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made in a general circular letter.
The evidence showed also that
there was a first-class side line in the
return of the empty beer bottles,
which were sold at 20 cents the dozen.
Mr. Manhiem stated that he has re
turned as many as forty barrels of
empty beer bottles for which he
was paid at this rate.
It was in Marion county that t-e
sub-committee first heard of the sug
gestion of a campaign fund with
which to fight the prohibition move
ment, that then seemed approaching.
It was this clue that made the com
mittee look so carefully into the mat
ter at Spartanbvrg. The letter from
Dispenser Bass, at Dillon, sugges
ting a campaign fund, was present
ed in evidence, but Mr. Manheim in
sisted that there was no fund raised.
Dispensers Order Liquor.
Another amazing feature of the tes
timony was that dispensers apepar
to place their own orders and that li
quors and wines are shipped directly
to the dispensers. Even the bills of
lading were presented from Garrett
& Co., to show that at one time they
shipped directly to the Marion dis
pensary as many as twelve barrels
of wines. Mr. Manheim said that the
goods were billed through the state
dispensary, but this, to say the least,
a most loose way of doing business,
and if a dispenser were inclined to
do a bit of figuring on his own ac
count there would be no check if he
could order goods shipped directly in
such fashion. The statement was
made that the wine was shipped di
rect to save freight.
The bundle of letters gotten from
the Marion dispnesary throw a flood
of light on how eager the whiskey
houses were to push the sale of their
goods and retain the good will of
the dispensers by presents, by buying
empty cases that were worthless to
the dispensers, by paying fancy prices
for the empty bottles and all manner
of clever schemes. The letters, ex
cept those making remittances for
bottles and empty cases ,which vary
as the returns were made, w gener
ally carbon or mimeograph ers, in
dicating that the same form had been
used in sending out presents, or ex
tra bottles or in making offers to
the various dispensers throughout
.There were several letters pre
sented from stale agents, who evi
dently traveled about the state work
ing up orders and business for their
firms. One of these letters found
at Marion was from Mr. Moody. who,
in former years. was connected with
the dispensary, and a second from an
agent, who, at one time, represented
his county in the general assembly,
but who was not a member at the
time he represented the firm.
Quite a number of witnesses have
been summoned here from va
rious parts of the state and a
number are already here.
Mayor R. Goodwyn Rhett, of
of Charleston, has been asked to be
a witness here, and as a straightfor
ward, honest man, he is to be asked
among other things how the sys
tern works inl Charleston, and what
he knows abc'.t the system of tribute
to the constabulary, which it was
currently reported existed in Char
leston not many years ago.
The sub-committee feels that it
could continue the developments as
to the management of the county
dispensaries for many months. bt
that it would be only to show what
has been already brought out and
what will be developed here as exist
ing in certain other counties.
The only witnesses examined here
today by the Lyon-Christensen comn
mittee were the dispenser and his
clerk, at Marion. Mr. Manheim told
much, but the letters told much more,
and Mr. Lupo. the clerk, corroborat
ed the evidence of his chief, and mere
ly added that the extra bo:tles That
came from various houses were put
on the shelves and sold, as oTher li
quors were, coming from the state
Mr. Spivey. of Conway. was un
able to be present and as soon as
the committee was called to order Mr
Lyon stated that his sub-committee
had several witnesses to present as a
result of the inquiries during the last
few months, into the conduct of the
Mr. M. Manheim
was th:e first witness. He was the
Ad;spenser a: Marion. where he has
served as dispenser for three years.
He1 sol fires where quarts were asked
for. but he often told the customers
that they were short measure. Some
times he did not know that the fives
were short measure. He thought I.
Trager & Co. sent him a dressing case
about Christmas and Mr. J. S. Farnum
sent him a silk umbrella. Another
firm sent him some Riverside rye,
but he had none of this brand in
stock and used the liquor privately.
Mr. Lyon then showed Mr. Man
heim a number of letters addressed
to him and his predecessor. They
came out of his dispensary at Marion.
