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VOL XLIII. NO. 24 NEWBERRY, S. C. FRI DAY. MARC H 23. 190;. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
DID HE MURDER
JOHN BAILEY ARRESTED BY
SHERIFF BUFORD or NEW
Circumstantial Evidence-There Re
mains for the Accused to be Iden
tified By Philip Epstin and
Sheriff Buford in addition to his
duties as sheriff of Newberry county,
As been doing some detective work
as the following account of his cap
ture of John Bailey will show. The
story is taken from the State of the
John Bailey, colored, has been ar
rested on a warrant charging him
with having taken the life of Stephen
Howell near this city on the 23rd of
December, 1903. So shocking was
that tragedy that its details are yet
fresh in the memory of the people of
the city and it seems that it was
just a year ago instead of two years
and a quarter.
Stephen Howell, a white boy, about
16 years of age, was sent by Philip
Epstin. a Jew, to gather holly, cedar
and mistletoe for the Christmas trade.
Stephen Howell went in a wagon and
was accompanied by an unknown ne
gro, nearly grown. . The negro came
back late in the evening without the
white lad and was not seen any more.
Stephen Howell's body was found 14
days later by two hunters. It had not
been known definitely up to that time
that the boy had been murdered, al
though his grief stricken mother had
.a strong presentiment of evil. A re
ward of $500 was offered for the ar
-est of ethd unknown negro. Several
suspeets have 'been arrested and re
Sheriff Coleman and Sheriff Buford
of Newberry have worked the case
,p to gether. -Sheriff Buford, soon af
-ter the-tagedy, was caled to Clinton,
iwere -heasiven a clue. The man
*er of the -murder was very much like
-one whieh had occurred at Whitmire
a short time before, and it was sus
peeted that the same party was guilty
of both. John Bailey had been going
i,o Whitmire with stolen tobacco to
dispose of to a young man named Lee,
who was murdered one night. It is
said that this negro, John Bailey, was
seen in possession of a knife whieh
had belonged to Lee, but there was
not enough evidence to cause his ar
rest. It was proved that he was in
Columbia at the. time of the murder
of Stephen Howell, and, that he was
engaged in doing odd .iobs of the kind
On the 22nd of December, 1904, the
warrant was sworn out for Bailey's
arrest by Pliilip Epstin. This was
placed in Sheriff Buford 's hands and
he hassbeen trailing John Bailey for
nearly a year and a half. In that
time the ,suspect has been in New
York and Philadelphia and several
parts of South Carolina. He does not
know for what he was arrested, and
thinks he is being taken north to be
tried for some offense of which his
conscience is probably guilty.
The man in arrest has described his
travels to Sheriff Buford, arid the
narrative fits into the accusations
very well indeed. The negro answers
the descriptions given of the unknown
negro who accompanied Stephet
Howell. In one point there is a slighi
disrepancy, but that might be ae
counted -for in the fact that the ne
gro was but 18 years old 'at the time
that Stephen Howell was killed and
may have changed in that time.
John Bailey is about 21 years o:
age, and since 1902 has worked a
Clinton for Mr. Rob Vance, has beer
a train hand for the Seaboard Ai:
Line; went to New York with Mr. R
L. Davis of Clinton in the fall of 1902
and stayed there several months
camne to Columbia in July, 1903, stay
ed here three weeks and went to worn
on the Seaboard as a train hand; qui
that and was employed by Mr. \W
H. Galloway of the Columbia Pape
company as a wvagon driver, and fror
there went to work for the Col1umbi
Lumber company, where he was err
ployed until three weeks befor
Christmas. Stayed with his mothe
in Crl-a ndl was engaged in d
iug odd jobs during that time. When
arrested he was a train hand on the
'olumbia, Newberry and Laurens
roal and was takei fr(on the tr1lin bv
Sheriff Bufard declines to state
whether or not he has any belief as
to this man's guilt. He states that
lhe will not let an innocent man suffer.
