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VOL XLIII. NO. 32. NEWBERRY. S. 0. FRIDAY. APRIL 20. 190. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
.The Horror Ir
April 19th, 5 p. m. The
a Bulletin announcing that
wiped from the face of the
fire is still raging.
BAETHQUAKE AND FIRE.
San Francisco In Ruins-Hundreds
)ilions of Dollars Damage
-Shocks in Charleston.
San Francisco, April 18.-Earth
quake and fire today have caused the
greatest calamity California has ever
known. In San Francisco alone it is
estimated that 1,000 persons have per
ished, while as many more are suffer
iug from injuries. The entire business
portion of the city is in ruins, and the
flanes which, owing to, the lack of
water eannot be checked except by
the blowing up with dynamite of
buildings in their path, are still
sweeping through the city. It is ut
terly impossible at present to estimate
the property loss, for the extent of the
-conflagration cannot be told until the
fire has burned itself out. Thousands
of people are homeless and many are
huddled in parks and public squares
beside, the household. goods they were
able to save. . The city is under mar
*ial law, and all the down-town streets
.are patrolled by cavalry and infantry.
Deails of troops are also guarding
ihe :banks. Most of the principal
buildings have already been destroyed
and others are in imminent danger.
1)er all the scene of desolation hangs
-a ense pall of smoke.
Communication with outside towns
is abnost entirely cut off, but the fe
port eomes from Palo Alto that .all
but one of flie buildings of the Leland
Standford, Jr. university have been
wreeked and that the splendid memo
rial hurch, one of the finest strue
tures of its kind in the world, is a
mass of ruins. One student is knowni
to have lost his life. In Oakland five
persons were killgd. San Jose and
Sacrsmento, Berkeley, Alameda and*
other -places heard from suffered se
verely but report no loss of life..
The dreadful earthquake shock
came without warning at precisely at
5:13 o'clock this morning, its motion
apparently being from east to west.
At first the upheaval of the earth was
gradual, but in a few seconds it in
creased in intensity. Chimneys be-f
'gan to fall and buildings to crack,
tottering on their foundations. The
people became panic-stricken and
rushed into the streets, most of them;
in their night attire. They were met
with showers of falling buildings,1
brieks, cornices and walls. Many were 1
instantly erushed to death, while oth-i
ers were dreadfully mangled. Those<
who remained indoors generally escap-i
ed with their lives, though scores were
hit by detached plaster, pictures and<
articles thrown to the floor by the 1
shock. It is believed -that more ori
les loss was sustained by nearly ev- 1
ery family in the city.
Fire Broke Out.1
Scarcely had the earth' ceased to
shake when fires broke out simultan
eusly in many places. The fire depart
ment promptly responded to the first
calls for aid, but it was found that
the water mairis had been rendered
bent. Fanned by a light breeze, the
flames quickly spread and soon many
blocks were seen to bee doomed. Then
dynamite was resorted to ~and the
sound of frequent explosions added to
the terror of the people. All efforts
to stay the progress of the fire, how
ever, proved futile. The south side of
Market street from Ninth street to
the bay was soon ablaze, the fire cover..
ing a belt two block wide. On this, ~
the main thoroughfare of the city,
are located many of the finest edifices
in the city, including the Grant, Par
rott, Floode, "Call," "Examiner,"
and Monadnoc buildings, the Palace r
and Grand hotels and numerous t
At the same time the commercial
estAasments and banks north of
associated press is out with
San Francisco is practicalij
earth. It is said that the
Market street were burning. The
burning district in this section of the
city extended from Sansom streets to
the water front, and from Market
street to Broadway. Fires also broke
out in the Mission and the entire city
seemed to be in flames.
Under Martial Law.
At 9 o'clock this morning 1,000
men from Presidio arrived down town
to patrol the city streets. The Thir
teenth. infantry, 1,000 strong men,
arived from Angel Island a little la
ter and went on patrol duty. The sol
diers have been ordered to shoot down
thieves caught in the act of robbing
the dead and to guard with their lives
the millions of dollars worth of prop
erty which has been placed' in the
streets, that it may escape the ravages
of the flames.
