps apartments for his own use
in Was-hington. His income is said
to be considerably more than $15,000
Whether or not Mr. Smalley ap
proves of his daughter branching out
and making her own livelihood could
not be learned.
A Boy's Composition On Breathing.
"Breathing is made of air. We
breathe with our lungs, our lights, our
lier and our skin, if it's not all stop
ped up with powder. If it wasn't for
breath we would die when we slept.
"Our breath keeps zhe life a-going
thr"ugh the nose when we are asleep.
)ur ii ses were made for breath and
lor m 1uths f'r food and to talk with.
\\'men that stop in .a room all day
shiouilid n,t breathe. They should wait
till thcv get out of docre.
"People. in a room make bad foul,
ttnh,ly s'me air. They make carboni
cide. Carbc'nicide is poisoner than a
mal d 'g. A heap of soldiers was in a
black h.le in India and1 carbonicide
got into the -hole and killed nearly
every one before morning.
"Girls and women kill the breath
with corsets that squeeze the diagram.
Girls can't holler -r run like boys be
cause their diagrams is squeezed too
much. If I was a girl I'd wish I was
a boy. so I could run and holler and
breathe lots of air and have bright
eVes and rosy cheeks. a good appe-tite
and good diagram.
"Give me air or give me death!"
Got The Better Of Gen. Butler.
During his boyhood Benjamin F.
Butler was a frequent visitor in the
town of Nottingham, N. H., where an
uncle resided, and among the many
stories related of him is one concern
ing his examination of Pat Murphy,
a local character.
Tim Dolan had been accused of
MILLINERY, DRY 00
Have you purchased
to us. We can give yol
Do you need a new d
us. Welcan fit you up
Dolyou need Collars,
etc., etc. If so, we h
lot. Call and see them
cause of their <
powders the be
Bear in min
name are relia
Lazell 's Vioh
ir a glass jar
ounces of deli
I Talcum canno
At the price
Talcum is une
selling liquor. and the prosecution
summoned Pat to testify in the case.
Now Pat was a job teamster, and
Butler endeavc,red to make him admit
that he had delivered liquor to the de
lHutier asked: "Did you ever take
any freight from the railroad office
and deliver to Tim Dolan?"
"Part of this freight was a barrel,
'Yis., o .
"Pat. what was in that barrel?"
"I don't know, sor!"
"Don't know! Wasn't the barrel
Then how dare you tell the court
:,hat you don't know what was in it?"
Be cause. so r, the barrel was mark
ed Tim Dolan on one end and bour
bon whiskey on the other. How the
devil (lid I know which was in it?"
We will receive applications for dis
penser and clerk for Town of New
berry, S. C.. on t'he 22nd day of July,
up to 10 o'clock a. m. Will consider
same and elect on the 12th day of
August for the term of one year. Ap
plications must be in legal shape.
J. P. Harmon,
J. R. Scurry,
Members Co. Board of Control
your hat? If not, come
.z the newest things.
ress. If so, come to see
in the latest styles.
Belts, Fans, Ribbons,
we just received a new
Prosperity, S. C.
Is are Full
of them sold be
ist at the prices
it Talcum 25c.
ilet Talcum 25c.
d that Powders.
~t Talcum put up
', containing six
Lazell's ten cent