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SPRINGFIELD'S GREAT RIOT.
Anti-Negro Mob Holds Sway for Two
Nights -Troops Distributed
Springfield, Ohio, March 1.-After
ad ay of quiet from the mob, which
has held sway for two night, this ev
ening was ushered in with indications
that more depredations against the
colored population of the city had
b4en planned for to-night. Anticipa
ting that the attack if made would be
in the vicinity of Section street, Col.
Ammet sent a squad of soldiers to
that locality at 7:30 o'clock. Just be
fore their arrival a crowd of rioters
sprang from the house of Pearl How
ard. against which threats had been
made. The house. had been set fire to,
but the troops sent in an alarm and
the structure was only slightly dam
aged. The rioters escaped. As a pre
cautionary measure, Col. Ammel has
posted two machine guns and a cdm
pany of troops at the court house and
jail, and the entire square is cut off.
An effort was made tonight to secure
automobiles to carry troops from one
section of the city to another when
needed, but not enough could be had,
and wagons have been provided for
The distribution of the guns and
troops over the city has had a de
pressing effect on the rioters, and
with the exception of little affrays,
Whieh did not- amount to much, but
little out of the ordinary had happen
ed up to 11 o'clock. A house at High
and Race streets, recently occupied by
negoes, was fired by the rioters,'but
the flames were quelled before they
had nade' great headway. Arthur
Aneil, a member of the Xenia military
company., was hit on the head with a
brick. said to have been thrown by a
rioter, and fatally hurt tonight. His
*sailant made an improvised sling
shot of a piece of brick wrapped in a
handkerchief. Two more companies
of state troops from Piqua are held
in readiness for service here, but the
present outlook does not indicate that
more will bp needed, as the backbone
of the riot seems to have been broken
Guarded by two companies of the
3rd regiment, the prisoners, Edw'ard
Dean and Preston Ladd, were brought
here from Dayton today and taken to
the City hospital, to be identified by
Martin Davis, the brakeman who was
shot and wounded on-iMonday night
by Dean and Ladd. The journey was
made in a special car over the Day
ton, Springfield and Urbarna Traction
line. The prisoners were taken fromn
the ear and marched to the hospital
ten blocks away. There was no dis
tgrbance'on the way to the hospital
- their coming was not generally
Davis identified Edward Dean. but
failed to identify Ladd.
.When the identification of Dean as
the assailant of Brakeman Davis be
eame known, murmuring was renewed.
The police learned-of threats made
against one or two factories employ
ing colored labor, and a numb>er of,
appeals were made from various sec
tions for protection toiright. Threats
also have been made against Police
Judge Miller's residence, and he has
refused to accept protection. Twen
t-five rioters were arraigned in the
>lice court today. Sixteen were
charged with rioting, four of whom
had the additional charge of carrying
conealed weapons. These four were
each fined $200 and costs and sent to
the Zenia work house until the fine
nd costs are paid. Those charged
with disorderly conduct were fined
$50 and costs.
As usual, the innocent and harm
less were the great sufferers in last
night's disturbances. . The different
mobs. which were made up of young
hoodlums and rowdies,,rather than de
termined men bent on avenging
wrong, directed their movements pro
miscuously against the calored pop
ulace at large. The first destructive
work of the mob in the district known
as ''The Hill,'' where many of the
men and boys in the crowd were rear
ed, it is said, was in Harrison street,
here they broke into the home* of
George Miller, an inoffensive colored
rliE fMiller and his swife were forced
o flee for their lives coatless, hatless
and barefooted, getting out through
te basement. They ran and jumped
over a wall into the railroad tracks.
Miller stumbled along the railroad
tracks and reached the city building
in safety, where he told a most piti
ful tale to the military authorities,
and Mayor Todd. As he looked back
he could see his house on fire.
Another wanton attack was made at
175 York street, where two colored
families, one of John Logan and the
other of Noah Ingram, resided. Both
families escaped from the house, al
though Logan's wife stood in her
back yard and watched the house set
THE NEGRO, NORTH AND SOUTH.:
Reasons for the "Growing Detesta
tion" of the Black Man Discus
sed From a Radical View
To the Editor of Public Ledger:
Why is there such a strong feeling of
detestation for the negro? There must
be some reason for it, for there is no
I such feeling against the Jap, the Phil
ippine Island or the Indian, and thir
ty years ago the negro commanded
our profound sympathy in this part
of the country. The reasonable con
elusion is that in some way we are
treating him wrong. The black man
is much more properous in the far
South than he is here, and I believe
we can learn a lesson from those
Southern planters, and probably dis
cover where we are at fault.
