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VOL XLIII. NO. 29. NEWBERRY. S. C. TUESDAY. APRIL 10. 1908. TWICE A WEEK. $1 50 A YEAR
I. FRASER LYON
PUTS A HOT SHOT
SAYS TTTJMAN IS TRYING TO
They Will Investigate Him-The
Dispensary Is So Corrupt That
Even the Investigators Are
Suspected, He Writes.
Senator Tillman in a manifesto
which he gave to the public recently
attacked a great many people and
officials, not even sparing the mem
bers of the committee appointed to
investigate the affairs of the state
dispensary. That reference has been
taken by Mr. J. Fraser Lyon as an
effort to discredit the investigating
committee and in a letter to the at
torney for a liquor house Mr. Lyon
has expressed himself rather forcibly
in regard to Senator Tillman's state
The letter of Mr. Lyon -has been se
cured. for publication after some effort
on the part of the State, but the at
torney to whom it is addresed asks
that his name be kept out of it. Fol
lowing is the comunication: -
Abbeville, S. C. April 3, 1906.
My Dear Sir: Your two letters of
recent date were received by me upon
my return home yesterday after an
absence of about two weeks. You will,
therefoie, understand why you have
not had an earlier reply. While it is
true that I do not think there is any
good reason for withholding payment
of the elsim of the Cook & Bernhei-n
er company of New York still, as I
have said heretofore, I will not give
my consent to the payment of this or
any other dispensary claim now held
up until the matter of such payment
is .discussed at a public session of
I feel sure that you will appreciate
my position in this matter, especially
sinde the publication of Senator Till
man's "Address to the People of
South Carolina,'" in which he says:
"Is there not plenty of opportunity
for more graft and secret transactions
in regard to the settlement of these
accounts? Will not the legislative
committee be suspected of corruption
if it does not get in the middle of
the road and stay there-that is,
stand by the law, obey it itself and re-'
quire others to do so? Why so much
You see this additional reason for
my position. It is unfortunate for
your clients to have had dealings with
an institution which no one can even
investigate without Isaving it suggest
ed or insinuated that he may be a
grafter, or at least has a good oppor
timnity to steal. While I regard this
reference to our committee as only a
shrewd, attempt to shake public confi
dence in us'and intend to obstruct'
and ini;erfere with our work, which
is evidently becoming distasteful to
many of those -who are irrevocably
wedded to the dispensary, still when
Jsee this proneness to criticise us I
wish to be especially careful not to
put myself in a position that could
with even a color of justice be criti
In your letter of March 26 you
practiceally asked the question and
sincerely, "Why so much delay?'' I
know of no fact that I have learned in
the .dispensary investigation that I
shall intentionally withhold from the
public. Sometimes I do not think it
best for the success of the investiga
tion to reveal facts and suspicions as
soon as they coine to me, or to disclose
our plans for the future, so in this
ease 1I will answer your question only
so far as I think the present status of
the investigation justifies.
We are trying to get the facts in
regard to several suspicious matters
which we think should be investigat
ed. Among them is the statement as
I recall it, of Senator Tillman that
he returned certain rebates to a dis
tillery. We wish to find the credits
on the books of the distillery showing
the amount of rebates which Senator
Tillman said he returned as a gift
for the gratitude he felt to the liquor
concern crediting the state of South
Carolina. Besides this there had
come to my ears a rumor-the source
of which I do not now recall, but a
..mr whih I think should be looked
into-that Senator Tiliman when crov
ernor was presented with a piano by
a liquor concern. It may be that re
ceipts may be shown for the rebates
which may have been returned and
also for payment of this piano which
may have been received as was ru
mored to be the satisfactory explana
tion in the case of the Towill horse
Still we do not know 'the facts in
regard to these things and think the
legislature intended for us to inves
tigate such transactions as these as
well .as other vague and uncertain
matters to which common rumor gives
currency. We must do our duty in
looking into these things and you may
judge by the above ~amples that we
must have much time in doing it.
