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Farmers' Union Bureau of
-Conducted by the
South Carolina Farmers' Eduea
tional and Co-Operation Union.
lirCommunications intended for this
department should be addressed to J. C
Stribling, Pendleton, S. C.
Farmers, Come Let's Get Together
And Help Each Other.
If farmers do not take care of
themselves by sticking to their organ
izations, the other crowd will continue
to do this thing for them at the other
fellow's own price.
Farmers can, and must, come to
gether and save this price for them
How is that warehouse business
getting along? You may not recollect
just now how much loud talking you
did about this warehouse matter back
yonder, but some others do. Boys,
you must pile up the stuff or your
fortifications will not protect you in
times of need.
A Good Move.
Clemson college, through the aid of
the government, will at once proceed
to establish at Clemson Experiment
station a department of animal indus
try for the purpose of improving and
disseminating the best types of stock
in the State suited for the general use
of our farmers. This is a very impor
tant step in the right direction, and, if
carried out to completion in a practi
eal way, will do an immense work to
ward encouraging stock raising and
consequent diversification of our farm
This idea of sending out knowledge
of improved ideas of breeding im
proved stock over the State will en
,courage farmers' sons to remain upon
the farm. Clemson now has two hun
dred and fifteen students in the agri
cultural class. When these boys have
finished their training for agricultural
. pursuits, the national government is
. ready to furnish these progressive
young men with further aid in the
way of literature and seeds of the new
plant breeding work. Then why not
the State complete this work by plant
ing the golden hoofs of the best
breeds of stock over the State!
Under this new impetus along the
line of progressive farming at Clem
son we have a bright prospect ahead
for our farmers' sons. These golden
hoofs, improved seeds and implements
in the hands of well-trained minds of
South Carolina's own sons we hope
will write out upon the State's own
soil a creditable reputation that all
may be proud of.
Cow Peas-Inoculating With Nitro
gen Fixing Bacteria.
-There is no more interesting ques
tion before the progressive Southern
farmers today than the enriching of
their lands by growing cow peas for
grain and hay, and, at the same time,
storing an immense amount of nitro
gen in the soil for future crops, es
pecially those crops that require large
amounts of nitrogen. One farmer in
Alabama last year, it is stated, clear
ed $6,000 on a 400 acre farm of poor
land by growing cow peas for hay,
while the land will produce fully dou
ble the crop this year that the land
produced before cow peas were grown
Last season, at considerable ex
pense and labor, we inoculated about
eight acres of cow peas with Dr.
Moore's nitrogen fixing bacteria, al
ternating with uninoculated plats, but
found absolutely no improvement in
the amount of nodules on the inocu
lated plats, excepting.the earlier stage
of cow peas on new lands. We also
had several comparative tests with
alfalfa, but could see no difference be
tween the inoculated and the uninoe
ulated, excepting the first month, at
which period the difference in favor
of the inoculated was very percept
ible, in favor of inoculation on cer
tain characters of soil. Our conclu
sions are that about all our Southern
soil is already thoroughly inoculated
with the cow pea bacteria, but the
minds of Southern farmers need in
oculating with the importance of the
To the Farmers of South Carolina.
You are hereby called to meet in
delegated power at Anderson, S. C.,
May 31, 1906, for the purpose of or
ganizing a preliminary State Union.
Basis of representation in organiz
ed counties will be one delegate for
every one hundred members, or ma
jority fraction thereof. In counties
where there is no County union, one
delegate from each local union. All
farmers who are members are invited
All counties that have no Farmers'
union organization are invited to send
farmer delegates. Please send names
of delegates to B. F. Earle, Anderson,
S. C., ten days before.
The purpose for which the State
Union is called.is to adopt a constitu
tion and by-laws to govern the Far
mers' Union in South Carolina, and to
bring the farmers in/a close and se
cet o'rgaAizatioh for the purpose of
holding and controlling the price of
cotton. Also to encourage the build
ing of a Farmers' Union warehouse
in every county in South Carolina to
be owned and controlled by farmers.
