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VOL. XLII. NO. 103 NEWBERRY. S. C.. TUESDAY AUGUST 15, 1905. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 YEAR
IINDER A HEAYY FIRE
Lie Was Passed Frequently on Clos
ing Day-Sensational Testimony
of Present County Chairman.
The first public session of the dis
pensary investigating committee in
Spartanburg a-ijourned Fri. ae nigh-.
Every one connected with the i.ves
tigation was tred -nd worn out and
the broken th' :d i,ill be taken up
in Columbia ht-r on.
The follo? g -c" tme r, the anal
my's testimony is from the Ncws and
A number of addi:tional wi neses
were summoned. but it was fotind un
ncccary ro call chem and Messrs.
Ch-:.ztensen and Lyon ag':e that
time would probat."y be gained by
1%."d-ng the rcm ning w-nesses
:c"-:.n to a stand.
The day was largely devoted to ex
planations and privileged statements
from those who had been assailed by
the evidence and there was every
.disposition to -allow them to make
statements. Under this head Mr.
Charles O. Smith. Arch Cathcart.
Disper.sers Ferguson and McGarty
and Mr. Avant, who was a member
of the board, made Their explanations.
The dispensers who took the stand
all admitted that they placed in stock
the over supply of bottles that were
sent out by the Mallard Distilling
company. the Richland Distilling
company and Blutvhenthal & Bickert,
all pnt the proceeds in the cash draw
as other sales. Dispenser Ferguson's
position was that as these goods were
shipped to them by the stalte dispen
sary that they belonged to the dis
pensers and he could -ot see where
it da! any wrong-d^:ng in selling
tihesc extra complimetary bottles
and taking the proceeds. where cases
were -hipped out containing these
extra bottles by the State dispenser.
Messrs. Lyon and Oh;ristensen pre
sented a number of letters taken from
Mr. Ferguson's dispensary in which
he was notified that various whole
sale houses had sent him complimen
tarv liquors. The cub-committee also
presented a letter addressed to Mr.
Fergnren in which Mr. L. W. Boykin,
a member of the State board oi con
trok. wrote tihat he could now get
some other X corn and X rye than
the Richland stuff. and that he -had
been trying for a long time to get
the board to purchase some other
one X corn and rye for you fellows
:hat did nort want the Richland stuff.
but hav.e only succeeded yesterday.
T: most interesting witness to
day w,.as Mr. Charles 0. Smith. who
was chairman of the bolard of controT.
whiich has been char;ged with so much
H! e a rather young lo king man.
dresses wvell. has a very flushed face.
talks i-n'telligently and is altogether
H e denied absolutely and unequivo
cally thatc he had ever accepted or re
ceivedl one dollar for 'his vote in con
necton with any dispensary election.
and irmis'ts tihat it was all a pack of
lies abo ut his ever having received
any money for anyv dispensary elec
Mr. Evyon asked him if he did no't
go to Mr. Wall's horne and there of
fer him S3oo if he (Waill would vote
for The election as a beer dlispenser.
Mr. Emenh admittedl that this was cor-1
rect a ' then went on to say that the
had mrade :he iffer simply ti see if
he ".o'ld ':ake it, and what the other
fello-.. were doin. and he had no
idea of p.aying him any money.
Ugly Scenes. -
There were several ugly- scenes in
the --,.. hus andi on two occasionsI
t he lie was passed to and from the
wi:. :ss stand.
During the morning session Mr.
Morris told M1r. Smi.th that he was a
li.ar with reference to a certain state
ment that Mr. Smith had made about
Morris's relations with a woman.
Turning on Morris, Mr. Smith in
sisted that Morris was doing the ly
ing and that if he did not like w4hat
he was saying that he would see him
outside and settle it, and he seemed
anxious to ge-t busy without further
At the afternoon sess=ion, Mr. Ship
pey told Mr. Ferguson that he was
an infamous liar, if he denied telling
him he had placed complimentary
case goods on his shelves and sold it.
