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HOW ANIMALS SLEEP.
The Modes and Postures in Which c
Various Animals Take Rest.
Translation in the Literary Digest. S
In what posture does a bear sleep? :
What positions are assumed by the c
monkey, the elephant, the tiger, dur- 1
ing slumber? Do fishes sleep? To h
answer such questions as these one c
would ordinarily be obliged to search i:
through many works on natural his
tory, but Mr. A. Peres has gathered i;
togethier a large number of facts along f
this line in an intere6ting article which s
he contributes to Cosmos. Such i-tems i,
of .informatin, he says, belong to v
the class of "common things that no- c
body knows." Of them the ordinary c
reader says: "<That's odd'; I never <
thougfh of it before! while many stu- i
dents of natural -history must confess *
ignorance. In the first place Mr. t
Peres takes up the creatures that t
sleep standing, among which, he tells v
us, are included the ass and the mule, s
as well as the elephan-t and most of t
the otIh;er pachyderms. Most birds, s
he says, sleep standing on one leg, r
with the head under the wing; sev- p
eral kinds sleep in company, like the
wild pigeons of North America. Of f
the sleep of fish -he writes: r
"Fish have a density so nearly thlat
of water that they .can res't quietly s
on the sand or gravel without appar- a
ent effort. Are they asleep? Prob
ably; though they do not shut their t
eyes. At the beginning of evening, c
for instance, t1hie gudgeon chiooses a P
sandy sport between stones and re- r
mains there, facing the current, i's
body resting on the lower lobe of the h
tail and on its pectoral and ventral a
fins * * * It is probable that it as- u
sumes the same position in winter b
and remains in .it until spring, hi- c
bernating. The barbels and breams
sleep in companies, like the gudgeon, n
but on a muddy bottom; the pike S
sleeps in summer near the bank, at I
the surface, where thie sunlight can r
reach it; the carp keeps nea-r the bot- a
tbm; the eel hides in holes thacc it l
makes near the bank. The observa
tion of sea fish is more difficult, as
~inay be imagined; it is 'now agreed d
that bherrings, mackerel and other so.. a
called .migratory fish pass the winter e
at the bottom in a kind of lethargy. t~
Do they a'doptr the gu'dgeon's posi- I
tion? Perhaps, though Pleville le b
Peley has seen..thousands of mackerel C
half buried in the mud, 'holding their r
tails up vertically ablove it. c
"Batrachians sleep sitting, with the b
~head in the air; th'e toad sleeps by vi
day in holes or under rocks, and re
tires under 'ground for the win'ter. .s
He burrows backward, his hind feet
and the end of his body serving to dig
thie hole, while 'he pushes with 'his
forefeet. The marsupials are gener-c
ally forced by the shape of .their 'bod- t
ies to sleep sitting; the p'halanger foxc b
sleeps in a crouching posture, the i
h'ead 'between the forefeet. * * * The c
lemurs * * *also crouch, with the l'ong b
bushy tail around the 'hind feet. With t
the chimpanzees and other apes the s
hair on t'he upper arm and the fore- S
arm grows in opposite directions: this
serves to protect the animal more r
effec'rively fiom tf&e rain, when he
sleeps crouching in the thick woods S
or in the brush with his arms folded r
an:d pressed against the body. The
orang takes 'his siesta with bent back.
head h.anging on ihis chest. an'd some
times 'holding to a foranch by one ofS
his extended arms, bu: generally with
both arms hanging by his sides.
"Penguins and pelicans also rest in
a sitting posture;.a 'whole flock takes
refuge un.der a projecting rock, the
beak res'ring on the breast, or with
neck bent 'to allow it to res.t on the ,
"The hare does niot sleep with open b
eyes as has been wrongly asserted, l<
for its pupils are hermically closed o
"The crocodile and the calman re- a
pose on the ground on 'the entire ven- a
tral surface; lizard's sleep with eyes 0
L shut and mouth open. Turtles nat
urally take the same position, 'the land ""
varieties in dry grass ior in a shal- L
low burrow; the marine ones~at the S
surface of the sea, on which they float.
This is the moment chosen for catch- IP
ing them." Iti
IThe belief of some fishermen thatn
the cetaceans do not sleep, because lb
the whale "'blows" by night as well as4
by day, the author pronounces inad
missible. The movements that pro-'
duce the jet are automatic, like our"
own breathing. The whale and o'ther (
etaceanz lep ;;, e uirfacc of the
ca. Seals, -r,tC7 and walruses play
nly in st)rmy weather; in calm
;eatfher they seem to spend their
ime in sleping; walruses are often
een lying on the ice close together
i rows, the neck of one on the back
f the next, just as swine often do.
hey d not go -to sleep until they
ave placed a sentry, who awakes -the
-thers when he spies an enemy. Pass
ig on to the birds Mr. Peres writes:
"Several birds, especially the palm
;eds, also sleep on the ventral sur
ace. sTJhe petrels sleep calmly on. the
ea in the most furious storm; on the
:e they rest with the breast to the
rind, the beak under the wing. Wild
ucks lie in the rushes on the edges
f ponds, the beak plunged in the
ily plumage; wild geese sleep on land
i open places, guarded by sentinels.
