Newspaper Page Text
t . kTHErATZ, *I44 BRED.
The Vot Fot Unanim
-Has -Boen Under Discussion
For Two kontlUs.
Washington, May 18.--After sev
enty days.of almost coAtinuous delib
eration the senate today at 4.53 p. m.,
passed the railroad rate bill by the
practically ianimous vote of 71 to 3.
The three negative votes were cast by
Senators Foraker, republican of Ohio,
Morgan and Pettus, democrats, of Al
abama. There was a somewhat larger
attendahee of senators- than usual,
but the attendance in the galleries was
by no means abnormal, and there was
no manifestation of any kind when
the result was announced. There was,
however, an almost general sigh of
relief among the senators.
History of. the Measure.
The bill has received more atten
tion fr6m the senate and from -the
country at large than any measure
that has been before congress since
the repeal of the purchasing clause of
the.SheriMan act in 1893. It,was re
ported to the senate on February 20,
and was made the 'unflnished business
on Marh 12. March 12 to May 4 the
bill was under dismission, without lim
itation on the dtiration of speeches,
58 of which were delivered. Many of
these were prepared with great care,
and two of theui consumed more than
a day's time in delivering. - Senator
LaFollette, the juneor senator from
Wisconsin, spoke for three days, and
Senator Daniel, of Virginia, for two
days. Senators Bailey, Foraker,
Lodge, Rayner, Dolliver and others
each spoke for one entire day.
For twelve days the bill has been
under consideration under a rule lim
iting speeches to fifteen minutes each.
The debate has at times been ear
nest and animated, but for the most
part devoid of personality as between
senators, the past few days, however,
having called out sonic caustic criti
cisms of the president and of some
newspaper correspondents by' Senator
In addition to passing the bill the
proceedings today consisted in con
cluding the consideration of the
amendments as such and the delivery
of a number of speeches on the bill.
The only amendment adopted was the
one offered yesterday by Senator Tel
ler, eliminating the words ''in its
judgment'' form the power given t(
the Inter-State commerce commission
to fix rates.
Effect of the Bill.
The principal purpose of the railroad
rate bill passed today is to pernit the
Inter-State commerce commission 1to
fix rates. The provision conferring
this authority is foind in the fourth
section of the bill and amends See
tion 15 of the Intyr-State commerce
law, so as to accomplish that result.
That section direels the commission-to
investigate complaints of unjust and
unreasonable charges on the part of
common carriers in transpor.Itation of
personis or property or of regulations
or of prlactices affecting such charges.
It also authorizes ani inquiry as to
whlether the rates or p)ractices are
'unjustly discriminatory or unduly
preferential or prejudicial or other
wise in violation of the act, and in
case any of these conditions are'
found to exist the conmmission is em
powered to determine and prescribe
wvhht will be the just and reasonable
maximnum rate and wvhat regulation or
p'ractice is just, reasonable fair. Fur
ther authority is given commission to
enforce orders and they are to go in
to effect within thirty days and con
tinue in force for two years unless
suispenided, modlined 01' set aside by
the commission by a c-ourt of compe
Other p)ower's conferred by this see
tion are; To apportion joint fares, es
tablish through routes and maximum
joint rates and prescribe their divis~
ion and to determine the compensa
tion to be paid to shippers doing ser
vice for carriers. Section 16 of the
present law is so changed as to pro
v'ide for an award of pecuniary dam
ages to complainants found entitled,
and in ease payments are not prompt
ly made in accordance wvith this award
the beneficiary is authorized to file'
suit in a United States circuit court
to compel compliance. The findings
of thme commission is to be received as
prima facie evidence of the facts in
such Suits and the petitioner is ab
solved from all liability for costs.
Another provsioq renders legal-the
service of the orders of the commis
sion through~ the mails, and provides
that these* orders shall take effect 30
days after, service, unless suspended
or modified by. the commission or suis
pended, or set aside by the courts. A
penalty of $5,000 for each offense in
disobedience of the order is imposed,
and the penalty is to accnniijlate at
the rate of $5,000 a day in case of
contind~ous violation. Orders other
than those for ~money payments are
to be enforced by the Federal courts
through writs of mandamus or in..
junction, and in case of appeal. to the F
supreme court, these .-as6s kre to be
given precedence over all others ex
Ce)t those of a criminal character.
%'Viruit Oourt Given Jurisdiction. S
The bill was amended by the sen
ate so,as to give the United States
circuit cou'ts jurisdiction to enter- d
tain suits brought to annul or change S
the oiders of the commi,ssion, and also
to provide against the gianting of in
terlocutory decrees without hearing
and making appeals from such orders
direct to the supreme court.
