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not belong to me but belongs to the
people and they will have the right
next year to choose my successor and
I will bow to their will, whatever it
may be, without a murmur. I do not
believe that the fall of the dispensary
necessarily means my fall. I do not
see what association there is or could
possibly be between the dispensary
question and the position which I
have taken upon it and my fitness
for the high office which I hold. If
my health: continues good I shall
ask the people to continue me in the
place, not because I am the father
of the dispensary but because of my
services in Washington. I am not
uneasy in the least. So much for
that branch of your letter.
Now let us come to the dispensary
question and your treatment of it.
You quote with great unction from
the decision of our supreme court:
"That liquor in its nature is danger
ous to the morals, good order, health
and safety of the people, and is not
to be placed on the same footing
with the ordinary commodities of
life such. as corn, wheat, cotton, tobac
co, potatoes, etc." I wish I had that
decision before me so that I could
give its essence in brief form rather
than take an isolated sentence. You
are too good a lawyer not to know
that the state could have nothing to
do with the liquor traffic were it not
for the exercise of the police power
which rests upon the right of the
state government to control or for
bid any and everything which con
cerns the morals and health of the
people, and right here is where we
part company in dealing with this
question. The prohibitionists in gen
eral and you, my dear doctor, as
one of the ixaders, are thoroughly
imbued with the belief that liquor
drinking is dangerous to the morals,
good order, health and safety of the
people, and you would therefore for
bid its sale in any way as a bever
age and would limit its use to medic
inal, pharmaceutical and mechani
cal purposes. South Carolina de
clares in the dispensary law itself.
"The manufacture, sale, barter or
exchange, receipt or acceptance for
unlawful use, delivery, storing and
keeping in possession within this
state of any spirituous, malt, vinous,
fermented, brewed (whether lager or
rice beer) or other liquors, any com
pound or mixture thereof, by what
ever name called or known, which
contains alcohol and is used as a
beverage, except as is hereafter pro
vided, is hereby prohibited under a
penalty of not less than three nor
more than 12 months at hard labor in
the state penitentiary, or pay a fine
of not less than $100 nor more than
$5o0 or both fine and imprisonment,
in the discretion of the court for each
offense. All alcoholic liquors in this
state, whether manufactured within
this state or elsewhere, not having
been testred 'by the chemist of the
South Carolina college and found to
be pure and free from poisonous,
hurtful and deleterious matters are
hereby declared to be of a detrimental
character, and their use and consump
tion are against the mo 3, good
health and safety oi the .te," etc.
In the judgment of .the legisla
ture which enacted the law as a
compromise, the dispensary system
would bring about the best results.
You and your friends make of this
question a religious issue while the
supporters of the dispensary law con
sider it a political issue and the peo
ple of the state have six time by
overwhelming majorities sustained
our view. You and your friends have
time and time again presented your
ideas and pressed them with vigor
and ability but the voters have not
seen it as you did.
I would be the last man to lower
the ideals of our schools. I would be
the last man to throw temptation
in the way of anyone young or old.
I would be the last man to teach any
child that liquor is not dangerous;
but is it the duty of a statesman to
hobble the devil when he can't 'be
chained, so to speak, or is it his duty
to simply say he. wants to see him
hoibbled or chained and then let him
loose?. The dispensary law properly
administered dJoes -educe drunken
ness. It does conduce to temperance
and good morals, and teaches men the
uses of liquor rather than the abuses
of it. That the state board of control
is under suspicion of corruption with
many things pointing to the belief
that the suspicion is well grounded,
ththe loc1l dclpensers have been
debauched. because of the lax admin- e
istration or mal administration provfs d
ntting. Pope long since epi:omizeci t
this whole subject in that well know.i o
"About forms of law, let fools con- s
"That law which is best adminis- j1
tered is best." t
And our not agreeing on the dis
pensary question and the liquor ques- a
tion comes from the fundamental '
difference of opinion as to how it is
-best to police the liquor traffic. The
prohibitionists declare it is sinful to
drink in moderation wine or whiskey, r
while a large majority of us cannot r
see any foundation in morals or re
ligion for any such contention. Every
body recognizes the evil of drunken
ness,and how to minimize this or t
to prevent it, is the whole question.
You say prohibit the sale. I say sell 5
by bonded officers under stringent t
regulations in the day time only and
have the law enforced. The profit,
which is an incident and not a pur
pose in this sale. to go where it is
most needed-that is, into the school t
fund of the state. It would make no
di.fference if it went into the general
fund of the treasury and the school
fund-increased from other sources,
that is a subterfuge. No one drinks 1
any more or patronizes the dispen
sary because the profits go to the
school fund. I can not see any harm 1
or sin in obtaining revenue from a
traffic that is irrepressible. The Unit
ed States supreme court protects each 1
citizen in the right to import for his
own use, and no law of the state can
prevent it. The poorer and more
ignorant classes who can not thus t
obtain liquor have been and always
will be supplied through some local
agency no matter what the law 1
against selling liquor may be.
