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Farmers' Union Bureau of
-Conducted by the
South Carolina Farmers' Educa
tional and Co-Operation Union.
F SWCommunications intended for this
department should be addressed to J. C.
Stribling, Pendleton, S. C.
How Do You Like It?
Well, how do you like the idea of
our Farmers' union column?
If our farmers' column is not as
good as you think it should be, sup
pose you chip in and make it better.
A good, practical farmer is sure to
know something which, if told, will
benefit his neighbor.
Usually the man that knows things
has no trouble in telling what he
knows, and then he stops talking. Men
that really know little, or nothing,
talk long, trying to tell something
they don't know.
Farmers' . institutes are good
schools foi--both old and young farm
ers, but they'don't come your way but
once a year, while our Farmers' union
coltmns visit you each week-that is
if you subscribe for your home paper.
If all your neighbors-for the want
of better knowledge of business-sell
their cotton erop for what it cost to
inake it, or less, then you are compel
led to take the same price for yours.
You see that, in order to get profitable
prices at the beginning, you must go
out and bjing in your neighbors with
Where is the profit or sense of mak
ing three bales .of cotton grow where
t"o eqvbefore .if that little 2 by 4
eddtij speculator comes in for that
Betteir come across, boys, and join
the Farmers' union and learn to grow
the right size crop and then sell it
The Farmers' union is standing up
sainst this hot battle against cotton
spuilators and' winning some advan
tas in every skirmish.
If you think you have a better plan
t/oiganize farmers and keep them or
'the union, why let's
~ii ia we will join right into it
u, o lwe can never maintain
pi4fiable prices to the producer with
- 'At i-ganization and loyal co-opera
you danw all the nitrogen
nit1d 'in yur .soil free of cost by
~planig wpes, whl in the thmider
dedi~ you do it! A.fter the nitrogen
isgIaced in the'ground, then the- pea
vine hay stack is a mighty good for
tifteation for the mules to stand .be
kind- wen rough times and March
wjids'eonie along. Mortgage mules
ane said to like town hay best, but
good Farmers' union men don 't be
If you think that. you' are a little
too good, too smart, too rich or too
insignificant to join in with your
neighbors in the Farmers' union, do
go and join the cotton association or
seinie 'other organization taisdoing
- ~good fori your southern country.
Many of us Farmers' union men be
long to the cotton association, and we
.enjoy sitting in council with these
'bright business men of the South. We
*learn something every time we meet
'with them; and it does the farmer
'ood to hear these big, rich men tell
the farmer that every interest of the
whole south is dependent upon the
prosperity of the farmer.
*After rubbing up against these
shrewd business men in a cotton as
sociation we feel mighty proud and
rich for a long time afterwards; but
when we are in deep 'trouble about
the every day affairs of the farming
interest, and are seeking out a fra
ternal frieind that is in it with you in
-everything, and that should be loyal
to his own, we just naturally want'to
set right along by the side of the old
farmer and whisper the pass word
into his ear.
The cotton association is no more a
farmers' organization than it is a
business man's organization. You can
jnot build a stone mansion out of
wood. A farmers' organization must
be. made of farmers.
"THE ALDRICH SYSTEM.''
Of Growing Two Rows of Corn and
Two Rows of Cotton Ovef the
We are indebted to Mr. Aldrich,
the originator of the plan, for the fol
Barnwell, S. C., -Jan. 28, 1906.
Dear Sir :-R.plying to your letter
of the 26th instant, I will say that I
am unable to give you the information
desired as to "a comparative test''
of my system with that in'vogue-or,
perhaps, I should say with that which
was in vogue--since so many, all over
the south, are now using my system.
A test to be of value should be ac
curate, and situated as I am, with
many irnns in the fire. I cannot de
vote the necessary time and close per
sonal attention to-such a test.
Some state experiment station ought
to make it and report results.
