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THE SUPREME COURT.
Cases Heard on Appeal-Number Ap
pealed From Each Circuit Judge
and Whether Reversed or
The Columbia correspondent of the
News and Courier writes as follows
as to the work of the supreme court:
From time to time there has been
speculation as to the number of cases
-heard by the State supreme court, and
particularly the number of cases re
veiead and the number of opinions by
lower courts that are afirmed. It is
*ot always safe to attaeh much im
portance to this record because the
run of cases often varies and in many
cases there are no appeals. At all
-events there is interest in the showing
tha+ is made. The Bureau has had an
exact and careful statement made of
the records of the supreme court for
tie entire year of 1905. It has taken
a great deal of study and work to pre
pare this record, but it is correct and
comes from the very best of authority
and is as follows:
During the calendar year, 1905, the
supreme court handed down 10 opin
ions in cases tried in original juris
-dietion, 21 opinions -in appeals in
-criminal cases and 192 opinions in ap
peals in civil cases, making a total
of 223 opinions. Of the appeal cases
Judge Klugh tried 19. affirmed 8;
gudge Aldrich tried 9; affirmed, 7;
Judge-Watts tried 35; affirmed, 24;
reversed, 10; modified, 1.
Judge Daintzler tried 23; affirmed,
17; reversed, 5; modified, 1.
Judge Townsend tried 32; affirmed,
22; reversed, 7; modified, 3.
Judge Gage tried 13;. affirmed, 8:
reversed, 8; mod1fied, 2.
Judge Gary tried 23; affirmed, 18;
Teversed, 5. .
Judge Purdy tried 23 affiriined1d
-pecial Judge F. B. Gary tried 5;
-affirmed, 3; reversed, 2.
Special Judge-Prince tried 3; af
firmed, 2; reversed, 1.
-Special Judge McCullough tried 4;
afifirmed, 2; reversed, 2.
. Special Judge McDonald tried 5;
agirmed, 3; reversed, 2.
*Special Judge Youmans tried 3; af
firmied, 1; reversed, 2.
Special Judge Benet tried 2; af
firijed 1; modified, 1.
. Spe.eial Judge Ellis Graydon tried
2; reversed, 2.
Special Judge Culbreath tried 1;
Special Judge Buchanan tried 1;
* pecial- Judge Welch tried 1; af
.Special Judge Izlas tried 1; re
Special Judge Ansel tried 1; revers
ed, 1 .
The records in two'ecases did 'not
show what Judge tried them.
Mr. Lever's 9airy Bill.
News and Courier.
We called attention a few days
-since to the efforts Representatives
Lever and Ellerbe were making to
further the agricultural interests of.
South Carolina by having established
in this State model farms where di
versification in drops would be practi
ced and taught. We said- then, and
repeat nowv, that our Congressmen
c3iuld not be better employed than, in
such endeavoi-s. It is gratifying there
toie, sto commend a bill whieh was in
troduced in the House on January 20}
by Representative Lever, and refer
9hd 'to the comimittee on agriculture.
Tebill is entitled "a bill to '' fur
Ther rmt the dairy industry of
the United States." and its text is
"~'Be it enacted by the Senate an'd
-Hois6 of Representatives of the Uni
ted States of America in Congress as
sembled. That the sum of twenty
thousand dollars, or so much as may
be necesseary, be, and the same is
hereby appropriated.out of any money
in the Treasury not' otherwise appro
priated, to enable the Secretary of
Agriculture to further promote the
dairy industry of the United States,
and that the Secretary of Agriculture
be authorized to expend this sum,
through the dairy division of the de
partment of agriculture, in co-opera
tion with individual dairymen and
State experimenit stations in such
States :as in his discretion are most
in need of such help."
In advocacy of this measure Repre
sentative Lever has said: "The plan
ais to have the Department of Agri
eulture station one of its dairy experts
in each of the Southern States. The
duty of this expert will be to furnish
individual dairymen with expert in
formation as to the best methods of
dairying. He will teach the farmer
'row to select his herd with a view to
get'g the best results; he will show
a how to haul silos nad barns and
he will teach him the best methods of
crop rotation in order to get the most
forage for his Cattle."
