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VOL. XLII. NO. 120 NEWBERRY. S. C.. FRIDAY OCTOBER 13, 1905. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 YEAR
YIELD OF COTTON
CROP FOR 1904-5
SUGGESTIVE BULLETIN OF
THE CENSUS BUREAU.
Total Yield Nearly Fourteen and A
Half Million Bales-Two-Thirds
Exported, Other Third Manu
factured in United States
The .Crop has Doubed
in Last Twenty
Washington, D. C., October 9.
'The census bureau today issued a
bulletin showing the production and
distribution of the cotton of the Unit
ed States available between Septem
ber i, 1904,. and September 1, 1905, to
be 14,455,994 bales. Of this 61 per
cent was exported, 30 per cent was
used in domestic consumption, leav
ing a surplus of 9 per cent. The do
mes-tic consumption includes 36,776
bales des-croyed by fire.
The exportation amounted to 8,
834,929 bales, the domestic consump
tion 4,315,756, and ihe surplus 1,305,
309. Qf the total, 13,693,279 bales
were included in the crop of 19o4 and
the remainder in that of 1905. Of the
quantity consumed in the Uniced
States 2,138,829 bales were used in
nordhern and 2,140,15f in southern
In addition to the -totals given 124,
469 bales of foreign cotton were im
ported into the United StaLes during
the year. The exportation for the
year coveied exceeded that of any pre
vious 12 months by 1,144,452 bales,
and they exceeded -the average for
the past ten years by 2,313,948 bales.
New Orleans, with a tortal of 2,463,421
bales, fheld first rank as an exporting
point, but was close pressed by Gal
veston, -with 2,388,318 bales. Savan
na'h, with 1,290,989 bales, held third
place. The value of .the total ex
port was $404,209,293
The export of raw cotton was dis
tributed in bales as follows: To Unic
ed Kingdom, 4,043,999; Belgium, 161,
151; France, 857,103; Germany, 2,115,
672; Italy, 536,929; Russia, 125,463;
Spain, 289,688; other 172,112; Japan,
324,668; Bri.tish North America, 123,
407; Mexico, 73,276; all. other coun
Southern Mills Use More Cotton.
The total number of producing
spindles in the United States is re
ported at 24,077,524, of -w!h.ich 8.211.
734 were in the south and 15.865.790
in the north. Notwithstanding the
great difference in t-he numnbe.r of
spindle.s of tihe two sections, the con
sumption of cotton 'is practically the
same. T:eanual co,nsumpt'ion of
of *econ per spindle in -the n.ortlhern
,iis is 67 pounds, compared with 124
w>nds in the south. 'lhe difference
in t'he per spindle consumption indi
cates that 'tihe northern mills are spin
ingz yarns of very much greater fine
new than those turned out by the
so)utihern mills. The large outpum of
tlhe souther'n mills this season has
been mainly of heavy fabrics zo sup
ply a gieatly increased demand from
China and the Orient.
Enormous Increase Of Crop.
The report shows that in twenty
five years the production of the
United Staites ~has increased from
3,755,359 .to 13,693,279 'bales, the total
consumpt>ion of 'cotton in this coun
try has increased from 1,671,383 'to
4,378,988 bales. Within the last five
years the cotton consuming establish
men'ts o,f the southern states have in
creased their consumption from 1,483,
711 to 2, 140,151 bales. During these
five years the northern cotton con
suminig establishments 'have actually
decreased their consumption by 16,
955 bales, explained by these mills be
ing engaged during this period in re
placing old machinery by more mod
ern.. The world's cotton production
for 1904, entering commercial chani
'nels was 18,o41,859 bales, wisth a total
onsmption of 1544,980 bales. This
indicates -a world's surplus of 2,566,
879 bales. Of the total production 2,
96o,ooo bales 'were grown in the East
Indies, 1,187,000 in Egypt and the re
mainder in Brazil and other coun
Accurate Information Wanted.
Owing to the sensitive character of
the cotton market the report empha
sizes the importance of accurate in
formation on the question, -and adds:
"While there 'have been some re
fusals in both sections of the coun
try to supply the data required by the
law, the information 1has as a rule
been cheerfully and promptly given;
and when the totals are compared
with 'the figures of the commercial
movement it is evident that the re
turns made to the bureau of the cen
sus have been, remarkably accurate.
