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VOL. XLII. NO. 137 NEWBERRY. S. C. FRIDAY. DECEMBER 8. 1.905. TWICE A WEEK $1 50 A YEAR
THE ANNUAL MESSAGE REA]
Important Issues Discussed Ably an
At Length-A Synopsis of the
President Roosevel-t'. an'n'tial mes
sage was read in congress on Tues
day. The paper is long and able, an
the, president's. suggestions and rec
vn-mmendaEions are couched in his us
lal.vigorous language. Importan
ptblic questions are dealt with forci
bly, the regulation of railroad rate
being discussed at length.
President Roosevelt 'begins Iis mes
sage with a reference to the continues
prosperity of the. country, and urge
unanimity among all citizens and al
classes that this prosperity may in
crease. "Taken as a whole," he says
we must all go up or go down to
In discussing the trusts he says tha
in order to secure a healthy socia
and industrial life every big corpora
tion should be held responsible ani
be accountable to some sovereig:
strong enough to control its conducl
He says he is in no sense hostile t
corporations, and speaks of the goo
which they accomp)ish., but he ad
vocates federal supervision. "Unlil th
national government obtains in som
manner which the wisdom,of congres
-nay suggest proper control over th
big 'coi'porations engaged in inter
state commere-that is. over th
great -majority of *Ehe big -corpora
tions-it will. be impossible to d-a
adequately with these evils."
Rgulation Of Railway. Rates.
The regulation of railway rates
-discussed at length and the enactmen
hnto law-of some scheme to secure t,
the agents -)i t1he government sucl
upervision and regulation of railroa
Tates as shall summarily and effective
y prevent the imposition of unjust o
unreasonable rates is earnestly urget
This power.. the president says. shoul
b6 given to some admlinistra(,ive hod:
created by the congress. "In m
judgment," he says. "the most uim
bortant provision which muchi las
should cont-ain is that conterr.ng upo:
some competent administrative hod:
the power to decide. upon the cas
being -brought 'oefore it, whether
given rate prescribgd by a railroad
veasonable and just, and it it is foun
'be unre.asonable and unjust. ther
- after full investigation of the -corm
\plaint, to prescribe the limit of rat
beyond which it shall not be lawft
to go-the maximum reasonable rat<
as it is commonly called-this deci5
ion to go into effect within a reason
.able time a~nd .to obtain from Thenc
onward. subject to review *by th
courts. It sometings5 happens a
present, not that a rate is too higi
* but a favored shipper is given too lcm
-rate. In such case the commissio
would haye the right to fix this al
*. ready established minimum rate a
the maximum, and it would need onT
one or two such decisions by the.coxr
mission to .cure railroad companies c
the. practice of giving improper mma
mum rates. T call your attentionl t
the fact that my proposal js not t
ge the commision power to initiat
or originate rates generally. 'but t
*regulate a rate already fixed or orig
naLed by the roads upon complair
and after investigationi. A heavy per
atltv should, he exacted from any col
poration which fails to respect an o1
decr of the commission. I regard thi
power to "establish a nmaximnum rat
as becing essential to any scheme c
real reform in the matier of railwa
regulation. The first necessity is t
secure it, and unless it is grauted t
the commission -there is little use i
touching the subject at all."
- Rats; slhould be stopped,.he say
and he thinks it wort'Y whie cconiS
ering whether it w'otild nit be wise Ito
confer .on. the government the rigt
>f civil actitn against the beneficiary
of a rebate f-)r at least twice the vah-e
(of the re-bate. "We wish to iIsuIre as
fair treatnuAt for the small town as
for the big city, for the small shipper
as .for the big shipper. In the old
days the highway of commerce.
whether by water or by a road orn
land, was open to all. It belonged to
- the public, and the traffic along it was
- free. At present the railway is this
I highway. and we must do our best
- to see -that it is kept open to all on
- equal terms. Unlike the old highway,
t it is a very difficult .and complex thing
- to manage. and it is *far better that it
S should he managed by private indi
viduals than by the government. But
- it can only be so managed on condi
I tion that justice be done the public.
it is because, in my judgment, public
I ownership of railroads is highly tin
- desirable and would probably in this
country entail far reaching disaster
- that I wish to see such supervision
and regulation of them in the'interest
of the piiblic as will make it evident
t that there is no need for public own
- Child Labor and Woman Labor.