It is understowl that the expert
will also hold farmers' institutes
from time to time to eneourage the
dairy industry and to spread as wide
ly as -possible the information at his
disposal. Mr. Lever says his meas
ure has been endorsed by "nearly.
every leading dairyman in the South,"
and he feels convinced that if his
measure pa.Ases the House and the
Senate, this sectibn of the country
will derive much benefit from it.
This is an opinion in which we
heartily concur. It is highly desir
able that. some systematie effort
shotTld be made to develop the dairy
industry in this and other Southern
States. Dairy products may become
a source of wealth in South Carolina.
There is no sufficient reason why
every cotton plantation should not
have an intelligently conducted dairy
attachment. Even should the plan
ter not desire to do more than pro
duce enough butter and milk for home,
consumption, the dairy would edn-.
tribute to rendering him independent
of cotton. That is the end to which
our agricultural efforts should be
directed most earnestly just now. As
we have said on many occasions, when
the Southern planter is absolutely,
independent of his cotton crop, cotton
will be king in fact as well as in
Christmas Holiday Act.
There is a little two-line act that
has gone from the Governor's office to!
the official files in the office of the sec
retary of state. While there are only
two lines in the entire act it repre
sents one of the hardest and most
peculiar fights of the recent session
ofdhe general assembly. Even after
the bill had passed both houses there
was an effort made to have the bill
vptoed, but this was refused. The bill
as adopted reads:
An act to set apart and establish
Christmas holidays for the state in
stitutions of higher learning in the.
state of South Carolina:
Section 1, Be it enacted by the gen
eral assembly of the state of South
Carolina, That all- state colleges shall
suspengd exercises for a period not ex
eeeding ten days, including the time
reaquired for going from and return-:
ing to said colleges, said period to in
lude Christmas day and New Year's
Approved the 17th day of February,
A. D. 1906.
While the bill applies to all state
colleges, it was intended to reach the?
Winthrop situation.. All ef the other
state- colleges have .been. giving
Christmas holidays along the lines in
dicated in the act just adopted.
The Woman 's Home Companion for~
March contains in addition to such
interesting fiction as Seumas Mc-;
Manuis' "Donal 0O'Donnell 's Standing
Army," "Alcibiades," "Affairs of
State," "The Mountains of Peace,"
and "Mr. McCoggin-Country Tour
ist," three timeTy articles on garden-:
ing, including " The Children 's .Gar
den," by Samuel Armstrong Hamil
.on; Miss Gould 's Fashion Pages, an
article by Helen Marvin on "Crochet
ing,''' Fannie Merritt Farmer's in
structions in Breadmaking, Evelyn
Parson''s "New Ideas in Neckwear
and Belts," Samuel -Hove 's direc
tions.for.-building "A Cement Rough
Cast.*House Costing $4,000," and An
na S.: Rieliardson 's practical talks on
"'Kindergartening." In "The Ro
mance of an American Princess,"
Henry Harrison Lewis tells of Alice
Roosevelt's courtship and marriage;
Carleton Max describes a few"Sm
ple Experiments in Chemistry" (or
boys, and the Carnival at Nice is por
trayed in excellent photographs. Pub
lished by the Crowell Publishing Coin
pany, Springfield, Ohio; one dollar a
year; ten cents a copy.
'Themanwho doesn 't want what
he hasn 't got has all he wants and is
IMost people would far rather listen
to undeserved praise than to merited
It is far easier to find fault at a
boarding-house than it is to find a'
Our idea of'a pestiferous man is
oe who waits until Saturday night to
get his hair amputated.
There is nothing calculated so com
pletely to take the humility out of a
man who blames himself as agreeing
Chummy Customer-You hope to
be the proprietor of this establish-1
ment some day, I suppose ?
Elevator Boy (in department store)
-Huh ! Be a little, dried-up, old man,
wit' watery eyes an' a thin voice like
you've got de azmy? Not by a dog
gone sight ! I'm laying fur de floor
walker' . -C .hicao Tribne.
HALF A MILION HELP UP.
Dispensary's Creditors will not be
Paid Until they Show Their
Books-They Employ Mr. T.
Moultric Mordecai to Ar
range the Matter for
Columbia, February 22.---There is
t very large sum of money being held
Lup by the investigating committee on
bills due to liquor houses for supplies
bought prior to the passage of the
The committee . wants to examine
books of the houses holding claims
against the dispensary to see what
-ort of prices the dispensary paid for
its liquor and so forth.
