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IRON WAS USED AS MONEY.
Rollin's Ancient History Tells of a
Team of Horses That Was Re
quired to Move $88.
Plutarch says: "Not content with
this (the equal division of the lands,
etc.. of the Lacedaemonians) he (Ly
curgus) resolved to make a division of
their movables, too. that there might
be no odious distinction or inequality
left among them; but, finding that it
would be very dangerous to go about
it openly, he took another course and
defeated 'their av-rice by the follow
ing strategem: He commanded that
all gold and silver coin should be
called in, and that only a certain kind
of money made of iron should be cur
rent. A great weight and quantity
was of little worth, so .that to lay up
twenty or thirty pounds there was re
(uired a pretty large closet, and to
renlove It nothing Fess :han a yoke of
0xen. X ith the diffusion of this mon
ey. at once a number of vices were
banlisiedi from Lacedaenonia, for who
would r, -b another of such a coin?
\Who would un.ustly detain or take
by force, or accept as t brib'e, a thing
which was not easy to hide or credit 1
to have, nor indeed of any use to cut
in peices? For when it was just red
hot they quenched it in vinegar, by
that means spoiling it, and made it
almost incapable of being worked."
Clare in his "Universal History of
the World." Vol. II. page 585, says:
"To render the state dependent on its
own territorial products, and to pre
vent any individual from accumula-!
tin g an undue amount of wealth, he
(Lycurgus) prohibited the use of any
money except an iron coin with so
small a value in comparison with its
bulk of weight that the necessity of
using it as a medium of exchange
would make it difficult to carry on
trade, especially foreign commerce.
By subjecting this iron coin to a pro
cess and rendering it brittle and unfit
for a (an) other use, Lycurgus en
deavored to destroy every desire to
hoard it as a 'treasure."
Rollin, in his "Ancient History,"
Vol. 1. page 687. says: "First he (Ly
curgus cried down all gold and silver
money, and ordained that no other
should be current than that of iron.
which he made so very heavy and
fixed at so low a rate that a cart and
two oxen were necessary to carry
home a sum of 10 minae 300 French
]ivres, about $88.8o, and a whole
chamber 'to keep it in."
This was done for the purpose of
sapping the foundation of avarice.
From the above quotations it would
seem that, while~iron was much more
valuable than it is now, still it was not
coined into money. It seems that a
team of oxen could haul about $88.80
worth of coin. I presume the same
sort of team might haul one-fifth that
value of iron at the present date.
A New Use For Old Calendars.
United States senators occasionally
fo'llow 'the custom of newspapers in
hitting humorously at the city of
Philadelphia, and senator Foraker
stopped in a serious debate recently
to indulge his sense of humor. The1
senator was having a passage at words1
with Senator Penrose over the Chi
nese exclusion bill. Foraker had as-t
serted that the courts have decided
that no Chinese except laborers may
be excluded under the present law,
and he had alluded to a decision of
thme supreme court.
Senator Penrose suggested that the
fifty--seventh Federal reports conten
a different decision.t
'Yes,' said .Mr' Foraker, "but long
subsequent to the fifty-seventh Feder
a! reports the supreme court decided
as I have said. The old report is not
modern law." Then he told this story:
"'The senator from Pennsylvania
remin)dsnme of a man who was going
around gathering up last year's al
manacs and calenders.
" 'What can you do wi'th those?'
some one asked him.
"'Why I intend to sell them in
Philadelphia,' he said."
The mother was expecting guests
for the evening, and a: 8 o'clock the
youngest son was told that it was
bedtime. The hite fellow persisted
n sittng up for the occasion, plead
:ng fear of the darkness. His mother1
assured him there was nothing to fear,
ngels would be in the room to guarc
tim. Finally the youngster reluctant
v went to bed. An hour later a litti
igure appeared in the dining room
!oorwayi. much to the amusement o
he entire company, saying:
"Well. dear?' his mo-ther said.
"May I speak, mamma?"
"Certainly, dear. What do vo
"\Mamma, are the angels in m:
"Are they in my bed, too?"
"Oh, yes, yes, dear," answered th
"Well, then, mamma, the angels ar
E. H. Harrian says he is willin
or his dealings with the Equitabl
o be thoroughly probed.
zxcursion to Little Mountain Augus
On account of Reunion Newberr
oilege at Little Mountain. Friday
\ugust 4th.. the C. N. & L. :,ilroa
vill sell round trip tickets fror
\ewberry for 5o cents. Leaving New
>erry 8:35 a. in.. returning leave
-ittle Moutntain 6:29 p. i., arrivin.
ewberry 7:05 p. m.
