Newspaper Page Text
Farmers' Union Bureau of
-Condueted by the
outh Carolina Farmers' Eduea
tional and Co-Operation Union.
'Communications intended for this
4epartment should be addressed to J. C
Stribling, Pendlet6n, S. C.
Atlanta, Ga., December 18.-Na
tional President C. S. Barrett, of the
Farmers' Educational and Coopera
tive Union, has issued a call for ral
lies of union members afl over the
There are now practically 1,000,
000 members of the Farmers' Union
in the South and West, and the or
ganization is rapidly growing and ex
tending its sphere of influence.
Local unions in all the states will
hold their meetings on Tuesday, San
Following the local the county and
parish unions will meet on Tuesday,
All of these meetings are to be
held preparatory to a grand rally of
the Farmers Union to be held in At
lanta -on Tuesday, January 22, on
the occasion of the meeting there of
the national board of directors and
the state presidents of the union.
This meeting will be held at the
state capitol, and all interested in
the work of organization are invited
The purposes of these meetings are
explained in the following call is
sued by National President C. S. Bar
President Barrett's Call.
"Atwater, Ga., December 17, 1906.
-To the Members of the Farmers'
Union. As president of your organi
zation, it is my desire to interest
every member in the manner of our
plans for the approaching year, and
to this end I hereby call meetings, as
"1. Of all local unions on Tues
day, January 8.
2. 'Of all county and parish un
ions on Tuesday, January 15.
"3. Of the national board 'of di
"m/rectors, and of all state presidents for
Tuesday, January 22, at 10.00 a. mn.,
in tihe capitol building, Atlanta, Ga.,
and at the latter meeting all members
interest/'d in the work of the organm
zation are invited to attend.
" The general purpo>se of these
meetings is to discuss matters affect
ing the welfare of our great orgamaza
tion, and t~o outline in a genelal way
the plan of action .to govern use dur
ing th'e ensuing year. In this work I
am -anxious to. enlist th~e sympathy
nd support of every mekib'er of the
organization, and to this end I have
called, meetings of the local unions
in order. that the movement may start.
from the heart of the members them
selves. - So let every member assemble
at the local meeting place on the
date indicated, discussing among
themselves the wor'k demanding our
attention and awakening renewed en
iitm for the coxping year. Let the
ounty.aiad parish n'nions do the same
hing at their nieetings, anid let the
resut of all these deliberations be
*forwarded immediately to the respec
tve state presidents.
"In this manner when the state
presidents and the national directors
assem>1e in Atlanta on Tuesday, Jan
uary 22, they will be in position m re
than ever to truly represent the mem
bersh.ip of the organization in con
s~idering and formulating our general
plan of action for the next year.
"TeA Successful Year.
"Teyear just ended has been the
miost successful in the history~of our
association. Its membership has
shown a ~phenomenal increase in every
direction, and it is now,.generally con
eeded by all that to the Farmers' Un
ion stand for 11 cent cotton is due
more tha'n anything else, the fact that
up to this time the average sellhng
price *of cotton has been far in ex
ess of 10 cents. Had our organiza
-ti.on stood for ten cent cotton the
-r~ in all probability would never
has gonle beyond that figure.
"As a result of the uncomrpromis
-ing and the loyal: stand of the mem
bers of our organization, and those
who have worked 'with it, we have
*seen the price of cotton exceed 11
ents several times during the season,
while the average price of all cotton
* sfar sold hasegone beyond the limit
of that we were asked to meet..
"There is nothing in this world as
effective as organization wiZ' every
branh of indu'stry or commerce or
gnized to purchase the product of
Sthe farmer as. cheaply as possible, it
is more than ever incumbe~nt upon the
rwers of those products to organ
zein order that they may sell those
rducts at fair and just rates.
~The farmers are beginning to
ealize this now, as never before, and
th result of their co-operative effort
a6g this line is being told along
every farm house in America.
"So let us all join in for our lo
a,county and parish, and our na
toal meetings for January. Let
every member do his duty, and the
result will speak for itself in making
1907 the banner year of the Associa
, C. S. Barrett,
0. T. Goodwin,
President S. C. Division.
