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NICKNAMES OF STATES.
Titles of Commonwealths that Were
Suggested by Romance-Othsrs
George Washington delivered an
address before the common council
of New York in 1784 in which he said:
"I pray that heaven may bestow
its choicest blessings on your city;
.-!at the devastation of war in which
voU found it may soon be without a
trace: :hat a well-regulated and bene
ficial commerce may enrich your cit
1:enS and your state-at present the
seat f empire-may set such exam
pies of wisdem as shall have a tenden
cy to strengthen the Union."
And from that day to this New
York has been known as the Em
Back in the early days. before
America as a nat'>n began to make
Iistorv, somebody wrote a romance
.and called it "'Las Sergas de Espla
-nadian" and somebody else published
it in 1510. In this tale a beautiful pa
gan queen called Salafia. living in a
kingdom called California. furnished
an army of amozonians to Esplana
dian. Emperor of the Greeks, to aid
in defending Constantinople against
eastern infidels. This land of the
pagan queen was filled with gold.
Cortez, the explorer of later date,
had read and been impressed by this
tale. When he set ou[ upon his ex
pedi:ion of adventure his mind was
thried at the thought o1 new riches
he was to acquire, and thus he calied
the and which, he discovered on thT:i
Paci:ic coast California. From that
dav to :his it has been known as the
gaden" state and its people have
been nicknamed "gold hunters."
Tar Heels aad Hoosiers.
It is an interesting matter for in
vestigaton. tis of how the states of
the U:nion carne to be called what :he:
are -dav, te manner in which they
acquire their variuos nick names and
why their respective citizens are char
acterized by the more or less odious
epithets that cling to them. In
other words, why are North Caro
linians called "tar heels," citizens of
Colorado called "rovers," Indianians
'"hoosiers," or Missourians "pukes?"
It is recalling facts in history to
answer. In the first place, rrost of
the states which form the Ur took
their names originally n the
stream or mountain that formed a
conspicuous feature of the territory,
and these had been previously named
by the Indians.
The state of Colorado was named
for :ne river. The word means "e.
As a general thing Colorado streams
are clear, limpid and reflect the blue
o: the heaven's and nature's green.
Eu wvhen mountain storms arise
thr srolled throungh these disturb
py,;Kc hert and fre frm
coSitto wt anr
It Makes Pal
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:o her people iS attached the repr
hensible nickname of "puke." Th
dates back to 1827, the time when th
Galena lead mines were drawing pec
ple from all over the country S
many of these came from Missou:
that other Missourians who had gon
on before remarked that the stal
had taken a sudden "puke."
Several years previous to this tirn
there had been a big exodus froi
these same mines that had given ris
to the nickname, of the citizens (
Illinois or "Tribe of Men." A larg
party while boarding the steamer
the Galena wharf was asked. "Wher
ye going?'" "To hum," was the repl,
"Well." was the rejoinder of the ol
miner. "ye put me in mind cf strcker,
They go up :he river in the sprin;
pawn and al return down again i
i Th .1. 1 n
:he f." The Illno:sans becam
.Zlnckers." The stare is known z
the Prairie state on account of it
Just why the Indianians are calle
"hoosiers" is a matter that has nc
heen entirely settled. In the earlic
davs the word "-husher" was a con
mon western term for a bully, an
this is offered by some authoritie
as an explanation of the term hoosie:
Others say that it is the result of
,zontraction of the question. "Who
Iowans, "drowsy ones," are hawl
eves because an Indian chief of th
name once spread 'terror among trai
ellers abroad in this land. Kansan
have been jayhawkers since the day
of the civil war, when the guerrill
an.ds inaugurated a lawless metho
of warfare. On the other hand.
if to atone for this unpleasant ep
he:, the state has been dubbed th'
garden of the WVest" on account
ts great productiveness.
