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WHAT MEN AIRZ WORTH.
W,%hat Japan Saved by Stopping the
War and What the South Lost
In Its Men.
Suggesting that one potent factor
-in bringing Japan to a peace treaty
is the economic value of men that
,anight have been killed or permanent
-Jy disabled in a continuation of the
war, The Boscon Herald says:
In this country the average man,
Af capitalibed according to his earn
ings capacity, would be worth at
3east $1o,ooo. He is worth that to
rimelf, and probably much more to
-the community, both- in whac he
-spends and in what he produces, his
production having value considerable
an excess of his wages."
The Herald estimates that, by rea
son oi low wages in his country, a
Japanese is worth about one-half of
an American economically, and says
that a comtinuarion of the war to en
force the payment of indemnity would
have meant the loss of at least
loo,ooo iiefr to Japan and the conse
quent taking of $5oo,ooo,ooo from the
national assets The .Manufaccurers'
Record has frequently referred to
such a factor in -its estimate of the loss
to the south in the war of -the 'sixties.
TMe greatest aggregae. loss for in
4dviduals in the south be6ause of that
'war was 'their property in negroes,
valued at $1,8o0,ooo,ooo, and there was
quite another $,,oooooo,ooo represent
ed in the destruction and pillage of
public and private property, in the
loss for insurance, banking, trade
and commerce and in the deteriora
ftion of the neglected soil. -But the
*greaiest fods was undoubtedly in the
jn,oo dead of the flower of south
Crn manhood and the 1oo,ooo perna
jetly disabled, representing a sub
ztraction Of $3,OO0,OOo,0O from the
-south's assets. When that fact is
considered the story, of southern re
Aperation to the point -where the
vwealth of its 25,00o,O09o inhabitaints is
sow about equal to the wealth of the.
whkole country with 31,000,000 inhab
itants in 186o approaches the mar
~ Cotton Manufacture In Europe.
The following is an excerpt from
1the paper read by the American rep
rgesentative at the Internacional Cot
-tea congress at Manchester, Eng
land,. ast week.
Bafore examining the main pur
pose of the international:Cotton con
gre~s, let us briefly consider one of
dhe secondary objectcs of the organi
-zaiona, namely, increasing the sup
ply eof raw catton. .There is an error
,dceply planted in .the European mind,
date a serious danger lurks inl the
&amet extensive use of American
aatton, and that Europe, will de
- diie -mre benefit from cotton grown
'in -Ihe #lconies than from an equal
amount -rwn in our soutb'er,n states.
This "err.or is ea'sily explained. A!
though-:mrable to produce the raw ma
teriil, 'Europe, during the last cen
turyaand -a 'half, has directed her ef
fiortsAieward 'the improvement of pro
desses -and machinery, the utiliza
dtiin edi cheap labor and cheap pow
eet 'the building and managing of
-nills, and the opening up of ne w
smarkets for goods. During this time
-the production of cotton has kept
well abreast of' the world's require
ments an'd the European hfas grown
'to look upon the cargoes of cottonj
that come to his shores as upon the
rain t.hat falls f.rom the clouds. Sup
-plied from distant countries with raw
-material in sufficient quancity, *he
:aas made remarkable progress in con
verting it into cloth. ,He has dis
-placed the spinning wheel with the
-modern ring frame and mule, and built
gp an industry which today comprises
;o,000, or four-fifths of the world's
tetton spindles, gives direct employ
anen~t to a million 'and a half of opera
tives, and forms one of the chief sup
ports of the industrial and social sys
tem of Europe. From this it is easy
- to 'understand the panic that seized
not only cotton manufacturers, but
the rulers of Europe as well, when
they woke up last year to a full
trealization of 'the fact that their great
cotton industry was short of raw'
- material and dependent on the Unit-'
ed States for existence. The .general
sear was thus expressed by M.' Berger,
o'f France, at Zurich:
A Vision 0f Ruin.
"Sho.uld the time come when Amern
* :a is in a position to use all the cot
-con she produces, then the state of
affairs would be very different. The
three hundred French spinning con
cerns and six hundred weaving estab
lishments, without taking into ac
count the dyeing and finishing works,
would be obliged to close their doors,
forcing on to the streets, derived of
their means of existence, a multitude I
of workers numbering more than
25o,ooo, and thus causing a labor and
economical crisis, the consequence of 1
which would be disastrous."
