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VOL XLIII.i NO.9. NEWBERRY. S. U. TUESDAY. T AITARY 30. 190. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
FOURTH WEEK OF THE
MORE THAN 500 BILLS HAV
About Sixteen Have Passed-Son
of the Local Measures Affect.n.,r
Columbia, January 29.-My letto
from Columbia for Friday's pap<
was mailed on the midday train c
Thursday but in some way did n<
reach Newberry until Friday mornir
and hence too late for the paper. Fo
tunately there was nothing of speci,
interest. Some part of it, howeve
may be embodied in this letter just i
'eep the record straight.
Last week was genuine legislatw
weather. Rain and cold all the we
and very disagreeable.: Regular pnei
-monia weather. But there was r
snow in Columbia.
All of Tuesday was consumed i
the election of judges and trustees (
colleges and directors of the penitei
Chief Justice Pope was - reelecte
without opposition. There was son
talk on Monday night that he woul
be opposed by Ex-Senator George
Xower, also of Newberry, but h
name was not presented. In this ele
tion Messrs. Earhardt and Tayl<
voted for Chief Justice Pope an
Messrs. Blease and Higgins did n(
In the election of a successor c
Judge James Aldrich he was oppose
-by Senator E. F. Warren of Hamptoi
Mr. Warren received 32 votes. Judg
Aldrich was reelected. Of the Nev
berry delegation all of them voted f<
The only other of the circuit judg<
who had opposition was Judge Jk
Kiugh who was olpposed by Senat<
F. P. McGowan of Laurens. Juds
Klugh received 100 votes and Sem~
tor McGowan 41. Messrs. Earhari
and Higgins voted for Senator M<
Gowan and Messrs. Blease and Ta:
for for Judge Kiugh.
Mr. L. A. Sease of Newberry we
reeeeid a member of the boeard.i
trustees of Clemson college by ave
handsome vote receiving 169 out
124 votes. Four candidates wei
voted for to '9' three 1places.
The disse :w e itu!ati'a rIn JAi:Z
about the same. Evoyv n.w and the
a new b)ill is introduced andz the qua
tion is on the calendarI :as a. sp)ei
order and will be debated now fro:
day to diay, unt il sonwt~ ~ien isok
The debate will beg:in tonIiht on ti
Mr. Huntto ofI LexingtonI som~e da:
ago int roduced a resolution askir
fran it emized st atementi( o; expes<
ine.urred by the dispexnsary invest iga
in'g (mmtte and Wenesay ~ris
Foll ig histe upH h'fe' Si ntrodce
was spent u something like ?6.O(
add1inalfo wichl amfonmf the 'on~
.from~ the bank.
teen have 1assed. an -1
changed to an ac and as soon as ra
ified and signed will become part
the sttuite law of the state.
Among these Is the Newberry grad
I ed school bill. The only chan-ge in
the bill passed last year is to direct
that the election shall be ordered by
the towi council :11d held at the same
time as the city election. the scond
Tuesday in December and the terms
of trustees expire on the first day of
Januarv. The annual school meeting
shall be held between the last day of
June and the first day of August.
And also the proviso that no person
shall be eligible or serve as a trustee
who is a trustee of any other school
There seems also to have beeii some
defect in the bill providing for a grad
ed school at Whitmire which was
passed at the last session as another
o bill has been introduced at this ses
sion to amend the law of the last
session as to this school.
k The ten hour law for factories will
not be passed at this session, but Mr.
o Taylor has had spread upon the Jour
nal of the house a petition from the
operatives of the Newberry mill ask
n ino for such a law. The petition con
tains about 300 names.
The bill of Mr. W. E. Johnson of
Aiken to prevent strikes and lockouts
d has been killed by the senate but Mr.
e Taylor of Newberry has introduced
d the identical bill in the house. The
- vote was rather close in the senate
with several senators absm nt.
r . The appropriation and supply bills
d have not yet been introduced though
they have been partly prepared. .
. It is probable that the state levy
will be placed at 5 mills. Last year
f it was 5 1-2 mills.
L- The Newberry delegation has not
e yet agreed upon the levy for New
berry county though it is probable
r the levy will be 3 1-2 or 4 mills. The
loss of the dispensary profits will
make necessary about one mill ad
s ditional to raise the same amount of
eThe state bar association met last
- Iweek. There were in attendance
t from Newberry. Hon. Geo. S.-Mower.
SCol. iGeorge Johnstone. Col. Walter
- Hunt, Hon. F. H. Dominick. Dr. Geo.
