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The Observance Of Sunday.
From the frequency with which this
subject comes up for discussion, as
well in secular as in religious publi
cations, it is evident that a large num
ber 'of people, many of whom can
not be considered aspuritanical in feel
ing, look upon the increasing disre
gard of Sunday with considerable dis
approval. It is not only that the day is
coming more and more to resemble
what is called "the Continental Sab
bath"-which may be roughly -defined
as meaning, if one goes to church in
the morning he may do as 'he pleases
all the rest of the day-but tiha' it is
disregarded altogether, so far as its
religious character is concerned. The
only difference between it and the
other six being that it may be used en
tirely as a day of idleness, or of
amusement more fatiguing Than work;
or even as a day of labor, if circum
stances seem to require it in order
to avoid pecuniary loss. Now while
the "Continental Sabbath" may not
be so reprehensible for tihe ignorant
part -of the people in Eur:opean coun
tries -who have been brought up in
that way, and whiose forefathers re
garded .it as they do; there is no pos
sible excuse for it among the general
ity of Americans, because they were
nort brought up to think it right, and
it is only within the past decade or
two that i.t ever occurred to them to
desecrate the Sabbath as they do now.
Among the. many noted persons
who have spoken in no uncertain
tones upon the passing of Sunday is
the Bishop of New York, in 1his re
cent charge to his diocese. He rec
ognizes fully, along with all intelli
gent people, thait Sabbath of the Mo
saic code, and of Puritanical observ
ance, "has passed forever into the
incomparably higher privilege and
dignity and potentially of .the Lord's
Day." But, aE t1h1e sam4 time, he re
minded his readers that those very
Puritanical exaggerations, against
which we rebel, were but the natural
reaction against the desecration*of the
Sabba:h which was so general in
England during the seventeenth cen
tury; a condition of things, there
seems reason to fear, which may be
reproduced in Our own time, both here
and:in England. In the first place, he
considers the subject from an en
..irely rational point of view, setting
-'aside for .trne moment its religious as
pect, and says: "From the bottom to
the top nature has proclaimed the law
of periodic rest in <tones wh'ichl cannot
'be mistaken. *Whether it be a car
wheel or a human brain, something of
absolute and supreme authority must
give it pause; and there is no people
on earth who so soirely need to rec
Sognize this fact as we fevered and
over4driven Americans. Everything
in the conditions of our l-ife, tlile char
acteristics of OUT climate, .the sharp
competitions of our business, the na
tional restlessness and passion -for
change, all make rest imperative for
us; and all The time the law reLmain's
to bear witness f~o the fact that we
cannot trifle wi,th tihat divine princi
pIe, written-first 'of all-in our own
members." He 'goes on to show how
a few Ih'un'dred years ago work was
infinitely more monotonous than ac
present, and wearying from its same
ness; but, while all 'moderi discover
ies and inventions)'have tended in a
great degree 'to lighten labor, they
have added .indefinitely to the str.ain
upon the 'm'ind and nerves. "And so
the conditions of modern work-day
life, 2in professions as tcruly as in
.'handicrafts, are more exacting and
more exhausting than ever 'before."
Another point of difference 'between
tih'e conditions of the present day and
those of half a century ago is pointed
'out by the Bishop; and-it is found in
the immense influx of foreigners into
the country, bringing with them all
sorts of ' ideas regarding religious
things, and a large number come with
little or no religious ideas at all. He
says t'hat in former times the pro:
portion of this foreign element in the
national life was so smal! that it w'as
practically possible zo make laws as
to nertain observances, and to en
force conformity. outtwardly at least
with those laws. Thac time, however.
has passed away; since there are to be
found in every large American city.
and in some particular districts ir:
the country, communities of foreign
ers, differing in hardly any way from
a community of them in their native
J 'and; so~ that .the problem of bringing
them inlLo conformity with the Ameri
ficult one. The most uniortunatc
part of it is that, instead of setting be
fore them an example which they
might in time learn to imitate. of
right living and rightthinking. they see
manners and morals not much better
than etieir own, the -law set at defiance
or evaded, and corruption and dis
honesty even in high places. and
among those who dare to claim the
name of "Christian."