The liquor-houses have sat still in
the boat and waited, anA the dispen
sary committee has heAd on~ to the
Mr. T. Moultrie Mordecai, of Char
leston. who- represents most of the
large creditors of the dispensary. has
arranged to have a conference here
with the sub-committee to figure out
exactly what the committee wants.,
and how to have his clients comply
with the wishes of the committee if
they can do so. More than half a mil
lion is involved in this procedure
awaiting the ''0. K.'' of the dispen
arv committee and there are likely
to be some interesting developments.
At all events a preliminary confer
Enee will be held here next week be
tween Messrs. Hay. Lyon and Chris
tensen and Mr. T. Moultric Mordecai.
WEST INDIAN TRADE.
Being More and More Deverted From
Europe to This Country.
London Pall Mall Gazette.
The United States, alike 'rom
strategical and commercial stand
points, h. of hitE years ac(odired 1
commanding influence in the Carrib
bean. The mteria. ults of ibe
Spanish-Anie,q:i war -nd th -
proaching c1n-1net i* of the Ianama
Canal are cone:h. i.e. n--?ies of .Amer
ican expansion Criin 't is that nee
the canal is cut Am'eri;s,n infhwno.e
must reccive a powerful impetus. and
that with the growth of that inf'iaenee
will- come the deterttdnation to e m
serve it. So much, indee:i, is contend
ed by Capt Mahan in his famovs work
of ''The interest of .\mnerica %in ea
Power.'' Assniming that the T.sthmus
of Panama is the pre-.lominant inter
est, commercial ar.dl mi;itary; in the
Caribbean, . possessing peculiar co
ern for those naions whose terri
tories lie on both the A tlantic and
Pacific oceans, "of[ which the United
States is the most pr'omi;ent,'' Capt.
Mahan argues that en;trance to the
Caribbean and fransit aeross the Car
ibbean to the Isthmus are two .prime
essentialss to the en.joyment of the
advantages of the latt'w, and that in
time of war "(ont rai *)1f~ these two
things becom'es a nubliary obj..-t' n.'t
second to the Isthmus itself."
The trade rebo-ams of the principal
colonies also fum:in e riking n si
mony to the position whrich America
has attained in West India commerce.
Taking the case of Barbados, which
may be doscribed as the "Cla pham
Junction'' of the tropie.s, we find that
in 1903 out of a total export of 552,
891 4 per cent only came to this coun
try as against 46 per cent tak:en by
the Unitsd States. The figures ap
pea still more remirkable when we
cotrast them with the returns fo;r
1863. In that year when thie exports
were valued at close upon a million
sterling, Great Britain took 64 per
cent asnd the United States 7 per cent.
Thenceforward exports to America
steadly advanced, while those of the
United Kingdom just as steadily de.
elined. As regards imports, this
countr.y has been well to the fore
throughout the period under notice.
Examining the returns of Jamaica,
we find the same American predom'.n
ance in the matter of exports. in
1903-04 the United States took 50 per
cent, as against 18 per cent. received
by this country. In imporis the LUnit
ed Kingdom led with 47 per cent., the
American percentage being only 42.
The firm hold.upon the West Indian
exports trade which the United States
has thus secured is maintained by the
many steamship lines which ply be
tween New York and the islands.
That hold has been strengthened-un
consciously, no doubt-by our colonial
office within the last few months, as
it was close upon the laspse of the
mail contrast that the Royal Mail
Steam Packet company initiated their
present service to New York via
Jamaica. What is the result? A
further link connecting America and
the Carribean has been forged, while
te tie between England an'i the, (ol
onies of -',e reznl-ir mail servi.-e has
been severed. That result probably
was not foreseen at Downing street
when the unfortu3Ate ~eCisi#~ C*R
A continuance of the present policy
must have a proindicial effect upon
3ritish influence. Already the ineon
venience of an irre-.r.ar ser-we is
felt in this c An.
