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VOL XLIII. NO. 31. NEWBERRY. S. C. TUESD)AY. APRIL 17. 1908-. TWICE A WEEK, $1.50 A YEAR
SENATOR TITMAN. AGAIN.
It Doesn't Matter What He Said
About Limit.of Purchases, But
How About Bids?
SWashington, April 12.-When ask
ed tonight if he would reply to the
letter of Mr. Fraser Lyon published
in Wednesday's State, Senator Till
man fplied; ''No, lut I am much ir
ritated over the way several of the
newspape'rs got my Latin mixed up in
the reports of my remarks at Clemson.
If there is anything that I do take
a pride in it is the little Latin that
is left me in my old age and I don't
Want to have anybody messing that
up. They made .me use a nominative
jistead of an ablative and I know I
did nothing of the kind."
The senator looked particularly
fierce as he said this, for as has often
been noted, he does take great' pride
in his Latin.
He appeared not to wish to discuss
the Lyon letter but did finally make a
few brief remarks, the gist of which
was as follows: "I consider Mr.
Lyon's letter too silly to call for any
auswer from me at all."
After turning over two. or three
newspapers which he held in his lap,
scrutinizing several cartoons of him
self and making a few random com
ments, he turned suddenly, and the
lines of his face assuming their stump
speech position, he added, "You can
say this if you want to, that while
my idea of $40,000 being the limit of
the amount that the board may pur
chase may not be entirely correct, my
idea of the law as to the competitive
bids I know is correct and I predict
that unless the investigating commit
tee repudiates all purchases made
without comptitive bids-I predict,
there will be a demand for an investi
gation of the investigating commit
LEWIS R. REDMOND IS DEAD.
He Was a Noted Moonshiner in Days
The Pickens Sentinel of last week
has the follwo iifgnnoamrSHRRDD
has the following information:
"We learn that Major Lewis R.
Redimond, the noted moonshiner of by
gone days, died at his home near
Seneca last week, after an illness of
only a few days. Major Redmond
was well and favora,bly known to
many of our people, having been born
and raised in this county, and had
many ups and downs through life,
though his latter years were spent
quietly in peace and plenty, with his
family, near Seneca.''
LeRoy F. Youimans Will Be In Race.
"I shall act upon the advice of
my friends in various part.s of the
State, given without concert or con
ference between them; and you are
authorized to announce that I shall
be a eandidate in the Democratic pri
mary this y 3ar for nomination for
the office of. attorney general,'' said
Attorney General Youmans today to
the niewspaper callers.
"When Mr. Townsend, the late as
sistant attorney general, announced to
the late, lamented attorney general,
Mr. Gun'ter, that he would vacate his
position on the first of last October,
Mr. Gunter most unexpectedly ten
dered me the position. While I held
that position, I invariably said to
friends, who proposed to me to be
come a candidate for the attorney
generalship in the approaching Dem
ocratic primary, that I could not con
sider the proposition until the views
of Mr. Gunter, as to his being or not
being a candidate, were announced,
and that in the event of his being a
candidate, I most certainly could not
be. Now that Mr. Gunter 's protract
ed illness has resulted in his lamented
death, and that I am attorney general
by the appointment of Governor Hey
ward, unsolicited, I think it proper to
make this announcement.''"
You cannot do GQd 's work while
wandering from His way.
When a man's shoes hurt him he
acts as if he makes you believe the
only thing needed to complete his joy
would be to be dancing.
BOARD AGAINST COMMITTEE.
Refused the List of Purchases With
Prices-Board Custodian Samples
Won't Keep Them "In tact"
For the Committee.
The state board of dispensary dir
ectors has "sat on" Senator Chris
tensen and Representative Lyon, of
the dispensary investigating commit
tee in the matter of the latter's de
mand for a list of the purchases made
at the last meeting with prices and
amounts ordered out, and has refused
to keep the samples "intact."
Director Black replied through
Clerk Mobley to the letter from Mr.