One of the letters was from Bern
heim Distilling company, notifying
him that they h2d sent him some
Shaw's malt and meat and malt with
their compliments. Another letter
was from Bluthenthal & Bickart, in
which they write that they sent sam
ples "in accordance with your re
quest." He explained that he wrote
the house because he had been un
able to get the "Old Joe" liquor. He
insisted that he did not write for sam
ples. Notices tha't samples of "Im
perial Pilenser" had been sent him.
He remem-bcred telling the committee
that he did not know if he could find
any letters from liquor houses. A
bill of lading was presented from
Cook & Bernheimer Co. for a cute of
liquor. He said the case only con
tained three bottles. Another letter
was from Gallagher & Burton by J. S.
Farnum, advising him of the shipment
of samples of liquors for his use.
A letter was also read from Galla
gher & Burton by J. S. Farnum, ad
vising Dispenser Stanley that compli
mentary brandy had been shipped
'him. He was advised that the dis
pensary had bought largely of these
goods and that orders would be ap
preciated and he was advised "in or
dering make it plain that you want
Gallagher & Burton's liquors." Mr.
Manheim was clerk for Mr. Stanley.
Mr. Maniheim said he never asked
Grabfelder & Co. to send him any
liquor. A letter was received from
Wm. Lanahan & Sons advising him
of a shipment of match boxes for
advertising purposes. He distributed
them. He received a fountain pen.
He did not think he stood in extra
well with I. Trager & Co. Mr. Lyon
read letters from I. Trager & Co. in
which they advise him of sending him
an umbrella for favors shown, etc.
He never received this umbrella, and
so advised them. He received a comb
and brush from them.
He did not know why they had sent
him these souvenirs, but he tried to
keep all brands on hand. He never
made it a point to place large orders
for any brands. There were several
letters relative to the umb-ella. which
seems to have been lost. The Trager
company has sent him a trifle every
year since he has been in offce. He'
went over several minor presents
that were sent~ him as dispenser. He
was quite sure no liquor was ever
ordered 'or sold at Marion that was
not regularly ordered from Columbia.
Letters were exhibited addressed to
his predecessor as dispenser. Acconm
ponying these letters were bills of
paning these letters were bills of
Marion direct. The letters indicating
the direct sales and shipments to the
county, read as follows:
WVeldon, N. C.. September I, 1905.
Dispenser Stanley, Mar on, S. C.
Dear Sir: VWe herewith hand you
hill of lading for twelve barrels and
two cases of wine, kindly ordered
through our Mr. Clark. Please check
up these -goods carefully immediately
on arrival, being sure to observe they
are not broken in transit. In the
v-nt of any shortage take exception
before the railway agent, and notify
us of the same. so that we can put in
claim, and send you goods to replace
the shortage. Please give the goods
a nice display on :;our shelves. as
this is the surest way to get them in
Hoping they will meet with ready
sale, and that we will have another
nice order before Christmas, we are
yours very truly,
Garrett & Co.
Weldon. N. C.. September 4.
The Dispenser. Marion. S. C.
Dear Sir: WVe herewith hand you
bll and memorandum of goods, as per
kind order given our Mr. Clark. We
trust that These goods will open up
to entire satisfaction, and remember
that we guarantee every bottle. and
ifv should have any trouble what
eer kin d!v refer the same to us and
wewexi adinxst it pro mptly.
f yu will make a display of :hese
your shelves you will find that you
will have ready sale for them, and
with the exception of clarets, cham
pagne and Rhine wines, they can be
placed in any position to show to the
best advantage without the least fear
or danger of spoiling.
Trusting that everything will be
satisfactory, we remain yours truly,
Garrett & Co.
Mr. Manheim said he could not ex
plain in these letters except that it
was stated that it would save freight,
the bills for this liquor came from the
state dispensary, at Columbia. The li
quors were ordered for the dispen
sary and so billed. He did not give
Garrett & Co. an order for wine, be
cause there was an ample stock on
hand, and he had never gotten liquor
or wine except through Columbia.
Make Town and County Pay Break
He is now enforcing the require
ment as to request books. The dis
pensary has not substituted liquors
for him. His orders were to charge
all breakage to the town and county.
