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A UNSOUGHT HONOR
FOR THE TARHEELS
LEADS IN POINT OF ILLITER
South Carolina Not far Behind-Com
pared with Other Countries the
Showing of the United
States is Favorable.
Zach McGhee, the Washington cor
respondent of the State, writes his
The question as to which state
stands at the bottom of the illiteracy
list ought now to be settled and the
lpng rivalry between North and South
Carolina for position of honor at che
bottom of the column finally decided.
A bulletin issued by the department
places North. Carolina at the bottom
of all the states with 166.1 illiterates
out of every i,ooo. Next lowest is
Louisiana, then Alabama, then South
Carolina, with 148.4 out of every 1,ooo.
In the whole country one person in
every ten is illiterate though the bul
letin takes pain's to sitate that if you
eliminate the negro and the foreign
element,that large percentage:wotud
be reduced one-half.
Among native white males of native
parents the degree of illiteracy, age
45 to 54, is exceptionally high, not
only higher than in- any younger age
group but higher than in the next
older age group, 55 to 64. Since those
persons who were between five and
six when the .Civil war began it is evi
dent their illiteracy reflects the condi
tions :that prevailed during that con
flict .when the interests of popular ed
ucation in the south were no doubt
seriously neglected. Even in some
parts of the north there are evidences
of an increased illiteracy among the
children of that period. Thus -the rec
ord of important historic events may
be traced in the dry statistics of il
The Official Bulletin.
Washington, November 29.-Ac
cording to a bulletin issued today by
v the census bureau, about 1o6 persons
out of every i,000 in the United States
over 1o years old are unable to write
or about 'one in ten. Of the native
-' white -population only 46 out of every
1,ooo, or fewer than one in 2o; of the
' foreign-born whites, 128 out of every
1,oo0, and of the negroes, 44 out of
every 1,ooo are illiterate. Internation
al c:omparisons restricted so far as
possible correspon-ding classes of the'
population, are on the *whole favor
able to This country, indicating that in
most European countries illiteracy is
much more prevalent than it -is here,
Salthough the United States is still far
behind Germany, Sweden and Norway,
Denmark and Switzerland. inhere is
also gr und for satisfaction in the sta
tisticali evidence that illiteracy is
steadily 'being reduced. In 1890 the
number 'of illiterates per 1,ooo was
133 for 'the total population. 62 for
the native' white population. 130 for
the foreign-i5orn white. and 568 for
negroes, Indians and Mongolians.
The female sex is shown to be more
illiterate than the m'ale, the illiteracy
for .females being 112 per 1,000, and
for males '101. But the contrast is
less marked than it was in 189o, when'
Sthe illiteracy for the two sexes was
144 and 132 respectively.
In explanation 'of the fact' that the
- irls have caught up .with the 'boys, it
is suggested that boys are less sub
ject to' parental control than 'girls and
~more prone to play truani:; and that
diey are also' more frequently requir
ed to contribute to the family. income
by becoming wage-earners when they
should 'be in school. Commenting on
this condition the 'bulletin says:
"Thus the changes which are in
progress point to The coming of a
time when females of all ages will 'be
less illiterate than 'males. They also
? point to the coming of a time in the
more remote fuiture when illiteracy
for all classes will have practically dis
appeared, and equality of the sexes
in this respect will thus 'he restored
in a millennium of literacy."
In the country the illiteracy among
children is 89; in. the city, using this
term 'to -designate collectively cities
of over 25,000 inhabitants, it is only
10. The contrast is least in the North
Atlantic states. In this section child
illiteracy in the city is 8 and in the
country 11. In the south the differ
ence is very marked: in the South At
lan'tic division, 32 and 193 for city and
* country respectively, and in the South
Illiteracy is in general greater in
the south than in the north for all
classes of population. Pet-haps the
fairest (basis of comparison between
the two sections is that for native 4
white children living in cities of over
25,000 inhabitants. In the North At
lantic division the illiteracy for this
class of,.children is 2.1 and in the
North .central 1.9; in the South At
lantic division it 8.3, and in the South
~z !~~- ::::: a-n aong.
the children of foreign-iborn parents
than among those of natives, owing,
it is said, to -the fact that a greater
proportion of them live in cities.