I In dis'ussing the labor question the
i president . refers to the child labor
question and to women who work as
I " renew the reepmmendation I
made in-my last ,annual message for
an investigation 'by the department of
commerce and labor of general labor
conditions, especial attention to be
paid to the conditions of child 1aaor
- an-d child labor legislation in the sev
eral states. Such an investigation
- should take into account the various
I problems with which the question of
child labor is -copn.ected. It is true
.thlat these problems can be actually
met in most cases only 'by the states
themselves but it would be well for
the nation to endeavor to secure and
publish comprehensive information as
to the conditions of the labor of chil
dren in the different states so as to
spur tip those that are behindhand and
to secure approximately uniform leg
;slation of a high character among the
several states. In such a republic as
ours the one thing that we cannot af
ford to neglect is the pro'ble'rm of turn
ing out decent citizens. The future of.
the nation dependcs upon the citizen
ship of the generations to come. The
children of .today are those who to
morrow will shape the destiny of our
land, and wve cannot afford to neg
lect them. The legisl:ature of Colo
rado has recommended that the na
tional government pr-ovide some gen
eral measure for the protection from
abuse of children' and dumb animals
throughout the United States. -I lay
the inatter before you for what -I
trust wi.ll be'your. favorable consider
"The department of commerce and
t labordhoid also make a thorough in'
,vestigation of the conditions of wo
Smen industry. Over 5,ooo,ooo Amer
1 ican women are now engaged in gain
-. ful occupations, yet there is an a!
s most complete dearth of data upon
r which to 'base any trustwvorthy con
- clusions as regards a -subject as im
portant as it is vast and complicated.
- There is need of full knowledge on
>which to base action looking toward
> state and municipal legislation for the
c protection of working wonien.''
oThe president reviews the whole la
-bor question and makes forcible sug
- As To The Hague
-Conference called again by the
-Car he p)romises it America's sup
port. He discusses the Monroe doc
e trine, and thinks it one of the most ef
f fective agencies for peace as it has
y been and is being gradually developed
> by this nation and accepted b)y other
it He pleads for the ratification of--the
treaty -now pending with Santo Do
mngog The army and navy are dis
cuseld anl MIcreased efficiency urged.
but the president says that it docs nill 't
seem to him necessary that he navy
sh ialtd at least in the immediate i
t're he i;icreased 'beyond th. prse(nt
-.11111her of nitl;
As to the Philippines the president
says tha t during -che last year the Phil
ippine 'Islands have been slowly re
covering from the series of disasters
which since An'1erican occupation have
greatly reduced the amount of agri
cultural products below what was pro
duced in Spanish times. "The war.
the -rinderpest, the locusts, the
drought and the cholera have be,en
united as causes to prevent a return
of the prosperity much needed in the
islands. Tranquility has existed dur
ing the past year throughout the rch
ipelago except in the province of Ca
vite. the province of Batangas and
the province of Samar and in the is
land of Jolo among the Moros."
The Panama Canal.
As to the Panama canal he says in
"The American people are pledged
to the speediest possible construction
of a banal adequate to Leet -the de
mands which the commerce of 'The
world will make upon it, and I appeal
most earnestly to the congress to aid
in the fulfillment of the pledge.
Gratifying progress has been made
Iduring the past year and especially
during -the past four months. The
greater part of the necessary prelimi
nary work has been done. Actual
work of excavation could be begun
only on a limited scale till the canal
zone was :made a healthful place to
live in and to work in. The isthmus
h-ad to be sanitated f,rst. This task
has 'been so thoroughly accomplis'hed
that yellow fever has been virtually
extirpated from the 'isthmus and gen
eral health conditions vastly improv
News From. Excelsior.
Excelsior. December 7.--Our school
Ibserved Thanksgiving day.
Miss Maggie Stone has been visit
ing relatives in Union academy see
Pro'f. J; S. Wheeler. wife and chil
dren have been on a visit to relatives
Grain in this section is looking very
nice to he sown a little late.
