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FOR SOUTHERN FARMERS.
Ax Effort to Help the Farmers of the
Country Especially Those of
Washington. February 20-Repre
sentative Lever is receiving valuable
assistance from the farmers of South
Carolina and contiguous States in his'
effort to promote the interests of
dairy farming in the South.
The committee on agriculture, of
which Mr. Lever is a valuable and
aetive member, is daily at work fram
ing the agricultural appropriation bill
for the approaching fiscal year. It is
Mr. Lever's hope and expectation to
obiain legislation during the present:
session, which will enable the Govern
nent to lend a helping hand to the
1airymen of the South and those anx-,
ious to engage in that business. Mr.
Lever asked for but a small appropria
tion for the -establishment of a station
it which the latest improvements in
dairy farming and the diversification
i farming may be practically demon
Commissioner Waston, of Soutb
Carolina, has added his endorsement
to Mr. Lever's bill in the following
.Columbia, S. C., February 12, 1906.
Hon. A. F. Lever, House of Repre
sentatives, Washington, D. C.-Deari
Sir: I have just read a copy of your
bill "to furth,er promote the dairy in-,
dustry of the United States,' and
I hist6n not only to inform you of
the department's most earnest endor-'
sement' of this mdasure, but to ex-!
press the sincere hope that it will be
inmediately enacted. When I con-:
sider the vast opportunities that the
farmers not alone in this State, ivhich,
as you know, is ideal for the fullest
development ,of dairying in all its
kranches, but throughout the Union,
save in a few sections, are letting slip
by them simply for- lack of a little
intelligent direction, I feel' that the
measure is one of supreme importance
to the-nation. Certainly it looks to
providing information - that the ,South
and particularly' South Carolinia is
most sadly needing. This depart'ment
has, been doing all in its power to:
promote this industry and has 'met
with considerable success in the last:
year, many new dhiries and some ele
yen small cheese facti>ries having been
started, but in each and all of theni is
wanting intelligent direction and in-.
struction. Frequently the small ehee
*se manufacturer becomes dishearten
ed and wishes to abandon his experi
ment simply l6ecause of some slight
defect that could be remedied in five
minutes by an expert. When the val
ue of this industry in, dollars and
.eents, not only in itself, but in the
matter of bringing up agricultural
lands, is taken into consideration, it
aannot but be seen that the appro
priation carried in your bill will be;
worth many thou;sands of dllars to!
the agricultural wealth of our com
-I would take the liberty of urging
you to push your bill with all of your.
vigor and, I sincerelv trust that it will
be passed without opposition as it cer
tainly should be. If I can be of any
,.service- in appearing before the com
mittee and giving light upon the con-;
ditions and needs in this State, I"
trust that you will not hesitate ,to
Scall upon me, for I feel such a deep
interest in the development of the
*dairy industry in the South that I am
most willing to do anything .within my'
power to further the cause.
Very 'truly yours,
, E. J. Watson, Commissioner.:
Columbia, S. C., February 12, 1906.:
Hon. A. F. Lever, House of Repre
sentatives, Washington, D). C.-Dear
Sir. Noting your reqnest through Mr.
Herbert, I am sending you the letter
of ,endorsement which I had iritended
to send you voluntarily as soon as I
heard of your bill.
I regret that we have no statistics
as to the amount of butter brought
into tlie State annually, and it will be
impossible to get these figures, for the
"importations'' come from many:
sources and through many channels. I
can tell you, however, that the Colum
'bia distributing plant of the Armours
sells in Columbia annually 23,000
pounds of butter at from 25 to 30
eents a pound anid about 5,000 pounds!
of cheese. Thi; concern has another
.plard -.a Chadkson:a d seve:.l at
bordar p):nts. ThN is accurate and
will give you a fair basis upon whichi
to calculate the sales of Swift, Cud
aby and others. -The eleven cheese
factories we now have make an ex
sellent duet, but every now and
~they have serious troubles that
would be trifles to experts. These
experiences of the pioneers deter oth
ers from going into cheese manufact
On January 1, 1905, South Carolina
had only 109,704 milch cows on her:
farms, these cows being worth $2,-~
703,107. On June 1, 1900, on 154,
913 +arsthere were 122,857 cows!
and 81,041 reported dairy cows upon
them. At the same time we had in all
South Carolina only 422 dairy farms
owning 3,827 dairy cows. OC coarse,
there are more now, but the increase
has not been a noteworthy one, and
the showing is a pitiful one.