During dinner recess Mr. Landrum.
the present chairman of the board of
control, and Mr. Jesse Mahaffey. who
does not mind boasting of his drink
ing capacity. came near having a
hitch, but fortuna1ely the day passed
without any encounter. although. there
seemed to be consi=derable prepara
tion for such a thing.
One of the most interest witnesses
of the whole day, and in fact, of the
whole session, was Mr. B. G. Lan
drum, who has recently been elected
chairman of the county board of con
He was on the stand for just about
t. minutes before dinner recess
and in that time he said he thought
that his commission had been deliber
ately held up after his appointment,
so that certain deals could be made in
connection with the Morris-Bisih,op
dispensary and that he had been ab
solutely ignored in dispensary af
fairs. That he had written to Chair
man Evans upon important dispen
sary matters, and had never received
a reply from him, that he had never
been supplied witdh a statement of the
goods shipped to -the county dispen
sary as has been .the custom, and
what is necessary to secure a perfect
check on the local dispensaries and
he thought the county boards a hum
At the afternoon session Mr. Avant,
who is a member of tihe present board
of control, stated that Mr. Landrum
had made a proposition for a division
of the dispensaries in Spartanburg,
and that each of the three members
elected his own friend to each of the
di:pensaries as may he assigned to
This proposition, he said. h.e reject
ed. Mr. Avant admitted that he had
:done wrong in signing certiticates and
settle'ment blanks. but said that he
thought that it was all right as it
seemed to have been the custom to
Mr. Perry Wall. who is a former
member of t'he board, and refused to
ppear before the committee. is here.
This is where the committee hould
ave exercised its authority and fore
ed Mr. \\Yall to attend, but fortunate
ly the committee had an affidavit
signed b~y Messrs. Lyon and Chris
ensen. in which Mr. Wall stated that
Mr. Smitlhi had offered him $500 if he
would vote for 'Thackston. He stated:
hat about dispensary elections times
e had money offered to him and in
timations made that if he would vote
for certain people he could get money,
nd that tupon one occasion Mr. Mc
Abee offered him S150 to vote for cer
ain candidate. He stated that he had
ever received any money from any.
mne on account of any election con-I
ected with dh.e dispensary.
Mr. Gill Barnett. another obdurate
xiness refused to appear before the
c: mmit:ee and a voluminous affidavit
xas presenftedi from him.
Beer D)ispenser Riebling is qut'ite an
.-igina! character. lie has been one
,the beer dispensers here for a
zreat many years. and prior 'to that.
xas -liquor dealer. H-e is a German
an,. .ais a very decided German ac
Mr. icGarty testified that he wrote
letters to several whiskey houses
asking Th.em to make contributions
for the campaign fund for the dis
pensary against prohibition. and in
these letters Mr. McGarty wrote that
the money was to be used for general
campaign purposes and he did not
specify it was to used in connection
with any newspaper. He stated that
Lanahan & Son wrote him that they
had contributed to t1h.e fund Through
Columbia, presumably to Mr. Huse
man, who went there to make a co!
During one of the lulls in the testi
mony Mr. Carruth, who has had con
siderable experience in this section
distilling, was put on the stand.
One of the interested auditors dur
ing the entire hearing has been Mr.
Joe Huseman. who runs a beer dis
pensary here and who has been charg
ed with being the intermediary in giv
ing Toland's money to Smith.
The charge has been reiterated an.d
stiii luseman has said notth-ing and
unlike many others has not asked
to be 'heard.
He may be heard at the Columbia
A Sad Spectacle.
Dispenser Ferguson. who wears his
Confederate cross of honor on the
lapel of his coat, seemed to be utterly
unable to see glaring unbusinesslike
methods in the thandling of accounts.
The sub-committee on the local dis
pensaries thinks it has shown quite
enough in Spartanburg and in this
connection it is to be noted that
Chairman Hay was here with Messrs. I
Lyon and Ohristensen and rendered
every possible co-operation and his
support was of material assistance.
It is to be remembered thac this
committee is not prosecuting any one,
but is simply to show the conditions
that exist. It is evident that they
have shown enough for some one to
get busy here, if such is intended.