The prisoner has been turned over to
iSheriff Coleman and is awaiting iden
tification. It is not known what sys
tem will be adopted to test the accur
aev of the witnesses who will be call
ed in to say whether or not this is
the negro who went with Stephen
Howell. Governor Heyward now has
before him a petition for the pardon
of a negro in this county who was con
victed upon "identification'" and
Capt. J. M. Graham, then chief of
police, states that the identification
might not have been so easy had the
accused been placed in a crowd so
that the accuser might be required to
make a selection rather than to affirm
the selection of some others.
Whether or not this' be the right
man, there is strong circumstantial
evidence, and Sheriff Buford evident
ly has some strong reason for suspect
ing his guilt.
GEN. GUNTER'S ILLNESS.
Was Thought Yesterday Afternoon
That His Condition Had Im
A long distance 'phone message
from Batesburg to The Herald and
News yesterday afternoon stated that
there was very little change in At
torney General Gunter's physical con
dition, but that he was conscious and
the doctors thought his condition
was slightly improved. His family,
it was stated, were very much encour
I aged,. and hoped the improvement
It was thought on Tuesday night
that (eneral Glunter could not survite
many hours more, but he rallied, and
whiHe very little hope is given by his
physicians his many warm friends
throughout South Carolina hope for
Help for the Moneyless.
Charleston has a philanthropic in
stitution which is of peculiar interest
and value. About two years,ago, ac
crding to the News and Courier, a
man by the name of Willis came to
that city, and he was very much im
pressed by the distress existing among
estrays who had got out of the way
of elpngthemselves and needed only
a iteencouragement to make them
useful members of the community. He
asked no help of anyone in his work,
but with his own limited mean's hung
out his signs in different parts of the
town reading something like this:
"Free Shelter for Moneyless Stran
The free shelter was established
twenty months ago, and during that
time it has received nearlg a thousand
persons, and not only sheltered them,
but fed 'them. shod them, shaved them
and supplied them whenever neces
sary with clothing. and obtained em
ployment for nearly 50 per cent of
those who have come to it for help.
During the period, 4,566 lodgings,
8,661 meals, 1,697 baths and 1,059
pairs of shoes were furnished and oth
er things in proportion. Mr. Willis
has held to the theory that there are
many good men who have been knock
ed down and out and who need only
a little help to put them upon their
feet again. He has succeeded so well
that now the good citizens of Char
leston arec oming to his support and
he may be enabled to broaden the
sphere of his philanthropy-Macor
Washington Stubbs, the principal
character in "The Maid and th(
Mummy' 'is pursued by Trixie Ever
- green. an actress. Finally Stubbs, ir
:desperation says: "I '11 have to marry
that woman just to be in a position t<
. t a legal separation from her.'' The
troubles of this queer pair are onl:
one of the bits that go to make "'The
i Maid and1 the Mummy'' such a per
- feet musical play. This merry me
lange by Richard Carle and Rober
r Hood Bowers wvill aipear at thec oper;
THE NEWS OF PROSPERITY.
Dr. Bowers To Address Missionary
Society-Col. Holloway in Town
-The Bees Are Buzzing.
1'r-*!peritv. MAlarel 22.-The Wo
n's Honie and F'oreign Missionary
S"eieiv of (Thrace clhutrch is observing
tie week of prayer for missions and
has service every evening at 4 o'clock.
Rtev. A. .1. Bowers,. ). D.. will ad
dress the society on Suday evening
at 7:45. His subijeet. will be the Vol
uiiteer Movement In Missions, and
his impressions of the Nashville Con
vention, which was recently held for
the puirposel of encouraging this vol
We had the pleasure of meeting
and greeting our old friend. Col. J.
B. O'Neall Holloway, who was on our
streets shaking hands with his friends
and making new ones. also taking sub
scriptions for the Southern Farmer.
We saw him capture a savage and
scalp him much to his delight. This
is a good farm paper and every far
mer in Newberry and in the state of
South Carolina ought to read it.
Write the Col. for .a copy if you
haven't seen it and see what a good
paper he gets out.
We note that the legisLature ap
pointed a commission to build a new
court house. Now really, Mr. Editor,
do we need this? Is not the present
court house ample for all our needs?