The impossibility of enforcing the
observance of Sun-day by laws has
been already proven. Corporations
or individuals find means to evade
them when there is any pecuniary ben
efit to be reapeid from it; and even
those who disapprove of Sunday ex
cursions and amusements of all kinds
take no steps to see that the law re
garding them is carried out; and thus,
by their silence, give tacit consent to
.the transgression of * them. There
has been so much talk of la*te about
the necessity of the working class
having recreation upon the only day
in the seven which they can spare
from actual labor, that it over-powers
t1he gentle remonstrances of .those
who suggest .that Sunday excursion
is*ts and those wdio attend exhibi
ti'ons and violent sports are general
ly more weary on Sunday night than
at the close of any day of work. Nor
is the habit of spending Sunday large
ly in sleep, or in lounging at home, or
in entertaining company, or in reading
frivolous books, or in games of chance
-as it is spent by such a great num
ber of persons wlh(o have no excuse of
dail labor to plead-a whit more to
be commended than t1he ruder recre
acions of the mass of -the population.
It is possibly even more blameworthy,
since they can plead no ignorance in
the matter, as .they have all been in
structed with regard to such t1hings,
,and know themselves in the wrong.
It may be asked, then, since the law
-is powerless to effect any change for
the better, in what way a reform can
be brougt about? The remedy which
the Bishop suggests, and which natu
rally occurs to every right-thinking
man or woman, is a very simple one.
The Bishop calls it "witness-bearing."
Let every Christian see that his ex
ample is in conform-ity with the true
spirit of Chnistian teaching. This
does not mean th~e -is to o'bserve the
day with Pharisaic or Puritanic strict
ness, ma king it a day of solemn
gloom; but by the new light shed
upon it through 'the Gospel he can
easily see how t'o so regulate his af
fairs, his hrousehiold -and his own con
duct that it will prove a day of true
rest and refreshm.en,t of soul. As par
ents can be with their children more
on Sunday, they can, with but little
effort, make it the happiest day of
the week to them, instead of its being.
as it too often is now, regarded wit1
ind-ifference, it not with positive dis
like. Servan.ts, 'tool should come -in
for -dheir share of consideration, by
their work being decreased instead ol
.increased-as is likely to be the case
and by their being given a reasonable
opportunity to attend church and to
There is another aspect of the ques
tion whidhi is often overlooked, that
is that the Sabbath, or Sunday, is not
ours to do with as we choose. "The
seventh day is the Sabbath of the
Lord thy God," and whetiher we elect
to observe the last day of the week.
or the first, as a "holy day," one in
seven belongs to God, .and we cannot
honestly .defraud Him of it. If it is
absolately necessary for us to do
many things by which we now dese
crate Sunday, why should not we take
part of our own six idays .to do them
in? Tihe prophet asked: "Will a man
rob God?" And the answer mad.e by
our present attitude towards Sun
dgis a most emphatcic reply in the
The. Only One in the World and It
-Has Enriched Its Owner.
Martin H-ol's. an American. who es
;abhi>hed a parrot randh r:ear Victo
ria. Mexico. a few y-ears ago. has met
with wonderful success and has ac
cumulated a fortune in the business.
It is probably the only parrot ranch
in the world, it is cer'tainly the only
one in Mexico.
Holts was employed for several
years as a passenger conductor on the
old Mon:erey and Mexican Gulf rail
road, now a part of the Mexican Cen
tral system. His division was between
-the guilf cast. hirough ith heart of
the parrot country. le was always
interested in the bright colored birds,
and while running as a conductor,
collected many of them and taught
them to speak English. There were
many tourists travelling up and down
his line and he did a good size busi
iness by selling the birds to Ameri
cans and others.
The thought then occurred to Holts
that he might make more money by
retiring from railroad work and de
voting his time to raising parrots. He
followed the plan and purchased a
large tract of land near Victoria
which was teeming with parrots. He
fitted tip .the randh in a unique way.