It is, however, a matter for congratu
lation among. the h-end- of the Ve-t
Indies that one of Mr. llalfour's 1ast
acts, prior to relinquishing offie. was
to receive the deputation from)L the
West India committee. The deuta
tion, it is stated was enjoined to sil
ence regarding what occurred. Yet,
while a public declaration of policy
on the part of the outgoing govern
ment would perhaps have afforded
deeper satisfaction to our distant
colonists, the result of the interview
may be found none the less effica
cious in mitigating, if not in wholly
reImOving the grievances complained
of. That Mr. Balfour should have
received the duputation even in
private' after Mr. Lyttleton had de
elined to do so is regarded as a hope
ful feature of the situation.
Lyman Abbott on the Bible.
From a Young Men's Christian As
The Bible as a book does not have
the authority now that it did in the
days of Jonathan Edwards. Present
day people are looking for proofs.
But you cannot prove to an ur
musical man that music is beautiful.
If a man says that- he doesn't believe
in honesty you don't try to argue with
him, but keep your hand on your
pocketbook. If a man prefers the
character of Aaron Burr to that of
Lincoln, it is needless to argue; the
man is morally idiotic. The religious
truth is like the aesthetic of the ethi
cal: it must be felt rather than dem-.
How do I know there 's a God ? How
do you know you had a mother? You
haven't seen her. The eyes, the brow
you have se-n, but it is the love, the
patience, the tenderness that makes
not see- vou feel them. We cannot
A little while ago I had nothing but
ridioiude for the impressionistic school
ot until I met a man who knew
more of art than I do and lie taught
me to look at- objects in nature
through the personal atmosphere.
The Bible is a book written by men
who had the religious genius. It con
tains the Raphaels and MJozarts of
Via Seaboard Air Line Railway.
Account Mardi Gras New Orleans,
Mobile and Pensacola the Seaboard.
Air Line will on February 21 to 26,
inclusive, sell tickets to these points
at rate of one first class fare plus
25 cents for the round trip; final lim
it March 3rd, 1906. Extenision until
March 17th can be secured upon pay
ment of fee of fifty cents. Liberal
stop-over allowed in both directions. -
Louisville, Ky., account Depart
ment of Superintendence. National
Association, tickets on sale February
24 to 27 inclusive, final limit March
4. 1906, rate one f,are plus 25 cents
for round trip).
Nashville, Tenn.. account Volunteer
Movement for Foreign Missions. tick
ets on sale February 26 to 28, inclu
sive, final limit March 10, rate one
first class fare plus 25 cents for
Seaboard offers attractive service
to all of above points. For full in
formation, reservations an'd etc.,
write W. L. Burroughs, T. P. A.,
1323 Main Street, Columbia, S. C.
State of South Carolina,
County of Newberrl.
Court of Ccummon Pleas.
Caroline Jones, Plaintiff,
Jason Jones, et al., Defendants.
Complaint for Partition.
By virtue of an order of Court
herein, I will sell at public auction
before the Court House at Newberry.
S. C.. on Salesday in March, 1900,
all that lot or parcel of land, of which
the late Joseph Jones died seized and
possessed, lying and being in that
part of the Town of Newberry, S. C.,
known as "Gravel Town,'' andN
bounded by lands of Guilford Snow
den, Dr. James McIntosh and the
Southern Railway Co., fronting 63
feet on-Street a plat of which wil
be exhibited on day of sale.
Terms of sale: One half cash and
one half on a eredit of twelve months,
with interest from diy of sale with a
bond of the purchaser and a mortgage
Iof the premises; with leave to pur
chaser to anticipate the payment of
the credit portion in whole or in part.
The building on said lot to be insured
and the policy assigned to the Mas
ter. The purchaser to~ pay for pa
pers and recordin .
-. .R fikard ,
-2na me e.12. ? I r0.
Maat.r 's O&.e, Feb. 12, I~6.
Among the various
for) the year 1906
don't forget to resolve
to Save Every Penny
that you can. There
fore You Must Buy
Good Goods CHEAP.
This you can only ac
complish when trading
at 0. KLETTNER'S,
Headquarters of Genu
It will be monE
to buy from us.
w .y bu t F .
with prominent men in public afi
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year-" Snap Shots "-pen pici
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The foremost Americans write fo
Each numirer contains new and
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novels head the National's 1906 1
spirit of to-day. The Home Dep
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to house-keepers. Charles Wiai
Dallas Lore Sharpe, on Nature
Poultney BigeIow, on Foreign Ai
Politics; Senators Allison, .t -
banks, Congressmen Cooper, .
men are among the_ contributors
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