Christensen along this Jine, to the
effect that while the board was at
all times ready' and willing to assist
the committee iir protecting the in
terests of the state and that the books
and records of the board are open
at all times to the members of the
committee. "they do not feel called
upon to furnish,'" and "they wish to
say that the,board is the ,ustodain of
Mr. Christensen was not satisfied
with this and wrote to ask that at
least one other member of the bodrd
pass upon his demands. This is the
reply he got, dated yesterday:
"Dear Sir: I am directed to say
that the board concurs with Major
Black in my letter to you of March
These purchases have been referred
to a number of times in the recent
spirited controversy bctween Senator
Tillman and Mr. Lyon, Senator Till
man intimating that the investigating
commitee is trying to assume the
purchasing power and needs investi
gating itself and Mr. Lyon insinua
ting that the purchases have not
been to the lowest bidders.
Here is'the correspondence of full:
Beaufort, S. C., March 28.
M. M. H. Mobley, Clerk State Board
of Control, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: Kindly furnish me at
your earliest convenience wth the cop
ies of the list of purchases last made
with the pencilled memoranda as to
amounts awarded, ordered out, etc.,
so that they swill be exact duplicates
of the sheets you showed Mr. Lyon
Who are the Belroy people?
Is the proof of liquor furnished
generally given on the invoices of the
firms from whom the state has bought
during the past few years?
Does the Anchor Distill * eompany
liquor bear the labels of that concern?
and has' the state bought from that
concern .the Manatee brand, or the
Henrietta brand or both?
I presume you have informed the
board that the committee wants all
samples submitted at last meeting
Columbia, S. C., March 31.
Hon. N. Christensen, Beaufort, S. C.
Dear Sir: In reply to yours of the
28th inst. beg to say Major Black be
ing the only member of the board in
the city at the time, I laid your let
ter before him, and he directs me to
say that the board will assist the com
mittee in every way possible to pro
tet the interest of the state, and that
the books, records, etc., of the dis
pensary are at all times open for in
spection by the committee or any
member of it, but they do not feel
called upon to furnish you with a
copy of the orders of our purchases.
Ini regard to the samples, I am di
reted to say that the board - is the
custodain of the samples.
i~n reply to the question ''who are
the Belroy people?"' will say style of
firm is Belroy Distilling Co., of
Replying to question 't Is proof of
liquor furnished?'' will say it is not
generally given on invoice, but ap
pears on barrel.
In answer to question, ''Does the
Anchor Distilling company's liquor
bear the labels of the concern,'' will
say the Anchor Distilling company's
oods hear the labels of the firm,
Henrietta being one of their brands.
Cannot find where they sell such a
brand as Manatee.
M H. Mahleyv Clerk
Beaufort, S. C., April 3.
Mr. M. H. Mobley, Clerk State Board
of Control, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: Yours of March 31st to
hand. Please have same passed on
by at least one other member of the
euaRgfl a slimfyp
Kindly mail ne copy of my letter
to which yours above referred to is in
Member Dispensary Invest. Com.
Ban on Slot Machines.
Columbia, S. C., April 12th-The
justly famous slot machine case came
to a sudden and sad termination, tem
porarily at least, this afternoon in
Magistrate Moorman's court to which
it had been transferred on a change
of venue from the recorder's court
where a similar case had been decid
ed adversely under the otdinance. The
magistrate also decided against Man
ager Cain, of the slot machine con
cern, the prosecution being brought
under section 501 of the criminal code,
which provides for the seizure and
confiscation of goods exposed for sale
o.n Sunday. The 41 slot machines
seized last Sunday were returned
Wednesday after Mr. Cain consented
to open them'and release the contents.
The goods, valued dt $40, were con
fiscated under the decision today,
though Mr. Cane himself suffered no
Attorney Frank G.. Tompkins did
not attempt to disprove the facts set
up by the prosecution but based his
hope on three technical objiections that
the statute was intended to prevent
only persons laboring on Sunday;
that the procee'dings were not regular
in that section 504 of the same- chap
ter provides a different method, and
that the act itself is unconstitutional
because it deprives a person of prop
erty without due process of law. He,
therefore, gave notice of appeal to
the Circuit Court and says he will
carry it to the Supreme Court if nec
essary. This ties up the sale of ci
gars, candy and chewing gum on Sun
days until the appeal can be heard
at the June term of court, .unless the
case can be gotten by consent before
the- civil court, which convenes in a
few days. Some other move may be
made in the meantime, however.