Fare from other points are as fol
ows: Laurens 75 cents. Clinton 7
:ent, Goldville 70 cents. Kinards 6
:ents, Gary 6o cents, Jalapa 6o cents
\ewberry 5o cents and Prosperity 3
An excursion will be run from Cc
umbia leaving at 8.oo a. m., arrivint
it Little Mountain at 9.25. The far
or the round trip from Columbia is
'olumbia 75 cents, Leopart, 75 cents
rmo .50 cents, Ballentine 40 cents
Vhite Rock 35 cents, Hilton 30 cent
td Chapin 25 cents.
For further information write c
J. W. Denning. Agent.
State of South Carolina,
County of Newberry.
By John C. Wilson, Esquire, Probat
WHEREAS, Josephine E. Kible
iath made suit to me, to grant he
Letters of Administration of the es
:ate of and effects of Nancy Single:
THESE ARE THEREFORE t
:ite and admonish all and sin-gulh
the kindred and creditors of the sai
Nancy Singley, deceased, that they 'e
a.nd appear before me, in the Couw
af Probate, to be held at Newberr
an Friday, July 28th, next after pul
lication thereof, at II o'clock in t1
orenoon, to show~cause, if any the
have, why the said Administratic
should not be granted.
Given under my hand, this IIth da
of July, Anno Domini, 1905
.3. C. Wilson,
J. P.N. C.
Notice Final Settlement.
Notice is hereby given that I,
executor of the estate of Jno. E. Bu~
hardt, dieceased, will make a fin
settlement on the estate of said d
:eased in Probate court for Newbe
y county, on August 15, 1905- A
>ersons holding claims against sai
~state will present the same, duly al
ested, by that date.
Jno. T. Norris,
educed Rates For Your Summe
Vacation via Southern Railway.
The Southern Railway compan:
iow has on sale summer excursio
ickets to a great many mountain an
eashore resorts. Until September 3
hese tickets will be on sale daily goo
eturning until October 3!.
The following rates will apply frog
Newberry to a few of these pointi
ther points in proporti~on:
Chick Springs, S. C., $445
Saluda, N. C., $6.oo.
Tryon, N. C., $5.60.
Flat Rock, N. C., $6.30.
Lake Toxaway, N. C., $9.3o.
Hendersonville, N. C., $6.40.
Brevard, N. C., $7.90.
Asheville, N. C., $7.05.
Hot Springs, N. C., $8.oo.
Walhalla, S. C., $5.6o.
Seneca, S. C., $5.20.
Isle of Palms, S. C., $7.go.
Sullivan's Island, S. C., S7.go.
For --ates to other points, schedule
tn stop overs, etc., phone or call o
J. P. Sheely,
Makes A Difference.
"If you had one hundred sheep,"
one man asked of another, "would you
be willing to give fifty of them for
"Yes," he answered; "I would be
glad to give fifty."
"Would you be willing, if you had
one hundred cows?"
"Oh. yes. I would be willing."
"If you had one hundred horses?"
"If you had two pigs, would you be
willing to give one?" asked his friend
"No, I would not; and you have no
righc to ask me when you know I
have two pigs."
Week End Rates, C., N. & L.
Commencing June 3rd, and continu
ing until and including September
2nd, 1905, the following week-end
rates will be on sale to the following
points, via the Columbia, Newberry
1 and Laurens, railroad to
Isle of Palms, $5.15
Sullivans Island 5.15
- Cross Hill 2.00
s Glenn Springs 2.10
- White Stone 2.10
5 Tickets to the above points will be
5 sold on aSturdays good to return on
the following Tuesdays, for schedules
o and further information telephone or
J. W. Denning, Agent.
Week End Rates via 'Southern Ry.
Effective Saturday June 3rd and
continuing to and including Septem
S ber 3rd 1905 we will sell round trip
tickets continous passage in each di
r rection for all Saturday trains and
Sunday morning train, good returning
leaving destination not later than
Tuesday following date of the sale at
rates as follows:
Anderson, S. C., $2.40.
Walhalla, S. C., $3.40.
e Chick Springs, S. C., $2.75.
Tyron, N. C., $3.85.
r Saluda, N. C., $3.85.
r Hendersonville, N. C., $3.85.
Asheville, N. C., $3.85.
Spartanburg, S. C., $2.10.
Greenville, S. C., $2.10.
0 White Stone, S. C., $2.10.
d Union, S. C., $1.85
e Charleston, S. C., $515
-t I f Palms, S. C. $5-15.
Tybee, Ga., $5-15.