In -those cases where manufacturers
refused to give the desired informa
tion, statistics for such establightments,
received through reliable sources,
have been inchrded in the totals of
The report also says:
"Since the inauguration of the cen
sus reports on cotton ginning, -the
coton crop has been brought more
completely -wit1hin the purview of the
statistical method than any other
farm commodity. The total produc
tion of each year is now known, with
in a few -thousand bales, as early as
the following March. The progress
of the crop can be traced, bale by
bale, 'o the mills, -north and soudh.,
and to the several foreign countries.
It will be a part of .the purpose of
these reports to learn whaft propor
tion of their purchases the mills have
consumed and what the mills have on
rhand at given dates. In time it is
hoped ehat this exact k-nowledge can
be extended so as to include foreign
countries. With this knowledge in
their possession the producer can
himself determine what is a fair price
for him to demand and the consumer
what is a safe price for him to pay."
The bulletin is the first to be pub
lished on the subject under the Act
passed by congress las.t February.
For Benefit Fair Visitors.
The 'Chamber of Commerce of Co
'lumbia, as thas 'been its custom for
several years, is sparing no efforts 'to
make the approaching Sta-te Fair .one
of t:he most successful in its history.
With cotton at 10 cents an-d a wave
of pr.osperity sweeping the state, it is
expected that the attendance will ex
ceed all former years. In anticipation
of a large crowd the Columbia Street
Railway has increased its facilities for'
'handling t'he visitors by double-track
ing its line from the Transfer .station,
or !Cap>' Squ;are. to the Unb>on sia
tion, the::e a belt line circling the
Fa-i-r Groun'ds, which is practicaly a
double track all th~e way, and wi af
ford pro'fnpt and ample transpo:rtation.
Tn addition t'o the usual attractions
of the week, .the Chiamber of Com
merce has engaged t'he Barkoot Car
nival Amusement company, which, be
sides a band of its own. 'has a variety
of good clean shows, which will giv~e
exhibitions at the several street cur
ners, along with a number of free at
tract-ions. As usual, the theater man
agement 'has a splendid card for 'the
Those expecting to visit the Fair,
which begins October 24th, an'd idesir
ing to secure boarding and sleeping
accommodations, should at once com
municate with Mr. E. B. Clark, Sec
retary of he Chamber of Conmmerce,
who is now at work arranging to place
and care for every visitor to the Fa-ir.
If you are wise today you can af
ford to risk being otherwise tomor
Too many men use up all their re
ligion on -Sun:day--and consequently
'have none left for the balance of 'the
Before a 'woraan marries a man she
wantcs him to write poetry for 'her;
afterwards checks 'will do.
THE NEWS OF PROSPERITY.
The Farmers Holding Cotton-New
School Building to be Occupied
soon-Rev. Wessinger Ac
cepts-To Beautify Cem
Prosperity, October 12.-Mrs. Hen
ry Parr thas 1been on a visit to Mrs.
3.. P. Wheeler.
'Mrs. R. T. Pugh and the dhildren
have returned from a visit to her par
ents in Georgia.
Mr. J. Pierce -Harmon returned
Wednesday from the lhospital where
he has been for treatment for his
The good people of St. Luke's are
hauling timber with which to build a
new parsonage for their pastor.
The farmers, iE seems, are following
the advice of the Cotton association
and are selling very little cotton.
Mr. Maxey 'Harmon is out again
and at his -place of business.
Dr. J. H. Reames is confined to his
room with an attack of fever.
fM,rs. G. W. Kinard is doing much
better and is able to%be out again.
A. Birge 'Wise has returned from
a business trip -to Johnston.
Mr. H. K. Livingston is getting his
new stock in shape.
Mr. Furman Sheely has been ap
pointed assistant to Agent R. L. Gas
ton at the Southern.
M-r. W. T. Gibson our cotton weigh
er informs me that the receipts of co'f
ton since the first of October have
been very light, less than 300 bales
being sold here up to this time.
It looks as though our farmers are
going to do their ..part towards main
Rev. -T. S. Caldwell will preach in
the A. R. P. church here on Sunday
afternoon, October 15, at 4 o'clock.