Lucas-Milliken Fight Ends.
Spartanburg, S. C., April 12th
Stockholders representing the Lucas
and Milliken interest in the Laurens
Cotton Mill met at Laurens this af
ternoon and final action was taken
which closed the fight for the manage
ment of the mill and its output. ,Lu
as severed his egnnection as presi
dent, N. B. Dial being elected to suc
eed him. W. S. Montgomery of this
city, who has been mentioned as a
probable successor to Lucas was made
treasurer and general manager.
When the conciliatory plans were
drawn up here Saturdiy, Milliken of
fered to buy the, Lucas holdings at
170. The proposition was accepted
this afternoon and the strength of
the management of the Laurens cot
ton mills is now in the hands of the
Millikens, who will continue as sel
ling agents, over which matter the
complications arose more than a year
ago. The meeting at Laurens was
exceedingly harmonious and all par
ties seem satisfied.
A poor Irishman one day went to
the office of an Irish bank and asked'
fr change in gold for fourteen one
pound Bank of Ireland notes. The
cashier at once replied that the Cavan
bank only cashed its own notes.
" 'Then would ye gie me Cavan notes
for these?'' asked the countryman in
his simple way.
''Certainly,'' said the cashier, hand
ing the fourteen notes as desired.
The Irishman took the Cavan notes,
but immediately returned them to the
''Would ye gie me gold for these,
sir ?'' And the cashier, caught in his
own trap, was obliged to part with the
OUR AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS.
Highest Records for This Country
Are Now Being Made.
Washington, April 12.-Agricul
tural products are now making their
biighest record in the exportations of
the United States, ind should the
preserit rate continue during the re
mainder of the fiscal year the total
xportation of such products will in
1906 for the first time cross the bil
ion dollar line. In the eight months
andirig with February, for which the
Department of Commerce, through its
bureau of statistics, furnishes the de
tailed figures, the value of agricultur
al products exported amounted to
A700,000,000, which is a total consid-.
rably in excess of the figures for a
similar period in any preceding year.
Contrasting the figures of 1906 with
those of 1S96 and 1901, the growth is
strongly marked. The total value of
agricultural products exported for
the eight months ending with Feb
ruary, 1906, was $700,000,000; in
1896, the total was but $404,000,000,
and in 1900, $570,000,000, while the
largest total previously shown for
the eight months ending with Febru
ary was $664,000,000 in 1902. The to
tal for the eight months ending with
February, 1905, was but $568,000,000.
This growth occurs in all of the
three great groups which form the
bulk of agricultural exports, viz.,
breadstuffs, cotton and provisions, the
latter term including meats and dairy
products. The largest increase oc
curs in breadstuffs in which the gain
is $70,000;000; provisions show a gain
of $33,000,000, and cotton a gain of
$30,000,000, each compared with the
orresponding months of the immedi
ately preceding year. The group
"breadstuffs" includes wheat, wheat
iour, corn, oats, barley, and other ce
reals, cereal preparations for table
food, etc., and in nearly all of these
articles there is a marked growth in
the eight months ending- with Febru
ary, 1906, compared with the corre
sponding months of the preceding
year. Wheat shows an increase from
$3,710,550 iii the eight months ending
with February, 1905, to $22,621,958
in the eight months ending with Feb
ruary, 1906; flour, an increase from
$26,723,329 to $42,098,842; corn,
from $27,010,601 to $46,760,572; oats,
from $405,283 to $11,255,229; barley,
f'rom $3,991,711 to $6,749,364, and
corn meal'- from $575,350 to $1,043,
297. The increase in exports of
wheat is chiefly due to the' shortage
in our own supply which existed in
1905, and a return to normal condi
tions in 1906. In the eight months
ending with February, 1905, 'only
4,196,000 bushels of wheat were ex
ported, while in the same- months
ending with February, 1906, the
number of bushels exported was 27,
467,298. Of flour the exports for the
corresponding months of 1905 and
1906 were 5,853,507 barrels and 9,
785,39Q barrels. Of corn the, quanti
ty exported in the eight months end
ing with February, 1905, was 50,
938,169 bushels, and in the same
months of 1906, 88,234,903 bushels,
while of oats the 'total exports in the'
eight months of 1905 was' 959,941
buxshels, and in the same months of'
1906, 32,714,453 bushels.