And then. too. Mr. Editor. are the
people not going to be given an -op
portunity to vote on this and say if
I the people want it? $40,000 is quite
a good sum. Will we be taxed for
this amount without the people hav
I ing any say at all. So far as we are
concerned we are like. the Sage of An
'nerson we are "agin it'' until w
can see more reason for a new one
than now appears. Say. friend Chips,
what do you think of this taxing the
people needlessly ? Speak up, old boy,
don't be "skeered."
i We chronicle this week the death
of Mrs. Annie Long (nee Mills), wife
of Geo. A. Long. She was laid to rest
- on Monday. She was about 40 years
old and leaves a husband and several
Mrs. J. W. Hart man has so far re
covered that she will return to her
home on Friday.
Messrs. Clarence Wise and Geo.
Summer spent Sunday in town.
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Norris, of Ca
teeche. S. C.. have been visiting Mrs.
J. L. Wise and Mrs. A. M. Lester the
Miss Gertrude Simpson spent Sun
day with her parents.
Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Cook have gone
to. Georgetown for a week's stay.
Miss Della Long is again with the
S. S. Birge Co. and will be glad to
welcome her friends.
Misses Lizzie Hawkins and Lola
Bedenbaugh are with Mrs. Calmes
ain,am in the millinery department.
Miss Fannie Moore is visiting Mrs.
R. T. Pugh.
is To Lathan is visiting Mrs.
-Mrs. Geo. Summer and daughter
Miss Eugenia, of Newberry, were vis
ito.rs at Mrs. A. G. Wise 's this week.
The municipal campaign does nioi
seem to gather any strength as there
has not been a full nominationi made
We presume that by next Monda)
there will be some interest; only 15
were registered up to the 21st.
Mr. J. W. Hartman, of Atlanta
ran over to see the home folks and t(
learn how his mother was doing.
Miss Rosa Long is visiting her un
ele, Mr. B. B. Schumpert ani
family, this week.
Miss Jessie Moseley attended th<
funeral of her friend, Miss Jamieson
Miss S. M. Boulware has returnee
home after a visit to Mr. D. M. Lang
Dr. 0. B. Mayer was in town Tues
Col. George Johnstone was on ou
streets on Wednesday.
Messrs Ed Hendrix, of N. C., Evan
Bowers, of Greenwood and Noel Pay
- singer, of Ninety-Six spent Sunda
- with their classmate, Geo. Harmon.
t Mr. F. R?. Fellers spent Sunda
i with the fol1ks at home.
1L. )oniniek is not improved.
IE. L. Hendnx. who has been
ik~ for sime t1ime is still coifined to
S. F. Wheeler. inine host of the Co
l111Mi 1a . is l in wII visitingu his )ro(thl
'uzz-z-z--- the bee. are buzzing,
a11l from the way some folks are get
tiig a-oinil they have beenl stung.
We shall see.
We re.-ret ti l-arn that our old
friend. Chips. has iot been well for
sone time and is confined to his
house.. We certainly hope that Rich
ard will soon be himself again and
that lie will begin hewing again. let
the chips fall where they may.
Rev. H1. W. Whitaker made a short
trip to tie up-country on Wednesday.
Fruit inl our section we think has
been killed by the exceedingly cold
weather of the past 3 days.
The little boy. Theodore -June, of
tile Connie Maxwell orphanage. who
came into outr town one day last week
was taken care of by some of our
people and sent to his home in Man
ning much to the little fellow's de
Your correspondent is glad to see
that his suggestion in reference to
one matter has met with a favorable
respose. That of having the early
train oi the C. N. & L be made to
start from Greenville and be a regu
lar passenger train.- With this change
we do not need any nore trains, but
what we do need is to have the ones
we now have. to be on time sometimes
at least. If there is any redress the
public ought to have it now; for the
way freight is handled. Just to
think that it takes 5 and 6 days to
get a shipment from Columbia and a
week to get one from Grenville. Oh,
1: it something fierce.
We note your advice to knockers.