You quote Gov. Hoch of Kansas 1
but you do not discuss or explain I
the official statistics in regard to 1
drinking and the payment of the Unit
ed States internal revenue license by
retail dealers in that state. There I
are no saloons in South Carolina for
the young to see any more than there 1
are in Kansas. God forbid they <
should ever return. Some of your 1
colaborers in this fight against the
dispensa.ry system, your allies and 1
counsellors, are the editors of papers
which have always fought the dispen- 1
sary arid are now scheming to get
hig~ licenses after prohibition has
failed, as it will fail. >There is not
a civilized government in Christen
dom as far as I know that does not
derive a revenue from the sale of
liquor and prohibition was an un
known thing 6o years ago. The Unit
ed States government received last
year from this source upwards of
$170,000,000. I think there are only
three states at this time that cling1
to ~prdhibition. Iowa and Vermont
had it some years ago but they have
abandoned it for local option with
the right to vote in saloons if wanted
and that is what is hoped for here by
your chief sponsors of the press.
One more word and I am through:
Let us see about your thistorical
parallel of the great leader who was
commanded to go down against the 1
Amalekites. The Hebrews of old.
true to their instincts of thrift, slew
the abominable tribe 'but saved the
best of the sheep and oxen, as some
claimed for "sacrifice"' and you go
on to state as an historical fact that
"the government of a state was corn
manded by Une moral sense of the t
people expressed at the ballot box
to go down and destroy the liquor I
traffic. And *when called to account
it makes the pitiful plea that while
it has not destroyed the traffic it I
has managed it so as to get moneyf
for the taxpayers." Your parallel isi
not a parallel at all.
The people of South Carolina have
never instructed its government to
prohibit t'he sale of liquor. In the
separate box provided by the demo
cratic executive committee in the
democratic primary of '92, the vote
stood, as I recollect. 35,000 for pro
hibition. 25,ooo against, while 32.0oo
did not vote on it at all (I quote from I
memory). That election was a side ~
show and you have no right tc. magni
fy its significance. This is a gov
einent of majorities and no majori
ty of the people has ever given any
such order. vdhile wvhen the question
has been passed on since directlyI
positively a half dozen times. the peo
pl said that the dispensary law was
a better and more sane solution. Isn't a
lection? The dispensary system
oes not rest for its support upon
le mner that it brings in. It rests
n the claim of its defenders backcd
y experience of our people and
tatistics, as affording more protec
ion agains,t the vice of drunken
es than any other system, pror,ibi
ion or license either.
If it has done this in spite of mal
dministration and mismanagement,
hat would it not do if such men as
)r. Cromer and his friends would
,ive to the enforcemnt of the law
heir great moral support? We do
ot ask endorsement but in a govern
ent where a majority rules we have
ad a right to expect cooperation and
Lssistance and we have not had it.
(et "render unto Caesar the things
hat are Caesar's" was the command
)f the Master himself. When the
tatute has been practically annulled
y the board of directors, when the
estrictive features ihave been allowed
o drop into disuse, have the prohi
>itionists lent their assistance by
tanding up boldly for the law? Had
hey done so, we would not be now
vhere we are.
You have been kind enough, my
lear sir, to remind me of Jefferson's
pitaph. You declare "the people do
1o. need advice but they need an
)pportunity to vote." Allow me to
-emind you that one of Jefferson's
naximz whidh was the very embodi
nent of civil liberty and true demo
:racy was, "Teach the people and
rust the people."
You want the people to vote now
while they are angered and bewilder
d. I want them to vote "sanely" af
er they have heard tfne facts and ar
;uments and I want all of them to
rote who have an interest in this mat
er, and under the Brice act this is
tot allowed. You mentioned Win
:hrop and Clemson as among the
:hings by which I would be remem
>ered. You left off some others that
presume to add, not from a sense
f egotism but simply .to keep the
ist. The emancipation in 18go of
:he people from dry rot, caused by
)nly one party and the demonstra
:ion that we could have the most free
tnd open discusssion of political ques
:ions without danger, followed by the
nauguration of the State Democratic
2nd. The constitutional conven
ion and its work, largely the result
>f my untiring and earnest efforts,
md my work in that convention in
ehalf of common schools and the
isfranchisement for the time being
f the negro majoritcy legally.
3rd. Last, the inauguration of the
sale of liquor by bonded officers un
ler tihe dispensary system. I will
ot say that your vision is clouded
>y fanaticism, but if .it be true that
'he who makes two blades of grass
:o grow where only one grew before
s a public benefactor," then is it
ot equally true that he who con
:eived a scheme by which drunken
iess was reduced, temperance en
:ouraged and decency and good or
ler increased and witlnal made the
lemon whiskey contribute to the ed
ication of the ignorant masses, need
ie be ashamed of his work?
B. R. Tillman.
Trenton, S. C., Aug. 14th, 1905.
Looking One In The Eyes.