The coldl wave last week cansed a
good many of our people to enjoy
pudding andl sausage.
Excelsior law and order league will
hold *a meeting at the school house
next Friday night, the eighth.
Mr. Berry Livingston and family
lave imved in Mr. G.- W. Kinard's
new dwelling house on the road that
he had just . completed for Rev.
J. C. Wessinger.
'There will 'be a good 'deal of njov
ing in this section amongst the color
We had good rains Saturday night
and Sunday which wvere very helpful
to tihe grain crops.
Prof. J. S. W'heeler killed a fine
hog. Tuesday, of his owvn raising that
weighed about 450 pounds.
The public roads generally are in~
good condition for thise time of year.
Miss Lora Nates will spe.nd Christ
mas with her sister. Mrs. Blanton, of
Graniteville. S. C.
Mr. P. 5. Cook. wife and children.
of Columbia, are visit.ing his mother's
Mrs. Margaret Beard. who lives
about two miles below Excelsior
school hotise. lost her house and house
hold goods along with aboi't t wo hales
of seed cotton and some corn by fire
last week. Tt is thought the fire was
A man has to be very proud of his
children to think they are as good
looking as 'he would be if he didn't
have so many business worries.
It's now up to young men to.pro
pose-either marriage or oysters.
THE NEWS OF PROSPERITY.
The Death of Mrs. J. Erastus Monts
Mr. Birge's Condition-Christ
mas Service-No Local
Ir,perity. December 7.-M\I r. P. S.
Co-k ani family. of Columbia. have
been visiting the home folks the past
Mr. Xm. Leckie. of Chester. is vis
iting his sister. Miss Margaret Leckie,
the past few days.
Mr. F. C. Merchanj has gone into
the' mercantile business with his
brother. Mr. L. C. Merchant. Mr.
Merchant will )cctipy the house just
bevond- the incorporation vacated by
Mr. Berr,, ivingstoll and n,ear Mr.
J. C. Counts'.
Mrs. Leland Schumpert and. chil
dren have 'een on a visit to Mr. B.
Miss Pearl Wyche. of Wadesboro,
N. C.. is visiting Dr. C. T. Wyche this
"In -the midst .of life we are in
death." But a few clays ago Mrs. J.
E.. Monts was the centre and cheet
of her home circle. Today she is si
lently sleeping in 'the cemetery at St.
Luke's. Mrs. Monts was -4 years old
and was married to Mr. T. E. Monts
about twen.ty-three years ago. She
leaves a 'husband and three children
to mourn her death. as well as a
large circle of relatives and friends.
We extend our sympathy to the be
reaved family and friends.
IThe Sorosis will meet with Miss
Bessie Bowers on Friday afternoon
at which time an enjoyable hour will
be spent by the l.adies.
Mr. P. D. Simpson has returned to
the pharmacei-tical holtege in Atlanta
and will -lp-ete his course by early
Dr. and Mrs. Re;mes left for John
ton on Monday.
We were down to see Mr. Birge
Tuesday ind thi. C. m. (Thursday)
wearn he is doing nicely. hT is not
yet fullv decided if an opcration will
be nece;sa:v. This will 'be determined
early next week.
Mrs. P. f. Wise. of Cameron. S. C..
is visiting Messrs. A. G. and J. L.
Mir. and Mrs. A. G. W\ise and Dr.
Hunter went .to Columbia Tuesday to
see Mr. Birge.
Mr. S. J. Kohn has gone to Colum
ia today on business.
Mr. A. TI. Mayer after being shut
in for the past four weeks is able -t
be out. He -has gone to his father's
in the Dutch Fork and says he will
s.on get fat on pudding. sausage and
Miss Alma HIartmian has been pon a
visit' to* Uncle -Jimmie Werts.
Miss Rosalie Wheeler, of Excelsior
has been visiting Miss, Janie Wither
Rev, and Mrs. Boyd have returned
from their trip '[o Mississippi.
Mr. Boyd went -to Column'biaed
nesday to visit his parishioner. Mr.