Other provisions extend to defini- p
tion of the word "railroad" so as to
make it include switches, spurs, tracks
terminal facilities, freight depots, fv
yards and grounds and defines ''trans- st
portation" so as to make it embrace
cars and other facilities for shipment
Or carriage, ''irrespective of owner- t
ship or of an,y tontract'' the intention m
being to make the railroads responsi
ble for all special car .serVice. It is
made the duty of carriers to funitsh
special car service upon reaonable
Senate anendmeitts include oil I
pipe lines, express companies nid
sleeping car Companies, under 1110 a
head of ''Common Carriers,'' and
make them amenable to the require
mnents of the bill. Other senate nwid
ifications prolibit i4suance of pass- le
es or the granting of special fAvors
to one class of passengers over an
Other, prohibit railroad colpallies
from transporting commodities pro-till
dluced by themselves; require coin
bines to put in sw.itches at reasonablo hi,
request of shippers; prohibit thei
.rantilng or acceptance of rebates, and
reinstate the imprisonment penalty di:
for violation of the law. ' d
There are also changes in the law
relative to the reports to be required n
of common carriers, and a penalty of
f100 a day is imposed for failure to
aomply with the report requirement.
The commission is given access to ti
the accounts of the companies affected
by the act, but examiners are forbid
den under penalty of heavy fine and .
long imprisonment from divulging the "
facts ascertained. Fines of $500 for tc
each failure to keep proper a-ecount is .
provided. A falsification of accounts I
is made punishable by fine and impris- rc
Circuit and district courts of the IIU
United States are given jurisdiction di
over all complaints by the commis- a
sion of failure to comply with its or- lil
ders, and such courts are required to t
issue writs of mandamus compelling 's
Senator Bailey's Prayer. tL
Nashville American. H)
rn closin- his recent speech in the
seite Seinator Bailey indulged in
tome reflections aside fromn tile legal l
phase and Illerits of his argunilts,
and which all can- endorse. They are
worth repeating. -Te said: ''I would "
el tilat we were reaching aln erali i n ta
his devroted lanId wh'lere men~l are to be In
judged bly how thley act and( what Cl
they think, rather than b)y what they tI
hlave; whlen intellect, and not for- "
tnle. when conduct, more thlan birth, t
should1( he tihe measure of our esteem,
and when aln honelst fame shlould be C(
the goal towards whlich Our ambitious 4
youthl should be taughlt to toil and
''Mr'. President, I am 011e of those
who blelieve thlat such time may come
-of course, I am not so simple-mind
ed as to dream that tIle old1 days of reC
small fortunes and great contenItment ft
wiill evei come again to bless the land, ti
but I (10 believe iln the coming of ,a ill
better day than thlis wvhen tIle man T1
whlo knows that he0 is just anld hIonest of
will feel thlat lhe is happier ill his cir- PJ
nuimstances thlan the man whose ricells til
hlave bmeeni corrupted through injuls-- (e
''T pray for tile time to come'when w
we shall have a new stanldard to gulide m"
our chlildlren ; when we shall teachl sl
[hem thiat justice is better than powv- thi
er, andl lead them into tihe ennobling r'C
faithl thlat truthi shall conquer false- fr
hood( in every home whlere peace en
abides and iln every land where men to
ire free. Under the influence of highl- eni
er ideals and more unlselfishl aspira- t.ii
tionis all hate anld envy wvill vanishl su
fromll our mlinlds and tihe only evil s1'
thloughlt which still must vex us will km
be the -malice whichl the bad shal11 ta
forever feel towvard tile good. Whlen to
eonduct inlstead of fortune is made tihe in
rulle by which we judge all men, ev- thi
iry boy in tle land, no matter ho0w so
Ilimble his parentage or how limited re0
Ilis .opportunity wvill feel 'tile thlrill'of n<
hope, anId tile carpenlter's son will
kno1w that if only lhe is just and S5
brave and honest he will be more re
Ipected than tile son of any million
iire who ever wvasted hlis fathler's for
bune ill idle dissipation or soiled hlis C.
L'athler's niame b)y gross excesses.'' Pi
It doesn't paIy to argue. Congrain- m.
late your'self on being so 11uch1 mOr' mf
sensible thlan tile othIer fellowv and let sO
it go at thlat of
armnrs' Union Bureau of
-Condueted by the
uth Carolina Farmers' Educa
tional and Co-Operation Uniun.
OfiNCommunications intended for this
partMent should be addressed to J. C'
ribling, Pendleton, S. C.