B. F. Earle,
The work of improving the cow pea
by breeding new varieties for special
hay or grain crops along the line as
suggested by Hon. A. H. Brabham
and Dr. Mason in our Farmers' Union
column last week, should be taken up
by our farmers and pushed ahead. If
we can breed a variety of peas that
will retain its leaves in their green
state on the older parts of the stalks
until the grain is about growi, we will
have a bonaza in the South that will
give us more food for all kinds. of
stock than we will, at the present day,
know what to do with. Give the up
to-date Southern farmer all the cow
pea- hay to go with it that he may
need, and there is no end to the fine
horses, mules, cows, sheep and hogs
we can raise. If the Southern farmer
has plenty of cow peas and oats he
need not worry about any more crop
liens for corn, meat or milk. In the
cow pea and-oats we have a mortgage
lifter; soil improver and a fertilizer
bill reducer that would revolutionize
the whole Southern farming system if
the farmers would take hold of this
system with half the energy they dis
play in growing cotton. Professor C.
L. Newman, of the Agrilcultural de
partment at Clemson, is the recog
nized best authority on the cow pea in
this country. He grew at Clemson last
season over eighty different varieties
and has at other times grown over
twenty varieties of the soga bean,
and we trust that the board of trus
tes of Clemson will continue to en
courage Professor Newman in this
very important work of improving the
A good two-horse disc harrow
will throw up about as good cotton
bed at one time going as we want.
This is good work where land has
been broken, and saves a big eight of
labor and time. We are not after high
cotton beds like we used to be, we
must come down about on a level. 1
This plan gives better protection to
the moisture in dry times.t
The character of the farmer is writ-C
ten or painted all over his farm about
this time of the year. If there is not at
large amount of green fields of small I
grain on your farm there is some kind ~
of a green farmer around there. r
Scarcity of labor calls for more
stock and more machinery and farm I
implements and richer land. You E
must go fewer times up and down the a
rows and prepare one acre to make as t
much as two did before. b
It Was Recorded.
During a certain sea voyage the p
mate of the brig Y., who usually o
'kept the log,'' was found one day t
to be unable to attend to the duty be- I
cause of inebriatiQn, and the work b
was done by the captain, whose last r
entry was ''The mate was drunk all
day." On the following day, the C
mate having recovered from the ef- .,
fets of his indulgence, resumed his s
former attention to the ''log's entries, i,
when he discovered his siiperior 's rec- d
ord, and immediately remonstrated
with that offi'cer, asking ''What the i
need, sir, of tnaking that entry?''" y
'Wasn't it true?'' demanded the y
ommander. ''Yes,'' replied the de- t
inquent, ''but I don't see any neces- a
sity of making any record of it here.'' t
'Well,'' replied the captain, ''as it ,
was true, it had better stand; it had
At the close of the following day,
when the captain examined the log- i
book he was astonished and provoked, t1
n finding therein, ''The captain warss
sober all day.'' Summoning his sub
>rdiate officer, he fiercely demanded; j
'Why did you make that entry?'' n
'Why,'' said the mate, ''it was true, e
was it not?'' ''Of course it was true; s
but am I not sober every day?'' ask- 3
ad the now enraged captain. ''Well,'' i
eplied the mate, ''but as it is true, t1
it had better stand; it had better n,
stand;'' whereupon he turned on his t<
dieel and left the captain's presence, n
but had not taken many steps when
be felt a current of air caused by a
apidly moving marline-spike passing
in dangerous proximity to one of his
acoustic organs, having been hurleda
by the angry captain.u
The less good they do her the more
kinds of faith a woman always has t
WHY LINCOLN WAS POPULAR.
Qualities Which Made Him Beloved
All His Life Appeared in His
From Frederick Hill's "Lincoln the
Lawyer" in the Century.
Perhaps his most winning quality
with young and old alike was his sin
cere belief in his fellow townsmen
and their community. Local pride
never had a more buoyant champion
than he. For him Sangamon county
in general, and New Salem in particu
lar, was the promised land, and he
was confident that the people were
equal to the task of developing it ac
cording to its needs. Thus when it
was first suggested that the shallow,
snag-bound Sangamon river was nav
igable and might be made a great
highway of commerce, he eagerly
championed the theory and worked
with voice, pen and hand to realize a
practical result. The Sangamon is
still unnavigable and New Salem has
disappeared, but Lincoln's plea for
improving the waterway remains as
evidence of his sincere belief in the
future of the community and to show
us what he could do with a weak cause
at the age of twenty-one.