* * Pheasancs, which roost during
he night, keep to -tihe ground during
he day, especially in very warm
7eather. * * * When ready to go to
leep, the o'trich lies down, bending
he knee first and then supporting it
elf on the breast, which iscallous; .fi
ally -it lets itself down on tihe lower
art of the body.
"Most of the ruminants lie on the
lank; camels stretch out with the
teck -extended; deer lie near eaclV
ther in winter. * * * * The horse
tretches out his legs; cats and hares
Iso sometimes -stretdh themselves.
"The -carnivores-the cat family,
ie bear, dog, wolf, fox, etc.-curl up
r place the head stretched out on the
aws. * * * * Several rodents, like the
at, sleep rolled up like a ball. .The
edgehog, which passes tlhe whole day
idden among stones or brush, or in
e trunk of a hollow tree, als'o rollS
p, with irs head and paws under its
elly slo -that it looks like a huge
"Snakes usually sleep coiled, with
iou-th open. Nevertheless the viper
tre-tches out in the sun for a siesta.
n hibernating, vipers 'sleep together
i The trunk of a tree, sometimes 30
t a time, twined about each other
ke a ball of twine."
Few animals apparently sleep on
Ie back; it 'is said that the badger
oes so, 'but tMSs condition has been
etually observed 'only -with the an
bropoid apes. TIhe forang, which
ikes naps in a crouching posture, as
-oted above, sleeps -at night on its
ack, the limbs bent inward and one
f its 'arms under the 'head, which
ests in tlh'e hand. Sometimes also it
ro.sses its arms on its breast. Its ref
ge for The night is a sort of nest or
ut in the top of a tall tree, spread
rith leaves and covered with branch
s. In dold or rainy -weather it is
aid to protect its body with a cover
~t of leaves. To quote again:
'The rem-ora (or sucking-fish), the
urious fish tih' swims on its back,
elly upward and that travels about
y clinging to ships or -other float
ag bodies, or sometimes to living
reatures such -as turtles 'or siharks,
y smeans of a special device on the
>p of its head, attaches itself to the
ame bodies, or even to rocks, to
"As for the sleep of wvormns, the
adiates, mollusks, etc.. it is one of
4se 'comm-on things' about wvhic'h we
b~all :probaoly always remain igno
tate of South Carolina, -
Couinty of Newb.errv.
Court of Comon Pleas.
W. Norwood, Plaintiff,
ames M. Henderson and Mrs. Bes
sic Richards, Defendants.
By order <of the court herein, I will
all before the Court House at New
erry, S. C., on salesday in De:-m
er, to the highest bidder, witihiL the
:gal -hours of sale that certain Tract
r plantation of land lying and being
tuate in Newberry County, state
oresaid. containiing Seven Hund.red
aid Six and one-fourth acres, more
r less, hounded by the lands now !be
-ngng to :no. G. Wolling, Jr., for
erly of Sarah E. IT. Chick, lands of
ayne WV. McCracken, M. F. Byn-um,
amuel P. Crotwell and Enoree river.
Terms of sale: One third of the
archase mon-ey to be paid in cash,
Ie balance 'n one and two equal an
ual installments, 'to be secured by
>nd of The purciaser and mortgage
F :he premi.2es, initerest on the credit
>rtioni to be at the rate of eight per
int per annum and payable annually;
ith Ieave t'o pr...haser to anticipate
ayments mn whole or in part. Pur
iaser to pay for papers.
n! i-T Rikard, Mase
State of South Carolina,
County of Newberry.
Court of Common Pleas.
Sarah E. Longs-hore,
Hulda Longshore, et al.
Suit for Partition.
By .an order of the Court h'erein, I
will sell before 'the Court House at
Newlberry, S. C., the first Monday in
December, 1905, same being sales
day, all that tract ol land in New
berry County, of which Dr. A. L.
Iongshore, died seized, containing
Thirty-Six acres, more or less, and
lbounded by lands of Mike Werts, Ja
cjab Crouch and dh,,e Public Road, also
that lot or parcel of land in Newber
ry County, of which Dr. A. L. Long
s;hore dited seized, conkaining Two
acres, more or less, and bounded by
the Biouknight Ferry Road and lands
of B. M. Havird, and Mrs. E. H. Long
Terms of sale: One-third cash,
balance in one and two years, with in
terest from date of sale, payable an
nually, to be secured by Bond and
Mortgage of the premises sold, wish
leave to purchaser to anticipate pay
ment in wihole or in part. The pur
chaser to pay for papers.
H. H. Rikard, MasTter.
Newberry, S. C., Nov. 9, 1905.
State of South Carolina,
County of Newberry.
Court of Common Pleas.