"In Southern Mississippi, where I
live.' says S. S. Henry, of Gulfport,
Miss. "there is no negro problem, and
whites and blacks get on pleasantly.
The blacks in this district are better
laborers than the white men-the
poor crackers class., Mind you, this
is in the southern part of the State,
and entirely out of the influence of
I schools and normal institutes. The
educated negro of the more northern
part of the. State disdains poanual la
bor,. and is of the opinion that he is
as good as the white man, if not a
Governor Vardaman, of Mississippi,
is a friend of the negroes, and
claims to be the best friend they ever
"In the solution of. this problem
we must recognize at the outset that
which Thomas Jefferson recognized
100 years ago and which Abraham
Lincoln 'endorsed fifty years later
that the negro cannot live in the same
i country with the white man on terms
i of social or political equality. It is
one of the impossible things. One or
the other of the races will rule. They
will not mix. I am opposed to the,
Several of my letters have recently
been published in the Public Ledger.
and they have brought out many re
plies. Those in antagonism all breathe
a plea for further continuance of
resent conditions, and in this, I be
ieve, they are guilty of a direct act
that the black man canu~ot get justice
in our Courts? Don't they know that
the prejudice against him is overwhel
ming and that it is increasing con
Take the case of that miserable
beast, Johnson, who killed Miss Allin
son. How long would'the community!
permit such a trial as he has had for
a white man ? He was tried by mob
law under legal form. He 's guilty
and deserves even more punishment
than he will get, but it certainly was
not legal to wring a confession from
him by torture in the Baltimore jail
as has been hinted in the daily papers.1
Do the negros' difenders think~
there is any which result as this case
has resulted ?I
Christianity is the grandest bless
in ever vouchsafed our people, but
you might .as well try to control a
Bengal tiger by Christianity as to de
pend on it for taming these negro
fiends who assault white women all
over our country in ever-increasing
numbers. Far better would it be to'
remove the conditions which make
The question of deporting the ne
uroes is not worth consideration. It!
is impossible to do it. They get along
well in the Southern States, are paid
.ood wages, and they are needed
more of them than are there. Great
hordes of them have drifted into the
cities lying between Washington and
Boston, and the interest of the coun
try demands that they should be for-i
ed back whence they came. Put
them on the same educational and pol
itical level that they are on in Mis
sissippi and they will soon leave us.
Any close reader of the daily papers
will see a steady growth of anti-negro
feeling here, and it will continue to
grow wh.ile' .present voinditions ~last.
The Northern white man is slow to
anger, biit;he will never submit quiet
ly to haviuig his wife or daughter sub
jected to a worse fate than the wild
Indians inflicted on. her 200 years ago
when she was burned at the stake.
Why do I elass all negroes with
these fiends? iFor :the .same reason
that every man's hand is turned
against a rattlesnake. Not one in 1,-'
000 of them administers a fatal bite
to a man. I look about me here and see!
Imany respectable, well-behaved ne
zro families, where the children have
education and are fitted to take their
places in life, and it is right among
these families where the future
1Johnsons are being raised.
West Chester, Fearya 14, 1906.
PROBLEM OF EX-PRESIDENTS.
What Has Been Done by Many of I
The Kansas City Star says that Mr.
W. E. Curtis' suggestion of Presi
dent Roosevelt's ambition to enter
the senate at the conclusion of his
presidential term, recalls the old
problem of what to do with ex-presi
dents. Only t wo, John Quincy Adams
and Andrew Johnson, have ever serv
ed in congress. Adams was elected i
representative for seventeen years ! j
and died in office. Indeed, his reputa
tion rests chiefly on his eareer as an
independent congressman. Johnson
went back to Tennessee after the expi
ration of his term. and. after being t
defeated once for the senate and once
for theh ouse, he was elected senator:
in 1875, but died the same year, after,
a brief service. John Tyler was elec
ted to the Confederate house, but did
not serve in the congress of the Uni
ted States after his retirement from
Washington spent his declining
years at Mount Vernon, though he ac
cepted the command of the army once
more when war threatened with
France. John Adams lived peacefully
for twenty-five years a.t his Massachu
setts home, after his official career
ended. Jefferson retired to Monticel
lo, where he passed his closing years
in growing financial embarrassment.;
fadison lived in comfort at his Mont- i
pelier home, where he was president
of the county agricultural society.