Furthermore, it is not expedient and
I would not approve .of the commit
tee holding public session every time
Senator Christensen and I have done
all we can in examining each claim.
I recognize the fact that we may be
chasing a "will-o'-the-wisp" in all
of these matters, and that your clients
may suffer in the meantime, but,
whether our efforts be such a chase
or not, it seems certain that in all
events our committee must walk
through the mire.
The opinion is so prevalent that the
dispensary has been a breeder of so
much corruption that no one can
touch it without the suspicion of
some one being aroused. Unfortu
nately, in the case of our committee,
the insinuation of this suspicion is
cast upon us in the public prints by
one who, above all others, may know
of the innermost affairs of the dispen
sary as transacted. by its officers since
I trust, however, that we will final
ly emerge from our distasteful task
meriting the confidence and approv
al of all honest citizens. Believing
that this will satisfactorily explain
our delay, I am,
Yours very truly,
J. Fraser Lyon.
Senator Tillman Replies to Mr. Fra
ser Lyon's Letter.
Greenville, April 8.-Senator B. R.
Tillman was seen yesterday by a rep
resentative of the State as the sena
tor was on his way from Washington
to Clemson college to attend an im
portant meeting of the board of trus
tees. He was asked if he had any
thing to say in reply to the letter of
Mr. J. Fraser Lyon, published in the
State Saturday. The senator had not
seen the letter, and when a copy of it
was handed to him, he read it and
grew wrathy as he read. Being under
the impression that the publication
shown him was only an outline of
Mr. Lyon's letter, he was at first dis
inclined to say much, but when he
became satisfied that he was in pos
session of a complete copy of the let
ter, he threw off the silence and talk
ed with characteristic freedom, de
nouning the letter as sneaking and
Mr. Lyon 's reference to the rumor
that a whiskey house had presented
Senator Tillman with a piano, as ''a
dirty, cowardly insinuation.''
.The senator was first approached
by the newspaper man as he sat in
tle new passenger station at Char
lotte scanning a large number of
South Carolina newspapers with
which his travelling bag was packed.
The interview continued interrupted
ly on board the Southern Southwest
ern-Limited as far as Greenville.
After reading the letter, Senator
Tillman was indignant and grew more
so as he talked.
''I am surprised,'' hes aid, ''that a
gentleman, such as I thought Mr.
Lyon to be would go in the papers in
such a sneaking way as this. Even
the name of a lawyer to whom he
wrote is not given, but whether he
authorized its publicity or not, I as
sume it to be authentic.
''I have not attacked the investi
gating committee; I only warned it
in a fi-iendly spirit. And why? Ei
ther the $700.000 worth of claims
against the state board are valid and
binding or they are not. I say they
are not. because the whiskey was
bought contrary to law and the state
is not legally bound for payment.
''The committee knows this now as
well as it will ever know it. Messrs.
ed certain firms: the presumption is
they have discovered evidene.s of
fraud. If those firms have acted dis
honestly the old board cannot be
clean: but leaving Messrs. Lyon and
Christensen to hunt for proofs. to
which I do not object. again I ask:
'Why the delay?'
"Whether fraud is proven or not,
no decent lawyer will contend that
these large purchases of whiskey are
legal: First, because there was not
competitive bidding, as the law re
quires; second because the law ex
pressly limits the amount that may be
on hand to $400,000 and instead of
dickering with lawyers employed to
collect the money, it is the investiga
ting committee's plain duty to repu
diate the whole transaction, forbid
the new board to pay for any liquor
and thus have an end to it. Messrs.
Lyon and Christensen will be respon
sible to the taxpayers of the state
if they 0. K. a single purchase that
was illegally bought."
"What About the Piano?"
"What about the piano,"- Senatoi
Tillman was asked.
"Well." he replied, "I have heard
it said if you throw a rock in the dark
and dog howls you may swear he is
"I have not sought to discredit the
investigating committee,' the senator
continued, "but to warn it, and when
Mr. Lyon, without provocation
makes public its dirty and cowardly
insinuations 'that a whiskey house
gave me a piano, it is pretty clear to
my mind that he howls because he is
hit. It was easy enough for him to
have found out all about the piano.