Bucket Shops and The New York Cot
When bucket shops go and the
"lexitimate cotton exchanges" go
with it, what next?
Shall we swap the devil of a buck
et shop for the bio devil of a"legiti
mate cotton exchange'' under anoth
''Is there a nigger in the woodpile
behind this new proposition of 'Cot
ton Bureau' to follow exchanges?"
"Who is it that is so much interested
in the welfare of the farmers and the
mill men?" "Who will manage this
new concern?" are some of the perti
nent questions brought forward by
correspondents of The Piedmont Her
ald, Greenville News and other papers.
The statement is made that "these
wire connections will cost from $25 to
$50 per mile, operator from $5 to $10
per day, then manager, office rent,
etc. will cost from $10 to $20 per day.
Who will pay this enormous expense?
Somebody has got to make big mon
ey out of this affair 4nd the money
will all eventually-sooner or later
come out of the producer of cotto-n
Our Way Out of It is This:
What do the people want with all
this New York wire connections, any
way'? Does New York m.ake the cot
ton? Do our Southern cotton mills
need to go to New York for their cot
ton \vhen eight-tenths of all the
world's cotton is grown at their own
doors? Why should the farmer that
grows the cotton, and should know
the cost thereof, ask the New York
Cotton Exchange, over these costly
wires, whether or not he should sell
his products for cost, or profit, or w
a loss? Call this great New York wire
connection what you may; nick name
it to suit the ta6te of the people if
you please, but the facts are this
whole scheme; is one grand suction
>ump line through which the wealth
f the South is pumped. out into the
Cotton growers want no compromise
n this bucket shop adn cotton gam
ling business. We want the bottom
nocked out of the whole business,
nd the earth in the South swept
lean of the \whole business and'the
places where they stood disinfleted.
t is of little concern .to those that
are being robbed whether the thing
i. done legitimately or illegally;
hether the act is done in the darkest
f the night or at noonday; or wheth
r it is done by the little bucket shops
r the great he-bucket sho.p as. Sena
or Davis calls the Nw York Cotton
This arch mammon, the New York
otton Exchange, is no doubt the chief
onspirator behind this whole cotton
bureau wire business.
When our cotton mills want cotton
et them get it ,at first cost from the
rowers of cotton through the .Far
ers' Cotton Union or -warehouses.
The 'New York Cotton Exchange
ether makes cotton or 'owns cotton
nless they get it from the South.'
When the farmer wants to know
what his cotton is worth let him ask
the Farmers' Union and the Southern
Cotton Association about' it. They
know the average cost of production
and what is a reasonable profit wi
their cotton. What does New York
Cotton Exchange know or care about
these factors of cost and profit to the
When our business men, merchants
and csotton mill men in the South*
want to spend 1prge sums of money in
the interest of the cotton trade and
for the interest of the' whole people
who produc and spin cotton let them
do it in paying the roadway direct
from the cotton fields of the South
The Eyes at thi
There are reasons for this. Tt
short time they have sold mar<
Simply because they have sold
up-to-date stock of Dry Gool
Their motto will be, as has alws
T H ESM
to the mills of the world at first
cost and keep the profits that are
justly due to the South at home.
It will take the combination of both
brain power and muscle power to pro
duce cotton and command and control
the cotton situation of the South, and
absolutely every man in every occu
pation in the South is directly or in
directly interested in profitable prices
to the South for her cotton, excluding
those among us who are in league
with our enemies-the cotton gamb
lers and speculators. It is these cot
ton gambl)lers and specuiators that
cause our mill men to grow gray all
too soon and the wives and daughters
of cotton growers to go in tattered
rags and their ehiliren to grow up in
dense inorance. It takes sweat and
labor to make cotton, and it takes a
triumph of brain power to turn this
cotton into gold for the South''s cred
it. It will not be done through mak
ing laws to operate wires for cotton
manipulators! but it can be done by
opening up a channel of trade under
absolute control of the growers and
spinners of cotton; to the benefit of
the spinners the world over and at
the same time transform the South
from a community of borrowers into
a community of self-reliant capital
ists. It wil set the South up in busi
ness for itself on its own account.