In 1889 the total value of all the
dairy products in South Carolina (on
all farms) was $3,232,725, of which
$2,890,342 was consumed on farms.
The butter production was only S,150,
437 pounds, of which only 1,103,637
pounds were sold; out of the 44,031,
52 gallons of milk only 1,186,045,
gallons were sold; 1,081 pounds of
cheese were produced and only 800
You will thus see that we have prac
tically no dairy industry unless you
term the, raising of milk and butter on
farms for farm consumption an in
dustry, and I certainly do not con
sider it such. There are not half a
dozen real dairies and dairy farms in
the State-I mean modern, up-to-date
establishmen.ts. The people know
scarcely anything of the dairy indus
try as such, and are letting run to
wasu what is a fine opportunity to
benefit the country at large, in the
light of the splendid conditions ex-.
isting here for the development of the
industry. Very truly yours,
E. J. Watson,
LAUGHING AT THE OBSERVER.
Mrs. Virginia D. Young Pokes Fun at
the Newberry Editor. , Over the
Shoulders of an Alleged
Newberry Qbserver-One of Col.
Wallace's young reporters slipped in
while our friend was out in the coun
try attending somebody's golden wed
ding and got in a mighty funny edito
rial on the great woman leader, "Su
san B. Anthony.'" It was all the fun
nier because he took up the sacred
space devoted to the serious and in-.
stiuctive fulminitions of the great ed
itor himself in the Observer.
'Thie young reporter was not well
p on his general reading, so he flip-.
pantly declared that all that had been
accomlished in the fifty years since
Miss Anthony was young "had been
the extension of suffrage to women
in two States and in few other States
they can vote for a school trustee.
'The fact- is women have the sarae
political rights possessed by men in
the four great States of Colorado,
Wyoming, Idaho and Utah, and some
form of suffrage in twenty-two States:
of the Union. So he was "fussXX'
with his figures-2 where he should
have writ.ten 4 and 'few' for 22.
And the young man's assumption
that the "women don't want the bal
lot because they haven't 'got it,"'is
as puerile as to suppose that they take
a second place, or better say a tentif
rate place, in any function because
they want to.
No, Mr. Reporter, women are not
any more wanting to be "subordi
nate,"' and "'ruled'' and "'treated
like servents." They hate and resent
the tyranny of unequal rights, exer
cised by husbands, sons or brothers
(whether they say so or nbt.)
Bit this poor young man pokes fun~
at Miss Anthony about -not b)emg
married! If he would run away from
the Observer office and travel he
would find that the greatest women
in the world to-day are not married,.
and even in South Carolina they are
not "setting caps" at men any more,
just working out their own salvation~
without a tremor. What a pity this
young man and Mr. Zach McGhee
mightn't both have been at the'
Franklin Square Baptist Church, in
Baltimore, on last Thursday night
when there was a great crowd of men
and women, presidents from such col-'
leges as Johns Hopkins, Wellesley,
Vassar, Radcliffe, Bryn Mawr and
others, who had traveled from theirs
various instititions to voice what has
been accomplished for the higher:
education of women by Miss ISusan
B. Anthony and other suffragists.
It is an interesting fact that as a
young teacher, Miss Anthony encoun
tered as much persecution in her ef
forts to open the doors of colleges
to women as in her efforts to secure
Then the young Observer gentle-'
man winds up by intimating that all'
women who want to vote have "short
hair," and all men who want them
to vote have "long hair."
Now, nature is not a fool in her:
discriminations, and women who have
brains are just as apt to have good
heads of hair as anybody. It is no
ticable, however, that men who burn!
hair on the tops of their heads, and
this falling out of the hair is often
caused by the heat of the lamps they
ead by, or else by the strong flow
of blood to those brain cells which are
active in the making of thought. But
thseare t.he men who champion the
suffrage reform, and they abound
most in the West, but there are many
in the East, and I believe we have a
good-sized army of them in South
Carolina. V. ). Y.
Mr. Richards and the Morgan Bill.
Having published the former re
port of the free conference on the
Morgan bill, it is proper to print the
additional explanation from the Co
lumbia correspondent of the News and
In some way a slip got into the re
Port of the statements regarding the
free conference on the now famous
M>rtfan l)Il. Mr. Sanders stated that
Mr. J. G. Richards, Jr., who was a
member of the free conference com
mittee, on the part of the house, was
not present at the meeting of the cora
mittee at the time mention was made
I)y Mr. Efird regarding a license sys
ten for Charleston. He went on to
av that Mr. Richards was not in the
room at the time, but that he was at
ending a meeting of the committee of
ree conference on the general appro
priation bill. Mr. Sanders plainly
ind unequivocally explained that Mr.