Thanksgiving Proclamation-A Re
It is very appropriate that at this S
time should be republished the first
Thanksgiving proclamation. It is
singularly significant, -too, that he who
was the Father of His Country, first
in war, first in peace and first in the
hearts of his countrymen, should be t
the first American to have the honor
of proclaiming, on the part of his peo
ple, acknowledgement of God's bless
ings, by setting apart a day of Na
tional Thanksgiving. The original
document is in the children's room of
the Dubuque, Iowa, public library.
A Proclamation by the President of
the United States.
When we review the calamities
which affect so many other nations,
the present condition of the United
States affords much matter of conso
lation and satisfaction. Our exempt- .
ion hereto from foreign war-an in
creasing prospect of the continuance
of that exemption, the great degree of
internal tranquility by the suppression .
of an insurrection which so wantonly i
threatened it, the happy course of our
public, affairs in general, the unexam
pled prosperity of all classes of our
citizens-are \circumstances which r
mark 'our -situation with indications of
the Divine beneficence toward us. In c'
such a state of things, it is, in an es
pecial manner, our dutyr as a people
with devout reverence and affectionate
gratitude, to acknowledge our many L
great obligations toward Al.might-y B
God and to implore Him to continue
and confirm the blessings we experi
ence. Deeply penetrrated 'with this a
sentiment, I, George Washington, o
president of the United States, do e:
recommend -all religio(is societies and
denominations, and to all persons a
whomsoever within the United States, a
to set apart an'd observe Thursday. s
the igth of February next, as a day a:
of 'puiblic thanks and prayer, and on F
that day to meet 'together 'and render 'j
their service and hearty thanks to the ,
Great Ruler of na'ions, for the mani- t
fold and signal mercies which dlis
tinguish our lot as a- nation. particu- ti
larly for the possession of consti.tu
tions of governiments which unite, an .1
by their union establish liberty with
order for the preservation of peace.
foreign and domestic, for the season
able control, which 'has been given to
a spirit of disorder in the suppression
of 'the late insurrection, and generally
for the prosperous course of our af-d
fairs, public and private, and at thed
same timne humbly and fervently to q
beseech the :kind Author of these 0
blessings graciously 'to prolong them
to us, to- imprint on our hearts a deep 0
and solemn sense of our obligation to M
Him for 'them-to teach us rightly to
estimate their immense value, to pre
serve us from arrogance of -prosperi- *
ty, and 'from hazarding the advantage
we enjoy 'by delusive pursuits, to dis
pose us to merit the continuance of
His favors. 'by not abusing them; by u:
our gratitude for them and 'by a cor- A
respondent conduct as citizens and as w~
men, to render this country more and o:
more a safe and propitious asylum for fr
the unfortunace of other countries-to 6
extend among us true and useful F
knowledge-to diffuse and establish R~
habits of sobriety, order, morality,
and finally to impart all the blessings
we possess or ask for ourselves to the
whole family of mankind.
Tn testimony whereof I have caused
the seal of:the United States of Ame r
ica to be affixed to these presents and
signed the same with my 'hand.
Done at the city of Philadelphia,
Jauary 1st. 1795, and in the Tne- 1
pendence of the United States of
America the 1gth- t.
(Signed.) George Washington. d
There are more suckers on dry land
We want the pec
ounties to com
A full variety of Gard
ept in a well appointe(
ar Cough Syrup. Lar
Did you ever use Si
uccess with them,-anc
hem and you will be p
We sell Parker Luc
resents. We sell Gold
Phone 158 A
Reflections Of A Bachelor.
It makes a man a good deal madder
'be called a liar than to be one.
