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Farmers' Union Bureau o f
-Conducted by the -
South Carolina Farmers' Educa
tional and Co-Operation Union.
s awCommunications intended for this
department should be addressed to J. C
Stribling, Pendleton, S. C.
Our Cotton On Hand.
Our efforts in these columns has
been chiefly directed towards check
ing, if possible, the increase of acre
age by silly farmers in cotton; we
have not thougit it"necessary to give
any advice here to the farmers now
holding their cotton. These are men
of business, and are usually men with
sufficient grit, pluck and financial
backing to carry their points and
know what they are about. The ent
ton holders that now have this mat
ter in hand are about as good finan
cier*, and have about as much col
lateral and backing behind them as
the bear element have. Coiton holders
know now that about all the scary
holders have been shaken out, and
that the cotton bear is now up against
the real solid stuff. Spot holders are
well aware of the fact that the spin
ner has got to have about all the cot
ton before the next crop comes in, and
it matters not whether the next crop
will be a small or a large crop. The
thing- is this, the mills must run or
the walking mobs that are parading
the streets of the foreign manufact
uring cities calling for work or'
bread will wage riot. Stopping the I
mills under such condition would be
equivalent to striking a match in aI
powder house. Hold your holt, boys,
and make them dome over!
The Signs of the Times.
If we are not badly deceived in the
signs of the times, farmers that do
not heed the warnings of the Farm
ers' Union and plant more food crops
now, they will be running around next
fall wanting everybody's advice about
how to buy $20 a ton peavine hay and .
$1.00 a bushel corn with 6 cents cot
Our big supply men and mule men,
too, had better butt in this thing at
once along with the Farmers' Union
in their efforts to induce farmers to
plant more food crops ,and less cot
ton, or the game next winter will be
iip and tuck between these men and
- the buzzards as to who will get the
mnost revenue out of this mule mort
A good deal is being said recentlyj
about live stock associations in each
of the counties of the state, which will
be a good thing if ouir farmers willK
take to them, and instead of brag
ging about selling peavine hay and
other food croks, they will raise and)
feed more stock and take care of the
- manure, they need not be howling any
* longer about the. guano trust !
Our Farmers' Unions should take*
to this live stock idea like young
ducks take to water: it is the natural ,t
thing to do and right along the
-straight road to the permanent build
ing up of the up-to-date progressive
idea of the independent farmer of the I
All our Farm?ers' Unions should be i
each in it'self a good live stock associ-!
ation, and talk more about raising
' more and better stock and talk less t
.about raising more cotton..t
How About This?
Some of our South Carolina Far
mers' Unions have been ,trying to
make a deal with the Unions in the
grain growing West for their grain,)
but neither the grain growers nor the
cotton growers have been able to get I
cars to ship the corn. We are told
that corn has been offered there~ from
32 cents to 36 cents per bushel, an'd
thousa'nds ob bushels have been piled
on the ground there rotting while
cotton farmers in South Carolina are
paying 75 cents to 80 cents for their
corn when they can get it. It seems
that the grain elevator men and the
R. R. men get about as much out of
the western crop as the corri growers
get, while South Carolina cotton far
mers foot the bills for the whole push.
Now, this is not a matter to be set
tled altogether by congress or the
courts, for the reason that you cannot
legislate common horse sense into
cotton farmers' heads, nor drive the
hog and hominy doctrine down their i
throats unless some other fellow
grows the hog and hominy.
Our way out of this thing is to'
grow your own food stuffs. It mat
ters not how cheap others can grow
it, isome how or other, if there is any-1
thing like good in this trading busi-v
ness among farmers crops, the men
that stand between the cotton growers
and the grain growers get about all
the sugar there is in the hog, while
the farmers at each end are howling
calamity and chewing the bag.
As usual about this time of the
year when southern cotton farmers
are trying to mnduce all cotton grow
*rrs to reduce their aereage to keep
iltwn over pr.duction and consequent
to the whole southern cotton states,
ione Schenish European cotton bears
send out their threats through our
newspapers that if we don't grow a
big surplus of cotton at ruinous prices
to the growers that they will get Af
rica to do it for us.