B. Cromer. Through the kindness of
a friend I had the pleasure of attend
TinZ the banquet at the Columbia hotel.
[t wvas a most delightful affair.
Night sessions will begin this wveek
eiand no doubt there will be some in
The dispensary investigating comn
amittee will resonme its work again this
week under the powers given in the
iact passed at this session.
ii jAttniey General V. X. (Gunter has
esufficieni ly improved to be moved to
the home of his father at Ratesburg.
State Treasurer JTennings leaves this
s wee forn Bltimore to obtainl hospital
treatment. Assistant Ad.ntant Gien
'5 eral J1. B. Patriek has gone to his
h l,o at Anderson on aecount of his
ehealth nol SeereOtary of Staie Chint
ehas hoop? i n]a h(alth for' somel( timel.
* *4. j ' *' * ~ ; . ''
*1 ene 1 the inls! ittin i-th elf.
-make an aipV)Cprioin n .0 "
put np an exhibit by the staie at the
GEN. JOSEPH WHEELER DEAl
Last Hours of the Famous CavaIr
Leader-Ill Only One Week
A Sketch of His Career.
Genleral Joe Wheeler's la.st figI
has terminiiiated atal. tie Ifamt
(ld1t i r S0(11,Sneem11,nh 1:. in at 5 :5 ." 'cl)oe( I(
n Thursday eein at the home r
his sister. Mrs. Sterlin Smith. 17
Coiumbia Heights. Brooklyn. to an a
tack o)f pnemniiionia. wvhich filowed
severe (co(ld by which lie was prostre
ted while atteldin dinner in Manlia
tan on Thursday nioght before. Tli
()1d quickly developed iito pleuris:
bit it was not until Sunday th
Ieumonia set in. The disease mad
rapid progress. and on Wednesda
evening all hopes of saving the p
tient's life were practically abai
Dr. MeCorkle, the attending ph)
sician, and Dr. Janeway, who wo
called in consultation, remained at th
old hero's bedside until almost th
close of his fight.
Although extremely weak, Generf
Wheeler remained cheerful and cor
scions until half an hour or so b<
fore death. He passed away as if i
slumber. Around his bedside wer
g,rouped his son. Major Jos. Wheele:
Jr., U. S. A., his four daughters. Mn
W. J. Harris. and Misses Anna H
Lucille and Carrie Wheeler, his si4
ter. Mrs. Smith and his nephew. Stei
Less than an hoar before his deat
G-eneral Wheeler, in a faint but sti
clear voice, asked for his daughte
Lucille. and when she bent over hii
he whispered a few parting w6rds i
In spite of the gloomy foreboding
of the doctors on Wednesday th
members of General Wheeler's far
ilv cherished a faint hope until nea
the end that he would pull througl
and all of them believed he would a
least survive a day or two more.
General Joseph Wheeler .ranke
high among brilliant leaders devel
op)ed by the civil war. When he sm
rendered as lieutenant general in th
service of the Confederacy he wa
only 29 years old, yet was senic
eavalry ofticer of the Confederat
Thirty-years later, as major get
eral of volunteers. United States arm
lie was leading American cavalr
against the Spaniards in Cuba.
For accepting a commission froi
President McKinley he was severel
criticised by Southerners of the ''ur
reconstructed'?' type. .
In the Alabama. Constitutional cor
'ention in 1901 ani'effort was made t
deny htim courtesies of the floor.
Some southern newsp apers con
mnenting unfavorably on his acceptin
(0omra'desh]ip with men who ha
foug'ht against the south.
It is probable, however, that Get
eral W\heeler' s repiutation was er
hanced amlong~ so utlhern peop1le i
general. Just as his popularity w~
increased among~ no rtherners by hi
)atriot ie act in at th~e outset of th
In his hist service lhe sho(wed ihi
une *ah he.necaaiy u
. lelIe as colonel of the 1.9th Ala
aIma iintry. As Commander. of a
y bria(e hIe made his mark at Shiloh.
bIII Wilelel' s sIperiIs percive
quily that his was the temperament
fI a successful avalry officer, and he
was transferred to that arm of the
s service in I862 an(d particilpated in I
k hattles of, Perrvville and Grand Riv
f er. went raidling throngh Western I
.) Tennessee., and took part in other en
- gagemoents f General Bragg's Ken-l t
a tuckv campaign. Ie had charge of <l
- the cavalry at Murfreesboro. and had
-earned. by that time the reputation of
e being a dashing and absolutely fear
less leader of mounted men. He
t was made brigadier general on Octo
e ber 30. 1862. and covered th'e retreat
y of Bragg's army southward. At the
-age of 27 reckless courage had won (
-- for him a major general's commission. ]
He commanded the Confederate cav- I
alry at. Chattanooga and Chickamau
s ga. After Chickamauga, where, as (
e usual. his dash and valor were con
e spicuous. he fell on General Rose
cran's line and severed it, destroy- I
I ing 1,300 wagons. and damaged I
- Federal property valued at $3.000,000.