Will Mr. Williamson reply I
Now, if Mr. W1illiamson's stunting
'ocess proves with all of us to be as
ofitable And satisfactory as it has
th Mr. Williamson, we can then see
lat a fool we have all along been
r losing so much sleep over the
Luiting corn habit of our free no
oes and soine of our white tenants,
D. We have watched this seemingly
avoidable process going on about
, more or less every year, with a
eat .deal of displeasure ; counting
C apparent loss as we passed by. But
Mr. Williamson's success in this
iproved stunting corn practice
oves to be as good with others as
th himself, we can truly say to one
other along the line, farmers,
what fools we mortals be.'
Mr. Williamson-we do not once
ubt-has been tihoroughly convinced
at his stunting plan is all right or
would not .practice this plan, let
e)lie advocate it in public print. But
lit we want to know from Mr. Wil
1111011 nlOw is, how does he know
at, there is mofe in the stunting of
s corn than there was in the side
plication of the fertilizer? Did
r. Williamson make repeated coin
rative tests upon different soils and
rferent seasons by the actual Weigh
i of the different yields and actual
easurements as to the area under
S comparative test? or did lie form
s conclusions, like many of us have
ne before, by the mere looks of the
We would like to hear from Mr.
iliamson on this subject, as many of
r p)eople are making these pointed
quilries of our btur-eau about these
With tile Aldrich system of plant
g corn all( cotton after the double
w alternation and rotation plan of
r. Williamson, and the breeding of
w varieties of cow peas to suit our
fferent purposes, by Mr. Brabham
id Dr. Mason, we feel very much
ce there is something doing along
e right. line by our farmers, which
gratifying to the whole progressive
mily of ouri. farmers.
This progressive turn of tihe llinds
0ur Southeri farmers away fron
e all cotton system to the more sells
le rotationI planI and the inclination
build up the land upon a permi'l
m,t planI of rotation i.j like thle dawn
a bright ndw day for our Southern
imers. It looks like our' people
tre abouit ready now to call tle far
er that ean make a reasonable profi
ble erop from his lind alid leave the
nd richer than before lie grew thle
op, the best farmer of the funtutre;
at is t he kind of rarmers that then
hole counttry must now look to to
rnl the tide of the long practiced
bber system of skinning tile lauind by
nttinuious erVops of its soil for prle.
t gain anmd future dev'astation.
Cheer up. farmers, you are on the
Farmers' Union Picnics.
It is etow time to begin to plan11 a
gular order of farmers' meetings
r the adivanucemnent of tihe organiza
m dulring the time b)etween the lay'
g by of crops and gathering time.
iese public meetings or rally (days
farmers if freed front obnoxious
litical schemes, does a great, good
inig by b)ringing the farmers togeth
to discuss the things of prime in
rest to all .farmers. Just here we
ishi to reminiid the unlion that it. is
>t a good plan to have too many
eakers at these meetings to talk ont
e samte subjects, for the following
asons: When you get a sp)eaker
om a distance you should bear' his
penses, and again do not get a man
speak upon1 aiiy sub)ject unless you
ni get a good one and give him his
ne to tell what hie knows about the
b)ject iln hand. If you can have a
eaker to go to your meetings that
ows something about what lhe is to
1k ab)out, it wvill not take him long
tell it, wlhile it usually takes sonme
m3 a long time talking tryng to make
e p)eople believe that lie does know
mething about his subject, wh'en in
ality lhe knows but little or nothing
w to tell you.
mething Doing Here--We Like to
Hear From -all Uniens Like This
Col. J. C. Stribling, Pendleton, S.
-At the last meeting of the Uniona
-esident T. T. Wakelleld wvantedl to
low of the memb)er's pr'esen)t how
miy were bulyinig corni with which to
Ike this erop, anid I am proud to
y that wve onily found three, and one
these wnnld have hna none to buy
had he not lost a,quantity of pea vines
and other feed in the fall by fire. And,
by the way, it was found that those
who had to buy corn 'ould got all
they needed from other members of
the Union. Yes, and they can see
what they are getting-it's right from
the crib on the cob-not in sacks and
it. half rotten.
And now I want to say that tile
nicinbers of our Union feel that so
long as we raise plenty of corn, with
some to sell to those of our members
who didn't make quite enough, to
getiher with plenty of small grain,
that it is not possible for us to make
an over-supply of cotton.
No, sir, we believe that those who
are responsible for too much cotton
is the fellow you see ill town about
eve'ry week or so loading his wagon
witi sacked corn and baled liy from
the store, that's ''runnin'' hii
yes, and the heartless landlord that
Woi't allow his tenants to have even
Ia ''roastiear'' patcl.