The first round in the papers this
time about this African cotton grow
ing bluff was sent out by a German
official, and later followed by a
French official, who claims to have
grown and delivered cotton in Harve,
France. at the astonishing low price
of : 1-4 eents per pound. Now, we
have all along,' had the opinion that
Wall Street cotton bears were the
bi-gest liars this side of hades. but
We 11)w gVe all the eake. pie aind crust
There was a tim- when this kind of
talk perhaps had some weight in in
fluencing cotton growers to push in
more cotton in order to keep their
trade with these foreign spinners, but
the up-to-date cotton planter of to
day is well aware of the fact that
these English, German, French and
Russian spinners have all been send
ing down south for our implements,
seed and southern men to grow cotton
in Africa at times for about 40 years;
ut all efforts along this line have
rroved to be -about as practical as
t is to inmport monkeys here from
Vfrica to pick out our cotton. In fact
:he ~two propositions are about on
>ar as to their practicability, for it
:akes two men to mind one monkey
hile he is picking cotton, and it us
ially takes two of our southern cot
:on growers to mind one of those na
ive African negroes while he is grow
ng the cotton and keep him at it.
When we come to reason this thing'
wer in our minds, we are confident
;hat we have a large number of tame
1egroes here about among our pro
rressive cot-ton farmers that would
iever do a day's work if they could
ceep from starving and freezing with
There is no necessity for negroes to
vork in Africa for food and clothing,
mnd it is against their nature to do it
iere as well as there. We have some
hite men here that have the same!
All this talk about competition with
a.merican cotton is rot and out of date
iere, where we know that the south
ias the ideal cotton belt of the world,
Lnd week now how to grow cotton and&
Lre learning how to manufacture cot
on, and still more we have learned to
unt the cost of production of cot
on, and how to demand a fair profit
ipon our products and we are going
o have it.
Will Oppose Parcels Post.
Minneapolis, Minn., March 20.
he annual convention of the Nation
1 Retail Hardware Dealers' Associa
ion opens here today. The attend
ne is unusually large a.nd every
tate and territory is well represent
. The couvention will last three
avs. Iis expected that the conven
in wilrenew its campaign against
ie. parcels' post proposition and will
dopt strong resolutions in opposition,
o it. On the other hand the conven
ion will undoubtedly favor a redue
ion in the rate on first class mail
aatter from two cents to one cent for!
ach ounce. The delegates will argue~
hat the reduction of the rate on first
lass mail matter will be of greater
ienefit to the public in general, while
he 'parcels post would involve great
ost to the government and would
~eneit mail order houses to the dis
~dvantage of the small retailers.
No' Government Armor Plant.
Washingto)n, D. C., March 20.-No
eCti6n will be taken in the Navy De
>arnient toward the preparation~ of
reort cn the cost of armor plate
,mution. This information was
ale~d forth at the last session of'
~ongress, but nothing was said in the
zvai Appropriation Bill of the date
vhen this report should be presented.
twould require several months to
iake an exhaustive and complete
tudy 'of the' armor plate situation as
t is today, although probably a board
f investigation would be aided to
some extent by the report on the same
luestion compiled several years ago.
[t is evident that no steps will be
;aken this year, at any rate, toward
the establishment of a government
'tlant for the manufacture of armor,
mnd most officers believe that with
;he policy of economy that now pre
"ails and is likely to prevail in the
nrease of the navy it will not be
leemed profitable for the government
o embak in. the production of armor,
~specially at the current prices, which
tre considered reasonable. Some of
he officers of the navy are in favor
>f a government armor plate factory,
>ut it is considered that the supply
>f the material by contract is suffi
:i-+tl controlled by the Navy De
p)artmnIt. .arnid that n11dvna.z
would be -aineil by establishing 3
govermIln ert plant. Of course. there
ismust be soonier oI* later a report on
the armor plate situation. but this
cannot be prepared in much less than
three or four months. if the subject is
to be thoroughly discussed.
Iron Export Records Broken.