Mr. Malone, the music dealer in Co
lumbia, knows to whom he sold it 4nd
who paid for it and he knows when
it was bought.
"I note also Mr. Lyon's pretext for
delay is that he may look into the rec
ords of the Mill Creek Distilling com
pany to see whether there are any
Senator Tillman's reference to
"credits'" applied to that part of
Mr. Lyon's letter which reads as fol
"We wish to find the credits on
the books of the ditillery showing the
amount of rebates which Senator
Tillman said he returned as a gift for
the gratitude he felt to the liquot
concern crediting the state of South
Carolina. Besides this+ there had
come to my ears a rumor-the source
of which I do not now recall, but a
rumor which I think should be look
ed. into-that Senator Tillman when
governor was presented with a pianc
by a liquor concern.
"It may be that receipts may be
shown for the rebates which may have
been returned and also for payment
of this piano which may have been re
eived as was rumored to be the sat
isfactory -explanation in the esse of
the Towill horse matter.''
"Mr. Lyon heard my testimony in
Columbia and he knows I said noth
ing about returning any money, fo
I never received any'' said Senator
Tillman. "If the books do not show
that any money was ever paid they
certainly will not show that any wa~
"I want to reiterate and empha
size, .in the most positive way my b)e
lief that the investigating committee:
Icharged with such a great responsibil
Iit; should do its duty by deciding al
oncee what is lawful to be dons
about these whiskey claims; the more
lawyers they write letters to or set
about this matter, the greater is the
danger that there will be a meat
Advice to the New Board.
"While I am on the dispensary,'
said the senator, "I want to give the
new b)oard a friendly warning, too
IIt cannot purchase liquor under the
law unless the bidding is clearly corn
petitive, and the lowest priced. With
Iout defining the article t.o be bough'
by som'ething other than 'X,' is no
"Then I notice that wvhile 14 coun
tv dispensary have been closed. there
i no r educt ion~ ini the force of sala
ied inspec-tors and (other emloyees.
I am ear-nestly desirous, both foi
their own sake and the dispensary
that the new board 's actions sBall b<
approved by the people, but there ear
THE STATE CAMPAIGN.
. Democratic Executive Committee
- Provides for State and County
I Conventions-Former to be
Held on 16th of May,
Latter on May 7.
Columbia, April 5.-At the regular
meeting of the state democratic ex
ecutive committee here tonight, res
olutions were adopted calling for the
May State convention, to be held on
the 16th of that month, and directing
the country chairmen throughout the
state to call club meetings on the 28th
of April, for the purpose of electing
delegates to the county conventions,
which will meet on May 7, to elect
delegates to the state convention,
each county being entitled to doubfe
the representation it has in the gener
I A resolution by D. H. Magill, of
Greenwood, caused some comment. It
denounced as untrue the statement in
Tom Watson's Magazine for March
. that it makes no difference whether
the south's representation in congress
. and the electoral college is reduced,
as proposed in the bill of Congress
y man-Keifer, of Ohio, an,d went on
to "denounce the auth-' and those
, who go hand-in-hand with him along
such lines, as enemies of the south
a and the southern people, such declara
tions being unbec6ming a southern
r white man."
[ Mr. Magill defended his resolution
i j with warmth and earnestness, but
a other members of the committee took
- the view that as Tom Watson is not
s a democrat anyway, to adopt the res
- olution would be undignified and
7 would give him undue prominence
e and his magazine undeserved adver
A. motion was made to table the
' resolution, but Senator Cole L.
9 Blease, of Newberry, wanted to save
the comittee voting on the subject
1 and moved to adjourn. This inspered
3 Mr. Magill to relieve the situation by
- withdrawing the resolution.
Tom Watson got one vote when he
ran for president in the last National
convention. This vote came from
Spartanburg, but the voter never
made himself known.