These increases in the exports of
breadstuffs occurred chiefly in the
movement to European countries. To
the United Kingdom corn exports in
creased 14,000,000 bushels; oats, 13,
000,000; wheat 6,500,000, and flour
2,000,000 barrels. To Geramny corn
exports increased 10,000,000 barrels.
To Germany corn exports increased
10,000,000 bushels; oats, about 6,
000,000; wheat about 2,500,000, while
flour shows but a small increase.
Coton shows an increase of $30,
000,000 value in exports during the
eight months ending with February,
1906, compared with the correspond
ing months of last year, but a de
crease in quantity, the total number
of bales exported in the eight months
ending with February, 1906, being
5,399,055, against 5,879,327 in the
same months last year. The increase
in value of exports by countries oe
urs in the movements to the United
Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy,
Russia and Canada and a decrease in
the movements to Belgium, Japan,
eherlands and Mexico. In quanti
ty, however, the figures show a de
cline in movements to all the prin
cipal countries except France and
Canada, the increase in total value
being due to the high average export
value per pound, that in 1906 being a
little over 11 cents per pound, while
the average per pound in the eight
months ending with February, 1905,
was slightly more than 9 cents.
In the group 'designated "provis
ions" the total increase is $33,000,
000, a gain in which nearly all the
classes participated to a greater or
less extent. Lard shows an increase
of $11,000,000; oleomargarine oil $4,
000,000; bacon $6,000,000 and butter
While agricultural exports are
larger in total value than ever before,
it does not follow that they form a
larger percentage of the grand total
of exports. On the contrary the per
centage which they form of the total
exports in the eight recorded months
of the fiscal year 1906 is smaller than
in any earlier year in our history, ex
cept 1905, in which they were abnor
mally low by reason of the shortage
in the grain crop of 1904. The per
centage, which agricultural products
form of the total exports in the eight
months ending with February, 1906,
is 59.3, against in 1904, 66.27839456
is 59.3, against 63.8 in 1904, 66.2 in
1902, 68.9 in 1899, and 71.9 in 1898,
considering in eachi ease the corres
ponding Wnonths of the year named.
This indicates that other great groups
of our products are increasing even
more rapidly proportionately than
that designated as agricultural pro
ducts, and this relative gain in per
centage of the total .exports occurs
chiefly in manufactures.
The percentage which manufactures
form of exports in the eight mbnths
-ending with February, 1906, is 32.8,
while they formed but 27.2 per cent of
the total exports in thee orresponding
months of 1903, 22.5 per cent- in the
corresponding months of 1898, and
16.5 per cent in the corresponding
months of 1890.
GREEN & GAYNOR CONVICTED.
A Long Trial Brought to An End
Case Has Been Pending ror
Savannah, Ga., April 12.-Benja
min D. Green and John F. Gaynor
were found guilty' of conspiracy
against the government; presenting
false claims and embezzl'ement in the
Federal court for the southern dis
trict of Georgia today, and tomorrow
Judge Emory Speer will p,ass sentence
The defendants were found guilty,
with no recommendation, upon each
of the indictments. The verdict was
returned a few minutes before 2
o'clock, after the jury had been out
three hours, and a half.
For 14 weeks the case had been in
progress and there was the stillness
of the tomb in the court: room as
Judge Speer asked the jury 'if they
had .agreed upon a verdict. Foreman
Hope Thomas answered in the affirm
ative and the three indictments were
taken and the findings read by the
clerk. The jury at the request of the
counsel for the defense was then
polled and each member stated that
the verdict rendered upon the indict
ments were his. The maximum sen
tence that the court may impose un
der the law is an aggregate term of 17
years in the penitentiary and a fine
of $575,000, the amount of the alleged
embezzlement. It is not believed,
however, that the sentence will be of
extreme severity. Before adjourn
ment until tomorrow morning at 10
o 'clock, when sentence will be pro
nounced, Judge Speer said:
"I have no disposition towards
these unfortunate men except to be
just as merciful as my duty under the
law will permit."'