Pittsburg. Pa., March 20.-The ex
ports from the United States of iron
and stock manufactures during th.
month of February broke all previous
monthly records. Almost 14,500 tons
of wire, nails and iron pipe were ship
ped abroad last month through New
York and other Eastern seaboard
points. the largest CoUsiLnments ever
m1ade to foreign e(mntries im any one
mnith in the history ofT th(e trade.
'Tie sh,ipmnents of steel rails and bil
lets were exceptionally heavy. aggre
at in a shade under 50,600 tons. In
addition to these- huge shipments, biig
lots weat overland to lie P-acielc
coast for export to the far East and
considerable quantities were also
sent from Southern ports.
Besides reaching the high water
mark, the February exports were in
teresting because of the fact that the
port of New York handled more than
the combined shipments ,made through
Philadelphia and Baltimore. These.
ports, especially Baltimore, have pre
viously taken care of the bulk of the
shipments made to foreign countries
from the Atlantic coast. New York
shipped nearly 36,000 tons out of the
64,000 or more tons exported last
month. Another feature of the Feb
ruary shipments was the large con
signments which went forward to
South America, hitherto a stronghold
of the German and British iron and
steel manufacturers. The steel rail
exports represented 26.818 tons. 14,
132 tons went to the Argentine Re
public. while 7,446 tons went to Bra
zil. To Japan 2.908 tons were ship
"Class in general information.
The class consisting of four youths
in various conditions of forwardness,
and in garments of patened hue,
struggled up and prepared for the or
"Now, then, Jim Smithers-What
is a politician'?"
"A fellow which serves an appren
tieship to lying, selling his friends,
drinking and neglecting his family,
until he gits out of his time, when he
gets to be a journeyman office-hunter
or a boss office-holder.''
'Good! Now, then, next-What is
a popular preacher?"
"A feller which never has a call
from the Lord for less than 'five
thousand'. a -year and expenses, in
eluding donation parties; also a fel
ler which amuses himself by lecturing
around the. country at fifty dollars a
pop. He gives liberally of nothing to
the noor, serves the devil in such a
way as he thinks will least offend the
Lord, wears first-class broadcloth and
preaches against pride, rides to
church in a carriage, and condemns
the poor people for riding in the cars,
and .when he gets tired of business,
he goes into an interesting decline,
gits a pension from his grateful con
g~reation, and -becomes a religious
sporter. Or else his feelings git too
ovr)owerinl', and he gits -suspended
oficially-when ef he gets his deserts:
he'd be suspended physically, with a[
"There, that's sufficient. Next
What's the prevailing religion of this
"Git all you can and keep all y'ou
" Wrong. Next !'
"Gitten' what don't belong to you,
keepin' what. you don't need, and cut
tin' a sanctified swell generally.''
"Right. Next, What is a fool?"''
'Well, he's a feller who thinks ev
ery man he meets~ is honest,. a feller
who imagines he can make money by
being generous to misers, liberal to
colporteurs and missionary societies
and honest towards rogues."
"Well, and what becomes of themi''
"Why, the fools."
"Yes, well, them that don 't go into1
startin' newspapers and managin' op
era houses for a livin', generally con
trive to pick up a precarious and, on
sartin livin' as schoolmasters
"Class dismissed; half holiday.''
You th's Companion.
A business woman of large experi
ene mentioned, not long ago, serious
danger in the lives, of many girls who
have to earn their own living, a dan
ger especially threatening if the girl
is conscientious and a hard worker.
It is the tendency to become a work
ig woman-and nothing else.
It is not strange. She has, perhaps,
long hours and hard work. If her oe
cupation is in a store or factory she
Iuas cr im}f l o J ish ip. lint if she 1s in
a'n e'at i n where she has to work
practically alone. especiaily if she is
away ifroi howe, she is in danger of
beeomning (dull. listless, unhappy, be
(ause. throuih carelessness or inertia,
she lets her life become all work and
A young woman can wrong herself
and her employer if that is the case
-because her first duty is to be hap
pY, well-rounded woman not a ma
i'e; her employer, because it is only
uy keeping, her freshness of spir
it that she ean do the best work. So
no matter how difficult it seems at
first, she must batter down the walls
:f lher prison.