There is a venerable specitrrr of
roverbial philosophy which says that
he man who cannot look you in tihe
ace is dishonest. No other saying
tas received greater currency. It
trikes the popular mind with axio
natic force, and yet it is not a re
iable test of character. Every con
idence man who succeeds in his call
ng has the steady gaze of the immac
ilate person. No person who is
killed in tlhe fine art of deception
ails to take an obvious precaution
o impress his dupes. On the other
and, many persons of unquestionable
ategrity are "put out of countenance"
y mere shyness. So morbidly was
his trait developed in the case of
Iawthorne, in his earlier years at
east, that he would go out of 'his way
o avoid meeting those who desired
o converse with him. It would be
ipossible for such a man to cash a
orged check, to borrow money from
bank on bogus collateral.
The great rascals can face the
-old without shrinking.
The world is always more anxious
bout the spots on th'e sun tihan about
Kickers ahvays attract attention.
One class of them sells high on the
marke:. The highest priced four leg
ged kicker is a hybrid creature, ir
ritable and somewhat unscriptu-al.
The chronic kicker is- an amusing
two legged "animal." not so danger
ous. rowever. A kicker never builds
up. He is great on tearing down.
The world's happiness has been pro
moted more by compliments than by
curses, so, good reader, when you
feel like kicking just retire to the back
yard and kick yourself a few times
rather than join The knockers' chorus.
Week End Rates, C., N. & L.
Commencing June 3rd, and continu- -
ing until and including September
2nd, 1905, the following week-end
rates will be on sale to the following
points, via the Columbia, Newberry
and Laurens, railroad to
Isle of Palms, $5.15
Sullivans Island 5.15
Cross Hill 2.00
Glenn Springs 2.10
White Stone 2.10
Tickets to the above points will be
sold on aSturdays good to return on
the following Tuesdays, for schedules
and further information telephone or
J. W. Denning, Agetit.
Dr. R. M. Kennedy,
Newberry, - - S. C.
OVER NATIONA.L BANK.
Best Mineral As
C. H. CANNON,
Near 0. N. & L. Depot
Thorough Collegiate Training
under positive Christisn in
fiuences at a minimum of
Next Session begins Sept. 27.
JAMES A. B. SCH ERER,.
alc. Colle gq!
>rt. Over 2o0 boarding pupils last
standard of culture and social life. -
.Advanced courses in Art and -
tric lights and other modern 1m.
one death among pupils in 23 years.
h and social development of every
ip. All pt,pils dress alike on all
Sept. 13th, 1905. For catalogue
IODES, A. M.,
PREsIDENT, Littleton, N. C.
~RY. S. C.
IMPROVING HER SKIN.
One Searcher After Beauty Tells of
"I wish the papers would quit pub
lishing these articles that tell you how
co be beautiful," says a young matron.
"I was fairly content with myself till
I began to read them. I had an av
erage good skin, too, but I've steamed
it and creamed it and massaged it
till it's a wreck. I've been for two
weeks trying a new beautifier for it.
I've been rubbing my face with slices
of onion. It makes your eyes water,
and it gives you an unattractive per
fume, but the article said it would
produce the soft, velvety skin of a
child, and I kept it up. Yesterday
my husband rose in his wrath.
" 'What on earth makes you rub
your face with onion?' he said.
'Wouldn't limburger cheese do for a
change? Why wouldn't potatoes or
asparagus do as well? Does it have
to be onion?'
" 'It does.' I said.
" 'You'll have to show me,' said he.
'Let me see the article that turned
your brain. I don't believe it says
onions. I believe it says any vege
fable you happen to have in the
"This made me furious, and I
brought out the article. What do you
think it said? It didn't say onions.
It said cucumbers. I knew it was
something you put vinegar on. That's
how I happened to get mixed. After
this I'm going to let my face alone,
but I shan't hear the last of that
onion beautifier till I die."
Ram's Horn Blasts.
Men begin to doubt the Bible as
soon as it begins to pinch them.
It has always a bad effect on a
weak heart to be asked to pay for
what it gets in dhurch,.
Many, of us, instead of putting our
burden down at the cross, carry it on
our heads and call it a crown.
A crutch easily becomes a cross.
Warnings are seldom welcome.
His Word makes the witnesses.
Weeds are commonly rich in seeds.
Much of our sorrow is but griev
ing at God's promotion.
The man who is cruel to a 'dog will
not be charitable to men.
Some people think their consciences
are steady, because they are always
A virtue does not thave to wait to
be verified by any authority.
The coming of the new Heaven
waits for the coming of the new heartc.
God may force us to a "'ild's des
titution that we may learn a child's
dependence on Him.
Splendid location. Health rest
year. High grade of work. High
Conservatory advantages in Musi<
Elocution. Hot water heat. Elec
Remarkable health record; only
Close personal attention to the healt
pupil. High standag~d of scholarsh
public occasions. CH ARGES VEI
24th Annual Session will begir
address, REV. J. M. RI