Now we want to apply your own ad
vice. Take your own medicine. Look
on the last page, first column and see
that little item about eases of drunk,
mayor's court, eider etc.. and ask
if you were not knocking the anti-dis
pensary folks. Take a good lone
draught of your own medicine anJ
then quit knocking.
Well. while we have been talking
about organizing a building and in
vestment company here, our sistei
town of Little Mountain has gone t(
work and opened books of subscrip
tion for one, and then, Newberry has
organized -a chamber of commeret
and Prosperity has done nothing
Good p)eople lets change this thirn
and get busy. and (10 it at once.
Come on. Mr. Editor, and lets ge
ont that Prosper-ity edition. We nee(
Mr. 0. A. Maffet offers his hom<
for sale. Good opportunity for home
seekers to 'buy.
Year's Cotton Yield 10,697, 013 Balei
Washington, March 20.--A bulletii
issuedl today by the census bureal
shows the complete crop of cotton fo:
1905, including, linters and countinj
round bales as half bales, to be 10.
697,013, compared with 18,607.31
for 1904 and 10.'015.721 for 1903. Th
average gross weight of the bales thi
season is shown to have been 503.
pounds and the equivalent 500-poun4
bales to hav.e been 10,777.510. Th
itemls entering~ the totals for the cr'oi
of 1903 are 10,214,059 square bales
279,836 round bales, 112,539 sea is
land bales and 230,497 linters. Thb
number estimated by the ginners a
remaining to be ginned and include<
in the report is 40,112.
NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMEN'
Notice is hereby given that the un
dersigned will, on the twelfth day o
April, 1906, make a final settlemen
on the estate of John J. Mayer, de
ceased, and will immediately thereaf
ter apply to the Judge of Probate fo
letters dismissory as administrator o
. said estate. All parties having clai~
against the said estate will preser
same on or before that date and a
parties due the said estate will maki
John M. Suber,
y He who seeks temptation is either
fol or othierwise--withi the i''
JOSH ASHLEY ON
HONEA PATH AFFAIRS
.ioshta W. Ashley. member of the
le;-islature and well known through
out the state, has in the Anderson
Mail a statement as to the Honea
Path affair in which his brother was
killed. His statement will be read
Editor Daily Mail: As there has
been so much said and printed in the
papers about the killing of John Mar
ion Ashley that is absolutely false,
that I feel that I must ask for space
in your paper to correct some of the
statements that have been made.
I think I was about the first Ash
ley that got to Honea Path after the
killing, and I know that everything
was as quiet as I ever saw, considering
the circumstances. I am sure that I
advised all the people that I talked
with to let the law handle the case,
and at no time did I think there would
be any trouble, as every one seemed
to be willing to let the law take its
course. Jim Bob Ashley, the son of
John Marion Ashley, said he was will
ing for the law to take its course, but
was not willing for Policemag White
to get away, and said he wanted
White arrested and sent to jail.
I went to the magistrate and told
him I was ready to swear out a war
rant for White, and I wanted him ar
rested and confined, and he asked me
I who he would get to arrest him, and
I told him if he would deputize me, I
would arrest him and no man would
Now, Mr. Editor, when the boys
carmei ii from the country knowing
the feeling of the people of Honea
Path toward them, of course they
came armed or part of them did, but
there never was a time when I ex
pected any trouble unless the people
of the town started it.
Now, I don't propose to discuss the
merits of the case' as I think the
newspapers have already tried the
case from one side and have settled
the matter, I suppose, to the satisfac
tion of the defendant, but the state
proposes to try its case before a jury
of twelve men, and if the newspapers
will give as much space to the trial
before the courts as they have given
to it already, I think the people will
have quite a diffdrent idea about the
'Some of the newspapers have re
ferred tg~ the Ashleys as "outlaws'
and speak of them as being organized
into clans, and called me the leadei
of the clan, and say that John Manrio
Ashley wvas my lieutenant. Every
man inL South Carolina that knows
any of the Ashleys. knows that I[can
not, nori any other man, can conumand
or lead the Ashleys, unless they lead
th~e way they want to .gzo. and don '1
say it boastingly, but I say it boldly
that no man can be found that has
ever lived a neighbor to John Marior
Ashley, or any other Ashley for that
ifmatter, that will say that they are
outlaws or desperadoes.