Owing to Rev. 'Mr. Boyd's absence
at presbytery he will not be at his
appointment at King's Creek on next
Rev. M. 0. J. Kreps will preach at
Mt. Olivet church at 3 p. m., on Sun-'
day October 15.
Owing to our absence from town
t'he first of the week we are not able
to give the usual samoun't of news.
Hon. T. S. Sease, solicitor, was in
town Tuesday on professional busi
Hon. 0. L. Sc'hurnpert, of Newberry
was in attendance ubon Judge Hair's
court on Tuesday.
Messrs. P. D. Simpson. Tom John
son and Clarence Wise were in town
There was frost this morning.
A meeting of the Cotton associa
ton of No. 14 school district is called
fr Sa"ady -e 21st. to elect a dele
gate Zo he county convention on the
28th at Newberry. Let all come. It
is imp'ortant by request of Dr. G. Y.
Hunter. township organizer.
The ladies of the Sorosis have a
very laudable undertaking in thand.
They wvill give an oyster supper in
the city 'hall on Friday evening, Octo
ber 13, for the purpose of raising
funds to 'beautify the cemetery. 'Dhis
is along the line of civic improvement
and will add much to the beauty of
the cemetery, the silent city 'of the
dead. 'Oysters and ice cream will be
served and everybody is cordially in
vited to come and partake.
The board of trustees of the graded
school have decided to observe Ar
bor Day and entrance day, the 'day
they will move into the new building
at the same time. 'This wil 'be the
fi-rst week in Novembher they 'hope.
A committee has been appointed and
addresses will be made by the 'home
folks. This will be a glad day for
Prosperity when iher 'children are
housed in an up-to-date modern school
When the school 'is at home in the
new buildin~g the regular ~graded
school hours wil'l be observed, that is,
a five thour session-9 a. mn. to 2 p. mn.
-with recesses of ten to fifteen min
I uts. Tis, o or mid, i prores
along right lines and we are glad -to
Rev. J. C. Wessinger -has signified
his acceptance of the call to St. Phil
ip's pastorate and wi.ll be with them
for synod. Rev. Wessinger will make
his home in our town. We extend -o
him a cordial welcome.
Miss Ellen Werts is with' Mrs.
Ca+mes for the fall.
Misses Addie Werts, Bessie Counts
and Mr. Bery Hartman have gone to
Atlanta on a visit to relatives.
We are glad to state that Mr. T. A.
Dominick is improving and is thought
to be out of danger.
Mrs. Lon Sheely, who has been vis
iting Mrs. T. L. Schumpert, 'has re
The mass meeting of tthe citizens of
school district No. 14, met in the city
hall on -Monday and after discussing
the object of the mee-cing elected Dr.
J. S. Wheeler as <elegate. The meet
ing adjourned to Thursday, October
19, to hear the report of delegate and
to regularly organize.
A PROHIBITION TICKET.
J. A. McCullough to be Nominated
for Governor, L. J. Bristow for
Lieutenant Governor-A Very
Columbia, Ootober ii.-There are
strong indications -that the prohi'bi
tion executi.ve committee will break
out here at the fair week meeting with
a state 'ticket with Josep'h A. McCul
lough for governor and Louis J.
Bris.tow for lieutenant governor. At
the conference held here a few weeks
ago both .these men opposed nomina
tions being made, but today's issue
of t1he Baptist Press, edited at Green
wood by Mir. Bristow, he nominates
Mr. McCullough for governor and ad
vocates putting out a ticket. It is
significan-t -that the editorial favors
county cont-rol of the queston.
"Let us have a prohibition law, but
where it wil-I not be enforced let it
not be a farce," says The editorial.
"Where a majori~ty of men are will
ing to write'their names on a petition
asking for 'the privilege of selling
whiskey, it'he .best thing to do is to
allow them 'to sell it, under stringent
West End News.
Mr. Levi Johnson and Miss Sallie
Lawson were married on ~the 10thi by
Rev. John H. Graves.
IMr. P. E. Bouknight was married
to Miss Coke Bouknight, of Chapin,
on the 7th, Rev. Boozer, officiating.
:Mrs. Jenkins 'died on the rh at
the home of her daugh.ter, Mrs.