Wire netting was placed around and
all over the trees and the birds were
confined therein. lie has had the
greatest success in raising the birds.
It is in teaching the parrots to talk
that Holts has made an unique suc
cess. He is a linguist, speaking Eng
lish, Spanish. French and German flu
ently. He divided his flock of sev
eral thousand birds into four classes
lone for each language. He then took
a few birds from each class and set
to work to teach them to -talk. At the
end of a few months Hol.ts had taugh't
a number of birds Englisih, Spanish,
German and French, and the educated
birds would teach their companions
,to talk. His hopes were realized to
the fullest extent. He says that at
the end of the firs?c year he had sever
al hundred educated parrots.
Hiolts 'believes that th:e standard of
intelligence of parrots can be greatly
increased by proper attention of
breeding them. In his collection of
parrots, which now numbers several
thousands, he saw several which are
seemingly possessed of reasoning.
These educa4ed birds have been
taught to carry on a conversation with
eac1h: other. This conversation, in
which each bird knows his part thor
oughly, covers nearly thirty minutes
at a time.
Case Diagnosed At Once.
One of America's greatest physi
cians was called to the bedside of a
grand dame of distingu.ished name and
many millions, who is a leader of
Ameri.can society, says tii Chicago
Chronicle. But now the grand dame
groaned and grunted in her silken
bed like any washerwoman. The p.hy
sician examined her carefully. Then
"You must get up every morning
at 6 o'clock, take for breakfast a cup
of weak tea and two pieces of dry
toast. From 9 to ri exercise, eit:her
wal,king or sweeping or dusting. At
noon :lunch on *a slice of cold meat,
filtered waster and .stale bread. Don't
sleep i.n the afternoon, exercise again.
For dinner take nothing but a little
meat, a vegetable and toast. No
sweets, no wines, no social dissipat.ion
of any kind."
Thie eyes of the grand dame flashed
fire as she said.
"But, doctor, do you comprehend
my position? Do you know who I
"Perfectly, madam," answered, the
physician. "'You are an old woman
with a sour stomach."
Wanted To Find The Way Back.
One of the first cases which the
late Gilman Marston of New Hamp
shire, had after being admitted to the
bar was a civil suit involving a some
what complicated question of inheri
tance, says the Boston Herald. In
no way daunted, young Marston tack
led it, looked up authorities all the
way back to Julius Caesar, and pre
pared an argument of a few hundred
pages which seemed to him more than
unanswerable. His only fear was that
it might be beyond the comprehension
of the court.
When the time came the young man
rose and phmnged in bodily. The
judge seemed interested and Gilman
took heart. But at the end of an hour
and a half, in the miidst of the most
:ppai to -ce what he :horght was a
l ack of attenti O. nc thoart of the
It was jus: as he -expected; the
judge was unable to appreciate the
nice points of his argument. He paus
ed, hesitated, awd then said: "You~r
honor, J beg nardon. but do you fo!
"I have so far," answered 'the judge,
shifting about in his chair, "but
I'll say frankly that if I thought I
could find my way back I'd quit right
"Does Advertising Pay."
This question has been frequently
asked by merchants and 'business men
generally. Only yesterday morning
a merchant in this ci:v told the edi
tor ot The 1erald and News that it
did no, pay to advcrt:se in newspa
pers. A man holding such a viw, of
course, no time could be lost in trying
to convince :him that it does pay to
advertise, especially in this age of
We would call attent:-,n to the ad
vertisement which has been running
in our columns for a few months only.
of Moseley Bros., Prosperity, S. C.
They have been. advertising flour for
some little time and as a result, are
now getting in their iith car-load.
making their sales i,1oo barrels in
about two months and in a community
where, as a rule, the farmers grow
all their bread and meat. They be
lieve 'that it does pay to advertise and
we cannot understand how anyone-in
this day of newspapers can hold the
position that it does not pay. The
firm of Moseley Bros. has demonstra
ted that it does pay.
New York World.