This career of brilliant raiding, how
a ever. suffered a check, and he was
e driven back into Northern Alabama.
-, It was due largely to General
. Wheeler's skill and fearlessness as a
cavalry leader that the Confederate
- forces, under General Braxton Bragg, 1
were able to retreat in good order and
almost unmolested after Missionary
h Ridge and Lookout Mountain.
1 General Wheeler's most famous ex
r ploit, perhaps, was performed in op
a posing General William T. Sherman's
a advance on Atlanta. Scarcely a day
passed without a skirmish, which was
s almost a battle, and the Union troops
e never knew at what hour or place
- "Fighting Joe" might be expected
r with his furious onslaughts of car
In one of his attacks on General
Stoneman's forces he succeeded in
d capturing the General himself and
several other famous officers.
.In August, 1864, General Wheeler
e led a successfuld raid in Sherman's
srear northward as far as the Ken-t
r tucky line. Subsequently he opposed
c Sherman 's advance on Savannah, andt
in February. 1865, was promoted to
the rank of lieutenant general.
~He continued in command of the
c avalry division of Johnson's army
until it surrendered in April 1863.
Gen. Wheeler received the thanks 14
of the Confederate government for
his skill and gallantry in battle. I
He was wounded three times and
sixteen horses were shot under him. 1
Eight of his staff were killed and
-After the war General 'Wheeler beC
came a lawyer and cotton planter, at(
li Wheeler. Alabama. Hie served asi
rep)resentative for the 8th Alabama t
d (istriet, 1881 to 1890. was reelected
to the 56th co4 ngress. but resigned(.
nGeneral Wheeler was an indefati
s gable woriker' and~ made a reputation
e member. 1 of congress onl the democratic
'id when1 he resUined. FromI1l 1996
'-'Q8) heC was regent of the Smith
- onaniitutiion andl w'as a memr i~
4 i m . n1he ea a d c i jen
. fte ate *Giv t\ . nks!'
e bo thr tey \1 o'.'' From 4 . hus
4 4 4'--"4 .4
-t til6 a Ttlne. 19(0j. he omand- efl
,d a brigadle in the Philippine Islands.
By direction of lie president he
nade an inspection of the Island of
inam on Februarv S to 12. 1900.
On June 6. 1900. he was commis
ioned brigadier "eneral of the United
states army and assigned to the com
nand of the department of the lakes.
'Te remained in the airmy until Sep
ember 10, 1900. when he resigned.
General Wheeler was a member of
he Society of the Colonial War, Sons
)f the American Revolution, Society
>f the War of 1812, Society of San
;iago and Naval and Military Or
ler. Spanish-American War. Was
Luthor of "An Account of the Ken
ucky Campaign," 1862: "Cavalry
[actics.'' 1863: "Military History of
labama," "History of the Santiago
,ampaign," 1898; "History of Cuba,
896 to 1899," 1899; "History of the
affect Upon Civilization of the Wars
>f the Nineteenth Century," and also
ight volumes of Congressional
;peeches, 1883 to 1898.
He wrote monographs upon the
ives of Admiral Dewey, William Nfc
(inley, Stonewall Jackson and Theo
lore Roosevelt. He was a frequent
ontributor to magazines.
It was while General Wheeler was
it Montauk Point, where the army
-eturned from Cuba, that his second
on. Thomas H. Wheeler, naval cadet,
vas drowned while bathing with
ieutenant Newton D. Kirkpatrick, of
he 1st cavalry. He has another son
nd three daughters.
Funeral Procession In New York.
New York, January 28.-An . im
)osing military pageant passing
teross Brooklyn. Bridge, brief services
t St Thomas Episcopal Church in 5th
tenue. and an escort across the
forth River Ferry to Jersey City,
vhere the body was placed on a train
o be taken to Washington for inter
nent in the National Cemetery, at
trlington, marked the funeral in this
ity to-day of Brig Gen Joseph Wheel
r, cavalry leader of the Confederacy,
nId later one of the most prominent
iures among the generals of the
spanish-American war. The body
>f the dead soldier was wrapped in
he flags' under which he had- served
vith almost equal vigor and disti-ne
ion--the Stars and Bars of the Con
~ederate States and the Stars and
stripes. Veterans of the Southern
Lnd Northern armies mingled to-day
n paying tribute to Gen. Wheeler,
vith the younger veterans of the
uban and Philippine campaigns of
398 and 1899. The route of the
uneral cortege was linedl with grieat
rowds most of whom stood -with
ared heads 'as the procession passed.