For further information phone or
J. P. Sheely,
We will insure your Frame
D welling for only sixty cents on
the hundred dollars, (not ex
sposed), or better still, one dol
.lar and eighty cents for five
Lyears. Good business people
insure their property, why
don t you? Insurance on stock
Land store buildings also,
- HOLMES & McFALL,
Fire Insurance Agents.
Ciarleston all Testern Caroln Ry.
F' (Schedule in F.ffect April 16, 29o5-)
I 1o.-52. Daily.
jLv. Newberry............32.36 p. m.
Ar. Laurens ...... ...-...3.50 P. m
Lv. 1urens No. 2. Daily.
Ar. Greenwood............ 2.46 p. m.
Ar. Augusta...... .52o P. m.
Ar. Anderson............ 7.3o p. m.
No. 42. Daily.
E.v. Augusta........... ....... .. .... 2.35 p. m.
Ar. Allendale............---..-4 30 p. m.
Ar. Fairfax...........................41 p. m.
Ar. Charleston........................ 7.40 p. m.
r. Be auf ort...... .. ........... .. ... 6.30 p. m
r. Port RCyal.... ...... ... ....... 6.40 p.'m
Ar. Savannah................... .... 6.45 p. mD.
Ar. waycross............ ..............10o.0o p. m.
No. z. Daily.
4Lv. Lau:en....................-------- 2.07 p. m
Ar. Spartanburg....... ......--.....3.20 p. m.
No. 52. No. 87.
Daily. Ex. Sun.
Lv. L.aurens.. .... ...... ..2 09 p. m. s.oo a. m.
Ar. Greenville .... .. -... ..-3.25 p. mf. 10 20 a. m.
s Through Pullman Car Service between Au
g'usta and Jacksonville, Fla.
n n. GAserE Agt., Laurens. S. C.
E o. T. ERYAN. Gen'l Agt., Greenville, S. C.
Is R FsT witL.IA 31s,G en'1Tass. Agt Augusta.
jM i "' I i C( 'I Thf < i( LI m. Ga.
We wish to call your at
Spring and Summer Goc
A dollar expended with us will do di
We offer the trade our best efforts it
best. The prices the lowest for the be
We offer some dainty Mercerized W
in price from ioc. to 50c. yd.
We have nice line Knickerbock Suit
Dimities, Ducks, DeLaines and other <
are dreams for waists or dresses Spri
Riverside Plaids, Southern Silks, Ches
Our Shoes are built to wear. Our r
sell Groceries. Get prices and see sty
S. S. Bir
" COME SOO]
Whenever you start out on a shc
This plan will save you many t
time. If we haven't just what y
We shall not urge you to buy, be
goods as soon as you can. It wi
every way to make selections bef
AIR - LINE -
NORTH - SOUTH
Two Daily Pullman Vest
Between SOUTH an
The Best Rates and Roul
Via Richmond and IA
Norfolk and Steame
Louis, Chicago, Nev
Points South and Southw
and Jacksonville and1
PossrnlvE..y 'THE SHOW
W'For detailed Information,
man reservations, etc., appty
board Air Line Railway, or Jc
Passenger Agent, Columbia,
C. F. STEWART, As:
W. L BURROUGIIS, Tray.]
THE SOUTH'S GREA TEST SYS
UNEXCEILED DINING CAR 8]
CONVENIENT SCHEDULES ON
WINTER TOURISTS' RATES as
For full information as to rates, roui
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT,
tention to our line of
Duble duty. Try it.
selections. The styles are the
aistings, Skirtings, &c., ranging
ings, Brousse Stripes, Callalettes;
Iress goods. Our Tussoh Silks
ng and Summer Prints 5c. yd.
riots, Cottonades, &c.
aen's Shirts are beauties. We:
les. Yours anxious to please,
by, S. C.
pping toui come here first. 4
innecessary steps and much *
on want then look elsewhere. 4
it we do wish you to see our
11 be to your advantage in
ore the final rush begins.
- EAST -- WEST.
ibuled Limited Trains
d NEW YORK.
IG CAR SERVICEI
:e (0 ali Eastern CitIes
ashington, or via
3, Louisville, St. I
, Orleans, and All
LIl points In Florida
ETLINE B EwNH
rates, sch'ules, Pull
to any agent of The Sea
s. W. Stewart, Traveling
Pass. kgt. Columbia S C
[G CARS ON ALL THROUGE
'ALL LOCAL TRAINS.
-e now in effect to all Florida
:es, etc.; consult nearest Southerr
Division Passenger Agent,
Charleston, S. C.