At an examination in the primary
school here a short tirre ago a mem
ber of the committee .).t -.1iest:.ns at
-andom to the schz'ars. .\::.n. tle
la'rter was a tow.heade.d lad of "Pa.sy
Bolivar" proclivities who, on being
asked how many days there are in a
year answered "seven." When the tit
tering of the rest of the class subsided,
the member remarked: "I said a year,
not a week. Now try again. How
many are there in a year?"
The lad appeared non-plussed and
vexed for a moment and then ejaculat
ed: "Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday,
just seven. If there's others I never
heard of 'em."
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Dinner was a little late.
A guest asked the hostess to play
Seating herself at the piano the
good woman executed a Chopin noc
turne with precision.
She finished, and there was still
an interval of waiting to be bridged.
In the grim silence she turned to
an old gentrleman on her right and
"Would you like a sonata before
He gave a start of surprise and
"Why, yes, thanks," he said. "I
had a couple on my way here, but I
think I could stand another."
Reflections of A Bachelor.
New York Press.
It is generally unlucky 'to propose to
a girl 'who is sure to accept you.
A .woman's idea of having a good
time 'is going off somewv.here with all
ihe family; a man''s without any of,
When a thin woman puts on her
winter clothes she brggs herself to
death about the e*tra pound she has
TIhere is hardly any nightmare a
man enn he worse 'ran to dream~
tha't he has started to stoke the furn
ace for a month ahead of time.
Bills are a sight w;orse, but people
kick harder over paying -taxes.
Even the foolest kind of fool man
knows better than .to engage a cook
for hi.s wife if he can get out of it.
Mighbty few people who have red
hair in tihe fam-ily fool t:hemselves
into sthinking it is a nice thing in any-I
There is someThing ahout gambline
that make-s you hate the man wh'o
wing more than you do and have a
cntem't fo'r the one who loses more.
Man a lawye'r 2as tii5cenveredl that
a wif' orrl is Taw.
Listen when two women quarrel if
ou would 1;ear the truth.
The size of the lion's share depends
upon the size of the lion.
It is usually safe to judge a woman
by the things she doesn't say.
Many a man's winning ways are
due to the way she deals the cards.
No, Cordelia, the milk of human
CHEAP EXCURSION RATES.
To Columbia, S. C., and Return Via
The Southern Railway will sell ex
cursion tickets to Columbia,,S. C., and
return, from all points wit'hin :he
State of South Carolina, and from
Charlotte. N. C., Asheville, Wilming
ton. N. C., Augusta, Ga., and Savan
nah, Ga., and incermediate points,
account State Agricultural And Me
cianical Fair, October 24th-27th.,
1905, daily October 22nd., to 26th., in
clusive, and for morning trains sc-hed
uled to arrive Columbia before noon
October 27., at rate of one first class
fare plus 25 cents plus 5o cents for
round trip, the fifty cents covering
one admission to Fair Grounds.
For Military Companies and Brass
Bands in Uniform 20 or more on one
:-icket, one cent per mile traveled in
each direction plus arbitraries per cap
ita. Dates of sale same as for Civi
[ians as shown above.
Final Limit All Tickets October 2g,
Southern Railway, in addition to
the regular passenger trains running
on .convenienc schedules to Columbia,
will operate special trains October 25
and 26th., between following points:
Between Branchville, Camden, Sum.
ter and Columbia. Spartanburg and
Columbia and intermediate points
Anderson, Belton and intermediate
points to Columbia.
For further information, apply Io
any ticket agent, or write
R. W. Hunt,
Div. Pass. Agt.
Charleston, S. C.
Best Mineral As
C. H. CA NNON,
Near ., N& L. Depot
Adl the Way
Daily, SeptembKr :5 to Oc-3
from St. Loui'; only $3O an4e
Chicagos33- Ticises honored
in TFouri.' Pullmans and chair
cars. PTomist Pullmaus run5
daily, St Louis to Los Angeles5
by way' of Kansas City and the
Santa Fe through withou~t
On request will tell why yon
should visit California this
Fail, and why you should
travel on the Santa Fe.
IWrite to J. C. Sartelle, s. '.. & p. ,
16 No. Prior St.. Atlanta, Ga.