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AIKEN ON IMMIGRATION.
Views of the Third District Congress
man-The Arguments in Favor
of Inducing Settlement of
Good Men "rom For
We have a double pleasure in pub
lishing Congressman Aiken's argu
ment. It puts our friend's position
fully before the public. Made by
strIng. clean man. his argument i
the 'blest and :nos: exhaustive pre
sentation of his appreciation of ex
isling conditions and the remedie
for the ills wt bear. Therefore. th
greater will be our happiness in prov
ing -'at he seeks to build upon shift
ing. treacherous sand and winnin,
him back to stand on the bed rock o
fai:h in our own people. as alway
prepared and always equal to ever,
crisis and condition.
We gladly give hii the floor thi
week and warn him to wear a thici
jacket when we take up his case fo
Abbeville, August 21, 1905.
Editor Barnwell People: In you
recent editorial, reviewing my speec
in congress on immigratior, you asl
who wou-ld be benefited bi immigra
tion to the sta:e, and why?
Before entering upon the discussioT
of the subject a::ow me to expres
my appreciation of the complimentar3
reference made to my speech: asid<
from our difference of opinion as t,
the expediency of immigration.
Not having had the bill before you
in support of which the speech wa,
made, I fear that you attribute tc
me more radical views on this sub
ject than I have entertained or hav<
undertaken to inculcate.
The bill which I introduced was ir
fact restrictive In Its nature. It pro
vided for an information bureau or
Ellis Island where a representative o:
each state should be furnished suit
a'ble apartments by the United State!
government, and should be- giver
everv assistance by the governmeni
in the intelligent selection and dis
tribution o immigrants. Once ar
immigrant has passed inspection
however, worthless it may be, he i!
free to roam as his fancy dictates.
Now I would not encourage this in
discriminate class and fortunately ii
is not the policy of the state to do so
The inmmigration agent of the stat<
is forbidden by statute 'to solicit im
migrants from any nationalities ex
cept those from whence came you:
forefathers and mine. Nor are we oi
the south in great danger of over
flo of worthless and thriftless ele
ment unsolicited. They reside ir
large populo,us centres in The ol(
world and naturally gravitate to sim
ilar surroundings in this country.
Granting. as* I am sure you will
that I have not advocated the solic
itation of any save desirable immi
gran.:a of approved nationalities.]
ask the ques:ron: w::at could he the
objec:ion. "morally, religiously, so
claily. financially. politically or etern
allv" to having our untenanted land:
settled with those who may' clair
with ta a comnmn ancestry?
May I not go a step further and
add that financially and politicall:
the demand for a larger white popula
t:on is little short of a necessity
The framers of thte last state consti
tuti?on in dealing with the suffrag<
question did no: claim to have ac
comllshed more than a temporar:
expedient. Some have seen in a de
clinntm birth rate. on the part of th<
negra. an ultimate white majority
and hope by som'e hocus pocas it
mna:.ntain white supremacy un:il tha
time. Unfortunately. howvevver, sta
tistics do not bear out this Idlea
The lates't census report shows tha
while the negro birth rate steadily de
clined since 1880 the same is true o
the whites, and the proportion of th
negro ,births still exceeds that of th
whites. We are then. again to be con
fronted with a negro maiority. of
younger generation struggiing fo
the ballot, without having endnre<
the subduing effects of servitrude, an'
educated far beyond their forme
state. I believe in the eternal su.
premacy of the white race. but
am not unmindful of the fact tha
that supremacy must be sustained b
one of two ways either through blood
shed and riot or by the more peace
able plan of calling to our side thos<
whare by natur ne with usi
thought and feeling.
Now as to the necessity of immi
- gration as a means of promioting our
ma:erial development. We find a
most eloquent argument in thc red
hills and yawning gullies which greet
the eye here and there. While we
would not fill the country to the ex
tent of the "German precedent of a
- family to two acres," we would adopt
- the happy mean. The area of this
s state is 30,308 square miles and scat
i tered over it are 1.340-000 people;
s oo.ooo less population than the city
- of Chicago. Is it possible ior such
- an isolated population. largely color
- ed. 'o even save our lands from waste.
I to say no:hing of advancing in thz
- wealth and comforts which are al
- ways found in well populated white
i A Few Counties.
There are perhaps a few counties.
for example, Anderson county, of
this district, where there are suffi-I
cient small farmers to preserve The
land in a high sta!e of cultivation,
r but your county and mine are not
of that number. The white popula
tion of this county, always inadequate
r for the proper care of the soil, has
i been reduced by removals to The cot
: ton mills to such an extent as to make
- 'esolate some sections of the coun
try. It is true that the negroes in
i large measure remain on the farm.