S. . Birge.
Rev. J. I. McKain will go to cot
irence at Spartanburg next week.
WeT hope -to see Rev. McKain re
turn to this pastorate.
Mr. Arthur Merchant of Columbia,
is visiting his father. Mr. G. S. Mer
Mrs. 0. P. Harris is visiting Mrs.
T. A. Dominick.
Mr. A. N. Crosson 'has been on a
visit to Wircos. Ga. We've heard it
whisered that it was a business (?)
rip. but lhe says not.
\e are practically cut off from the
otsie( wo'rld so far as freights on
the Southern are concerned as we
have had no local freight from Sat
uvcday to this morning (Thursday).
There will be Christmas exercises
ai Grace church during the holidays.
The program will be givenl la.ter.
Mrs. Kreps will have charge and all
may expect something good.
We learn that there will be exer
ises at Colony church at some time
durin the holidays.
SIXTEEN THOUSAND DOLLARS
Vercict Against Glenn-Lowry in Fa
vor of Mrs. Louisa A. McCar
'he readers of The Herald and
News are familiar with the facts in
th nfortunate cdeath of Mr. Ma
thew M. McCarlev some several
months ago at Whitmire. Mr. Mc
Carley was in the employ of the
Glenn-Lowry c :mnpany and was work
ing with their press at the time of the
accident. Mr. McCarley had been d
rected to oil the press and while en
gaged in -.is work a rope -broke and
a heavy weight fell on his head liter
ally crushing it. He died ins'antly.
He left a wife and three children. I
She btought suit against .the mill
for $35.000 damages for the death of
her husband. She was represented by
F. B. Grier, of Greenwood, Hunt,
Hunt and Hunter, and Schumpert and
Holloway. of Newberry.
The Glenni-Lowry company was
represented by Mower and Bynum,
Johnstone & Cromer and P. T. Hyde
The case commenced on Friday be
fore Judge Memminger and a jury. It
was given to the jury on Tuesday af
ternoon and after deliberating for sev
eral hours they gave a verdict Tues
day nigh-t in favor of Mrs. McCarley
A motion was made yesterday after
noon before Judge Memminger for a
new trial. After argument Judge
Memminger took the papers with him.
The case will be appealed to the su
, preme court whatever may be the
decision as to a new trial.
The state boarg of canvassers mef
on Wednesday, -and declared the re
sult of the dispensary election in Spar
tanburg and Greenville counties. -IN
Spartanburg county -The vote for no
dispensary was 2.114. and for dispen
sary 416. In Greenville county, no
,!ispensary, 858 and for dispensary 383. -
Tames Wood, of Pacolet, celebra
-ed his 93rd biithday on Novinber 26.
The South Carolina. Methodist con
ference will convene ncxt week at
Spartanburg. Among matters m
oortance that will come up before -this
conference, is the election of an edi
tor of the Southern Christian Advo
T:he net pronits from the several
)eer and whiskey dispensaries in Spar
tanburg county for the months of
Ocober and November. were $7.094.
Death of An Old Servant.
'Orange Watts. the old family ser
vant o. Mr. fT. C. Pool died Wednes
(lay in his seventieth year. and was
buried on Thtrrsday afternoon at the
Calmes grave yard. This old dar
key has been employed by Mr. Pool
for abotut twenty-five years. and.has
)een a faithful servant.
Notice is hereby given that the
County Board of Commissionlers wil
on the 4th day of January. 19o6, elect
a keeper for the County Home at a
salary of twenty-five follars per
month. and a county physician *at a
salary of one hundred and twenty-five -
dollars per annum: said councy phy
sician shall be required to furnish all
Applications may be filed with
either of the undersigned on or be-.
fore said date. at 1u o'clock noon.
J. Monroe Wicker.
Fred H. Dominick. Clerk.
the "masheen' man'don't do bet
ter I don't know what in the world I
am going to do with him. T said
Uncle Paddy Wheeler and he made
it-oh. something altogether foreign
t ,this. If he lon.t do( better I am.
going to-well write better myself, if
the Editor will send me better paper.
So its up to you Mr. Editor at last.
(The "masheen" man says "she" is
ready for-well, better writing.)