Charles J. Purcell, Plaintiff,
Sidney J. Dominick, Mary Lee Dom
inick, Emma Irene Dominick, Daisy
E. Dominick and Peter F. Baxter,
By an order of the Court 'herein, I
will sell before the Court House at
Newberry, S. C., t1he first Monday in
December, 1905, same being sales
day, all that tract of land lying and
being situate in Newberry County, S.
C., containing Three Hundred and
Thirty-Nine acres, more or less, and
bounded by land's of Jno. D. Pitts, the
Estate of J. H. Williams, Mrs. Sue
Smith, Dr. 3. McIntos'h and tracts
Numbers 3, 4 and I of wihat is known
as the J.' C. H-ill IBlace as will more
fully ap,pear 'by a plat 'Thereof made
by Jas. F. Glenn, August 5th., 1895,
and on file in the case, Mayer vs Har
Also, all that tract lying and being
situate in the County and State afore
said, containing Two Hundred Forty
Four and Four-Tenths Acres, more or
less, bounded by lands 9f or 'formerly
of Estate of J. W. Rhodes, Estate of
Dr. .Clark, Jno. Brooks and Richie
Place, Hunter Place and Kinard Place,
as will more fully appear by plat made
by Jas. F. Glenn, Surveyor, and on
file in said case.
Also, all that tract of land lying and
being situate in the County and State
aforesaid, containing Six Hundred and
Twelve and One-Half acres, more or
less, bounded by lands of 0. Klettner,
by Carson Creek, 'by Anderson Place,
by'lands of Laura Mayer and P. C.
Smirb, .QH tract being made up of
three tra its ancwxn as Tract No. 1,
Brooks Workman Place, Tract No. 2,
Woods Pasture 'Tract, Tract No. 3,
DiLl: Quarter Tro,ci
Terms of sale: One-third of the
purchase money to be paid cash, ibal-*
balance to be secured by bond of pur
chaser and mortgage of prernlises sol-d,
credit port:on paya:ble in two equal
annual installments with interest from
date of sale at eight per cent per an
num u.w'il paid in full. with, leave to
purchaser to an-ticipate 'the credit por
tion in whole or in part.
H. H. Rikard, Master.
(.k:hed;:1e in Effect April r6, 1905-)
.N'o- 5-7- Daily.
Lv. Newherry. ...... ....12.36 p. mn.
Ar. Lauirens ..... ... ..... 50 p. mi
No. 2. Daily.
L v. Larreos................. 5op. m.
Ar. Greenw.od ............ 2.46 p. m.
Ar. Augu.ta..............5.20 p. m.
Ar. Ande'sn............. 7.10 p. mi.
No. 42. Daily.
Lv. Augu't:.-................. ...... 2.35 p. m.
Ar. Allenca2....... .........---.... .. 4 30 p. m.
Ar. Fa': x...... .. .... .......-..-..4-41 p. m.
A r. Cha res ..-........................ 7.40 p. m.
r . Beauk:". ............... .---- . 630 p-.m
r. Port R'Oyal... .. .. ........ .. -. . . ..40 p. m
A r. Savaunua h.. ........... ...--.---.-.-.-- 6.45 p. m
Ar. Waycross .................Io.oo p. m.
Ar. Tac dnfe.. ................. ...--.....
No. 1. Daily.
Lv. Laumens.. ............-------.-. ... 2.07 p. m
Ar. Spartanturg ...........--.........-3.20 p. m
No. 52. No. 87.
Daily. Er. Sun.|
[v. Laureus............. 209 p. m. 8.co a.m.|
a . Greenville-..... ......32.25 p. m. Io.20 ik m
12th Car, Maki
Although Flour advancei
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Best Patent, Cotton,
Best Half Patent, Cottc
While we are doing th
are also leading in Dry (
ing, Millinery, &c., &c.
goods, carefully selectE
Baltimore, and want evt
see for themselves and I
are headquarters and thi
all kinds goods at very
pay $40.00 for Sewing IV
drop head $17.93, guar'
high tone, 12 stop Organ
Choice Western Seed (
Thousands of bargainm
Almost impossible to me
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SY
UNEXCELLED DINING'CAR S:
CONVENIENT SCHEDULES 01
WINTER TOURISTS' RATES a
For full information as to rates, rou
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT,
Two Daily Pullman Vest
Between SOUTH an
The Best Rates and Rout
Via Richmond and W~
Norfolk and Steame
Louis, Chicago, Nev
Points South and Southw<
and Jacw.sonvil!e and a
POSSITIVELy THE SHORTI
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board Air Lim: Railway, or Jo
Passenger Agent, Columbia,
C. F. STEWART, Asi
W. L BURiiOUGIIS, Tray. I
ng 1-200 BbIs.
J we hold for our cus
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- - $5.25
)n, - - 445
e Flour business, we
.oods, Notions, Cloth
We are brim full of
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;rybody to come and
:e convinced that we
e proper place to buy
bottom prices. Why
lachine? We sell good
inteed; good Walnut
)ats, sacked 55 cents.
) in our immense line.
ntion them all.
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Division Passenger Agent,
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