; but without the directing hand of the
r white man they count for nothing.
And even with the negro, we are, to
> use a homely expression, "between
the devil and Ehe deep sea." His
presence here is a constant menace
politically and yet we must needs
hold to him as our sole reliance for i
That nature has been more prodi
gal in her gifts to the south than to
I any other spot on the globe I
- reiterate and firmly believe. Surely
there is no section of the earth's sur
face covering like territory. where a
- single farm product for one year is
worth over half a billion dollars of
newly created wealth. That the de
mand for our cotton has grown from
S10,ooo..ooo bales to 12,000,000 bales, or
more, within five years is a self-evi
denE propositiort and is freely. admit
ted by expert cotton men on Wall
street. If furtier proof were needed.
- however, the fact that we have mar
: keted a 14,000,000 bale crop above the
. eight-cent level should be convin
cing. Now. I in no sense depreci
ate the effect on the price of cot
ton of the organization of the farm
ers: on the contrary. I believe that or
ganization has enabled them to mar
ket the crop as it was demanded and
that it has been largely instrrumental
iin holding up the price. But I re
I iterate the statement that in perhaps
less than ten years the south cannot
supply the normal -demand for cotton
with the present labor conditions.
Suppose. as you~ intimate, that
European countries have as vet fail
ed ro compete with us: in Africa they
have a virgin soil and favorable cli
matic conditions, and England is at
this very time using Tuskegee gradu
ates experimenting in cotton grow
ing. If we can by the introduction
of a healthy white population fore
s:all other nations and hold our mo
opoly of this greatest of money
crops, we may expect an era of pros
perty that we never dreamed of.
What Is Wealth?
You ask how we are to be benefited
by having the price of our lands ad
anced to say $rgo an acre. WVe
Iwould expect no such an advance.
-bu vith the influx of well-to
do European farmers. such as are
being settled in Aiken county by the
Southern Colonial Immigration as
sociation of Charleston." we would
- n time expect to see a material ad
-vance not only in the price of land.
but in general wealth. AnAd after all.
what is wealth? Does it make any
difference whether it consists in
land products or money? Surely
those of our :eople who have no land
7have no thing to lose and those who
have land have much to gain by it's
advancement. We~ are all working
for our children and naturally hope
1that our estates, however small. may
renhance in value to the utmost.
- A state, like an individual, is poor
Eor rich by comparison. The humblest
Sof our citizens is perhaps better off
Sthan some African potentrate, and the
- -ealthiest of our citizens is poor
- compared with the rank an dfil e of!
New York's financiers. So with
a South Carolina, while she has gaixied
something in wealth by the intro
duc-tion of northern capital in our
borders. she is comparatively poor.
We are rich in resources, but poor
in development. Within our borders
are the best phosphate deposits in
the world, as if planted there for the
reclamation of our wasted soil. We
have the cot-ton field and the natural
power for manufacturing for the sta
ple side by side. Every section of
the state is traversed by a raefreshing
river cr rivulet.
Pillowed on the mountains, laved
by -the sea, she has the most respon
sive soil for diversified, well cultured
crops of any state in the union. With
superior natural advantages from the
standpont of commerce, manufactures
and agriculture. we would not be con
tent to let them waste in our hands.
because of a prejudice against the for
eigner or northerner who is bone of
our bone and flesh of our flesh.
Absence from home has prevented
my replying earlier to your open let
ter of the ioth inst.
With the assurance of sincere per
sonal regard, Yours very respectfully,
Pennsylvania's Largest Oak.
Dr. U. S. G. Biebe is the owner
of the largest white oak tree in
Pennsylvania. This beautiful speci
men of a tree stands almost in the
centre of a large field in Maxaaiawny
township, about one mile and a half
from Kutztown. The circumference
of this giant at the level of the ground
is thirty-one feet; circumference four
feet from the ground, nineteen feet
ten inches; circumference six feet
from *che ground, eighteen feet four
inches; greatest apread of branches
(and trunk), 104 feet; height of tree
(estimated), seventy-three feet eight
inches. Its small height as compared.
with its great spread of branches
might indicate that it has always
been a field -tree and that it either
stood in an opening before the white
oaks took possession of the soil or
that it started since the civilized set
tlers cleared the ground. Though
the trunk is hollow and there is an
opening into it on the northern side
near the ground, there appears to be
no reason why this giant oak might
no-t, with proper care, last for centu
rie. Considering the vast spread of
its branches there is no other Penn
slvania tree approaching it in size
which is at once sq symmetrical and
A mule by any other name would
kick just as hard.