) Tests With Cowpeas.
tThe Arkansas Agricultural Experi
t ment station in bulletin No. 70 gave
the result of valuable tests with cow
peas. The bulletin is summarized as
1. The cowpea is thoroughly adap
ted to all soils of the state, serves a
I greater variety of purposes, and may
f be more profi.tably grown than any
e other legame.
e 2. It is affected less by drouth and
heat than any other crop grown on
the station grounds.
e 3. It is the surest crop and the
heapest source of nitrogen.
~4. The wide variation in their hab
e its of growth and in the time required
for maturity multiply the purposes
for which they may be grown.
5. Upon soils deficient in the bac
i. teria peculiar to the cowpea their
-growth will not be as satisfactory the
e jfirst year as in subsequent years.
- 6. The proportion between peas
- and hay in different varieties varies
e from 22.4 pounds of peas to 100
pounds of hay in Red Ripper to 128.2
- pounds of peas to 100 pounds of hay
, in Old Man's.
7. The per cent of hay in total
weight of plant varies from 36.62 to
'76.49 per cent.
8. The per cent of peas in hulls va
ries from 65.6 to 75.6 per cent.
I 9. Twelve and a half pounds of
seed sown per acre gave heavier yields
r of both hay and peas than 18.75
e pounds or more. Ten to twenty
Lt pounds of seed per acre are recom
mended for peas and thirty to sixty
pounds for hay. ensilage, pasturage or
gFayette Dove, of Loudoun county,
i Virinia. while in the throes of an
i epieptic fit fell into a creek and wa.s
When one girl meets another she
1invariably repeats the conversation
sshe had with the last two young men
I hea met.
GREAT COUNCIL RED MEN.
Council Meets in Red Men's Hall
This Morning-The Program.
The Great Council of Red Men will
meet in this city this morning at 10
o'clock. The order in this state has
grown very much during the past
year. Seven new tribes with 192
charter members have been organized.
The order now has about 2,000 mem
bers in the state. The tribe a New
berry, while only organized about
eight years ago, is now one of the
largest and most prosperous and has
the honor of having two Great Sa
chems among its number as well as
the Great Representative. There will
be about seventy-five representatives
here and the meeting will be called
to order in the Red Men's hall over
Mr. Klettner's store.
Tonight at 9 o'clock a banquet
will be served in the court house at
which 300 plates will be spread. The
banquet has been prepared by Mr.
Mayor Brown, who was to deliver
the address of welcome on the part
,of the city, was called to Atlanta on
business on Saturday, and may not
return in time to be present at the
opening exercises this morning. In
case he is absent, Mr. F. H. Dominick
will make the address of welcome in
Mnch to the regret of the local
committee, Ex-Governor M. B.' Mc
Sweeney, who is on the programme to
respond at the banquet tonight to the
press, wrote on Saturday that sick
ness in his family will prevent his
being with us. Prof. W. H. Wallace,
editor of the Observer, has kindly
consented to take Governor Me
Sweeney's place and make the re
sponse for the- press.
The meeting this morning at which
the welcoming speeches and respons
es will be made is public. Immediate
ly after this part of the programi is
over, the Great Council will be called
to order by Great Sachem Cole L.
The following is the programme:
Monday, April 9th, 8 o'clock p. m.1
Conferring of the Pocahontas Degree
by Cateechee Council, No. 4, in Red
Men 's hall, under the direction of
Otto Klettner, Newberry.
Tuesday, April 10th, 10 o'clock a.
in.: Public Meeting in Red Men's
Welcome Address on Behalf of the
C.ity of Newberry: Mayor A. T.
Welcome Address on Behalf of.
Bergell Tribe No. 24, I. 0. R. M.:
Sachem E. H. Aull, Newberry.
Welcome Address on Behalf of the
Cateechee Council: J. M. Davis, New
Response on Behalf of the Great
Council: Great Senior Sagamore C.
E. Tolly, Anderson.
Response on Behalf of the Pocahon-.
tas: W. MI. Fitch, Charleston.
Great Council of South Carolina
Called to Order in Annual Session
for Business by Great Sachem Cole.
Tuesday, April 10, 1906, 8:30 P. M.