It she is iII a city-and that is
whewre imost of the lonely girls are
theve are enidss- opportunities. There
:re workinL .irls' elubs and classes
ii which she can meet other girls:
church societies that would give her
warm weloime: free picture exhibits
and music and lectures. Let her seek
till she finds twvo or three other girls
to take in these things with her, and
life will soon grow full ,f interest.
Let her do one thing more-let her
hold fast to the ideal of home, even
if her home is measured by the narrow
walls of a hall bedroom. Happiness
is not a question of the pocketbook.
but of the heart. The simplest of
fare has been known to furnish a
feast rich in nourishment to the soul.
Long ago Lovelace wrote:
Stone walls do not. a prison make.
Nor iron bars a cage.
But it is one of the discoveries that
each must make for herself-no other!
can do it for her.
NOTICE TO OVERSEERS.
All overseers are hereby notified to
warn out the hands in their respective
distriets and have their roads put in
proper shape and condition by the fit
teenth day of April, 1906. Herein
fail not under the penalty of the law.
J. Monroe Wicker,
For Sale by
C. H. CANNON.
aI~ of Me.
produces the above results in 30 days. Iacts
powerfly and quickly. Cures when allothen fall.
Econgmenwillregain their lost manhood,and old
en will recover their youthful vigor by using
REVIVO. It quclyand surely restoresevous
mes Lost Vitality, Impotency, Nilghtly Emissions,
Gostower.Fuiling Memory, Wasting Diseases, and
li effects of seIf-abuse or excess and indiscretion,
ct only cures by starting at the seat of disease, but
Isagreat nerve tonic and blood builder, bring
lug back the pink glow to iale cheeks and re
itoring the fire of youth. It wards off Insanity
mud Consumiption. Insist on having BEVIVO,nlo
Dther. It can be carried in vest pocket. By rnail.
i.0 perpackage,or six for 55.00, with ap6
emony.Bookand advise free. ddress
Mamrin ., e "Buildig
GILDER & WEEKS.
HAVE YGUR WATCH
. W. B.mRkard.
- Jeweler %~~
Newberry. S.C. #4.
W. B. RIKARD
is now in The Herald and
News Office where he will do
your work promptly and under
Give him a trial.
$BANK DEPOSIT I
5 000 R..FarePaid. Notes Taken
Boardat Cost Write QuiJa
n.-nRtA.tAR AM A RlsiNES~ COLL.EGE Macon, Ga.1
and While it Lasts to
Best Patent $5.1
Best half Pat. $i
Best Meal 75c.
Best Grits $1.75
Don't pay any more. ion't be
along, save money and buy from i
Our immense stock of spring gc
ties and f.ncy goods and staples,
ing novelties in millinery. Come
right thing in prices, style, qualit
ply cannot beat us, we don't ma
you up on balance, people gett
and .looking out more for No. i.
Forty years experience counts sc
don't you forget it,
* Which we use are withou
4 We believe in PURITY
CA We constantly preach F
* We always practice PU
'k PURITY counts, and cc
D Ask your doctor.
Capital stock paid in
Surplus . . .
Deposits . . .
We do business on t
We extend every c
with safe and sound b
Four per cent. paid
For (he l
AT $4.00 F
S. S. Bi
~ ae pready for spmet Ea grly J ran
b. mone t t e orders. res ordet
Aundred Barrels of that
M FLOUR Just Received
[5 1 Every bbl.
:witched off by argument, come right
ods arriving embracing all the novelL
:ur Mrs. Moselev in the North select
and see us. ve are prepared to do the
y, &c., for an all round bill you sim-.
ke a cut price on one thing and burn
ing educated and opening their eyes
Come and see us and be convinced.
mething, we will treat you right and
IITY, S. C.
exception the p:rest grzde*
RITY when preparing medi
unts for much, in medicines.
ry, S. C.
.. .$ 50,000.00
.* . 25,000.00
. . . 235,000.00
on deposits in ,Savings
J. E. LIORWOO@,
ity-, S. 0.
NTS FOR SALE.
ein Cabbgeant ea t a e y"andanow 9
s lB hp. 0. Dn l ssyo re e rto AC