Ori Saleday, in October, 1905, at I1
o'clock a. in., we will sell at public
auction in front of the court house,
about 350 acres of land, of the estate
of Mrs. Sibbie D. Gromer, deceased,
by authority given us in her will, the
same to be sold in four tracts. plats
of which will be exhibited at the sale
and may be seen before that time up
Terms of Sale: One half of the
purchase money to be paid in cash and
balance in one year, with interest from
day of sale, with leave to anticipa:e
payment of the credit portion in whole
or in part, the credit portion to be
secured by note and mortgage of the
premises, with stipulation for 10 per
cent attorney's fees if placed in the
hands of a lawyer for collection. Pur
chaser to pay for papers.
John A. Cromer.
I. M. Smith,
Executors of Sibboie D. Cromer.
By John C. Wilson, Esquire, Probate
Whereas, WV. C. Sheely and J. M.
Schumpert hath made suit to me. to
grant them Letters of Administration
of the Estate of and effects of Mary'
These are therefore to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred
and Creditors of the said Mary Ann
Werts, deceased, that they be and ap
pear before me, in the Court of Pro
bate, to doe he'ld at Newberry on Tues
day Sep-tember 12, next after publi
cation thereof, at 11 o'clock in the
forenoon, to show cause, if any t'hey
have, why the said Administration
should not be granted.
Given under my hand, this 23 day
of August, Anno Domini, 1905
.3. C. Wilson,
A man can gain a lot of public con
fidence by not going into politics.
Some women seem to show more of
themselves by their dressing than by
It is awful easy to think a lot of
money you would give away in char
ity when you haven't got it.
A girl's idea of an interesting man
is one who con keep making love to
her when she tells him he mustn't.
Season Tickets Via. C., N. & L.
The Columbia, Newberry and Laur
ens railroad offers Season Tickets t.
the following points, limited unt.'
October 31st, 1905:
Asheville, N. C. $7.05
Flat Rook 6.30
Hot Springs 8.oo
Lake Waccamaw 9-30
Wrightsville T 1.70
Carolina Beach 11-55
Isle of Palms 7.90
Sullivans Island 7.90
Cross Hill T.95
e The Right
For a Squ
Whiskey _ _ Morphine - _ C
Habit, Habit, I
Cured_ byKeeley Institt
329 Lady St.(or P. 0. BoT 75) Columbia, S. I
The Right I
F or Medicine
iio Is Your Kitchen Pl
While it is commenda
attention to the construe
it is advisable to give as equally
equipment of your kitchen.
Take into consideration the fac1
S the kitchen and that the utensils in
ine the plumbing in your kitchen a:
cost of putting in a "$tandard'' P<
abundant supply of hot and cold
deanliness will be assured.
Our booklet, "Modern Hc
kitchens equipped with "$tandaard
for a copy. Every "Stand' S.
C. C. DAVIS.,]
Glenn Springs' 4.45
Parties wishing to purchase tickct;
to points beyond Spartanburg will
please notify me before the trains are
dte. that I may arrange to have tick
ts ready on their arrival.
For schedules or further informa
tion phone or write,
J. W. Denning, Agent.
Week End Rates via Southera Ry.
Effective Saturday June 3rd and
ontinuing to and including Septem
ber 3rd 1905 we will sell round trip
tickets continous passag., in each di
rection for all Saturday trains and
unday morning train, good returning
eaving destination not later than
Tuesday following date of the sale at
rates as follows:
Anderson, S. C., $2.40.
Walhalla, S. C., $3.40.
Chick Springs, S. C., $2.75.
Tyron, N. C., $3.85.
Saluda, N. C., $3.85.
Hendersonville, N. C., $3.85.
Asheville, N. C., $3.85.
Spartanburg, S. C., $2.10.
Greenville, S. C., $2.10.
White Stone, S. C., $2.10.
Union, S. jC., $1.85.
Charleston, S. C., $5.15.
Is!e of Pal-Ms. S. C S5.15
Tybee. Ga.. S5.i5
For, further information phone or
J. P. Sheely,
is & Hunter
igarette - All Drug aud Tobacco
te of South Carolina.
:. Confibental Correispondence solicited.
e ha Curee
s & Huntere
ble to give the utmost'
don of your bathroom,
good attention to the sanitary
that all your food is prepared in
wbich it is prepared depend upon
L~Is this fact
___ alone not suf
ficient to war
rant the in
stallation' of a
chen sink ?
like to exam
rid if it is defective, tell you the
rcelain Enameled Sink with an
runnng water. This done,
'me Plumbing," shows several
Sinks. Call, write or phone
nk is fully guaranteed.
LE BY p