Monroe's last years were clouded
from lack of money. Jackson used to
swear that he would not be driven
from the White House a "beggar man
like Jim Monroe." Old Hickory him
self survived the' expiration of his
term by. nine years at the Hermitage.
Van Buren got into' politics with an',
independent nomination in 1848, but
lived in retirement afterward and.
wrote a part.of a book on "The 04
Zin of Parties." Fillmore and Pierce
both travelled abroad extensively af
ter the completion of their terms.
Buchanan was little heard of,
though he lived seven years after Lin
oin 's inauguration. Grant\ unfortu
nately thought lie must go into bus
iess to earn enough money to live
in proper style. Hayes became inter
ested in the prison reform movement:
Arthur died the year after leaving
ffice. Harrison practiced law and
Cleveland, after his first term prae
ticed law; but at the conclusion of his:
second term he retired and remained
t his Princeton home until he became
trustee of the Equitable Life.
It has been suggested that ex-pres
idents be given a place at the cabinet 1
table. But that would be futile for
cabinet 's usefulness depends largely I
n its harmonious 'personal relations
with the president. The chief execu-t
tive need not invite all the department
eads to confer with him, and Jeffer-1t
son e'ven sur ended meetings for i
nonths at a time. The suggestion
that former presidents be sent to the;.
enate by 'a constitutional amendment
has decided merit. The only question
s whether such an amendment would!
onflict with the provision that "no
state without its consent shall be de
prived of its equal suffrage in the
enate.''" Possibly this difficulty
ould be surmounted by some device.
n any event the matter is worth con- Ie
Small Beginning of Famous Men.
ew York .World.
Jay Gould was a book agent.
Henry Villard was a reporter. .
Elihu Burritt was a blacksmith.
Benjamin Fr'anklin was a printer. t
James T. Hill began as a roust
Abraham Lincoln was a rail split
Daniel Drew began as a cattle tra
Cornelius Vanderbilt ferried his
Win. Lloyd was a printer's devil.
John Wannamaker began life at 1
$1.25 a week.
Andrew. Carnegie began life at~
$2.50 a week.]
William A. Clark as a young man1(
was a miner.
John Jacob Astor sold apples in the I
Thomas Edison began as a tele
Henry.H. Rogers was a grocer's de
John D. Rockefeller worked in a
Thomas F. Ryan was a clerk in a
dry goods store.1
The inchworm is a foot passenger.
A peck of trouble is well repaid by
a bushel of fun.
A quarterly statement-'"Price,
The fall of man was something
worse than in love. 1
The big Indian longing for adr
is a dry handkerchief.
UNDER THREE, WEIGHS 60.
1emarkable Child of Colleton Coun
ty Visits Walterboro.
An unusual sight, which drew good
-rowd 'f intdrested spectators on the
;treets in Walterboro Monday was
he presence of little (?) Miss Nettie
3enton. 2 11-2 years old. who weihis
nore than sixty pounds! Her Iar
Ants are named Basil, but she has beeni
idopted by Mr. and Mrs. Wm. G.
3enton and goes by the name of Net
ie Benton. She has very long black
iair and heavy eyebrows, and her
ace presents the appearance of a wo
nan. She speaks only a few words
mnd these in a deep voice. Her adop
ed mither says she was a very deli
-ate lookino infant, and was several
nonths old before she be.gran to de
elop inti such a precocious child,
ind that now she acts as other chil
ren of her age. She did not fail to
ttract the attention of everyone who
aw her on the streets Monday.
I Chorus Girl's Work And Wages.
An article by Norah Anderson in:
[lhe New Idea Woman 's Magazine for
darch gives a lively account of the
vork, wages and inducements of the
horus girl. Not all chorus girls, we
earn, are such because they can sing.
here is the "show girl," who "al
hough they say she is not so much in
[emand by managers now as she used
o be, has an important role-that of
ooking pretty. She is there strictly
>n account of her looks. She rarely
peaks, does not even act. She walks
n and stands, wears beautiful cos-;
umes and-looks pretty. In Edna:
ay's play, 'The Catch of the Sea
on,' there are several 'show girls' or'
Gibson Girls.' as they are known in
lie performance. The show girl is
etter paid than her business associ
te in the chorus. She gets her twen
y-five dollars a week to the chorus
irl's eighteen 'on the road' (any
)lace in New York) and fifteen in;
ew York." In general, it appears
chorus grirl must use care and econ
my to put away any of her salary.
lthoughi out in the western states
tchorus girl cnreally sayemny
he has a salary of at least eighteen
lollars a.week and in many instances
he has cleared as much as an average
f eight dollars a week. All railroad~
ares are paid and sometimes sleepers.