The funeral took place fromi the
ioec of Gen. Wheeler's sister. ifs
sterline Smith. ini Brooklyn. where
len. Whieeler dlied onl Thursday of
meumiaUOl. The body was~ b)orne from
le house by eight non-commissioned
ieliers of infantry. and placed upon
i flag-draped artillery caisson.
uadron C and a (dail otf the 2nd
at tery of artillery escorte'd the body.
md1( on the Maunhattan side oft t he
ridge the T1st regiment. New York
at ionlal Ouaird, ill full driess urn fom
as drawn up1 . The -1 comm Ennande(1
>v' Co W. G. nies- j!erved..1 unider
'ii ele the slt f honoir.Innr.
Fro i BrlloEklyni IieC. the1~1 U
nac lav across town to Wad-2r
f 'Southlern Society. thle Co nfed
rate Yeterans association, the So
i-ir- fth Wair of 1512. several oilier
org011anizations and the personal frien&
of the family.
Reservations also had been made
for the honorary pallbearers, the staf
of Genieral Frederick D. Grant, U. S.
A.. and the offieers of the escort. The
altar of the church was almost hidden
beineath the floral offerings, one
among them. a wreath. sent by Pres
The brief services were conducted
by the Rev. Ernest Etires. rector of
the church, assisted by the Rev. Dr.
Morgan Dix, who led the way to the
chancel. They were followed by the
Then came the honorary pallbear
ers. J. Pierpont Morgan. Col. J. J.
Astor. R. T. Wilson, Fitch Smith, Dr.
John Wyeth, John McKesson, S. R.
Bertron. Dr. William M. Polk, Com
mander Parker, U. S. N., Archer
Huntington, Gen. J. H. Wilson, Gea.
Kent, Senator Clark of Montana,
Charles S. Fairchild, Gen. 0. 0. How
ard, U. S. A., retired; Gen. Stewart
L. Woodford, Dr. R. Ogden Doi-emus
and Dr. Parrius.
Before the casket had been placed
on the pedastals the full vested choir
of St. Thomas entered the church
singing as a processional hymn,
"Lead, Kindly Light." Dr. Stires
in his sermon said:
"This is one of the great occasions
of our lives. For we are met to hon
or the memory of a rare man. I do
not speak to you of him principally
as a citizen, statesman, or soldier, for
the mere record of his deeds is far
more eloquent than- any piaise of
ours could be. It is of the-man I.thi*..
at this hour. Was he entitled to b
called great? It is not difficult for
you to decide.
"He was -distinguished by courage
without rashness, by wisdom without
pride, by gentleness witout weathess,
by patience without heedlessness; and
by justice which always leaned to-.
ward mercy. He honored man, he
trusted man, and to every man he
was ready to give his time, his sub
stance, his heart.
." The north gives him unstinted ~
honor. The south, even in her grief,
is proud of her ever loyal s'on. rA~ba 1
for whose freedom he fought sobs out
her grief -across the waves, and the
whole world pauses for a moment tp
day to declare that this was indeed a
" Let there be little of sadness here.
We are not commemorating a defeat;
it is the victory of life-the triuimph
of a noble character."
Following the chureci services the
body -was escorted to Jersey City,
wxhere it was placed on- board a traim
of the Pennsflvania Railroad, which
left for Washington shortly after 4
Arrival in~ Washington.
Washington. January 28.-The
bodyV otf eneral Wheeler arrived here
at 10():->5 o 'clock tonight and was tak
eni at onice to St. John's church. A de
ta(-hmenWt at Spanishi war veterans of -
this city formed ani escort from the
station and constituted a guard of
1 honor at the casket and will remain
unti ih le regular army takes its place
Gen. Whe~-eer' C nfe Xderate cavalry
1i.fro Atlata (Ga.. C l. Prather in
e1naand arriQ ve~d hereI late tonight to
-agIen the:' funer.a!. They will act as
Ii:.e n--~1 icideClby jumpi nd
I. .\d river at Bilt
e i a ner chrc in.hiaep.i
on Sunday nighbt.