The First California artillery, 200
strong, two companies, has been de
tialed to patrol duty on Ellis street.
Two more companies are patrolling
Broadway in the Italian section. The
Ellis 'street contingent of guardsmen
is under command of Capt. G. A.
Grattan. Capt. Win. A. Miller is com
manding the forces on Brocdway.
Mayor Schmitz, who has establish
ed his office at. police headquarters,
has named a committee of safety,
omprising many prominent citizens.
Mayor Sehmitz sent out word to the
bakeries and milk stations throughout
the city that their food supplies must
be harbored for the homeless. Tents
have been placed in every park in the
city, and those who have lost their
homes will be given food and shelter.
San Francisco, April 18, 10 p. m.
It looks now as if the entire city
would be burned. The Associated
Pres men are trying to get matter to
Oakland by boat, but they are very
uncertain. The government is fur
nishing tugs, but the confusion is so
eeat that they cannot be relied upon.
Ft will be impossible, to send full de
ails for several days.
San Francisco, April 18, 10:15 p.'
rn.-The newspapers have ceased all
fforts to collect news and the Asso
iated Press force is compelled to act
San Francisco, April 18.-Earth
nakes and fire have put nearly half
>f San Francisco in ruins. At least
00 persons have been killed, 1,000 in
jured and the property loss will ex
3eed $100,000,000. Thousands are
Liomeless and destitute and all day
.ong streams of people have been flee
ng from the stricken districts to pla
es of safety. It was 5:13 this morn
g when a terrific earthquake shock
hook the whole city and surrounding
~ountry. One shock apparently lasted
wo minutes, and there was almost
mmediate collapse of flimsy strue
ures all over the city. The water
~uply was cut off and when fire
roke out in the various sections there
vas nothing to do but let the build
ngs burn. Telegraph and telephone
~omuncation was shut off for a
ime. The Western Union was put
~ompletey out of business and the
ostal company was the only company
hat managed to-get a wire out of the
itv~. About 10 o 'clock even the Pos
al was forced to suspend. Electric
>oyer was stopped and street cars did
totr un. Railroads and ferry boats
eased operations. Fires have been
'aging all day and the fire department
tas been powerless to do anything ex-1
ept to dynamite buildings threatened.
il day long explosions have shakenI
he city and added to the terror of
Following the first shock there was
.nether within five minutes, but not
tearly so severe. Three hours later
here was another slight quake.
Reports from districts outside of
;an Francisco indicate widespread
am.. an Jose 50 mile south,
lost many buildings and from 15 t
20 persons were killed. The anne:
of the Vendome hotel collapsed an
fires broke out. Standford universit;
and Pala Alto suffered greatly. A
Standford many handsome building
were demolished and two persons wer
killed. One of them was Julius Rob
ert Hanna of Bradford, Pa., and th
other was Otto Curts, a fireman.
Six other students are lying in th
Pala Alto hospital with bruises, cut
and internal injuries, all Californi
The court house at Redwood Cit
and other buildings collapsed. Men
ton Park, Burlingame and other fash
ionable places suffered greatly.
The greatest destruction occurred ir
that part of the city which was re
claimed from San Francisco bay
Much of the devastated district was a1
one tlme low, marshy ground covered
by water at high tide. As the cit3
grew it became necessary to fill ir
many acres of this low ground in or
der to reach deep water. The Mer
chants' Exchange building, a 14-story
steel structure, was situated on thE
edge of this reclaimed ground. T
had just been completed and the ex
ecutive offices of the Southern Pacific
company occupied the greater part of
SHOCKS IN CHARLESTON.
Two Shocks Said to Have Been Re
ceitly Felt in Charleston.
Charleston, April 18.-It was stated
today that there were two distinct
shocks of earthquake felt here yester
day afternoon and the presumption
is that it was the same seismic dis
tirbance wave which came closer to
the surface on the Pacifie coast- and
did the terrible damage.
Special to The Herald and News.