The Minimum Sentence.
The minimum sentence permissible
under the law is two years in the pen
itentiary and a fine of $1,000.
The clerk read to the court a corn
munication from the jury in which
the members tendered their heartfelt
thanks to the court. the attorneys on~
b0th sides, the marshal and the oth
r offcer of the court for the kindly
consideration shown them and the
matter in which they hal provided
for their comfort and welfare.
Judge Speer, in reply, thanked the
jury and said:
"Since it is true that no jury in the
United States perhaps in this century
has had an ordeal more severe than
yours, surely also it is true that you
have rendered a service more likely
to be of benefit to the people of this
great republic in the future. The
court wishes to thank you with all his
heart for the manner in which you
have performed your duty. Wishing
you God speed, a safe return to your
homes and families, a long life and
much happiness, you are discharged
by the court."
The defendants' counsel will not
discuss the next steps to be taken in
the case nor will District Attorney
Marion Erwin say what will be done
regarding indictments against Oberlin
M. Carter, Michael A. Connolly, Wil
liam T. and Edward F. Gaynor, who
were jointly indicted with the defend
ants convicted today.
Mr. Erwin this afternoon received
a teleram from Attorney General
Moody expressing the congratulations
of the presiden,t -and the attorney gen
eral upon the outcome of the case,
upon which Mr. Erwin has been en
gaged for seven years.
Sketch of Famous Case.
No case in the history of the federal
court in the southern states has ever
equalled the Green and Gaynor case
for the sensational interest and the.
determined prosecution as well as
stubborn defense that has at all times
marked it as a record breaker in le
Dating back years ago when it be
came known that charges were being'
made of fraud in the dredging of the
Savannah harbor, the public eye has
centered upon the principal charac
ters in the legal drama-District At
torney Marion Erwin, who has been
the nemesis that day and night has
trailed the fugitives-John F. Gay
nor and William G. Greene. The de
fendants have spent a fortun! several
times over in their fight against ex
tradiction, have been long under ar
rest and for even ar longer time were
dodging service servicers in Canada.
One of the sensational features of
'the fght was the kidnapping of Greene
and Gaynor. This incident almost -
,reached the proportions of an inter
national episode before the end was,
Through all the stages of- the case
Attorney Erwin has slowly, but surely
Iwound his net of guilt about his pris-'
oners until the- end was at hand to
day at 2 o 'clock in a verdict of guilty.
The jury was charged last night,
the last word of Judge Speer being
spoken at midnight. This came after
a trial lasting nearly three months,
which has been interrupted by illness
of a juror and the death in the family
of Colonel Meldrim, of counsel for
Steadily the jury has remained at
its post, however, and the members
have been away from home long en
ou~gh to have made a tour of the world
and visited all foreign seas. Their
fidelity to the cause of their country
has been commented upon by Judge
Speer as being just as glorious and
patriotic as the soldier's task, who
dies in defense against an invading
Savannah, Ga., April 13th,-Judge.
Speer today sentenced Greene and
Gaynor to pay a fine of $575,640 and
serve for four years each.
Each defendant had been found
guilty upon all the counts of the
three indictments charging conspira
cy, embezzlement and preseuting a
Sentences upou the three indictmnts
were respectively two, three and four
years, but the court ordered that these
run concurrently so that the sentence
was really for four years.
Imprisonment is to be in the fed
eral prison in Atlanta.
Three months of each year, during
which the behavior of the prisoners
may be good may reduce the sentence
to three year's. The fine need not be
paid if. on completing the sentence,
Ye prisoners make affidavit that they
have not more than twenty dollars.
An appeal will be taken. The order
of court grants ten days for filing
ill of exceptions.