..Board and room, in fact, every
~xpense except railroad fare, must be
aid out of the individual salary. The.
dvance man is supposed to send back
list of hotels and boarding houses,
heap and'otherwise for the conven
ene of the approaching company.
ind the little economies practiced by
Sgreat many of the girls in their
hoice of boarding places are as sur
rising as they are commendable. Of
en they engage a room and cook their
eals on an alcohol stove carried with
hem, ironing their handkerchiefs on
he window pane, and so forth."
How They Died.
Henry I. of gluttony.
Edward VI. of a decline.
Charles I. on the scaffold.
Richard III. was killed in battle.
George III. as he lived-a madman.
Henry VIII. of carbuncles, fat and!
George IV. of gluttony and drunk
Henry VII. wasted away,, as a miser
James I. of drinking and the effects
Charles IU. suddenly, it is said, of
William Rufus died the death of
he poor stags, which he hunted.
Edward V. was strangled in the
ower b)y his uncle,- Richard HII.
Henry II. of a broken heart, ocea
*ioned by the bad conduct of his chil
William III. of consumptive habits
>f body, and from the stumbling of
George I. from drunkenness, which
is physician politely called an apo
Edward III. of dotage, and Richard
[I. of starvation, the very reverse of
Henryg VI. in prison, by meads
snown then only to the jailer, and
iow known only in Heaven.
William the* conquerer from enor
nous fat,, from drink and from the
riolence of his passions.
George II. died of a rupture of the
eart which the periodicals of that
lay termaed a visitation of God.
Richard Coeur ilde Lion, like an ani
nal from which his heart was named,
lied by an arrow from an archer.
Henry IV. is said to have died of
'fits caused by uneasiness,'' and un
asiness in places in those times was
Svery common complaint.
If you are unable to break into the
Tall of Fame, you can at least take
Ife tottles of patent medicine and
ae your picture in the papers.
A t wo-sided story is oftttimes un
fairly turned to account.
It's hard to keep cool when you are
to be put in the cooler.
The most level-minded miser seems
always to be for getting.
The sorest disappointment of some
lives is the inability to soar.
There is a lot of sentiment in the
squeeze of a hand by the right person.
How we live may be a mystery to
+ 4+w.+ 4+++ 4 +i
I have had several years experience in groi
have ready for shipment Early Jersey Wal
fields. Henderson's Successions, which
+t uck farmiers. These plants are grown near
9 cold without injury. Prices, packed in light
5.ooo at $1 25 per s.000. special prices on largn
cheap rat - for plaints this season. All plants
send the money with the orders. Your orders
+ Give ine a trial order. .AddrcS all order: to
/ Are You Plannir
-~ ..~ ,Many persons are oct
tm.". : h3 ofteni been s:'id
exeriences ber ti
- Let Us Plan Y<
'C. C AI
some people, but why some people
live is a mystery to us.
FOR SALE-One hundred rock posts.
B. C. Matthews.
and WHISKEY HABITS
cu re d at h Iome WitH
out pain. Book of -
QPI UM ticulars sent FR
B. M. WOOLLEY. M.D.
Atlata, Ga. Office 104 N. Pryor Street.
4TS FOR SALE.
ving Cabbage Plants for .he trade and now
.efields, Charleston Large Type Wake
are the test known varieties to experienced
salt water in open air. Will sta=d seveze
)oxes F. 0. B here, $1.50 per i,ooo. Lots of
orders. The express company is giving us
will be shipped C. 0. D. unless you prefer to
wil, have my prompt and personal attention.
1. J. DONALD)SON. Meggetts. S. C.
i Seeds that
g New rHome?
eation for their new -
that a person imust z-e .e-.. ..
~eai home is contmrtc.
If you wilul a:(-v.
ts to planthepium.- 3 u~
*ing of your hor.se,
we wi'l imake it r'g>
the frst time. We -
do no experimentiing
r but execute al1 c-m
S tracts on thle mosrt iF
lnes- employ th
and competent me
chanics and use the
~I. very best Eixmurs
T made -- na m ely
1 aisnameled Baths -
and On e -p ie ce
it convenient to calf!
in person, write or
phone us and we
and other literature on the subject
advise, however, that you inspect y
isplayed in our showroom. Ask jf
bing."@ Free upoli request.
3, Newberry, S. C.