Abra'rs. Shne wa's about 70 years of
age. Her remains were laidl to rest
in WVest End ceme:ery.
Mr. T. S. Hudson has been confined
to his room for the pas: t-en days, 'he
is no.w able to be out.
Messrs. 'C. L. Blease, Fred H. Dom
inick and Geo. W. Reid, of Old Town,
will attend the district meeting of K.
of P. to be held on the 2nd of Novem
ber at Batesburg as represen-tatives
of O'Nea'll L.odge No. 154
Mr. S. C. Hiller has been confined
to his ihome about ten days with fev
er; he is improving.
IRev. J. A. Sligh 'will preach to the
Ltheran congregation at eleven a m.
Sunday morning. Rev. A. J. Bowers
will fill his appointment. The public
is cordially invited to attend the ser
Married, October 11, 193 Mr. Os
car Denny Padgett and Miss Farrow
Virginia Smitih, by Rev. L. A. Cooper,
of Joh.nston, S. C.
Newberry and Edgefield joins in
best wishes to this young couple and
hope for 'them a long life and happi
ness. The groom is well known as
a young gentleman of estimable char
ater and 'business qualifications. And
the bride is a f.avor'ite among a large
circle of friends who are delighted to
know th*at she remains wi't~h them in
die hinone of her girlhood.
SPOT COTTON BEING
HELD SAYS SMITH
"SPINNERS CANNOT SPIN PA
Weak Holders of Cotton Have Dis
posed of Their Cotton at the Mar
ket Price-Great Body of the
Cotton Growers Holding
for Limit Fixed by
News and Courier.
Columbia, October ii.-President
E. D. Smith, of the Cotton Growers'
association, has just issued a state
ent thar will be of general interest to
the cotton growers of -the state. He
argues that what cotton is now going
to market is to meet contracts and
-ehat no cotton is being sold at pre
vailing prices and that the spinners
cannot spin paper contracts., but have
to get the real cotton. He says:
"I have just returned from a trip in
the up-country, having spoken at
Laurens and Gaffney. At the latter
place I met President Jordan, and he
and I discussed the situation as it now
"There is no cause for alarm on the
part of trhose who are holding cotton,
but rather everything -to encourage
them. The entire situation may be
summed up thus: As might have
expected, this being the debt paying
-ime, the lieners, tenants and smaller
farmers -were expected to sell their
cotton, together -with quite a number
of ohiers -who were in a position to
hold if they would. The season for
gathering was so fine and the cotton
opened so rapidly that all of -this cot
ton has been rushed to the market
and has created the idea that -few, if
any, would regard the association min
iTmum price. On the other hand a
large per cent. of -the crop already
picked and ginned is being held by
strong hands. They can afford to wait
and will wait until they feel that they
-have been rewarded for all delay, ex
pense and annoyance, and attempted
ridicule on the part of the opposition,
hs been f-ully and amply paid for.
It is my 'honest opinion that enough
cotton .is being !hield from the market
by strong and determined men to put
the :spinning world at their mercy
long before the prospect of another
crop is in view. I-t would not surprise
me if subsequent events do not pr-ove
hat it would have been wisdom on the
part -of the bear>s <to have given mini
mum prices for the entire crop rather
than be forced to pay for their oppo
sitin, for as they have taken advan
tage of the 'weak by virtue of their po
sition at this debt paying time, it is
very probable that some 'of us will see
to it that -restitution is made when the
advantage lies in our 'h'ands.
-T'his week -cotton has practically
Iall been marketed. but from now on
hey may gamble as they please, but
when they want spot cotton we will
have our price. Let no one be un
easy, for cheering news comes from
every state and we are bound to win."
One of the biggest hearted and
most generous and with it the most
modest of the successful merchants
of Newberry is Otto Klettner. He 'has
been in business 'here for a quarter
of a century and has been successful
from the start and we 'have no doubt
has given away more goods and mon
ey to ihelp those who needed it than
many have mnade
He went to New York and has pur
chased a large s.tock at prices which
he can afford to mneet any competi
The -large stock of canned goods
which he carries were put up in New
berry under the im'mediate supervis
ion of Mrs. Klettner and when you
buy of these you know you are get
ting wlheat is claimed on the can.
We wish Mr. K-lett'ner many more
-year of uces for he deserves it.