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USES HEAD-WORK ON FARM.
A Model Plantation Near Edgefield.
A Dispach from Edgefield to the
News and Courier says even ante
dating the day that Elijah, at the
command of the Lord. sought Elisha
to annoint him to be a prophet in his
place. and, finding Elisha ploughing
with his oxen in the field, threw his
mantle over him. farming has been
the natural calling of men and a most
honorable one. But its progress in
civilization has not been what it
shduld have been.
A short review of the agricultural
history of the world would testify
to the soundness of this proposition.
In. savage life little or nothing could
be expected and the inhabitants of
the dark countries contented them
selves with subsisting on the food
that nature gave.
During the time when Rome was
mistress 6f the world agriculture was
followed with little skill or profit.
At the fall of Rome the institution of
Feudalism had a most disastrous ef
feet; indeed checked the advance in
this now recognized scientific busi
ness. Follow it on through the ages
and it is a tale of.slow progress, until
today the planters, and especially of
the south, are just beginning to real
ize the capabilities of an acre of
land and to make it yield an abund
- ant harvest.
A model farm, one scientifically
and advantageously managed and
farmed! How many are there in
South. Carolina? Well, I visited one
yesterday and although almost at my
very door it was to me a revelation.
Mr. James H. Cantelou is its happy
and fortunate possessor, and it lies
within two miles of this historic old
town and stands as an earnest of his
skill as a planter.
Behind a blooded mare we went
out. The day was bright and delic
iously crisp for this, season. My
' friend was no less so, and under the
inspiration of the morning's fresh
ness and his genial companionship
- the trip was quickly and happily
The first thing that caught my
sight was what I conceived to be a
church spire, and although I knew
my friend to be zealous of good works
and philanthropy, I hadn 't thought
that these commendable qualities had
Sleadhim to build and dedicate a church
to the living God. Upon. inquiry I
ws informed that it was the eupola
to his barn..
.rodseding further there lay before
me in broad expanse five hundred
acres of as good land as ever germina
K ted&seod. Here there was thirty acres
~\of beautifully gr-owing grain, there an
eof-^alfalfa, upon which some 22
moths-old Berkshire pigs fed. Yon
e~ in. a -well-fenced pasture thirty
Jiead of blooded cattle grazed. Be
yorid was a 50-acre field already bed
ded as if to receive the cotton seed.
The middles are to be subsoiled, the
manure put in and then there will be
a rebedding, followed by planting.
"This," said Mr. Cantelou, "will
be all the. cotton I will plant. All1
cotton is a ruinous system. The rest:
of my arable land must be given to~
raising other crops: Hay, peas, grain,
potatoes and such other food stuff as
is marketable and will go to feed my
Mr. Cant.elou is for this country
an extensived'Nier of stock. He
deals in n&thing but the best blood
and lie raises from nothing but reg
*istered animals. His boar and breed
sows came from the blue grass coun
'try of Kentucky, the former at 3
months old costing fifty dollars, the~
sows in proportion. From these he
has already sold this season twenty
five pigs at five dollars per head, a
price which, he remarked, -was too
small, but owing to the fact that the
people are uneducated along this line
is considered a little steep. ~He has
several litters coming on that can be
easily disposed of, and as many more
as he can raise. Besides this he
"grows" all the meat consume,d on
the plaee. His experience is that
there is good money in hogs, and even
if'there wasn't he is helping to flood
Ild country with good stock.
Jerseys and Durhamn.
Besides :hogs Mr. Cantelou pays
special atte'ntion to cattle, raising
also hay. He has the Jersey and the
$hort Horn Durham breed, the one a
milk arid butter cow, the other for
baef. His first object in raising cat
tie is for manure. Last year he
made 250 tons of this character of
manure, known in these parts as
''cattle guano.'' This year he expects
to increase the quantity by 100 tons,
and it is this stuff that has raised
lands to their present high grade, and
that makes the crops grown thereon
blossom like the rose. The cattle, when
well fattened and sold for beef, pay
by one-third more than their cost of
feeding. le expects to increase his
herd, and it was in view of extending
operations in this line that he built
the mammoth barn, a building that
an intelligent horseman of Kentuckv
says will compare favorable with any
barn in his country. It is 40 by 90
feet, two stories, with an arched roof,
the distance between the second flooi
and ceiling being 30 feet. The lowei
floor is partitiond into 36 stalls, 18 or
each side, with a room in the middlE
to store food. The floor of each stall
is well filled with pine straw. Eac
cow knows its stall, and when driver
up voluntarily and gladly enters, foi
there is comfort and warmth there
There are two dormer windows or
each side for ventilation and orna
ment, and it is capped by a handsom(
An Object Lesson.