There are other towns all over this
country that the Ashleys go to, and
they dlon 't have any trouble witi
thern, and I think the reason is thai
the police in other towns won 't shool
jat people when they are driving ou'
of to;wn. And almost every piece thai
I see iln the newspapers, they bring
in JIohin McGaha's name in connectior
.with e.verything that happens aboul
Honea Path, and they always sa:
that, he was the one that drovt
through the town shooting right ani
left, when the truth of the matter is
as the record of the trial will prove
that John McGaha did not shoot a
all, and had nothing to shoot with
and why they persist in printing tha
I don 't understand, unless they don'
want to tell the truth.
Joshua WV. Ashley.
March 15, 1906.
sThis is to give notice that Mayo
A. T. Brown, of the Town of Newber
ry,-v has put into my hands for collec
ction thle unpaid Town Taxes for th
year 1903, and I ask all person
who have not paid their taxe
to come forward at once and do s<
and thus save themselves the cost c
a M. M. Buford,
CHAMBER OF COMMERGE
OF NEWBERRY, S. C.
BY-LAWS, RULES AND REGULA
Those Who Desire to Become Charter
Members May Read and Call on
the Secretary and Sign By
the rirst of April.
In this issue of The Herald and
News we print the entire by-laws in
cluding the preamble and rules for
government of the Chamber of Com
merce, which was organized on last
Thursday night. The board of visi
tors held a meeting on'Monday after
noon, at which all the members were
present except two. It was decided to
leave the matter open until the first
of April, so that all who decided to do
so might come in as charter members.
They can d; this by calling upon the
secretary, Mr. R. D. Smith and sign
ing the constitution and by-laws and
paying the initiation fee of $10.00
and the annual dues of $1.00. Imme
diately after the first of April, the
board of visitors will hold a meeting
and the various committees provided
in the by-laws will be appointed.
The interest and enthusiasm which
was manifested in the meeting on last
Thursday night should not be per
mitted to lag, and it would be very
Luch to the success of the organiza
tion to have as many of those present
at the preliminary meeting and of
other business men who were not pres
ent to enter the organization as ehar
ter members. As soon as the charter
members have beeni secured and the
committees appointed, arnemerts
will be made to secure suitable rooms
for the use of the Chamber of Com
merce, and to proceed.at once to have
Whereas, Organization and unity of
action are indispensable to the full
protection and development of the
commercial and manufacturing inter
ests of Newberry, to the collection
and preservation of statistical infor
mation connected with these pursuits,
to establish urdiformnity in the comn
mercial usages of the city to pro
mote the general progress and pros
perity of the community, to insure
unity of action in all matters where
the interest of these different pur
suits niay be affected; Therefore be it
That we, the undersigned, do form
ourselves into an organization and
do ordain and establish the following
by-laws for the government of the
caled The Name.
Secion1.This organization shall be
caled TheChamber of Commerce
of Newberry, S. C.''
, ARTICLE II.
Who Shall Constitute Members.
Section 1. Every professional and
business man who is a resident of
Newberry, or whose post office ad
dress is Newberry, shall be eligible to
regular membership by paying the
required admission fee and filing ap
Iplication on the required blanks prop
erly filled out and recommended, pro
vided applicant is not under twenty
one years of age.
Section 2. Every person desiring to
become a member of this organization
bshall so signify by a written applica
tion and be recommended by at least
btwo members of the organization and
Ssuch application shall invariably be
accompanied by the admission fee of
Ten Dollars ($10.00), or payment of
same guaranteed by a responsible per
Section 3. The application shall be
made in writing to the Board of Gov
.ernors at a regular or called meeting,
-,and a ballot shall be taken immediate
ly by the Board.
eShould two (2) black balls be cast
s in the ballot the candidate shall not
s be elected.
If less than two black balls be cast
fthe candidate shall be declared ele
eted and the- Secretary shall enroll
his name in the Chamber of Commerce