Richards knew nothing whatever:
bout the talk or the suggested over
tures, and that the whole incident was
>pened and closed without- knowledge'
>f Mr. Richards.
Mr. Richards plainly stated that.he
knew nothing about the- matter and
rould never have consented to such
advances -had he been present. Mr.
Richard's position has always been
pAain, and it is altogether out of the
-uestion for anyone to suggest that
ie would have consented to any com
)romise on the lines indicated.
The fiction list of the Woman's
[ome Companion for March contains
a delightful old Irish legend by Sea
mas MacManus, "Donal O'Donnell's
Standing Army," together with such
livelv modern tales as "Affairs of
State., by Burton E. Stevenson;
'Alcibiades." by E. Nesbit; "The
Mountains of Peace." by Julia Truitt
Bishop; "Mr. McCoggin-Coluntry
Tourist,"' by Laura L. Hinkley, and
anotheiw of Elliott Flower's "'Barney
an Norahi" .series. The magazine
contains three timely articles-on gar
dening, four fashion articles by Gracer
Margaret Gould: Amna S. Richardson
writes o5 "'Iudergartening;"' Fan
nie Meritt Farmer of '"All Kinds of n
Breads and How to Make Them," and
Helen Marvin of " Crocheting." lien
rv Harrison Lewis tells of Alie is
Ioosevelt' Scoulrtshlip and. marri'ge. sU
Samuel Howe tells how to build "'Aa
Cement Rough-Cast House,'' and 8
Martha Coob Sanford how to cele- i
brate "St. Patrick's Day in the Even- 14
ing." Published by the Crowell Pub
lishing Company, Springfield, Ohio;
one dollar a year' ten cents a copy. -
Joining the Hunt.
Woman 's Home' Companion for
Mrs. Impecunious--" Here 's a man
suing for divorce because his wife
goes through his pockets. What would
you do, Jolln, dear, if you woke up to
night and'"found me at your pock
Mr. Imnpecunious-"Get up) and
help you look."
Woman's Home Companion for
"I'd like to take you home to din
ner, old chap," said Mr. Yon.ighus
band, "but this is one of the de'ys my
wife and the, hired girl go to cooking:
Johnny (after first day at school)
A Little Learning.
Woman 's H~ome Companion for
-"I learned something today, mamn- is
Mamma (much interested)-'"What
SJohnny-" I learned to say 'Yes,
ma'am' and 'No ma am
Woman's' Home Companion for
Tom-'"What do you understand to -
be meant by the word 'ennui?'" A
Ethel-" It means that one does
nothing and is too tired to stop."
Reflections of a Bachlor. C<
Its pretty nice the way a girl's lips C<
ean look so red and warm and feel so
cool and fresh. g
A man can be hated and awful popu- p
ar with his relatives at the, same time C
if he has money enough.
A girl is always afraid that some- C
body will see her stocking when there
is a hole in it, or won't when there Al
It makes a woman awful proud to St
say she doesn't play whist as well as
hier husband when he can't do it atj
crops frofn Sou
balanced food for
time till harvesting,
from cotton to corn, wl
Fish scrap is used in e'very t
under all crop conditions anc
for the Royster trade mark.
Norfolk, Va. F. S. R011
Columbia, S. C.
RESTORES VITALITY r
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PYL MEDICIE CO., c~i"lA"foBu
Repaired Right. aia
W5 B. RIKARD 16t
now in The Herald and1
es Office where he will do
r work promptly an,d under
G UA RA N TEE.
Give hirn a trial.
How to Use I.
>INTHLY MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO THE
USE OF ENGLISH.
OSEPHINE TURCK BAKER, EDITOR. Eveli
Partial Contents for this Mo0nth.
iuse in English for the beginner.
inse in English for the advanced pupil
wto increase one's vocabu1ary.
jeart of conversetlon.
d and Would. How to use them.
nurciations. (Century Dietionary.)
ect English in the home.
rect English in the school.
ht to say and *liat not to say.
rse in letter-writing and pro m uncia
phetic list of abbreviations.
isness English for the business man.
dies in English literature.
0 a Yerr.:.Send-10 cents for.sample
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