And here is another tiing, Brother
Stribling, about this corn raising
proposition: Mr. T. M. Welborn, one
aniong the most progressive members
of our Union, and one whose ability
an up-to-date farner is recognized by
us all, says that lie can take a piece
of land, run it i*1 corn avery year anld
by planting peas between each hill of4
(101Il a11d1( then sowing them in the mid
die at lay-by time, can improve it
faster than Ie cani to run the same
lanid inl cotton every year and put all
the stable mianure oil it that lie call
make. Now, listen at. some old knot
ty-headed, Ole-sided, itll cotton rais
ing farner say that lie don't believe
it. Well, then, come around and take
ai peep at Brother Welborn's farm and
see if you don't go back hone and or
der you a kicking machind with which
to give yourself justice for having no
Mre farming sense than you'yve got.
Anld now, in conclusion, we Wait to
say that. Five Forks Union preaches
and practices crop diversification, and
the otier fellow call do just as lie
likes. but when Ie comes around to
bly corni fromli us, an)d we find that lie
doesn't try to raise it, we will put a
price to him that will give him the
W. L. Casey,
See. Five Forks Union.
Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Lib
Did you ever know of a greaft vie
tory beiiig won withlout a hrd fight,?
lnwmers.- eternal vigilance is the
price of Liberty! Constant attend
puce at your local Uniions is the price
tlint you must pay to keep up the life
of your organlizationls.
Have soietling good and new to
talk abouit at every imeeting you lavc.
L'eave tle had news for the 1111orraln
ized growler to tell, he always enjoys
the telling of that kid' of news, any
inioll men, never for a moment for
get. the f act thait your union)1 is made(1
P lanit eow lpeas, youngi( man1 , an md
pay hack to nature's God thme debht
up out of the reputation1 anid character
of its miembiers, and that each and
ever'y mnembler of tIle union01 is at it al11
lie while building up1 tIle' strength of
li'e union11; Or pulling dlownl the ini
Iluenice anid power of his union at. all
imies!I The unlion p)asswuord or thme
uniioni signs or grip do not mrake the
man a good uniuon member; it is the
good works and the character of elachI
and every member that tells the tale
to the world for either good or hlad for
the reputation of the union.
Give to the uniion a good reputation
ando you have a power for good I
Make a replutat ion for goodl works and
you will be p)rosper~ous and hiappjy.
Plant Cow Peas.
Plant cow peas, young man, and( you
will not have to go wvest for rich
A free thinker isnl't a free think
e~r when he is in jail.
Pushecart merchiants are always be
hind in their business.
Petty larceny is grand larceny when
aplplied to a stolen kiss.
A woman will have her way even
if it is a roundabout way.
Never judge a man 's worth b)y his
<tatement to the tax collector,
An optimist is a man who declines
to judge the future by tihe past.
Many a girl marries an old man be
Sause of the cloud 's silver lining.
'No man can accomplish anything
.great who doesn 't b)egin on a small
Did you ever hear of fortune in the
uise of a tramp knocking at any
The wife of a hank teller can give
him cards and( sp)ades when it comes
to telling secrets.
Most people will gladly do'anythling
you want thiemf to-if you request
tem to do the opposite.
After 10 dayl
ing, and to
good daily s
pared to rer
Ers carried a
We have had shippe
rnore good values. N
wear, Belts and all oi
-ived. Lots of new mi
he hot May days, fron
5c. each, up to the nev
t is our plan to move
:o make room for the i
we make a specialty 01
Nhite Canvas Oxfords,
why not you?
Ladies' White Hose
-noney, II 1-2c. a pair.
20 doz. Ladies' Tapi
Which we use are withou
We believe in PURITY
We constantly preach F
We always practice PU
*I PURITY counts, and cc
9 Ask your doctor.
Dapital stock paid in
Surplus . ..
Deposits . . .
We do business on t
We extend every c
with safe and sound b
Four per cent. paid
Frank R. Hunt
Real Estate, St
IF IT IS REAL I
If we haven't got what you s
We have a most desirable li
arming lands in various sectio
racts, ranging in price from $
For particulars concerning:
:harge phone, write or call on
FRANK R. HU
Office over Summer Bros.
Special attention to coliectic
3 of great sell
keep up the
ales, we pre
>lace the piles
:ise that the
of value seek
d by freight and express
ew shipment of Neck
rer Net Waist have ar
3rchandise just out for
i the little turn over at
vest designs to be had.
quick our merchandise
iew things. This week
Ladies and Children's
Everybody uses them,
that's worth double the
: Neck Vests 5c. each.
t exception the purest grade
RITY when preparing medi
unts for much, in medicines. +
ry, S. C.
. . $ 50,000.00
. . 25,000.00
. . . 235,000.00
on deposits in Savings
Fire Proof Vault.
J. E. NORWOOD,
er & Company.
ocks and Bonds
ESTATE, SEE US.
rant we can get it for you.
st of city property. Also good
ns of the State in large or smna
5.00 to $75.00 per acre.
mny property that we have in
>n of rents.
Insnrance. Saeriy Bnd.