Many have thought the erection ol
this elegant and artistic building ar
extravagance on its owner's part, bui
its building has a history, and earrieE
with it an object lesson. Mr. Cante
lou, who is a man of practical as well
as scientific education, with the as
sistance of his wages hands, built ii
himself. Every piece of timber waF
gotten from his place and sawed ther(
with his own mill. Nothing waE
bought but the zinc covering, an
nails. Had he contracted to have it
built it would have easily cost $3,000.
As it was, the money outlay was
trifling. But even at $3,000 cost hE
says it would be a good investment.
In the upper story were 600 bales of
hay for market and about that numbei
has been sold.
" There is more monvy in hay thau
anything I can grow,'' is what Mr.
Cantelou told me.
There is another practice which he
follows.. He shireds all his corn. By
this opeiationi the corn is stripped1
from the stalk and the fodder and the
stalk cut up together. It makes an
excellent stock feed and the farmer
saves fodder pulling.
Believes in "Book Farming."
Mr*i. Cantelou believes in "book~
farming'' and in the intensive system.
He told me he netted $55 per acre
this year on thirteen -acres. -"That
land is worth to me $500 per acre; in
deed it's not for sale,'' was his lan
guage. He comes of a family whose
chosen occupation for years has been
farming. His lamented and honored
father was always in advance of the
agricultural thought of the times. He
was a bold and successful experi
menter and was rewarded with re
remarkable success. As with the
father, so with the son.
This little running account of my
friend and his farm is given in the
hope that it may stimulate others to
On A Gash Basis.
Lippincot.t s Magazine.
Ani eminent physician in P- had
cured alittle'child of a dangerous ill
ness. The grateful mother turned
her steps towards the house of her
son 's savior.
"Doctor'' she said. "there are
some things -which cannot be repaid.
I really don 't know how to express
my gratitude. I thought you would,
perhaps, be so kind as to accept this
purse, embroidered by my own hand."
"Madam," replied the doctor, cold
lv. "Medicine is no trivial affair, and
our visits ar'e to be rewarded only in
money. Small presents serve to sus
tain friendships, but they do not sus
tain our families.'
"But doctor," said the lady
alarmed and wounded, "speak-tell
me the fee."
" Two hundred dollars, madam."
The lady opened the embroidered
purse, tok out five bank notes of $100
each, gave two to the doctor, put the
remaining three back in the -purse,
bowed coldly, and took her departure.
In order to prevent accidents in the
kithen-fill the kerosene can with
To stop leaks in pipes-send for the
To economize on coal-get a gas
Dr. Snyder at Newberry.
D)r. II. N. Snyder. preside:
Woffiord colle"e. vill deliver. a
ture at Newherrv Feruary 9.
the auspices of the Newhrrv T <
lveeum. The-situldens 1'E NeNv
VOllege a!( peq)l)e of t1hat tOw]
looking forward to the address o
Snyder with great pleasure. A
ture of the eiitertainmleln w\-ill b
rendition of piano and violin sol
Misses Law and Wiinn. teache
piano and violiii at Converse e,(
Selections will I)e rendered hot
fore and immediately after Dr.
der's address.-Spartanburg Joi
A Great Chance.
He entered timidly, says ai
change. He stood before the e
twisting the brim of his soft
hat. with long, white. poetic fi
"I1 am sorry,' said the edito
am very sorry. But we canne
vour poem. That is final.'
Tears welled up in the young 1
eves. He swallowed.
"Why?' he said.
'Well, to be candid." the
replied. "neither in prosody n
construction is this poem merito
The idea is old. The sentimei
mauldin. The expression is atro
The rhymes are vile."
But now a light. as of grea
illumined the 1)oet 's face. and he
"Give me back my manus
Give it back to me."
"Very well,'' said the editor.
I don't see what you can -do witl
"Set it to music,'' cried the
Make a popular song of it. Wii
qualifications, you ascribe to il
doubtedly it will be the hit o
A Splendid Case.
He was a young and briefle:
tornev. who had been geiteelly
ing to death in a downtown skys
er for several years. The other.
noon a. stranger wandered. int
office, evidently by mistake. H(
a slip of paper in his hand, and
hesitatingly, that he was "'lo
for a lawyer by the name of-''
''Alh, yes, certainly, sir-sit de
said the excited young a ttorne.
"W~\ell, you see it 's this way,
ter.'' began the caller. '"I've
sued by a fellow out in Cicero.
tween you and me, I hamn't go
ase at all; but I've got enough
ey to make a fight, and I'm goi
"My dear sir.'' eried the la
grasping the visitor by both 1b
"don't say another -word. Y
the best ease I have ever seen.''
Assessmjent of Real Estate
Personal property for year, igc
I, or an authorized agent, will
the following places named 'belo1
the purpose of takingt returns 01
estate and personal property fo
At Longshore's Monday, Janua
At Chappells Tuesday, Januar
And at Newberry until Feb
20th after which time a penalty
per cent will be added against p;
failing to :make returns.