The limit of submission and suffer
ing of the South through this legalized
robbery has been reached. Cut off
this beak of the vampires that are
sucking the South's life blood out and
let's take care of ourselves; we can do
That is right, take your cotton
right along back home or to the ware
house when you can't get your price;
that is the sort of pluck to wear.
The South Carolina Union was
right when they set the price at 12
ts. and all that have sold for less
than the minimum of 11 cts. feels the
loss, and now, since the race to mar
k'et is over, they will have plenty time
to go over the whole -caIculation and
see just h'ow far behind the dead line
of profit and loss they have now
Now and then we meet up with a
real fair loking prosperous farmer
that makes it a point tro tell us that
while he does not belong to the Union
he is holding his cotton for 11 ets,
and is stieking to the Union. Now
we want to know if all farmers were
just like this man where would this
man get a Farmers' Union to stick
to'? Ths man is.fooling himself when
he thinks that there is always some
thing lying around especially for
him that others don't get. We ar4
suite that if this man had a sudden
downfall or deep troubl'e that the
first aid that came to him would be
his best Union neighbors.
About Our Farmers' Union Bureau.
Can you run a Farmers' Union Bu
reau without smoney? Can you get up
a better column for our, farmers than
we have been doing? If so, now is
your' chance to take hold of it and
show youd hand. Send os some of your
condensed good thoughts, and we will
give you a fair showing.
Did you know that the Anderson,
S. C., County Farmers' Union was the
only county in the State that has ever
paid a dollar towards the support of
our Farmers' Union Bureau that is
spreading Farmers' Union and pro
gressive farm news o ver ever'y cot
ton state, from the Rio Grande to the
Two dollars will pay the actual cost
of fifty-two copies of our Bureau col
umn. Send this two dollars in to the
State Treasurer, B. F. Earle, inder
son, S. C., and the name of your
County paper that your County Un
ion has chosen to publish 'your column,
and your column will- be mailed out
to your paper every Monday for the
year. If the publishers of your Coun
ty paper tell you that they have no
room for your Farmers' column in
their paper, you just go home and
look in your reading table and see if
I People are Ttu
e Smith Co. have only been in
goods than many old expel
better goods for less money.
is, Shoes, H ats and P
ys been, better goods for less mr
Newberry. S. C.
you have any room there for his paper,
We are no boycotters, but our farm
ers' interest comes first. We are not
mad, but we are disg usted, and have
got about enough of some County pa
pers that always have plenty of room
for all manner of politics and common
rot, but no room for a farmers' co
lumv- If these county papers have
an interest in their Counties of more
importance than the farm, and need
more aid and information than their
farmers do, let them cater to that in
terest. and the farmers can then look
out for thier friends.
All local Unions that have not had
their annual elections are requested
to meet the first Saturday in January
and reorganize and elect delegates to
their County Unions. Be sure to elect
your best suited men for every posi
tion, and you will have a good, lively
Union. To do this you may have to
vote against your good friends,
but yu do it. Remember that you are
looking to the good of the Union when
you vote; you are not after supporting
yur particular friends when it is
against the interest of the things you
are after. Do you really think that
your people can run the Farmers'
Union, or Farmers' Union Bureau, or
our Farmers' Cotton Union without
money? If so, giveius your plans, and
all hands will bless you. I have seen
some men that paid a dollar for a bot
tle of whiskey, and another for a pipe
and tobacco, that said they did not
have a dollar to spare to join the Far
mers' Union. Now these men know
well and good that the Farmers' Un
ion will help his wife and children,
too, but his whiskey and tobacco is
of no good to any 'one but himself.
Is he a bigger hog than the ones he
throws his rotten corn out on the
A STALK CELERY.
An Ohio Editor Delivers Himself of
a Rhapsody After Munching the
Ohio State Journal.