- New York, April 19. 12 M.-All re
ports of loss of life and property in
San Francisco underestimated, rather
than overstated. The entire district
up as far the new Fairmount Hotel on
the top of Knob Hill between Powell
and Mason streets is wiped out. It is
reported that not less. than 100,000
people are homeless. At 6:30 o'clock
this morning (San Francisco time, our
time 9:30) the fire was not under con
trol and the water supply again cut
Louisiana Teachers Meet.
Baton Rouge, La., April 19.-The
first annual session of the annual con
vention of the Louisiana State Pub
lic School Teachers' association will
meet here this afternoon. Hundreds
of teachers and principals from all
parts of the state are here for the
purpose of .attending the co.nvention
and the hotels are well filled. The
first business session will be call
ed to order by President Caldwell this
afternoon. There will be another
session this evening, when President
B. C. Caldwell and several other prom
inent speakers will deliver addresses.
The program, provides for five gen
oral sessions and a series of depart
ment meetings of the primary, Kin
dergarten, grammar, high, music,
drawing, physical culture and princi
pals department. The subject for the
general discussion will be ."'The
T'eacher's Equipment.'' State Super
intendent Aswell will speak on Fri
day night. The convention will ad
journr on Saturday. The sessions will
be held in Garig Hall. At the same
time the Alumni of the State Nor
mal school will hold their annual ses
North Georgia Bible Conference
Gainsville. Ga., April 19th.-The
annual conference of the North Gecor
ria Bible Conference. which has been
session here comes to a close this af
ternoon. It has been the most sue
cessful conference of the M. E.
church in this district and the pro
eeding were unusually interesting.
The closing day programme is pa-:tie
ilarly interesting and includes ad
resses by the Rev. Dr. Waler Lewis,
>f Atlanta: the Rev. Joel T. Daves,
if Milledgeville; the Rev. J. E. Eng
REFUSES WHISKEY FUNDS.
I Red Bluff in Marlboro County De
y clines To Use Dispensary Profits
t For School's Support.
e The State.
- Bennettsville, April 17.-Another
e Marlboro school district has refused
to use the dispensary funds. - A reso
:3 lution to that effect was unanimously
5 passed at a meeting of trustees and
% patrons of Red Bluff district. This
district adjoins Willis, and its peo
r ple are also intelligent and high-mind
- ed. Dudley McColl, the clerk of the
- board of trustees, and A. W. McIn
tyre, the chairman, areb oth sturdy
i and well-to-do Scotchmen. The coun
- ty superintendent of education has;
. been officially notified of the action in
the following letter:
Clio, S. C., April 11, 1906.
Mr. W. L. Stanton,
County Superintendent of Education,
Bennettsville, S. C.
Dear Sir: After a full discussion
this morning by the trustees and some
of the patrons of Red Bluff school dis
trict No. 4, known as "Long college,"
was decided not to use the dispen
sary fund appropriated to this dis
trict for this year and also to refrain
from the use of such funds in the fu
ture. The vote was unanimous in fa
vor of rejecting said funds; and in
order that none could complain or be
injured in any way, the amount nee
essary to reimburse the district was
voluntarily contributed. We desire to
go on record that *we are opposed to
the whiskey evil and will not be lured
:M to suporting the dispensary, or its
advocates, by the bait held out in the
The amount of dispensary funds
coming to this district is $15.81. You
w1 find enclosed herewith $16 to re
imburse the district to that amoni.
Clerk Board Trustees.
COL. E. A. GABLINGTON ILL
But His Condition is Not Serious and
He Is Now Improving.
Washington, April 17.-Col. Er-1
nest A. Garlington, of Newberry
county, has recently returned to this
country from the Philippines, is now1
on sick leave in San Francisco. He
is not dangerously ill, however, and
advices received from him at the war
department today state that his health:
is improving. Col. Garlington is now]
the first assistant inspector general ofi
the United States army.
The above is from the Washington
correspondent of the News and Cou
rier. Col. Garlington 's many friends
in Newberry hope that his illness will
be only temporary.
News From Blairs.
Blairs, April 16.-A peculiar in
cident or accident happened in this
community on Monday evening.1
While chopping around some young
plants in the garden, Mary-.Graham, 1
14 years old, saw a hawk as-he flsw
over her head, (he had darted downe
after a little chicken) and struck at
him with the hoe that she had in her 3
hand and killed him, a thing that has |f
never happened in this neighborhood I a
before .to my knowledge.