I have several times planted with a
view of making a thorough compara
tive test, but when weighing time
came other more. imperative matters
claimed my attention. But I have al
ways seen enough to absolutely con
vince me that the cof'bination would
far exceed the single method. With
my knowledge of the yielding capac
ity of my- land I am safe in saying
that I make as much corn on the acre
as if there were no cotton in
the alternate two rows, or .a if peas
were there instead of cotton. and by
reason of the cotton bearing so much
later than where all the land is cot
tog. I am equally safe in saying that.
I make more than a half crop of cot
ton, or more than half as much as
[the same. land would make if it were
all in cotton. Of course during a pro
tracted drought everything seems to
suffer. Corn wilts and cotton sheds,
but I have never been able to detect
that my crop suffers mord than my
neighbors' who have their two crops
separated; while it is a fact that all
have observed the -past winter that my
cotton~ bore lbnger than any in this
section and I 'made more top crop.
Another fact was apparent-that I
had no caterpillars while my neigh
.bors' fields divided from mine by a
hedgerow had plenty of worms.
I am. unable to offer any solution of
that, but as- the same was 'the case
with a field near Williston planted by
my system, there would seem to be
something more than a coincidence in
At one time last summer, in Au
gust, my cotton suffered so much
from drought that I began to fear
that it was being prejudiced unduly
by the proximinty of the corn, al
though the corn-blades were then too
ripe to pull for fodder if I had been
going to , strip them, yet when the
rain came more fruit' formed and ma
tured, and whei the crop was all pick
ed the yield showed that the land had
produced all. that I had any reason
to expect from it. I shall plant some
sections with a Niew of making the
test this season and.hope to be able
to complete it at harvesting.
Very truly yours,
Mr. 3. C. Stribling, Pendleton, S. C.
Dear. Sir: Complying with your re
ques~t eeneriing the results obtained
by ihe South Carolina experiment sta
tion, iun our 1905 test of the Aldrich
system, I will give the following:
Two rows each cotton and corn,
yield 646.4 pounds seed cotton per
acre; 1,280 pounds of ear corn per
acre.' Equal area as above all in cot
ton, 1,599.2 of seed cotton per ae're~;
all corn, 2,520 pounds ear corn.
You will see that the half corn and
half cotton failed by about 300
pounds per acre of seed cotton to
make half as much as the all cotton
acre. The Aldrich decre corn yield
was 'a little bit more than one-half
the acre yield from the all corn plot.
But the difference is so slight as to
scarcely be worthy of consideration.
The variety of corn used in this test
wa the Marlborough prolific and the
variety of cotton was Toole 's. The
fertilizer contained 7.1 per cent of
phosphoric acid; 6.4 per cent of pot
ash; and 3.3 per cent of nitrogen, 400
pounds being applied to the acre. The
cotton and corn were planted at the
same time. I am confident that this
should not be the case, since the corn
will usually in our climate produce
better when planted early, and if the
corn planting is delayed until the cot
ton is planted the corn will go in the
ground from three to five w'eeks later
than w ould probably be better for se
curing the best yield of corn. A small
stalk, early corn should be grown,
taitmay come off .in time to give'
all he oilarea to the cotton~ when
the cotton needs nioisture and plant
food more than at any otii time.
I wish to impress upon you that this
is a one year's test and is by no means
conclusive. The results. could easily
have been reverged by using different
varieties of either cotton or corn r
by having a different growing season
for the production of these crops.
It is the intention of the station to
continue these tests in duplicate for
a number of years and in slight vari
ation from the plan herein reported.2
Accom panying this test was an
other in which four rows of cotton
and four rows of corn were used. But
this plan gave inferior results to the
two-row system. Where these tests
were made ini 1905. in 1906 we will
pursue the same plan~ alternating cot
ton with corn in one case; in another,
cotton will follow c.otton; and in still
another, corn will follow corn.
We hope to also in the all-corn plots
and in one of the duplicates of the
Aldrich system plot to have cowpeas
take the place of corn when the 'corn
ma-rsb antingHo the cowpas in
the corn rows at the time of laying
up the corn.