The consternation produced by this
prospect was increased by the knowl
edge that the only remedy available
was short time, a temporary retire
ment from business, the forerunner
of the ruin that M. Berger so vividly
portrayed as the result of an Ameri
cans, we should no7t lose sight of -the
many mutual advantages in interna
tional intercourse and a better ac
quaintance with our foreign friends.
We have many interests in common
with them. There are many lines of
work that would be for the benefit
of borh. Among these may be men
tioned the minor quest-ions already
taken up by the International Cotton
congress such as improving the baling
of cotton, unifying the weights and
measures of the textile world, and
combatting the evils of speculation.
My visit to Manchester led me to be
lieve that -the cotton manufacturers
of Europe are desirous of cooperating
with the cotton growers and cotton
manufacturers of America, and that
they would be glad to send represen
tatives to .this country to investigate
on the spot certain questions whose
solution is for the benefit of all. They
are resrained from taking this step
by the fear that such a visit in the
absence of a formal invitation from
the manufacturers and growers of
America would be taken as an af
front, .as an unwarrantable intrusion
into their neighbor's affairs. There
are, however, many conditions in
the United States which they, as buy
ers of 8,ooo,ooo bales of American
cotton every year, have a right to
investigate on the spot and discuss
with authority. This field for inves
tigation and discussion could be
greatly extended with benefit to all
and without arousing any conflicting
or divergent interests, if the cotton
growers and manufacturers of the
United States would meet foreign
manuacturers hialf way in their evi
dent desire for a friendly interna
The survsivors of Co. G. 13th, South
Carolina Volunteers of the Confeder
ate States Service would lay this:,
their last tribute on the graves of
their departed comrades. Wei have 1
been called .to mourn the loss of four
of our company, and as brave men as
ever answered roll call.
Captain Johln F. Banks was born in
old Edgefiel'd county, on December s,
1839, and died December 21, 1904.
When South Carolina called her sons
to defend her cause, he volunteered
and' in 1861 was elected second lieu
tenant. He iwas wounded at Gettys
burg and fell in the hands of the ene
my, and was carried to Chester, Pa.
He swas taken frornm there to Point
Lookout. He was elected Captain
after he was taken prisoner and pa
roled in 1865. Captain Banks served
his country well sin ,war and in peace,
having twice represented this county
in the legslature. He died as he had
.ived. a brave true man.
Jefferson M. Taylor was born Jan
uary 1st, 1833. and died September
28 1904. Comrade Taylor volunteer
ed at the organization of Co. G. and
went with this company to Lightwood
Knot Springs and from there he went
with his company into the service of
the Confederate states, and was in
all the battles in which his company
was engaged. Ever ready to go at
the call of duty, he was ever found
at 'his post and when the war was over
he returned to his home in Newberry
county and did what he could to help
build up her waste places and make
he south to blossom once more.
M. Luther Kinard was 'born Dec.
19, 184o, and departed this life Dec.
29, 1904. Comrade Kinard went out
as a member of the Holcombe Legion
and upon request was transferred to
Co. G. 13th, South Carolina Volun
teers. He was in a number of engage
ments in which campany G. suffered
severely. He was ever active and
ready to do and dare for the cause
so dear to the soldiers and patriots
eart, home and country.
C-..a D. TLang-don Moore was
I>out 72 years ld when the call came
or him to answer the last roll call
)m earth. He came to Co. G. while
he company was campaigning in
lirginia, and was present and partici
)ated in many of the hard fought bat
les through which the company pass
d and in which so many brave fel
ows fell in defense of their homes
Lnd loved ones. Comrade Moore was
enial, whole souled and jovial. And
nany were the tedious hours whiled
Lway in his hearty and jovial pres
mce around the camp fire and on
he march. After the war, he moved
:o Georgia in which state he was liv
ng when he answered the summons
)f the grim messenger Death.
Thus within the past year, four of
)ur comrades have passed on -o that
)ourne from .whence no traveler re
:urns. And they now await us on
he other shore.
One by one the heroes of the
ixty's are passing away. One by one
hey are passing, "Over the river to
-est under the shade of -the trees."
kt each reunion the list is growing
horter and at each roll call more and
nore fail to answer to their names.