It was reported 1h,ere -tonight that
prosecutions would be started at once
against the dispensers for selling li
quor on their own account and that
such sales are nothing more nor less
Than blind tigering.
The committee feels that it is not
to prosecute any one, but if the so
licitor wants any of its evidence it
will be readily supplied.
It is likely that the committee will
meet in Columbia in about ten days'
Thursday's testimony is tihus sum
med up by Col. August Kohn, in the
News and Courier.
The evidence tollay before the dis
p)ensary investigating committee w~as
cumulative and damaging. Day by
day the sub-committee is reiterating
the manner in which dispensaries are
run in Spartanburg, and the inference
is that this is a type. There are some
in far better condition, and again
t4aere are some as b)ad The Spar
tanburg testimony is to show to the
peo ple of the state the abundant pos
sibilities of the system. WVhat was
done here until the committee got to
twisting the lid can be done eles
whet;her it is or not. Other dispen
errs received extra liquor. In
hun<dreds if cases they received com
plimentary liquor, and hiow few di&
not put the stuff in stock, sell and
pocket 'the proceeds. is yet to be
heard. The system permitted it, just
as did many other things that the peo
ple are just fmnding out. Witness af
ter witness is testifying to the pick
ings of local dispensers in extra bot
tIes. samples. presents and the like.
The changing of labels is more ser:
ous T chiy the evidence empinasized
and hammered down a series of al
readyv dev eloped matters.
First of all. M\r. Tiland. a former
dilpen)r1c. with apparent reticence
imtt can d r. t,l d of his actunal payment
if $275 and a gold w'atch to secure
a dispensary job. Toland testified
that, as instructed, he gave the mon
e to D;sner.cer T-Tseman. who wa
,to act as the termediarv. He gav:e -the
money to Kuseman to give to
Smith. who was chairman of t e
county board. as ^.dvised, and to this
he stuck. He had given an affidavit
that he had rot given Smith any mon
ey for an office, and hl urged that this
was tec4..nically correct. as the mon
ey had been given to Huseman to give
Smith and Smith did get it from
Husem'an. The watch was a direct
Second: Toland said that he bid
as high as $450 for a beer dispensary,
but he did not get the position for
Third: Mr. D. M. Miles developed
into an unexpected witness. He went
on th;e stand to clear his record,
which is entirely good, and to refute
certain charges about his using liquor
in an election. It was while on the
stand he threw some sidelight on the
dispensary management of ten years
ago. For instance he said that he
voluntarily quit the board of control,
to which he had been twice unani- 1
mously elected, because the general
impression was that it was not an
honest place, and for fear that some
people might suspect him of dishon
esty he tfhought it best to quit.
He went on to say: I saw things
I could not afford to say anything
about -because I could not say wheth
er they were so or not. Then he went
on to say that he caw things he sup
posed were not right, but did not
know it. He was satisfied there were
t:en some honest as well as some dis
honest people about the dispensary.
When pressed for specific information 1
he would always fall back, and say
that he was prepared. to answer any
legal question, but he would not
volunteer any evidence for fear of 1
doing some one a possible injury. 1
He went on to say that if the dis- 1
pensary had been run by the same
kind of men as it was in his day. it
would not be in the trouble it now was 1
Of one thing Mr. Miles was positive.
and tlhat he willingly testified, and <
that was that some one in the dispcrn- t
sary in his day and time supplied
liquor to blind tigers and he doubted
very much if the money for it ever
went to the state. He thought that
the board was all right, but he said
t'hat in his day and time on the
board the outside influences were
bad, and that orders were worked
for by outsiders, but he was free to
say that things were not to his liking
in the dispensary itself, and t-hat he :
quit and came home to be elected
county supervisor, which office he
Third. There was another scene
between Messrs. Christrensen and
Lyon and Mr. Blease. In connection
with Mr. Toland's testimony. it was
developed that Mr. Toland had swornK
that Mr. Blease. a member oi the in
res.igating committee. hiadl told 'him
that the committee wvas just going
around smoothing matters over and
up)holdling the dispensary law. That
Mr. Blease had asked him why in
the dickens he (Toland) had not
gone off and had nothing to sayj
about the matter. That he had told
Toland that he was not obliged to
testify, and that the general tendency
of the investigating committee was to
smoot4h matters over and uphold the
Mr. Blease reiterated that he had
never done anything to interfere with
the work of the committee, that he is
doing all he can to help it along and
that he has never offered advice or
money ro impede the work of the
committee. He asked t.he people
whether the wv~ould believe Mr. To-r
land or hi;mself tn the issue involved. !