If there was breakage in transit the
railroad paid it, but it was impos
sible to find all breakage, at the t'me
of receiving the liquor. He said he
had sold two or three cases of Hos
tetter's Bitters. He considered a few
bottles of blackberry cordial as the
only hard stock on hand.
He shipped empty cases to Mallard,
Richland Distilling company, and
Bluthenal & Bickart. He shipped the
latter cases to X. Y. Jones. He was
paid 25 cents by each for each empty
Mr. Manheim forgot about late
shipments to Bluthenal & Bickart,
and Mr. Lyon read him a letter, which
together with many others, made
the X. Y. Jones shipments and pay
ments for empty casbs plain. The
Atlanta, Ga., September 4, 1905.
Dear Sir: With reference to our re
cent letter concerning the return of
empty boxes, there seems to be a mis
understanding on the part of some
dispensers, who think we discontinued
buying the boxes because we did not
want them. This is a mistake. We
actually want the boxes-we need
them urgently, aid we would be only
too glad to receive them.
The state board passed a resolu
tion prohibiting all dealers from buy
ing these boxes, and there wc-- no
choice left us in the matter.
A member of the state board has
informed us that there is nothing to
prevent dispensers from shipping the
boxes to an out side party in Atlanta,
and nothing to prevent us from buy
ing the boxes from this outside
In future you will therefore please
ship your boxes and wrappers to X.
Y. Jones. Atlanta, Ga., sending us
bill and bill of lading, and we guar
antee that you get your pay monthly.
In making ship.ments, it is best to
prepay freight, and mark on bill of
lading " empty boxes returned to
original shipper," so as to take low
est freight rate.
Assuring you that we are only too
glad to help out the situation in this
manner, we are, yours truly,
-Bluthenal & Bickart.
He said the check paying for the
empty boxes was a cashier's chec!
and he did not know it was from Blu
thenthal & Bickart a letter was showr.
for a bill of lading for 58 empty cases
to X. Y. Jones, which was written
by Bluthenthal & Bickart. Many
other letters were in evidence, indi
cating remitcances for empty cases.
He could not remember how much he
got altogether, for these empty cases.
Mr. Lyon read these letters advis
ing Mr. Manheim of checks for empty
cases. One letter sent a check for $it0
from Atlanta; another from the Rich
lar.d Distillery for $9. It might have
amounted to $25 a month for empty
cases. He considered the empty
cases his property, beu use the cases
for which there were no demand were
used for kindling. etc. but he had no
possible data to know if this was far
beond what was received or not.
He kept no empty case account, but
thought it may have netted him $25
a month. Mr. Lyon filed a handful
of letters taken from th:e Marion
dispensary, but he said there were
numerous letters advising payments
for empty cases; the sending of com
plimentary liquor, and .the like. Mr.
Lon did not think it worth while
reading any more of them.
Manheim never kept account of his
* PRESCRIPTIONS I
0 Prices Are C
W. E. PELH.
buggy tires a
grates, in fac
any kind. W
S. S. Bil
When Wanting Son
Oeo. D. D
Cod Fish Balls, Devil
pered Herring, Frenc
Boneless Herring, Ro
Beef, Lunch Tongue,
Chicken and Potted Tui
lets, Cheese, Coffee frc
Cream of Wheat, Qu
Force, Peanut Butter,
Ferris' Breakfast Baco
Spices for Pickling, Vir
Apple, Fresh lot of Cho,
Phone 1 10.
Four Schools: Arts, Law
System of Wide Election.
F CARE AND
:orrect With 0
AM & SON., 0
Pi pounds of
nd axles, old
t old iron of
e also want
> and bees
lethin Good to Eat
3d Crabs, Shrimps, Kip
:h Sardines, Lobsters,
ist Mutton and Roast
,Sliced Ham, Potted
rkey, Grated and Sliced
, Asparagus, Celery
and Sour, Junket Tab
m 15c. to 35c. per lb.,
aker Oats, Grape Nuts,
Butter Beans, Olives,
n, Tetley's Tea, Mixed
legar--White Wine and
colate Candies 40c. per
, Sciences and Teachers.
>er 27th, 1905.
~RY. S. C.