The argument is not remarkable,
but it is exceedingly interesting and
suggestive. Although he was young
and boyishly enthusiastic, Lincoln did
not overstate the possibilities nor un
derestimate the difficulties of his
ase;.and despite the really laughable
attempt which was afterward made to
Force the passage of the Sangamon,
there was nothing ludicrous in his
plea. What he claimed sounds rea
onable, and what he hoped for pos
ible, even in the face of failure.
This early effort plainly indicates
Lincoln's natural aptitude for logical
statement. But it does more than
that. It displays a trait which few
lawyers possess; for the ability to
present facts closely, concisely and
,ffectively without taking undue ad
antage of them is a rare legal qual
ty. It requires not only ability, but
sourage; not only tact, but charcter.
[t is one of the infallible tests which
istinguish the legal brave from the
lurist, and it will be demonstrated in
i future chapter that Lincoln fulfill
A it in masterful fashion.
Celebrating Patriots' Day.2
Boston, Mass., April 19.-The n
iiversary of the Battle of Lexington,
)eing a legal holiday in the state of
~fassachusetts under the name of Pa
riots' Day, was duly observed here
nd in other cities and towns through
ut the state in the usual manner.
fany patriotic and social organiza
ions will hold meetings this after
ion and evening when prominent
peakers will deliver addresses on the
neaning and importance of tlie day.
In the town of LexingLon the day
was ushered in, as customary, by the
~exington Drum Corps and the
;chool Color Guards. There was also
.band concert on the battle green in
he forenoon. There will be another
and concert in the afternoon and Ia
er in the .afternoon there will be a
>opular entertainment for young peo
le. The Old Belfry Club will keep
pen house all day and will conduct
he usual ball in the evening. The
rish-American historical society will
old its annual meeting in the after
oon and a banquet in the evening.
At Arlington the 'Fife and Drum
orps started early this morning and
ent over the Paul Revere Route,
tarting at five o 'clock in the morn
2g from the old Mystic Bridge that
ivides the town from Medford and
iarching up the Paul Revere road to
,exington line. The corps visited the
bevolutionary monument and the
tevolutionary burying ground in the
>wn and decorated them with flowers.
nd flags. The tablets about the
own and the Soldiers' Monument
rere also decorated.
Anniversary of Baltimore Incident.
Baltimore, Md., April 19.-Today
;a memorable day in the history of
dis country. Just 131 years ago the
hot was fired at Lexington, which
was heard around the world,'' and
ast forty-five years ago today Balti
iore was the scene of an important
vent in the history of the United
tates, the attack upon the Sixth
fassachusetts regimaent as it was on
s way to Washington in defence of
ec Union. There are still quite a
umber of persons living in this city
day who remember that April 19,
early half a century ago.
The country was in a turmoil then.
'ort Sumter had been fired upon, the
deral government had called for
olunteers to put down the rebellion
nd the stars and bars had been run
p to replace the stars and stripes in
iany of the Southern states. Balti
tore was a hotbed of Secessionists
1en and, when the Washington au
iorities attempted to passed armed
men through the city there was trou
On the morning of April 19, the 6th
Massachusetts Regiment and portions
of the First and Second regiments of
Pennsylvania troops started across
the city. They were greeted with
hoots and jeers and showers of mis
siles were hurled at them by the im
mense throng of southern sympathiz
ers. A soldier's gun was accidentally
discharged, the mob made an assault
and the soldiers fired a volley. Four
soldiers and twelve citizens were
killed and thirty-six soldiers and a
great many citizens wounded.
For Little Cripples' Home.
New York, April 19.-A grand
charity performance for the benefit
of the New York Home for Destitute
Crippled children will be given at
the Broadway theatre this evening.
Practically all the theatrical stars
now playing in this city have consen
ted to contribute to the program and
nearly every seat in the house is
sold out. The Home, which is at 141
West Sixty First. street, was estab
lished in November, 1904, chiefly
through the efforts of Mrs. A. L.
Erlanger, wife of the theatrical man
ager, who in the work among the
poor in the west side tenaments which
she had carried on for several years,
became particularly impressed with
the pitiful lot of the crippled children
of the very poor. She succeeded in
interesting a few well-to-do and gen
erous women friends who succeeded
in getting together funds with which
the house, where the home now is,
No woman ever really respects her
husband unless he shocks her once in
a while by using cuss words.
