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LIFE IN BIG LONDON.
SOME OF THE THINGS AMERI
CAN VISITORS SOON LEARN.
Frequent Blowing of Cab Whistles
Puzzling at First-No Bootblack
Stands in British Capital
Women Cannot Clean
New York Tribune.
Americans sojourning in London are
Often p.juzzled in their first few hours
there to account for the frequent
lowin(Z of mouth whistles in their vi
vinity. resembling the blas'ts of sound
with which the New York postman
acconpanies the ielivery of mail. A
Yankee arrived in the British metrop
olis o(ne sunmer. night greatly fa
tigued by his journey retired early at
his 1odgings. but was kept awake un
til midnight by the unaccustonel and
continuous blowing of whistles, which
sugested to his drowsy brain that let
ter carriers were calling every few
minutes at the adjoining houses.
At breakfast the next morning he
remarked that he had often heard of
London's frequent mail deliveries,
but he had never supposed there were
so many of them as he had heard the
"Heard'" inquired his seat mate.
"Yes: didn't you hear the postmen
blowing their whistles every few min
utes until after midnight?'
The English are too polite to laugh
in one's face, but a suppressed snick
er went around the table, breaking in
to audible laughter as another New
Yorker, who had been in London
twenty-four hours longer than the
new arrival, explained glibly:
"Why those were cab calls you
heard. Every London house has a
cab whistle. One blast brings a han
som, t'wo a four wheeler."'
Cabs are essential to London, where
antiquated stages are the only means
of going in many directions, and they
serve as express wagons as well as
conveyances. Few persons send their
baggage ("luggage,'' it is called over
there) in advance to railway station
or steamer pier.'' A cab is called at
the last moment, and the cabman puts
truink or valise on the roof of his ye
hiee. If one's parcels are numerous
a .four wheeler or omnibus is employ
e'd. On arrivng with luggage the
same method is used to carry it to
one's home or lod?gings.
As the baggage covered hansom
bowls along two or three ragged dirty
men or boys may be seen running be
side. If any distance is to be tra
versed, it will be noticed that some
of these drop behind .one after an
other, while others take their places.
They are "runners,'' usually men on
their "uppers,'' who earn an occa
sional shilling by following cabs to
their destination and carrying the
luggage upstairs for the arriving pas
It would not occur to .the average
Englishman to seek a bootblack out
side his own home for his morning
"shine." Shoes are generally , pol
ished in the house by the maidservant,
if one lacks valet or footman, an,i the
bootblack stand is conspicuously ab
sent from the British capital. Boot
blacks, often aged men, bearing; the
label "Licensed Messenger'' on their
coat sleeve, have. foot boxes at the
chief intersections of the principal
thoroughfares and ply their trade for
the benefit of transients and foreign
ers. They are seldom patronized by
the London householder.
One of the first inquiries made by
Americans who settle in London is for
a washerwoman. But it is soon found
that this useful person is not td be
had. Very little washing is done at
home or taken out by washerwomen
in London, all the soiled linen being
sent to a laundry. The result is that
Americans, accustomed to the weekly
visit of the family washerwoman at
home, find their laundry bills not a.
small item of expense on the other
side of the ocean.
A surprise is in store for the new
householder in London who asks the
maidservant to clean the windows.
"Indeed, ma 'am, I'd be arrested if I
did,'' explains the girl as she ref'ises
the task. And, sure enough, it is
learned that owing to accidents to wo
men cleaning windows from the out
side the authorities have ordained
that women must not risk life or limb
at window cleaning. The penalty for
disobeying the regulation is a fine of
$5. So men employed as porters in
furniture stores and similar shops
earn many odd sixpences and shillings
by spending their weekly half holi
days as window cleaners to household
ers lacking men servants.
Most of the small London shop
keepers and their assistants take a
half holiday on Thursday instead of
Saturday. as in New York, the butch
ers closing up Tuesday afternoons.
This practice causes inconvenience
to newcomers until guarded against
by arly purchna.