IWhile on -the rounds my offi
Ibe open each day for the purpo
receiving returns there.
The law requires a tax on all r
mortgages and moneys, also a:
come tax on- gross incomes of 4j
There shall be a capitation ti
50 centcs on all dogs, the procee
be expended for school purr
Dogs not returned for taxation
not be held to be property in ai
the Courts .f this State.
All males 'between the ages I
and 6o years except Confederate
diers, or those persons incapab
earning a support by being me
or from any other cause are liat
Real Estate is to be reassessec
year. Each tract or lot of land
be assessed separately, also sta
assssor if you have bought or
any real estate since last year.
All property must 'be assessel
its true value in money" which is
strued to mean "the sum of rr
for which said property under
Inary circumstances would sell
Don't ask that your propert
taken from 'books the same as
year. All property must be list<
proper blank and sworn to.
Name of township and school
trict must be given.
W. W. Cromer,
os by Ba R4
You are bankii
other fertilizer is so
Sny~ harvest. Don't tal
rn al- crop. It is the lea<
black It has been pr(
10ger's. Fish and Animal
r,e"1. for growing cotton.
or in 1900
F. S. ROYS1
joy. Norfolk, Va.
erie( Columbia, S. C
HAVE YOUR WATC
s at- R
ge_ ,W. B. Rikard
anyV N ewberry,..
mon- im a -
oue W. I. RIR
...is now in The Herald ai
News Officejwhere he will
and your work promnptly and und
*,a, GUA RA NTE E.
reahe Give him a trial.
i in- SproduoeestheaboveresUIi 3aso Iti
POWertyfulyndquickly. Cures when anl thfl
2,500 Toungmenwiulregain their lost manood.SPA
men will recover their youthful 1igor by ui
S~EVIVO. It quclyandsurelytrstoresNeret
nessLos Vialiy, mpoenc, lghtly EmlsStr
x o f Lotrwr,ain Memor,asting Diseases,I
whic ~jh unt.ono forstudy,businsomarige.
oses. not only cures by starting at the seat of disease. I
slis agreat nerve tonic and blood builder, bri
saling back the pink glow to pale cheeks and
-yo storing the fire of youth. It wards off Insaz
y IadConsumption. Insist on having EEVIVOs
other. It can be carried in yest pocket. By m
61.00 per package.or six for 65.00, with a P
)f 2I the moe. Boo a adistee Addres
sol- ROYA IIEDICINE CO. Mie BA"lo""
"to "Correct English
How to Use It.
this 'A MONTHLY MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO T
must USE OF ENGLISH.
e to JOSEPHINE TURCK BAKER, EDITOR
Partial Contents for this Month.
itCourse in En lishffor the beginner.
I "a Corsein En ihfrte advanced pur
con- How to inct:ease one's vocabu'ary.
oney The art of conversetlon.
o-Should and Would. How to use then
od-Pronunciations, (Century Dictionar3
for jCorrpct Englsh in the home.
Correct English in the school
IWhat to say and what not to say.
y be Course in letter-writing and pronune:
41nIAphabetic list of abbreVlations.
dBoniness English for the business ma
Compaund words. How to write the:
dis- Studies in English literature.
I 1.00 a Yerr, Send 10 cents for samn
y. c-y einnurBT ENGUSN., Eranston,
ved the Best Fertii2
Drd of Twenty Years
ig on experience when you fertilize with F
well balanced in the plant food supplied fi
:e a substitute. Farmers' Bone has no eqi
ling fertilizer of the South.
Work Freely In Any Dril
iven by over twenty-one years of successii
natter is superior to any other known
Farmers' Bone is the fertilizer
y MADE WITH FISH
85-250 TONS IT GROWS
-,500 TONS CROPS
ER CUANO CO.
Tarboro, N. C.
4 Which we use are without ext
* We believe in PURITY.
1) We constantly preach PUR
& We always practice PURIT
SAsk your doctor.
SCapital stock paid in
rSurplus . .- -
rDeposits . .
We do business on bus
We extend every coni
with safe and sound ban
-Four per cent. paid on
Fine Wines, Whiskiel
iQuality and FIav<
, Mail orders promptly f
E superviSiOn of our Mr. C
Remit with all orders, a:
. decline to receive Whiske
24 South P
armers' Bone. No
'm sow mg tnime to
ial for any kind of
e use that
eption the purest grade.
Y when preparing medi
for much, in medicines(_
,5 S. C.
. $ 505000.00
. . 25,000.00
. *. 235,000.00
deposits in Savings
J. E. NOI!@01
, Brandies, Etc.
illed under personal
. C. Loebon day of
i Express ComDanles
y C.0O. D.