You would invite some girls to mar
ry you over the telephone, and they
would accept you without asking who
When a girl is pretty you don't tell
her so that she will know it, but so
that she will know you are the kind
of man she likes.
I am now opening up a nice
stock ot gocds in the store
room formerly occupied by E.
M. Evans & Co.. on Main St.,
opposite the court house. Am
asking now the pub ic general
ly come in and inspect my
stock before making their pur-(
My stock consists of Dry
Goods, Groceries, etc. Call I
in to see. Will be delighted to
make you close prices on every- '
thing-and satisfaction guaran-,
-Yours for business,
W. R. REID.
Prepared to furnish every
thingi n the way of supplies.
Real Estate and Instirance.
Do you have Real Estate to sell or
rent which you do not care ,to have
advertised to the general public? If
so, place it in our hands and we will
give .it:ou personal ~study and atten
We have standing buyers for cer
tan kinds of land.
Do you want to buy Real Estate?!
If you mean business come to see us
for we have some property for saleI
that might greatly surprise you as
well as interest you.
If you don't mean business come!
to see us anyway and we will tell you
all we know about the-weather.
We undertake to sell no property
before we have inspected it and ap
proved the price.
Loans negotiated on approved'
Rents and accounts collected.
We are agents for the Aetna Life
nsurance Company. It will pay you
to see what this old reliable and con
servative company has to offer before
placing your Insurance.
More and more men are beginning
to understand what this statementA
Office over the Commercial Bank.
WK LIII & COMPANY
Making Eighteen Ht
and While it Lasts to
Best Patent $5.C
Best half Pat. $4
Best Meal 75c. b
Best Grits $1L75
Don't pay any more, don't be sm
long, save money and buy from us.
Our immense stock of spring gooi
ties and fancy goods and staples, ot
[ng novelties in millinery. Come ar
right thing in prices, style, quality,
ply cannot beat us, we don't mak<
you up on balance, people gettin
ind looking out more for No. i. C
Forty years experience counts sor
lon't you forget it,
)f the condition of the Exchan
:he close of business March 31
nity with an act of the General
.oans and Discounts .. $137022 71
urniture and Fixtures .. 3324 15
)ue from Banks .. .. .. 6223 17
)ver drafts ........ 111 65
ash and Cash Items .. .. 15501 19
Personaly appeared before me M. L.
vho swears that the above statement is
Sworn to before me this the 2nd day o:
Edw. R. Hipp,
C. J. Porcell,
Geo. B. Cromer.
ST A Tl
)f the condition of The Comme
t the Close of business, March
otes Discounted .. ....$377487 64
'urniture & Fixtures.. ..3051 93
)ue from Banks .. ......51531 70
)verdrafts .... .... ....2807 42
~ash and Cash Items .. .. 13934 12
tate of South Carolina, 1~
County of Newberry f
I, J. Y. McFall, Cashier of the above
atement is true to the best of my know
Sworn to bef
Z F. Wright,
Jno. M. Kinard,
W. H. Hur.t.
For the liex
AT S4.OC0 Pi
S. S. Bit
mdred Barrels of that
FLOUR Just Received
0 ) Every bbl.
ritched off by argument, come right
is arriving embracing all the novel
tr Mrs. Moseley in the North select
id see us, we are prepared to do the
&c., for an all round bill you sim
e a cut price on one thing and burn
g educated and opening their eyes
ome and fee uz and be convitced.
ethilg, we wi:i treat yuu right and
ITY, S. C.
le Bank of Newberry, S. C., at
st, 1906. Published in comfor
Capital Stock ....... $50000 00
Profits less expense .. 4713 14
Bills payable....... 10000 00
Re Discounts ......... 15776 34
Spearman Cashier of the above Bank,
correct to the best of his knowledge and
M. L. Spearman, Cashier.
f April, 1906.
J. C. Wilson, J P. N. C.
arcial Bank of Newberry, S. C.
Capital Stock .... ....$50000 00
Profits- less all exp. paid .. 42645 72
Due Banks .. .... ......4339 89
Dividends Unpaid .. .......707 00
Re Discounts .. .... ...70000 00
Individual Deposits .. .. 281120 20
named Bank, swear that the above
ledge and belief.
J. Y. McFall,
ore me this 2nd day of April, 1906.
H. T. Renwick,
N. P. of S. C.
I Ten Dags