Very truly yours,
C. L. Newman.
The Aldrich System of J. C. Strib
Out of eight comparative tests the
Aldrich system of planting two rows
of corn and two rows of cotton, al
I.ternating on this plan with solid
crops of each cotton and corn, we
made less- crops of each-by actual
measurements and weight-under the
Aldrich system than where solid crops
of each cotton and corn were planted,
excepting in one test where we used
400 pounds orashed cotton seed per
aere. The gain in this instance was
111 1-2 bushels of corn and 1,050
pounds of stalks per acre in favor of
the A)drich system.
In consideration of the 'fact tTiat a
large number of practical farmers
have endorsed the Aldrich system, al
though they have done so without
putting -the test by actual weights
and measurements, we are of the
opinion that there must be some ad
vantage in the system where early
field varieties of corn is qsed along
with late maturing varieties of cotton.
I Thus by planting the corn as early as
possible we may remove the corn off
the land in time to give the eotton
more sunlight and the use of all the
land, which may .be very beneficial to
a late maturing variety of cotton
that has been left rather thin on the
land. In the foregoing test cotton and
corn were planted the same day.
Isis Worship in Paris.
In Paris, the natural home of skep
ticism. extremes are meeting in a
most ama'zing 6ontrast. One of-the
most striking features of the intel
lectual and moral lift of the French
capital is the extraordinary number
of mystical faiths which flourish there
today. , A book was lately published
in Paris as strange in its way as the
old Glasgow Prof. Sinclair's "Sa
tan's Invisible World Displayed," a
title which might with equal proprie
ty have served for the French volume.
It deals with what the author, Jules
Bois calsthe "Petities Religions",
of Paris. Of such -eults he enumerates
no fewer than twelve sects, the naines
.of which may be given without comi
nint-the Satanie, the Luciferiang
the .Humanitarian, the Essdrie, .the1
Gnostic, the Magic, 'the Illuminate,
the 'Thesophical, the Boddhist, the
Pagan, the Swedenborgian and that
From, this strange medley of old
and new paganism a writer in the
Sctsman selects for detailed descrip
tion-the worship of Isis, the great and
typienl divinity of ancient Egypt, as1
it is practiced today in modern Paris.
The 'first proceeded,from that extraor
dinary idealist and poet, August Vil
lers de I 'Isle Adam, whose eccentric
offer .to undertake the kingdom of
Greece was one of the minor membar
rassments of the Emepror Napolean~
III. More than thirty years ago this
marvellous, gerytleman' declared that
Isis, inasmuch as she was the image
gf chastity and beauty, deserved 'anI
ideal temple. "I should like all .men
to adore in her t.he ideal ?of life and
death.'' The idea was taken up by
his admireis. Chapels of Isis were;
built on the slope of Montmarte,
wherein the ancient worship of Se
rapis, as described, by Apuleius in his
"Golden Ass,'' has been reestablished
Jsis is now,. it fact, worshipped as a
goddess, and her claims to deification
have been seriously advocated by so'
eminent 'a -personage as Augustus
Thierry. In the prayers of her wor
shippers Isis is hailed as "Mother
divine'' as the angel who announced
the approaching birth of Jesnis, and
in phrases somewhat blasphemous is!
set above the Virgin Mary as "best!
and most beautiful.'' There is a se
rious. carnestness in the whole affair
though we scoffers and outsidei-s may
be unable to suppress our smiles, arid
the power of the high priests of Isis
over her votaries is a real and terri
ble as ever was that of her Egyptian
Day was trembling on the edge of
night. The sun had dropped behind
the hills and splashed t;he sky with
red.: For two hours Susan and lien
ry had been talking. Gentle reader,!
you know what they were talking'
about ? No?i Suffice it to say, what
ever it was, an amicable conclusion
had been reached. Susan was sweet
faced and tender, and the amethys
tine tints of the evening touched her
face softly. and the fading light
threw a halo about her head. .Yet she
was no spring chicken. But what
Henry had passed all the years of
his bachelorhoo '- a boarding house,
and couldn 't, have told skri ~ thicken
from an Old hen to save hlif his sal
Hp folded her to his throbbing
bosom and then slowly unfolded her.