A Unique Exposition.
pa}ers I1llI r 1, 11 I l e c'lilit11l'y simply
beHAte nii a-eine purposes to
i tih e lel b ition a gn-it natiwnal
1li<.l y--zin exposition 1114i al 'u eitirely
'tferelit lines from tIose preceding
it. The Washington. .1) C.. Post says
the killowing editorially:
rIivi, it' we were not aware that
tle prOpo(sed Jamestown Exposition
of 1907 differs radically in every in
a11i1a11ble respect from the various
Iares. etv.. which have preceded it. we
Shilnl hesitate to speak in its behalf.
Keenly a~ we reconize Wtho vast im
p"IrtZalice of the episode it is intend
1 veh-brale. . ma well as We realize
I'' lll'isIec\lt hes '.'Olls( llee 11s . WvZ11el
a W lil tildls s 4 till' i le l tll >1
it>?)t(11t':l1 ir wte w 'e lit t sur'e that
I tle lJnestwn Expositoll will be a
llovelt-v ill eCvy sellse of Ille word.
To state the ease briefl., we may
say--as is the simple truth-that this
is the first celebration of any conse
q1uience to be held upon the seashore.
The location, therefore, is ideal.
There is no heated, overcrowded city
in the neighborhood, where the pa
trons will be herded in rapacious
caravansarie's, fed on "refrigerated"
food. compelled to travel long dis
tances in swarming and uncomfort
able street cars. and charged extor
tionately for a maximum of discom
fort. The Jamestown Exposition is
to be situated far out in the midst of
a salt water and breezy environment.
Hamlpton Roads, Chesapeake Bay, the
Atlantic itself will hem it on every
side. If there were nothing else, the
visitors would at least have a seaside
outing at one of the most desirable
points on the Atlantic coast. Thous
anIs treat themselves to that recrea
tion every summer with no extra in
ducement, so every additional at.
traction will be fhat much to the good.
They will have ocean prospects and
environments-bathing, fishing, sea
food, yachting, sailing, etc..-and be
sides, the most splendid naval and
military pageantry ever witnessed in
the world.. Even .if it stops short
there the patrons of the celebration
will have had more than they could
get elsewhere on the same terms-.
more than they ever got before from
any excursion to the seashore.
That there will be inany other at
tractions, we are promised by the
management, and have f.aith that the
pledge will be abundantly redeemed.
All the grea.t nations have accepted
President Roosevelt 's invitation to
participate. It is, therefore, safe to
count upon a naval and military dis
play of surpassing splendor and im
portance. It will constitute, indeed, a
spectacle the like of which has not
been witnessed in this or any other
land. No doubt the management will
in due time and with appropriate elo
quence unfold to the country the en
tire scheme .of the enterprise they
have in view. For the present, we
think it well enough to point out cer
tain features which of themselves con
fer a special attraction and induce
JUROR SAVED A PRISONER.
One of the Most Remarkable Oases, of
Very eminent legal authorities
agree that as to the fact of a case the
jury is more likely to be right than
the judge. This week, however, we
have had another addition to the
lengthy list of instances of the judge
censuring a jury upon its findings.
"As clear a case as had ever come
before me,'' he said as he ordered the
jury to go home.
Possibly the judge was right. It is
well, to remember, however, that had
all the cases, which have appeared so
clear to the judges gone as their lord
ship desired more than a few inno
cent men would have been sent to the
<rallows. An instance comes to mind,
one of the most extraordinary in the
history of our legal system, the ac
count of which we owe to the man
who tried and presided over the trial,
Lord Chief Justice Dyer. This was
a "clear case'' of murder. The vic
tim had been found stabbed to death
in a field wood, by some one with a
fork. The man who owned the fork
was arrested and the blood stained
suit he had worn was found hidden in
Short of testimony from anyone
who had seen the crime actually comn
mitted, there was not a link missing
from the chain of evidence against the
orisoner. It was in vain that he plead
ed not mguilty, everything was so con
clusively clear against him. A ver
(iet of guilty was expected immedi
ately from the jurv. but the foreman
asked as the life of a fellow creature
was at stake the jury might be allow
ed to retire.