A girl can make an awful lot of
ouble by not letting you kiss her
hen she 'wants you to.
When a .woman says that her cook
just dying to stay she means she
ay not go till the end of -her week.
A person always has an idea that
hen 'he is fhalf asleep with a fishing
>d in his hand 'he is a great an.
A man has to be very prou of his
ildren to think they are as good
ioking as he would be if he didn't
ve so many business worries.
ETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION
y Johin C. Wilson, Esq., Probate
Whereas M. R. Swittenberg hath
aide suit to me, to grant 'her letters
E administration of the Estate of and
fects of W!,m., C. Swi'ttenberg.
These are therefore to cite an.d adT
Lnish all and singular the kindred
ad creditors of the said Win. C.
wittenberg, deceased, that they be
ad appear before me, in the Court of
robate, to be held at Newberry on
uesday, Decem'ber 5th next ,after
ublication thereof, at 11 o'clock in
ie forenoon, to show cause, if any
iey have, why the said Administra
on should not be granted.
Given under my hand, 'this 20th day
F November Anno Domini, 1905
J. C. Wilson,
J. P. N.C.
All road overseers, who have not
>ne so, are hereby directed and re
uired to perform the 'six days work
a their resp'ective districts as requir
I by la,w and make their return on
r before the 20th day of December,
os. J. Monroe Wicker,
Fred II. DMinic'k. Clerk.
NOTICE OF ELECTION.
Notice is 'hereby given that the reg
Lar annual election of Mayor and
idermen of the Town of Newberry
ill be 'held in the council chanm'bers
a the 'twelfth day of December, 1905,
'om 8 o'clook in the morning until
o'clock in the afternoon with Thos.
.Tarrant, Win. Shackleford and W.
.Jones as managers.
By order of the Town Council.
- Geo. B. Cromer,
Eugene S. Werts, City\ Clerk.
[OTICE OF SETTLEMENT AND
Notice is hereby given that by order
f the Probate Court of Newberry
ounty I will make a settlement of
1e estates of J. T. Enlow, on the 22nd
ay of Decem'ber, 1905, at 1o o'clock
the forenoon, and that I wi:1 imme
iately thereafter apply for a final
>ple of Newbery
e and see us
licines, Cigars i
en Seeds, Stationer:
I Drug Store. Best c
Among our specia
ge bottle 25c. Pleas
nith's Liver Pills? V
they are making ne
leased. Call for a sa
,ky Curve Fountain
Fish. Give u a call
THE N BERI
Capital stock paid i
Surplus . .
We do business o
We extend every
with safe and sounc
Four per cent. pai
Are You Pla
Many persons .ai
making plans and
homes. It has often been
building experiences before
Let Us Pla
will gldly callnith onour cata
*the samples of "$ tad" V
for booklet "'Modern Home
-y and surrounding
when in need of
y, and all things usually
;f drugs used in our pre
.s is our White Pine and
-ant to the taste.
Ve are having wonderful
w friends every day. Try
Pens-nice for Christmas
Iy SAVINUS BANK,
erry, S. C.
n . $ 50,000.00
. . . 25,000.00
. . . 235,000.00
a business principles.
d on deposits in Savings
Fire Proof Vault.
* J. E. lN0RWOOD,
rining a New Home?
e occupied at this season in
specifications for their new
said that a person must have several
the ideal home is constructed.
a Your Plumbing?
If you wllallow
us to plantheplumb-S
ig of your home,
I ~ we will make it right
I the first time. We
J do no experimenting
but execute all con
tracts on the most
lines- employ the
and competent me
chamels and use the)
very best fixtures
Slain Enameled Baths
If you do not find
it convenient to call
in person, write or '
phone us and we
[ogues and other literature on the subject@
rould advise, however, that you inspect
are displayed in our showroom. Ask
Pumbin."e Free upon request.
3R SALE BY
)AVXTR Newberrv. S. C.