The Mount Pleasant school taught a
by Mrs. W. D. Rutherford, has closed. h
There are plenty of peaches yet in
this community if they do not drop p
Farm work generally is a week or S
ten days behind former years. Far
mers are preparing their land better, .y,
planting more corn and using mare t
fertilizers under corn than ever be- T~
fore. Can 't afford to buy corn, let a
cotton sell at what it may. E
Excursion To Columbia. f
The Kinards, Reederville and Bush
River Sunday schools will run an ex- e
cursion Saturday, tomorrow, over the ir
C. N. & L. using the regular morn
ing train down and the regular after-|
noon back with plenty of extra coach-)
es. The fare for the children for thei
round trip will be fifty cents. It willI
be a pleasant outing and give the N
children and the older people as well G
an opportunity to see Columbia at its |
Beautiful Easter Services at the
We are requested to announce that
the Prosperity Democratic club will
meet in the city hall on Friday, April
27th., at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
Let there be a full turn out.
The Easter exercises in Grace Lu
theran church were very fine. The
church was tastefully decorated witb
evergreens and lilies. The pastor had
as his subject "Behold the lilies."
Showing how the lily was typical of
life. That after a winter of darkness
it came forth in the spring and soon
developed in the beautiful lily. So
it will be with the Christian after the
winter of this life, (death) the soul
will blossom in the garden of God
forever. The exercises of the even
ing by the children of the Sunday
school were the best that we have ev
er seen rendered. Mesdames Kreps,
Wise, Singley and Miss Lester de
serve great credit for training the
children, so nicely.
We are now looking forward to old
folk's day, a full programme of which
will be given next week. . This will be
n the third Sunday in May.
Dr. Perry D. Simpson, who gradua
ted a couple of weeks ago at the At
anta college of Pharmaby, is expected
home Thursday. He has been before
the Georgia state board and has been
icensed to transact business as a
Misses Lulie Hunt and Rebecca
fahon, of Newberry, spent Easter
with Mrs. C. M. Harmon.
Messrs. Charlie Meisenheimer and
rom Wicker spent Easter with their
%ollege mate, John Pat Wise.
Mrs. G. Y. Hunter will entertain
the Sorosis Friday afternoon. Sub
ject Study, Charles Lamb. Discus
ions by Mrs. Morris and Mrs. W.
A. Moseley. Selection. by Miss Rea
Miss Marie Reagin will entertain
he Jolly Dozen on Friday evening.
The Newberry giants practically
xiped* up the field with our midgets
n last Friday. Never mind, some
~ody had to win and somebody lose.
Miss Gertrude Simpson, of the
ewberry graded school, spent Eas
er at home.
News rrom Excelsior.
Excelsior, April 19.-School closed
Friday. The pupils all enjoyed an
laster egg hunt on the school grounds
n the afternoon which was much eu
Master Magnus Kibler spent Eas
er with relatives in Newberry.
Our farmers are very nearly all
lanting cotton this week.
Mrs. Crumpton is visiting her son,
ir. Rufus Crumpton here this week.
Our early gardeners have beans up
nd looking nicely.
Mr. P. S. Cook and little daughter,
ertha, of Columbia, came up and
pent Sunday with his mother's fain
Mr. Aumerle Singley, of Newberry
ollege, spent Easter at home.
Mrs. J. D. Lorick and Mrs. J. F.
'heeler gave a number of the little
lks an Easter egg hunt on Saturday
fternoon, which .-was much enjoyed.
Miss Lucy Wheeler, of Kinards,
ecompanied by Miss Maude Miller,
ave been visiting her father's family.
There will be communion services at
~achman Chapel church next Sunday
orning with preparatory service on
aturday afternoon previous.
Last Sunday was a lovely day and
ur correspondent attended the Eas
r communion at Mt. Pilgrim church.
he pastor, Rev. S. P. Koon, preached
1 able sermon appropriate to the
aster occasion. The ladijes of the
mregation had the church beauti
ally decorated for the occasion.