"We shall be so happy." he whis
"Yes. Henry,." was the marmured
response, "and so harmnious. What
ever you say I shall believe. nqw. I
henceforth and forever."
I can never be such a husband as
you deserve, Susan," he almost sigh
-No. Henry." she eried. "i sup
pose not-, but at my time of life I
can 't afford to be .too Particular.
Come in and have some supper.
And Henry went in.
Sprinfield,-'Ohio, in Slave Times.
New York Sun.
New York. March 1.
To the Editor of the Sun:'
Sir:-"'Cast thy bread upon. the,
waters and Thou shalt. fid it after
many days'' is a Serpitural injune
hon that works both ways, and I am
reminded of it by the - trouble the!
white people of Springfield, Ohio. are
now having with their colored citi
zens. In the old days Spripgfield was
a station on the Underground railway
leading from Kentucky to the North,
and "the poor, suffering slave,'" could
bank ori meeting his white brother
there and being taken straightway to
his bosom. The passenger business on
that road was not very great andj
Springfield didn't get all the. traffic,
but it got enough for a nucleus, and
now the bread it cast-in those. days is
\coming back in a manner not as pleas
ing as it might be. My father owned
a "likely saddle-colored boy,'" worth1
about $1,200, who resided for a short
time after leaving Kentucky surrep
titiously one night, in that libertO-lov
ing town, and I hope I am not betray
ing any confidence at this late day by
saying that the "boy" would have
been returned to his 6wnejr if-a small
graft of $250 and expenses had been.
forthcoming. Some of them over there
loved liberty, but hey.loved some
thing else more. I anm not wasting
any sympathy on Springfield. in her
race troubles-I 'm getting part of
that runaway $1,200 back.
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other. It can be carried in vest pocket. By mal,
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the money. Bokand advise-free. Address
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GILDER & WEEKS.
W. B. Rkard
WE B. RIKARD
is now 'in The Herald and
News Office whTere he will do
your work prornotly and under
GUA RA NTE E.
Give hirn a trial.
and While it Lasts to I
Best Patent $5.IE
Best half Pat. $4,
Best Meal 75c. b
Best Grits $1.75 !
Don't pay any more, don't be sw
along, save money ana buy from us.
Our immense stock of spring gooc
ties and fancy goods and staples, ou
ing novelties in millinery. Come an
right thing in prices, style, quality,
ply cannot beat us, we don't make
you up; n ;balance, people gettin;
and looking out more for No. 1. C<
Forty years experience counts som
don't you forget it,
0 Which we use are without e
We believe in PURITY.
% We constintly preach PU
We always practice PUR
0. PURITY counts, and coui
9 Ask your doctor.
* New bern
Capital stock paid in
Deposits .. . .
We do business on bL
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Four per cent. paid c
For the Nex
.- . WEQOI
AT $4.00. P1
S. S. Bii
b CABBAGE PLAN
have read for shipment Eal r Sey Wae
I ils f~esn~ScesOl,~hctruck farmeners Thspatarow nc e ar
send that mney it the orders Your ordersw
~ Gie m a ria order. Address all orders to
undred Barrels of that
FLOUR Just Received
i Every bbl.
i-ched off by argument, come right
Is arriving embracing all the novel
r Mrs. Moseley in the North select
d see us, me are preparedf to do the
&c., for an all round bill you sim
a cut price on one thing and burn
educated and opening their eyes
>me and 'see us and be convinced.
ething, we will treat you right and
TY, S. C.
xception the rUTC.1 Erace
[TY when preparing medi
its for MUch, in medicines. A
-y, S. C.
. . 25,000.00
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n deposits in Savings
ire Proof Vault.
J. E. NORWOOD,
rs FOR SALE.
ie1dls, eharleston Lre Type Wae
e the best know vrite to epiecC 4