Phe reveille has sounded for the las
ime and the soldiers of the sixties
iave gone to join .their comrades on
heir last battlefield. They have
)ivouaced for the last time.
'The muffled drum's sad roll has beat,
The soldier's last tattoo;
o more on life's parade shall meet,
The brave and fallen few.
'On fame's eternal camping ground,
Their silent tents are spread,
knd glory guards, with solemn round,
The bivouac of the dead.
The sunshine of your native sky,
Smiles sadly on you here;
nd kindred eyes and hearts watch by
The heros sepulcher.
No wreck, nor change, nor win
Nor time's remorseless doom:
An dim one ray of light,
That gilds your glorious tomb."
J. E. Quattlebaum,
A. A. Nites,
L. S. Bowers,
Spend your money and you won't
ose it in fool inves-tments.
The 'tax books for Newberry coun
y will be open for the collect-ion of
axes for fiscal year commencing
anuary 1st, 1905, the 15th day of
)ctober, 19O5,. and will remain open
without penalty until tlhe 31st day of
)ecember, 1905. Upon all taxes paid
.fter the 31st day 'of December, 19o5,
,nd before the 1st day of February,
go, a penaity of one per cent will be
.dded; upon all taxes paid during the
nonth of February, 1906, a penalty of
me per cent. additional will be adid
d, and upon al1l taxes paid from the
:st to the 19'th day of March, 1906,
nlusive, an additional penalty of five
>er cent. 'will be added.
Foowing is the levy:
'or State purposes . . .- 5 1-2 mills
F'or Ordinary Co. Purposes 2 1-2 mills
For Special Co. purposes .. 1-2 mills
For School purposes . . . - 3 mills
Total .. .. .. .-.-.-1 1-2 mills
Except in the fol-lowing localities,
;vhere an additional railroad tax has
een levied, viz:
fowns~hip No. I .. ........2 mills
Pownship No. 8... .. .. 2 1-2 mills
ownship No. 9.... .. .. - 3 mills
And except in the following school
listricts where special school ~tax
1as .been levied, viz:
Newberry School Dis. No. 1 - -3 m.
Thappells School Dis. No. 39 .. 2 m.
Big Creek School Dis. No. 20 .. 2 m.
Utopia Schooll Dis. No. 10 .. 2 m.
Whitmire School Dis. No. 52 .. 2 nm.
Prosperity School Dis. No. 14 4 1-2 mI.
Little Mt. School Dis. No. 30 - - 3 m.
Excelsior School Dis. No. 35 .. 2 m.
zion School Dis. No. 56 .... ...2 m.
Pomaria School Dis. No. 26 .. 1-2 m.
A poll tax of one dollar has been
Levied on all male citizens between
te ages of 21 and 6o years, except
those exempt by law.
Persons liable to road duty may
pay a commu-tation tax of three dol
lars from the 15th day of October,
1905. unti'l the 15th day of March,
John L. Epps,
- County Treasurer.
50, 60, 75 ar
40, 50, 75 a
65, 75, $1.00, $
prescription at a
charge just wha
The Right Dr
POINTS OF EXCELLENCE :-Bigh
Instruction. University Methods. Fime
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System. Full Literary, Scientific, Musici
A. B. and A. M. Winnie Davis Scbool o1
20. 1905. Send for catalogue. LEE DAV1
Southern Lime al
CH AR LESTC
Building Material of all
. Write for I
.attention to the constructioz
it isadvisable to give as egnally go
equipment of your kitchen.
Take into consideration the fact th
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inc the plumbing in your kitchen and
cost of putting in a "$taded"' Pore
abundant supply of hot and cold F
cleanliness will be assured.
IOur booklet, "Modern Home
kitchens equipped with "$tondaad" S
for a copy. Every "Stande" Sink
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S LODGE, A. M.. PH.D. President.
id Cement Co.
N, S. C.
finds. High Grade
to give the utmost
of your bathroom,
:xd attention to the sanitary
at all your food is prepared in
c it is prepared depend upon
__ equipment of
ficient to war
rant the in
like to exam
if it is defective, tell you the
luin Enameled Sink with an
lubing' show sera
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is flly garaenteedl.