Denizens oi the land wvhere the bhi
irass grows. Kentucky, are calle
corn crackers." because a rail wit
h pecliar name is the game' bir
that region. So.metimes they' ar
ed "rd horses." but nob,ody seemi
hen~' l.a Sale. entered the Gu
exc in 168. he f:onrhe
":. I .oui and named it fo r 1o
e Frech and Spani1sh etti ers.:m
r descend(an1ts even t iday arc cal
I and strong, bright, hap
ain, until you build up your
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pain and distress, such as headache,
chills, scanty or profuse menstru
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ry Fine 4
1 OUR STABLE
s To Henrietta Maria. wife of Charles
e T, of England, and daulghter of Hen
. ry IV, of France, both Maine and
A Maryland are indebted for their
ri names. The latter is Mary's land.
e The former was derived from Mayne,
:e the name of the patrimonial estate
of the French Princess. People of
.e this the lumber state are "foxes,"'
n both on account of the abundance of
e this animal and -because the lives of
f many were passed in the woods.
e Marylanders are "craw-thumpers," a
Lt name applied to lobsters by fishermen.
e Massachusetts is the Indian name
. for "blue hills." It is the "bay" state,
d because it was ence the "Massichu
etts Bay Colony," and the people
: re "beans" on account of the favor
:ite dish which every one knows is
e the;rs. To say nothing of their know
;s ng considerable more *chan "beans"
s is the popular conception.
Mic.higan is the "lake" state and
d the people are "wolverines." Minne
t ota. the "North Star," on account of
the insignia of its seal. Its people
_are "gophers," the allusion being to
d the honey-combed condition of the
state due to the small bodies of water.
a Mississippi is the "bayou" state and
its citizens are "tadpoles." Nebrask
ans are called "bug eaters," because
a bird so named and 'believed to be of
evil omen by the rural population
frequents that part of the country.
People living in Nevada are "sage
hens;" in New Hampshire, "granite,
boys:" in Vermont, "Green Mountain
boys:- in South Carolina. "weasels;"
in Virginia, "beadues:" in Wisconsin.
New Jerseyites are "clam catchers"
because this is the principal occupa
tio of the poorer classes. Ohioans
are called "buck eyes," because of :he
abundance of a tree by this name,
d the nut of which bears a strong
h resemblance to a buck's eye. North
iCarolinians are called "tar heels."
- This sobriquet goes back 'to war
ties. when people came out of the
p)ineries to fight. About the same
1me Tennesseeans were dubbed "but
ent"on account of the color of
eI cihes they wore. *'Gun.flints."
apliled to the citizens of Rhode
land. goes back to the Dorr rebel
un of 1842. when :h;e arms of th:s
d dIescription were pulled out from
he garrets where they had lain un
- ived for years.
Texas is :he "lone star" state be
a':'use that was -the emblem of her
iagt before she was admitted into
hew Union and is still upon the state
cal. "Beefheads." the people are
ailed. since their chief occupation is
attle raising. Alabamans are "lizards:"
co ple of Florida "fly-up-the-creeks:"
n Georgia they are "buzzards:" in
C' nnecticut "miuskrats."
The sto'nes of the Rock Creek
' idge at Washington. D. C.. are
amied after the avenue of the city
F>e name "Pennsylvania" appears
mi the keystone of the bridge's arch.
This fact is cited by some as the ex
,)aa:lon of why the state, named
dier the most peaceful of all early
\mierican settlers is called the "key
stne state." But a better explana
inn is found in the circumstances at
:ending the signing of the Declara
ion of Independence. Six colonies
ad cast their vote in the affirmative.
2xas opposed to the u.easure. John
!rton. representing Pennsylvania.
'at the vote that broke the tie, and
By looig he gained for his s:ate
he honor of being the "keystone" in
:he arch of liberty.
Bew~are of the red flag. It's anarchy
S ALL THE
[TY, S. C.
1785 College of
120th Year Beginc
Letters, Science, Engineeri One
county of South Carolina. tuition $40.
tory $10 to $12 a month. All candidate.,
for vacant Boyce schularships whieh
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unless we can sell you better a
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3 September 29th.
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7 $100ayear. For catalogue address
RRISON RANDOLPH. President.
FRONT OF THE PROCESSION.
UNDER OUR FEET.
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nd more goods for your money
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