The judo-e did not undere:tand why
they shoul do so in so siniple a ease:
still the j iI 11,141 Its wish. It did not
ret urn. The e nrt a<jotrned toi
hwhI : the .inry did nit come back in
the aft e iiinn in spite of several anx
ioous i111urlies froim 1lie biich it had
1n4t. In de i p its- innd when the court
rose for the day--there was one man
holding out. The jury was locked up
foi the night and in the iorning, was
brought into court to return a ver
diet of not guilty. This was a poser
and the judge dismissed the .urv. say
in(--: "The blood of the deceased lies
at your door.''
Private inquiry by the judge elie
ited the fact that the foreman, a man
-,t if mbilleuislied reptitatiml1 and of (on
silera"fle estate. I1adl beeil Ile e'llise
(1f' the verdict which the rest hal been
siiln-ve<l Into az1einvdgl.- The .ug
sell for this g-eienlman and in his pri
V:ite r'oom b eed1 him t14 eXp)lain the
mysterV ()f hi.4 4JbdreIT-eV and the
amazi 11n,"lindin of his fellow. first
ple4.-ing himself to preserve inviolate
the con4ideince which the other might
repose in him.
Then the foreman t4)ld him how he
himself had met the victim for whose
mur*Ieir the prisoner had been tried.
how the man had sought to take ad
vantage of his social position and ex
act unjust tithes. how they had quar
reled and fought, how the man had at
tempted to kill him with a fork and
how he (the foreman of the jury) had
killed his antagonist with his own
pitchfork. then fled. The prisoner,
coming alon. had found the' man dy
in,) and in endeavoring to succor him
had got blood upon his clothes and in
his confusion had 'taken the dead
man 's fork and left his own in place.
This was why the foreman had held
I out and why the prisoner escaped.
THE ATOMIC THEORY.
A Mathematician's Proof of the Im
mortality of Man.
Dr. Ivan Slavonski. the eminent
Russian mathemitician, who lied in
St. Petersburg in December, 1887,
left, among other curious and valua
ble papers, one entitled "The Atomic
Theory-A Mathematical Proof of
the Immortality of Man."
The learned doctor starts out by
taking the position that the whole
universe is made up of atoms and
that theke atoms are not "innnumera
Ible.'' but it can be shown that their
number is limited. He 'further de
clares that the words "infinite'' and
"innumerable'' are only used to cov
er ignorance, because it is impossi
Ible for our minds to form a proper
conception of a vast number of units.
After making the above and other
broad statements he sets himself to
the task of proving that the atogis of
the universe are constantly undergo
ing changes and that the time will
Icome w*hen all possible changes, comn
Ibinations and permutations will have
Ibeen exhausted. Spencer, Helmholz,
Thompson and many other distin
guished men, living and dead, believe
and believed this queer doctrine.
Thompson says that when these
changes have been exhausted the uni
verse will be at rest. When that day
comes, the sun will cease to shine,.the
planets will stop revolving onf their
axis, and all the vast systems of
worlds will hang perfectly dead and
lifeless. But no, Dr. Slavonski does
not propose to have a grand finale
"wind up'' at that stage of the game.
He declares that when these atom
ic permutations have been exhausted
nature will return upon its tracks.
In other words, when the pendulum
has swung to its utmost limit it must
return again. If all the positions of
the atoms of the universe must again
repeat themselves Slavonski argues
that there must come a time when all
nature will again be in the track now
occupied. The earth will again under
go its geographical periods, and man
Th1 c'rnt b btwen H itin andM Mssing is thed if
t.er.n: e : eren :an A-- I:r.ne and an inac- urtAm
rh'se ::v-discrimi:.r! G.t a STE~VEN.'!
iuFLE:S. PisTOLS, SHIOTGUNs
iki Telescopes, Etc.
cannfO~otb:a.weCshipdi' - 'ruf::seavilhtrte I
rescotofcatalog price. Ig t'I:;it..:'. YA.1
Beautif?d three-color AIm!:'.m Hniier will be for
vaa ed for zo' nts in' o:'.
J. STEVENS ARMS AND TOCL CO.,
Cnrc (IPP' . U. ~ A.
A given number <
greater yield of cottc
Farmers' Bone does
the acreage and in,
has twenty-one yec
13,000 carloads of I
This volume of bus
'ill again appear. each individual be
ing precisely the same individual he
is now. He will be born of the same
parents, reared under the same cir
cumstances that he now li*s and with
those with whom he now lives and
will finally die, as he wil die in a few
ears from now. After another un.
told 'age of eyclic changes he will
"live again'' just as in his former
ives. This is immortality.