Fl urth. Messrs. Christensen and
Lyon o f the sub-committee. unequiv'
'cally- ann 'unced that they in tended
:opreent any and everything they
conld find that would throw anyt
light on the dispensary situation int
the state. c
Fifth. The g-eneral committee afterC
a conference, regarding a protest
from Mr. Sims. decided that the
investigation was to be wide open,
that information and facts were want
ed and that the orthodox rules of
:estimonv were not to be enforced.
Sixtfi. That most of the tardy wit
aesses have appeared before the com
atittee. and only one witness refuses
:o answer the summons of the com
ittee. The committee has an affi
lavit from him.
Seventh. Jesse Mahaffey, the mem
>er of the house , who is quoted as
laving said that Herbert H. Evans
rave him all the whiskey he wanted
nd stuffed $20 bills in his pockets
xhi.le he (Evans) was a candidate for
-e-election on the board. ucterly de
iied any -such and all such charges.
He insisted that Mr. Evans was a
enerous and open- h;earted, but he
1as never given him whiskey nor had
ie ever given him any money in one
vay or another, and the report must
iave statred from a joke. because he
nade no such statments seriously.
Eighth. That Jeff Duawoody is
:redited with telling Toland that he
vas paid $ioo for writing a letter to
&r. H. H. Evans for one of the repre
entatives of Bluthenthal and Bickart.
Ninth. That members of the county
>oard of control made a habit of bor
-owing money from dispensers and
>f not returning the money.
Tenth. That the members of the
)oard of control would get all the
ree liquor they wanted, and tihat they
ad a practice of suggesting that they
vould like certain presents of get
ing them in the end from a "jinnie"
o a shot gun.
Eleventh. That one of the Lan
ord family held the positions of bot
le buyer and a drayage manager of
he dispensary at one and the same
Twelftfh That Mr. Cathcart was
Mother of the Blackwood type of
ioosters for the county boards, in
hat he was induced to file his appli
:ation simply to force the market
rice of jobs up.
Thirteenth. That two clerks in one
>f the dispensaries here kept tab and
ound that the chief dispenser con
timed more than $30 worth of li
mor a month.
Fourteenth. That one of the clerks
ehen he left the dispensary was pre
ented with champagne as an evidence
f good will.
Fifteenth. That a tip seems to
tave gostten inere and that in conse
tence the dispensers made way with
uch papers as they did not want to
~et into the hands of the investiga
Sixteenth. That Mr. Mr. Huseman
vent to Columbia with a letter of au
horitv, a sort of credci.:ial signed by
lie dispensers here, wihich he was to
te in his canvass for funds for the
ght against prohibition in. this coun;
y. and :o us f or the J urnal cam
Seventeenth. That the charge that
;tpervis. r Miles used dispensary li
nor samples, in his campaign. fell
Eightee'nth. *That beer was used
ere for election purposes and that
general bill was sent H. H. Evans
or the beer because there wvas an in
imation that the beer wvould be paid
Chairman of County Board.
Following is the sensational testi
aony of Mr. B. G. Landrum, who was
ecently elected chairman of the
ounty board of control of Spartan
Examination by Lyon:
Q. Relate to the committee those
aatters T asked vou about this morn
ig without my questioning you
AX. In the first place, I want to
'ake mys~elf straight in regard to
art Floyd about my commission.I
mndi(. andl ought to have told yes
erday. that Mr. Floyd was not at Al
,blame about my not getting my
ommission. That as soon as Mr.
am and I stnnose some ofthe other