There will be preaching at Mt. Pil
.im church on the fifth Sunday morn
e at 11 o 'clock at which time the
miday school will -be reorganized.
Kinards to Columbia. Train passing
wberry 8:35, a. in., returning leavei
ervais street, Columbia. 3:20 p. m. 1
Fare round +rip, adults $1.00, ehil- I1
DEATH AND BURIAL, CALHOUN.
"A Study Which Will Swell Resolve,
Breed Haridhood, Be Staff for
Strength-' and Which Con
tains Last Tribute of Fa
Clemson College, April 14.-Sev'er
al weeks since the Y. M. C. A. invit
ed Prof. William S. Morrison, head of
the department of history and politi
cal economy, to address the associa
tion in its hall Sunday evening, April
1, he to select his own subject. Your
correspondent has secured the fol
lowing extracts from the address:
Sometimes, young gentlemen, the
date determines the discussion-the
calendar seems to choose our subject.
It shall be so this evening, Paul Re
vere's friend in the church tower, so
the poet tells us, felt for a moment
"the spell of the place and the
Let us for a little while do our best
to ''feel the spell'" of this place
twenty-five years the home of the no
blest Carolinian of them all, and of
this anniversary of the death and bur
ial of the great Calhoun.
Calhoun's Death Bed.
His death occurred at Washington,
Sunday, March 31, 1850. An old
newspaper clipping shows us the
''At 2 o'elock this morning he call
ed in a very feeble voice: 'John, come
to me.' He did so, when Mr. Cal
houn put out his arm and asked him
to feel his pulse, remarking: 'I have
no pulsation at the wrist. Take my
watch from the table and put it in
your trunk,' which was' done. He
then pointed to a bureau of drawers
and said: 'Take my papers and put
them also in your trunk.' (These pa
pers are the manuseript work on
'Government and the Constitution.')
He then remarked: 'The medicine has
had a delightful effect. I am in a
pleasant perspiration.' At about 5
o'clock his son took a seat by the fire
desiring his father to take some rest,
who said he had not rested at all.
His son asked if he had any painI
He replied: 'No. I have not had the
slightest pain throughout this whole
attack.' His son asked: 'Are you
comfortable now?'" He replied: 'I
am perfectly comfortable.' -These
were the last words of Mr. Calhoug.
"At about a quarter before six he
made a sign with his hand for his
son to approach the bed. Holding our
his hand. he took that of his son, .
srasped it very closely, looking very
intently into his face, and moving his
lips as' if he desired to speak.' His
son, perceiving that he was speechless,
at once called the Hon. Mr. Venable,
of North Sarolina. When the latter
went to his bedside, Mr. Calhoun took
hold of his hand,.pressed it, and pre
sented his wrist, apparently to in
:icate his approaching dissolution.
He looked Mr. Venable very intently
in the face while he was feeling his
:ulse..: Mr. Venable remarked: ''You
re pulseless, sir, and must take some
wine,'' and called for Maderia. Mr.
alhoun pointed to the wardrobe. Mr.
enable got the wine from thence and
oured out half a tumbler full. Mr.
alhoun took it in his hand, raised
is head and drank it. Mr. Venable
hen left the room to summon some
friends, and was absent about five
"Soon after the Hon. Mr. Orr, and
lso the Hon. Mr. Wallace, both of
outh Carolina, entered the room.
hen the door opened his eyes were
irected towards it, and were fixed
pon Mr. Orr as he walked towards
im, until he reached the bed. Mr.
rr leaned over to feel his pulse. See
ng his purpose Mr. Calhoun extend
d his arm. He was asked if he r-ould
ae the physician, Dr. Hall, sent for.
e shook his head. He then presented
ais wrist to Mr. Venable, who -remark
3: "The wine has produced no ef
set-there is no return of pulsation.'
e adjusted his head on the pilliw,
>oked Mr. Venable in the face, with
n expresion which seemed to say:
T am perfectly conscious that it is
ill over.' A few minutes -after, when
reathing with some difficulty, he
ut one hand to the top of his head,
ien passed it through his hair, and
rought it down again upon his breast.
Fil then beathedl quickly, except a