A bunch of sunbeams, riding on a
soft breeze, drops to earth, mingles
with the dewdrops and comes up d
stalk of celery, -the most spiritual of
all the herbs that grow. No wonder
people find contentment in its crisp
and crystalline texture. It is a diet
for serene souls; for those who look
far ~out into, the hortzons and con
temlate and build f'ancies out of
fon<i desires. Whoever munches cel
ery must do it with a mild mind. If
one eats the delicious herb when his
heart is* full of hate, and he is fretful
and mad at the world, he misses that
immaculate twang that is pressed out
of the sunlit dewdrop. This is why
celery is such a fine herb for com
pany, when glints of happy humo
and tender friendship play about. A
man doesn't go off by himself and
eat celery, as he would a sandwich o1
a piece of bologna.
Celery used to grow out in the
swamps among the lizards and - the
bullfrogs, but even th.en its lovely
mission in the world was recognized,
for the canvasback duck got all its
delicacy and unction from the juicy
fibre of its green stalks. Since then
it has been civilizedl, and the gentle
mixture of sunbeams, zephyrs and
glint of dewdrop -has been preserved3
and kept inviolate by a process of
blanching. Can't you taste it when
you take up a white, crisp, crystalline
stalk and bite it in a way that it rings
out like a cheer and a hurrah? A lady
said one time she liked to eat celery,
for it seemed that everything gross
had been extracted from it in some
way, and she was actually eating
purity itself. Well, it does seem that
way-its whiteness: its snowflaky in
nocence; its sparkling translucence;
its toc twang and savor that bespeak
the sweetness of earth and sky. Real
l, it seems like purity, whose other
side. is gentility, which the noble herb
inspires in him who loves it truly.
usiness a short time. In that
jenced merchants, and why?
hey are now ready with an
Iotions for the year of 1907.
:ney than others.
O T HEADUARTERS
Christmas Goods of Reliable Quality at the
Reliable Drug Store
Pehlam & Son
We are giving discounts and offering bargains to cash buyers
that cannot be equale d in South Carolina. Our Sto::k is en
tirely New, Fresh and Stylish, having been bought by our Dr.
W. E. Pelham, Sr., recently in New York City in Person.
CUTGLASS in all Shapes and Designs HANDSOME CARVING SETS
JAPANESE CHINAWARE BEAUTIFUL PICTURES
STYLISH LAMPS COLLAR AND CUFF BOXES
LEATHER PURSES AND BAGS HUYLER'S FINE CANDY
DRESSING and MANICURE CASES Sale and Exclusive Agency.
We guarantee to show the prettiest line of Holiday Goods
and will sell them for less than anybody.
WM. E. PELHAM & SON,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
THE EXCHANGE BA(NK
Of Newberry, S. C.
You are cordially invited to make this your
bank. Every facility of modern banking is at
Promptness, Courtesy and Careful Atten
tion to the wants of our customers, has been
the established policy of this bank.
We pay 4 per cent interest in Savings de
partment, compounded twice a year. Your
account is earnestly solicited.
J. D. DAVENPORT, Prest.
E. R.. HIPP, Vice Prest.
M. L. SPEA RM AN, Cashier.
Which we use are without exception the purest grade.*
*We believe in PURITY.
We constantly preach PURITY.0
We always; practice PURIIfY whern preparing medl-i
* PURITY counts, and counts for much, in medicines.*
*Asla your doctor.
*MAYES' DRUG STORE3
Pelbam'sReliable Drug Store
The bottom layerNoaaneiprcs
of abox ofSasHye:Rgrd
Ngo advance in prices.o
our Candy, would say
that we are aware of the
fact that many of the
ISmanufacturers of cheap
~ ~gf~!ismnjer Candies have ad
\~/~/ v~~ &~co~nirsSvan ced their price \ but
.~Z~/ sdprieswe have not done s, nor
as the t.1ayer'. do we intend to d , so.
Our prices remain the same, as does the per
fect quality. of our goods." This is good news
to all lovers of fine candy-you pay no more
than you would for infprior products.
Our Christmas Candies, all H UY LER'S, are
now for sale by
Wei E. Peihawm&Son,