Don't forget that your actions are
nasured as critically all through life
s is the borrowed butter you~ return
ts a n4iybjgor.
!EarIeh ail Wstell Caro!1i By.
(Schedule iniffect April 16, 1905.)
bo- 52. Daily.
v. Newberry............ 2.36 p. m.
r. Laurens....... ..---- o p.m
I !No. 2. Daily.
v. Laurens... ............ 1.50 p. mn.
r. Greenwood ...........2.46 p. mn.
i - a'xgusta...............'5.2op. m.
Ar. ...derson ............7.10 p. m..
No. 42. Daily.
Lv. Augusta.............. -.-- - -- 2.35 p . .
Ar. A11endale.-............---.----- 4 30 p. mn.
Ar. F2airfax.......'....--------. 4.41p. m.
Ar. Charleston...-...--.....---------- 740 p. mn.
r. Bear.fort........ ..... ......------ . b. 3 p. mn
r. Fort R yal.................6--.40 p. In
r. Savannah.............. ..------. 6.45 p. m
Ar. Waycross. ............---.-------- ooo p. m.
Ar. Tacksonville.. .......-- .-- ---.-----.--.
No. z. Daily.I
Lv. Laurens...........--- ----- ---- 2.07 p.
Ar. Spartanburg ......... ..----------320 p. ml
No. 52. No. 87.
Daily. Ex. Sun
Lv. Laurens............. 2.09 p. mn. 8.0o a.m
a rGreenlville...........- 3.25 p.Im. ro020La.
BLUE RIDGE RAILliOAD.
Time Table No. 5.
In Effect November ::9, 1905
Between Belton and Walhalla.
No.10 No.12 * No. Ir NO.5
.M. A. M Az. Lv. P. M. A. M
35 ro.-........ Belton.-.- 3 50 1o041
- 10 o0.. . A nderson... 4 22 11 04
9 25.---- Pendleton... 4 47 II 33
8 58-----eneca.....I 5 31 Io
.. 3 5-..waha1a- 5 55 I 21!
. R. A NI)RSON. Supt.
>f acres fertilized with Farmers
in, than the same acreage with
more than that. It makes it
-rease the yield. Try it this
Made With Fish
rs of fertilizer experience bad
Zoyster fertilizers were used on
iness stamps Farmers' Bone th<
K AT OUR TWENTY YEARS' RECOR
1890-1,500 TONS '
1895-12,000 TONS \
S. ROYSTER GUANO C
Charleston and Wi
Ar. Jacksonville .... .... ......
Through Pullman Car Service Ib
Close connections made at Jacks
Round trip winter tourist excurs
C. H. GASQUE,
Agent, Laurens, S. C.
ERNEST WILLIAS, Ge:
NORTH - SOUTH
Two Daily Pullman Vi
Between SOUTH, g
The Best Rates and RI
Via Richmond and
Norfolk and stea!
Louis, Chicago, N<
Points South and Souti
and Jacksonville an
PoSSITIVELy THE SHC
WFor detailed informatic
man reservations, etc., apt
board Air Line Railway, or
Passenger Agent, Columbi
C. F. STEWART, )
W. L BURROUGHS. Trai
Bone produce a
)ossible to reduce
year. The man
O of him. Over
the crops of 1905.
) BEST ROUTES
il Florida Points,
istern Carolina Rb.
............ 1:50 PM
...................... 2:50 A. M,
................... 8:40 "
etween Augusta and Jacksonvilhe.
onville for all points South.
on tickets to Florida resorts now
GEO. T. BRYAN,
Gen. Agt., Greenville, S. C.
2. Pass. Agt., Augusta, Ga.
S-- EAST -- WEST.
astbuled Limited Trains
Lnd NEW YORK.
ING AR SERVICE.
ute to all Eastern Cities
Washington, or via
'is, Louisville, St.
sw Orleans, and All
i all points in Florida
)RTEST .. INE BETWEEN
n, rates, schedules, Pull
iy to any agent of The Sea
Jos. W. Stewart, Traveling
a, S. C.
. Pass. Aget. Columnbia SC