Toast Master: Otto Klettner, New
Our Sister Lodges: Rev. S. H. Zim
Fraternity: Rev. N. A. Hemrick,
Pocahontas Council: J. H. Hair,
South Carolina: B. A. Morgan,
Grand Chancellor Knights of Pythias,
Our Visitors: F. E. Harrison, Grand
Master A. F. M. of S. C., Abbeville.
Great Council Improved Order of
Red Men: Cole L. Blease, Great Sa
hem I. 0. R. M., Newberry.
The Press: Hon. Miles B. Me
Woman: John J. MeSwain, Grand
Master I. 0. R. M., Greenville.
Wednesday Morning, April 11, 9:30
o 'clock: Business Session of Great
While a woman likes to have a man
tell her that he knows her like a book,
she is apt to get furious if he can read
her between the lines.
for men who are not needed. Lithe
the (d force was overworked or one
third of it ought to be dispensed with
"In my efforts to keep the dispen
sary from being assassinated, I shal
spare no man, be he friend or foe
whose actions do not square with tho
law and indicate a desire to carry i
NO REFLECTION ON LYON.
Senator Tillman Merely Wanted t4
Keep Committee Straight-Says
Some One Should be in Jail.
Zack McGlee sends an interview oi
statement from Senator Tillman ii
reference to the Lyon letter to 'thi
State from Washington on 8th an(
Senator Tillman left tonight fo:
Clemson college, where he will atteni
the metting of the Clemson boari
Monday. He will return to Washing
ton immediately afterward, arrivin,
here Tuesday. -
He had not seen the letter publish
ed in The State today from Mr. Lyoi
of the dispensary investigating corn
mittee, but when told of such a lette:
he said he could, of course, make no
reference to it until he sees it.
"I will say this, though, I had no
intention of reflecting on Mr. Lyon
Mr. Hay or any of the rest of th
committee in my letter to the people
I only wanted them to realize thei
full responsibility in the matter.
believe the people will look to then
first to keep themselves strictly to th
law and make everybody else concern
ed do the same thing. I think thi
should be taken as a kindness. Some
body has violated the law. The
have bought $700,000 worth of liquo
when the law allows them to buy onl:
$400,000 worth. They have held uj
the paying of the accounts. Nos
somebody besides these liquor dealer
is guilty. The same is also true a
to the glass contracts. It has beei
clearly shown that the Columbia glas
concern has been caught in crooked
ness. But they cannot have bee1
crooked unless someb6dy else, wh
did the business with them, was crook
ed also. Now, why has no one bee:
put in jail?
"It is the investigating committee'
business, when they have said tha
there is corruption and have held u]
the accounts, to say who is guilty. I
just strikes me that somebody ough
to be in jail-that's all.
Should Cut Expenses.
"Another thing that occurs to me,'
said the senator, just as he was takin;
the train, "I noticed in the paper
the other day that the new board ha'
been making some appointments o
officials and clerks and things lik
that. Now, it looks to me that if th
dispensary has been run out of near
ly half the counties in the state, ther
ought to be a cutting down in th
force of employees instead of an in
crease. If the business of the diu
pensary is curtailed, there ought t
be a corresponding curtailment in th
expenses. But they seem to be ii
Arranging ror Confederate Reunior
Columbia, April 6.-General Thou
as W. Carwile, commander of th
South Carolina division of the Con
federate veterans, and a special com
mittee of the chamber of commere
met here yesterday for the purpose o
arranging for the coming state reur
ion to be held here May 16 to 18. A
a result a general program was lai
On Wednesday night, the first dat
a reception will be tendered, consisi
ing principally of addresses of we
come and responses from visitors.
At the Thursday morning sessio
'the principal orations will be deliP
ered. On Thursday afternoon furthe
addresses and responses will be mad
following a grand street parade 2
IOn Friday morning the main bus
ness session will be held.
Interest will be added to the r<
union b)y a special drama givim
scenes of old war days at the loes
opera house. to be put on b)y loe~
When a girl has nice, white teeti
1it's funny how many things she fini
o smile at.